Board question JSC second paper

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Barisal Board,2015

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero article: ─ 0.5×6=3

Drug addiction is now (a) — global problem. It has spread its poisonous claw ail over (b) — world. Frustration is (c) — main cause of drug addiction. Drugs bear (d) — terrible effect on (e) — human body. It kills a man little by little. No physician can stop the changes that lake place in the organs of (f) — addict

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with appropriate preposition given in the box below: ─ 0.5×6=3
to of  since for  out  to

The moon is a very familiar figure (a) – all of us. She awakens the feelings (b) — love and tenderness in our beans. Even the infant in arms stretches (c) — its hands to grasp this beautiful object. Nor is her appeal confined (d) — only children. Ever (e) — the stirring of the poetic faculty in man, she has furnished a theme (f) — poets and artists

  1. Make four sentences from the substitution table: ─         1×4=4
A lad wished  to find out the ability of the boy.
 He Went  his desire to acquire knowledge.
The learned man expressed  to a famous teacher
devoted  himself in earning knowledge.
  1. Change the following passage into indirect speech: ─ 1×4=4

“I’ve lost my tooth,” said Samira. “How ugly will I look!” “Don’t worry,” said Mina. “Just put your tooth into a rat’s hole and a rat will give one of its finest teeth.

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets: ─ 1×5= 5

(a) Today corruption is very familiar term in Bangladesh. (Negative) (b) Corruption is the most dreadful weapon to destroy a Society (Positive) (c) It lies in every phase of our society. (Interrogative) (d) Some drastic steps have been taken against corruption. (Active) (e) Social awareness is very essential to resist corruption. (Interrogative)

  1. Rewrite the following passageusing capitalization and punctuation: ─ 0.5×6 =   3

father said to his son why are you making so late go to school now I am not going to school today I feel dizzy said his son

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined in the text: ─ 0.5×8=4

Most students get (a) nerve about examinations. As a result, they often forget the answers they get by heart. They fail to answer the questions (b) proper. Many parent put undue (c) press on their (d) child. This in turn makes them all the more (e) tense. During the exam there are (f) invigilate. They are (g) teach who watch over the (h) exam.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right forms: ─0.5×8=4
give help supply bring play grow think be

The tree (a) — a major role for die welfare of human being. So, it (b) — said that tree is our life. We cannot (c) — of an environment without trees. The tree (d) — us in many ways. It (C) — us food, shelter, medicine etc. The tree (f) — us oxygen without which we cannot live. Fruit trees (g) — all over the country. Trees (h) — rains to keep the atmosphere cool and fresh.

 

Section B── Composition

 Marks──20

  1. Suppose, you are Rahim/Rahima. Your friend, Tuhin has sent you a nice gift on your 13 birthday. Now, write an e-mail thanking him/ her for sending the gift. 8
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words: ─ 12

“Duties of a Student”

 

 

 

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Sylhet Board,2015

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero article: 0.5×6=3

My mother is (a) — very religious woman. She always advises me to follow (b) — path of (c) — truth and honesty. She bears (d) — good moral character. She is very kind to (e) — poor. She is (f) — ideal housewife.

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with appropriate preposition given in the box below: ─ 0.5×6=3
for to in with about after

Money is a must (a) — our life. But one should not run after because money those who hanker (b) — money cannot enjoy mental peace. Sometimes, it may lead one (c) ── some unexpected troubles. It also happens that greed (d) — money brings (e) — many problems. So, we should be contented (f) — what we have.

  1. Make four sentences from the substitution table: ─ 1×4=4
Corruption    is increasing with the passages of time
It have to be aware of it
 People     A great problem in Bangladesh
    high time we stopped corruption
  1. Change the following passage into indirect speech: ─ 1×4=4

Father said to Saima, “Read attentively in order to get GPA-5.” “I am reading seriously. Please pray to Allah for my success.” said Saima.  “May Allah bless you.”

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets: ─ 1×5= 5

A flower is a glowing gift of nature. (a) Everybody likes flowers. (Interrogative) They are the symbol of love and beauty. (b) Flowers are used on different occasions. (Active) (c) The rose is the best of all flowers. (Positive) (d) It is a very beautiful flower. (Exclamatory) (e) It has both charm and commercial value. (Negative)

  1. Rewrite the following passageusing capitalization and punctuation: ─0.5×6 =   3

the old man said can you give me some food ive been starving for two days the maid said why do you beg cant you work

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined in the text: ─ 0.5×8=4

Teaching is a noble (a) profess. In the classroom a good (b) teach acts like an (c) act. He teaches (d) moralamong the students. Moreover, he makes the students (e) dated. He also advises them to avoid (f) fair means in the examination hall. A teacher is thought to be the (g) build of a nation. So, he must be (h) selfish and devoted to his work.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right forms: ─ 0.5×8=4
begin attain cost form learn Remain respect show

(a) — good manners is an important part of our education. Our education (b) — incomplete if we do not (c) — good manners. In our behaviour with others, If we do not (d) — respect to them, they will not (e) —us. Good manners (f) — us nothing. Our children should (g) — good manners from the very (h) — of their life.

 Section B── Composition

 Marks──20

  1. Suppose, you are Rafi / Rafia studying outside your home district. New, write an e-mall to your father asking for some money. 8
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words: ─ 12

‘Newspaper.’

 

 

 

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Chittagong Board,2015

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero article: 0.5×6=3

The main aim of (a) ── education is not only to pass exam get (b) — good job but also to gain knowledge and widen (c) — third eye. (d) — ideal student should realize (e) — real fact. Otherwise, he purpose of education will be (f) — incomplete one.

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with appropriate preposition given in the box below: ─ 0.5×6=3
of with from of to after

A poor but happy man suffers (a) — many problems. He is destitute many (b) — wealth He is also deprived (c) — the basic needs. He is often contented (d) — what he has. He does not run (e) — money. He likes (f) — lead a very simple life.

  1. Make four sentences from the substitution table: ─ 1×4=4
Flood know our communication
It is in our country
 It often disrupts   a natural disaster
 We occur what flood do to us
  1. Change the following passage into indirect speech: ─ 1×4=4

“Have you offered your prayer today?” said my father. I replied, “No, I have forgotten.” “Go to the prayer hall now. May the creator bless you.” said he.

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets: ─  1×5= 5

(a) By reading books, we can enrich our minds. (Negative)

(b) Books contain noble thoughts of great men (Interrogative)

(c) Some books give us immense pleasure. (Passive)

(d) Books are greater than any other thing in the world. (Positive)

(e) Don’t you know about e-books? (Assertive)

  1. Rewrite the following passageusing capitalization and punctuation: ─ 0.5×6 =   3

what is time by your watch sir he said its half past nine i replied i want to go to  college he said

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined in the text: ─ 0.5×8=4

Success in life depends on the proper (a) utilize of time. Those who waste their (b) value time in (e) idlereduce the time of their important work. (d) Punctual is another great virtue of human beings that (e) richthe (f) man life. If one takes lessons from the autobiography of (g) success persons, one will learn that they did not make any (h) waste of time.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right forms:    0.5×8=4
attain  form cost show respect begin  learn remain

Good manners (a) — an important part of our education. Our education (b) — incomplete if we do not (e) — good manners in our behaviour with others. If we do not (d) — respect to them, they will not (e) —us. Good manners (f) — us nothing. Our children should (g) — good manners from the very (h) — of their life.

Section B── Composition

 Marks──20

  1. Suppose, you are Atik/Atiya and your e-mail address is aatik / aatiya91@yahoo.com. You are going to enjoy a picnic with some of your friends. Now, write an e-mall to your friend, Neela whose e-mail address is neela 1999@gmail.com inviting her to attend the picnic with you. 8
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words. 12

“Duties of a Student”

 

 

 

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Jessore Board,2015

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero article: 0.5×6=3

Mr Hassan is an English (a) — teacher. He is (b) — M.A. in English. He serves in (c) — famous institution. He tries to lead (d) — honest life. He is (e) — most favourite teacher to (f) ── students.

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with appropriate preposition given in the box below: ─ 0.5×6=3
to in from to by for

An honest man is true (a) — his word. He does not deviate (b) — the path of honesty. He knows that peace consists (c) — honesty. So, he does not fall a victim (d) — any greed. He has no ambition (e) — worldly things. He is loved (f)—all.

  1. Make four sentences from the substitution table: ─ 1×4=4
We   is  sick by drinking polluted water.
Clean Water become  polluted in many ways
 Water     important  for our health
 Polluted water   harmful for us.
  1. Change the following passage into indirect speech: ─ 1×4=4

Sakif said to his brother, “Where are you going? I want to go with you.”  “No, you cannot go with me. Stay at home and study attentively for the ensuing examination,” said his brother.

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets: ─ 1×5= 5

(a) The idle only curse their fate. (Passive)

(b) They can improve their condition by working hard. (Interrogative)

(c) Everybody dislikes an idle man. (Negative)

(d) An idle student is never punctual to attend his classes. (Affirmative)

(e) An industrious student is better than an idle student. (Positive)

  1. Rewrite the following passageusing capitalization and punctuation: ─     0.5×6 =   3

havent you heard the name of kazi naznil islam very few poets in bengali literature are as famous as nazrul islam nazruls writings were full of hope and aspiration

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined in the text: ─ 0.5×8=4

An ideal students is (a) care about his (b) responsible. He is a (c) follow of great men who became (d) successin (e) world life. He has (f) able to be successful because he is (g) merit and (h) industry.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right forms:  0.5×8=4
contribute kill  come flee be take get have

Today we (a) — a free nation. We (b) — lo take great pains to gain freedom. Our War of Liberation (e) — place in 1971. People of all walks of life (d)—- forward and (e) involved in the war directly or indirectly. Many a man (f) — in the battle field. They (g) — from the battle field. Rather all of them (h) — much to achieve independence.

Section B── Composition

 Marks──20

  1. Suppose, you are Salman / Salma. Your friend is Nahian / Nuha. You are going to arrange a picnic in the next month. Now, write an e-mail inviting him / her to attend the picnic. 8
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words: ─ 12

“A Journey by Boat”

 

 

 

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Rajshahi Board,2015

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero article: (0.5×6=3)

Once I went to (a) — mango orchard.  One of my friends was (b) — owner of the orchard. While walking I found (c) — mango lying under (d) — tree.  (e) — mango was ripe. Seeing (f) — mango in my hand, my friend said, “It will taste sweet.”

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with appropriate preposition given in the box below: (0.5×6=3)
for of from in with of

Once there was a rich man. He was not contended (a) ── what he had. But he knew that happiness lies (b) ─── contentment. Ambition (e) — worldly things made him unhappy. So he became devoid (d) — conscience and deviated (e) ─── the path of honesty. In fact, he forgot the real way (f)── being happy.

  1. Make four sentences from the substitution table: ─ (1×4=4)
There   wanted fond of knowing his future
He was the capital of the king.
 An astrologer   visited to know his future from him.
 The king   a king
  1. Change the following passage into indirect speech: ─ (1×4=4)

The father said to his daughter, “Do you know why I have sent you to school?” The daughter said, “Yes, I know. I have been sent to school to learn to read and write.”

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets: ─( 1×5= 5 )

Usain Bolt, the world sprint champion, has become a legend in the history of race competition. (a) He ran the fastest of all in the last Olympic Games. (Positive) (b) Only he could break his own record (Negative) (c) He had to practise a lot for this. (Negative) He believes that practice makes a man perfect. He has become successful for his own effort and perseverance. (d) Now everybody knows him. (Interrogative) (e) He is called a hero for his achievement. (Active)

  1. Rewrite the following passageusing capitalization and punctuation: ─ 0.5×6 =   3

man is the greatest creation of almighty as he is very kind to us we should be grateful to him

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined in the text: ─ 0.5×8=4

(a) Literacy is a curse. For having (b) adequate institutions all citizens of our country do not get proper (c) educate. As a result they remain ignorant about nutrition, technology etc. and so they suffer from (d) nutrition and many other problems. The (e) govern should take some steps to eradicate the problem. Because, no (f) develop is possible keeping most of the people (g) literate. Illiterate people do not know how to use scientific method in their (h) respect fields.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right forms: ─   0.5×8=4
start find  reach  meet arrive come reach arrive

He (a) — my office before the train (b) — at the station. After (c) — my office, he (d) — me. The Headmaster and Secretary of our school (e) – by the train. So, we (f) — for the station to receive him. No sooner had we (g) — at the station, than we (h) — our Headmaster.

 Section B── Composition

 Marks──20

  1. Suppose you are Jahin / Jarin. You have a friend named Ortho / Orpa. Now, write an e-mail to your friend inviting him / her to spend the summer vacation in your village. 8
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words: ─ 12

‘The Wonders of Modern Science’

 

 

 

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Dhaka Board,2015

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

 

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero article: ─ 0.5×6=3

Lutfur is (a) — street boy. He is (b) — orphan. He lives in the street of Chittagong (c) — city. One day he went to Newmarket. He saw a fruit-seller selling different kinds of (d) — fruit. There he found (e) — old man buying some apples. (f) — apples looked very fresh.

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with appropriate preposition given in the box below: ─ 0.5×6=3
to in from on of to

A good student is fond (a) ── books. He is attentive (b) — his studies. He always tries (c) — cut a good figure (d) — the exanimation. He never deviates (e) — his duties because he knows every success depends (f) — hard work.

  1. Make four sentences from the substitution table: ─         1×4=4
A piece of land   was was given to the class 8 students.
It gave about twelve metres long and six metres wide.
 The Headmaster     chosen by the Headmaster and Mr Anis Ahmed.
 The land     it to them.
  1. Change the following passage into indirect speech: ─ 1×4=4

“Have you taken your meal, Tania?” said the mother. “Yes, I have taken my meal,” replied Tania.  “Will you eat any fruit? Eat some mangoes,” the mother said.

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets: ─   1×5= 5

(a) Cricket is a very exciting game. (Make it Exclamatory)

(b) People of all ages enjoy this game. (Make it Passive)

(c) At present u is one of the most popular games in our country. (Make it Comparative)

(d) Everybody likes a cricketer. (Make it Negative)

(e) Would that I could be a great cricketer! (Make it Assertive)

  1. Rewrite the following passageusing capitalization and punctuation: ─ 0.5×6 =   3

have you bought the pen said  selina  yes said salam the pen is very interesting

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined in the text: ─ 0.5×8=4

(a) Honest is the best of all virtues.  An honest man is always (b) truth. He is never (c) harm anybody. Nobody is (d) satisfied with him. On the other hand, everybody (e) like a (f) honest man. People remember an honest man (g) respectful even after his death. Without honesty peace and happiness is (h) possible.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right forms: ─ 0.5×8=4
see  destroy  loses causes  cut pose plant increase

Global warming is (a) — day by day. It is mainly (b) — by the destruction of forests. Every day we are (c) — down trees recklessly but do not (d) — a single tree. As a result, wild animals are (e) — their living places.  Many birds and animals are (f) — no more. This loss (g) — threat to our environment by (h) — the ecological balance.

Section B── Composition

 Marks──20

  1. Suppose, you are Salam / Salma. Your best friend Arif / Arifa made an excellent result in the last JSC Examination. Now, write an e-mail to him / her congratulating on his / her brilliant success. 8
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words: ─ 12

“A Journey You Have Made”

 

 

 English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Comilla Board,2015

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero article: (0.5×6=3)

Truthfulness is (a) — greatest of all (b) — virtues which make (c) — man really great. If we don’t cultivate (d) — habit of speaking (e) — truth, we can’t command (f) — confidence of others.

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with appropriate preposition given in the box below: (0.5×6=3)
after for about with after to

One should not run (a) — money because those who hanker (b) — money can’t enjoy mental peace. Sometimes, it may lead one (c) — some unexpected troubles. It also happens that greed (d) — money brings (e) — many problem. So, we should be contented (f)—what we have.

  1. Make four sentences from the substitution table: ─         (1×4=4)
Socrates   was to educate people
He didn’t the wisest philosopher and teacher of his time.
  His mission  die a natural death.
 killed by the rulers of Athens.

Change the following passage into indirect speech: ─ (1×4=4)

Lubna said to me, “Have you finished reading the book I gave you yesterday?” “Yes, I have finished reading the book,” I replied. “What an interesting book it is! I wish I could borrow the book earlier,” I said. “Will you return the book to me today?” she asked.

  1.  Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets: ─ (1×5= 5 )

(a) My friend invited me to pay a visit to Cox’s Bazar. (Interrogative)

(b) I gladly accepted the invitation. (Passive)

(c) My friend received me cordially. (Interrogative)

(d) I was very glad to see the sea beach. (Exclamatory)

(e) It was one of the most memorable journeys in my life (Positive)

  1.  Rewrite the following passageusing capitalization and punctuation: ─        (0.5×6 =   3)  

do you think it is  easy to pass english said musa no said rana but why are you so careless of english i dont feel  interest in  the subject oh i see

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined in the text: ─ (0.5×8=4)

(a) Deforest is  going on in our country. It means (b) destroy of forest. People are cutting down trees for housing or (c) cultivate.  Thus, they are making the environmental (d) pollute. To make up the loss of trees we need (e) afforest. Loss of trees will be (f) danger for our country. Our (g) develop will be (h) serious affected if we don’t plant tree.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right forms: ─     (0.5×8=4 )  
leave  run get think walk snatch begin be

Last evening, I was (a) — along the Sadar Road. My younger sister (b) — with me. Suddenly, a young man came (c)—and (d) — her gold chain out from her neck. I (e) — to run after the snatcher. But after a while, I (f) ── it was not wise to (g) ── my sister alone as it was (h) ── dark.

 

Section B── Composition

 Marks──20

  1. Suppose, you are Labib / Lubna. You have a friend named Rahim / Rahima. Now, write an e-mail to your friend about your preparation for the JSC Examination. 8
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words: ─ 12

 ‘Importance of Reading Newspaper’

 

 

 

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Dinajpur Board, 2015

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero article. (.5X6=3)

Our life is (a)_____ sum total of hours, days and years. But all days are not equally memorable to us. Most of (b)______ days are forgotten with (c)______ passage of time. Only (d)______ few days remain ever fresh in our memory. My first day at (e)_____ school is such (f)______ amazing day.

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with preposition given in the box bellow. ( .5X6=3)
of to at with for by

Digital Bangladesh is (a)_____ present a buzzword (b)the people (c)______ all classes. It means digitalising Bangladesh (d)_______ ensuring an ICT based society. It will make people think globally and connect them (e)______ the whole world economically. Digital governance will curb crime and corruption and pave the way (f)_____ our country’s rapid development.

  1. Make four sentences from the substitution table given below. (1X4=4)
Getting up early should beneficial to our body and mind
It is no bad effects
Every student has get up early in the morning
Undoubtedly a good habit
  1. Change the following passage into indirect speech. (4)

The traveller said to the peasant, ” Can you tell me the way to the nearest inn?” The peasant said, ” Yes, I can. Do you want one in which you can spend the night?” The traveller said, ” I do not wish to stay there, but I only want a meal.”

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets. (1X5=5)

(a) Today corruption is a very familiar term in Bangladesh. ( Make it negative without changing meaning)

(b) Corruption is the most dreadful weapon to destroy a society. ( Positive)

(c) It lies in every phase of our society. ( Make it interrogative without changing meaning)

(d) Some drastic steps have been taken against corruption. ( Active)

(e) Social awareness is the most essential thing to resist corruption.

  1. Rewrite the following passage using capitalization and punctuation.

the old man said can you give me some food ive been staying for two days the maid said why do you beg cant you work.

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined in the text. ( .5X8=4)

(a)Overeat is not a good habit. It means eating (b) excess food. Some people (c) occasional eat too much. It results in (d) digestion which is (e) injure to health. People suffer from (f) digest trouble because they cannot resist their (g) tempt for overeating. They are (h)tolerant.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right form.
see destroy cut plant lose cause pose increse

Global warming is (a)_______ day by day. It is mainly (b)______ by the destruction of forests. Everyday we are (c)_______ down trees recklessly but do not (d)_______ a single tree. As a result, wild animals are (e)________ their living places. Many birds and animals are (f)______ no more. This loss (g)_______ a threat to our environment by (h)______ the ecological balance.

Section B : Composition ( 20 Marks)

  1. Suppose, you are Selim/Salima. You are  a student of class VIII in Faridpur Zilla School. There are not enough books in your library to meet your needs. Now, write an application to the Headmaster for purchasing more books for the school library. (8)
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words. (12)

“Your Favourite Hobby”

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Dinajpur Board,2016

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

  1. Fill in the gaps of the follow text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) where is no article applicable. ( .5X6)

Each and every student wants to make a good result in the examination. But it is not (a)____ easy task. (b)______ student has to do something with this end in view. From (c)______ very beginning he must be very serious. He should read (d)_____ texts again and again. He must not make (e)_____ notes from (f)_____ common source.

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with prepositions given in the box. (.5X6=3)
to with for in with of at

Our English teacher, Mr Rahman is very popular (a)________ us (b) __________ his skill. He is very good (c)_______ English. He is very friendly (d)_______ us. He is very careful (e)_______ his duties. Really, he is very skilled (f)_______ common source.

  1. Make four meaningful sentences from the substation given in the box. (.5X6=3)
Getting up early should beneficial to our body and mind
It is no bad effects
Every student has get up early in the morning
Undoubtedly a good habit
  1. Change the following passage into indirect speech.

“Rojina, have you done your English lesson today?” said the teacher. “Yes, sir, I did it. But I haven’t understood some grammatical points.” Replied Rojina. “Where is the problem?” said the teacher.

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets. ( 1×5-5)

(a) Trees are our best friends ( Make it negative). (b) Very few things are as useful as trees ( Make it superlative). (c) They are a great source of food and vitamins ( Make it interrogative). (d) Various kinds of fruits are given by them ( Make it active). (e) We use them for various purposes (Make it passive).

  1. Rewrite the following passage using capitalization and punctuations. ( .5×6=3)

kamal dont be so silly he will come soon said anis we need not wait for him he failed to keep his word replied kamal.

  1. Add prefix, suffix or both to the underlined words in the following text. ( .5×8=4)

Our education remains (a)complete if we do not lean good manner.s In our behaviour we must be (b)respectof others. We should never (c)behave towards anybody because our (d)conduct may hurt others. We should not create any (e)necessary quarrel with others. The (f)important of good manners is (g)measurable(h)Reala man of good manners is a gentleman.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right form.
become receive come be get contribute play work

Today women (a)_____ important role in all spheres of life. They (b)______ no longer confined within the four walls of their parents or husbands’ house. They have (c)_____ out of the kitchens and are (d)_______ hand in hand with men in the development programmes of the country. By (e)______ education they (f)______ pilots, doctors, engineers, teachers, administrators etc. If they (g)_____ more opportunities, they (h)______ much to the development of the country.

Section B : Compositions ( 20 Marks)

  1. Imagine, you are Bashar/Bashira of College Road, Rajshahi and recently you have visited your friend Siam/Sumaya’s house at Asian Highway,Chittagong. You have been very much charmed by the warm hospitality of your friend. Now, write an email to your friend thanking him for his/her hospitality. (8)
  2. Write a composition on the following topic in 250 words. (12)

“Your aim in life.”

 

 

 

English 2nd Paper

Subject Code: 108

Rajshahi Board,2016

Total Marks – 50

Time : 2 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A : Grammar ( 30 Marks)

 

  1. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles. Put a cross (x) for zero articles. ( .5×6=3)

Truthfulness is (a)———- greatest of all (b)  virtues that make (c)———man really great. If we don’t cultivate (d)———- habit of speaking (e)———- truth, we can’t command (f)———- confidence of others.

  1. Fill in the blanks of the following text with appropriate prepositions given in the box below. (.5×6=3)

An honest man is true (a)——— word. He does not deviate (b)——– the path of honesty. He knows that peace consists (c)——— honesty. He may have wanted, (d)——-money but greed cannot overpower him. He has no ambition (e)———-worldly things. He is contented (f)——– what he has.

  1. Make four meaningful sentences from the substitution table.(1×4=4)
  2. Change the following passage into indirect speech. (1×4=4)

Father said to Rina. “Do you know, why I have sent you to school?” Rina said, “Yes, I know, I have been sent to school to receive an education.” “Right,” said he.

  1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets. (1×5=5)

(a) Book is the, best of all friends (Make it comparative), (b) We all should read books, (Make a passive) (c) A book delights us. (Make it interrogative sentence) (d) Who does not like a book? ‘(Make it assertive sentence) (e) It is a very valuable thing. (Make it exclamatory sentence).

  1. Rewrite the following passage using capitalization and punctuation. (.5×6=3)

human beings have invented many important things so far do you know which  invention is the greatest it is the wheel

  1. Fill in the gaps used in the following text by adding suffix, prefix or both with the root words underlined In the text.

An (a) healthy man leads a (b) pain life. He cannot enjoy (c) happy. He suffers both (d) physical and (e) mental. He passes his days with (f) happy. His life is very (g) misery. He is (h) active too.

  1. Complete the following text with suitable verbs in the box with their right form. (.5×8=4)

The foods that we eat can be (a) ———– into six kinds according to what substance they (b)———  and what benefits they (c)———-  to us. Fish, meat, peas and milk (d) ———– us with protein and (e)———— our body and help us grow. If we (f)———- all these, we can (g)———- well. Vitamins and mineral salts (h)———– us from diseases. They keep us fit for work.

 

Section B : Composition (20 Marks)

  1. Suppose, you are Salam/Salma. You have a friend named Arif/Arifa. Now, write an email to your friend about your preparation for the JSC Examination. (8)
  2. Suppose, you are Salam/Salma. You have a friend named Arif/Arifa. Now, write an email to your friend about your preparation for the JSC Examination. (12)
Advertisements

Board question JSC first paper

English 1st Paper

Subject Code: 107

Chittagong Board,2016

Total Marks – 100

Time : 3 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A: Reading Test (Seen Passage)

Read the text carefully and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3. 

Nakshi Kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt. The name was taken from the Bengali word, ‘naksha’  Which means artistic pattern.It is a kind of traditional craft and is said to be indigenous to Bangladesh and West Bengal in India. The art has been practised in rural Bengal for centuries. The name ‘Nakshi Kantha’ became popular after the poet Jasimuddin’s poem ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ was published in 1929.

Traditional kanthas are made for family use. Old or new cloth and thread are used to make these are used to make these quilts. Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore are most famous for this craft. Now it is produced commercially. You can find them in many expensive handicraft shops in cities. The quilts are now in great demand because of the colourful patterns and designs embroidered on them. [Unit-1; Lesson-2 (B)]

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives. (1×5=5)

a) The word ‘Nakshi Kantha’ comes from an/a —— word.

(i) English                 (ii) Bengali                  (iii) Hindi          (iv) Burmese

b) Nowadays ‘Nakshi Kantha’ is produced –

(i) Traditionally     (ii) Nationally     (iii) Commercially          (iv) Normally

c) What does the word ‘Pattern’ mean?

(i) Step by step             (ii)Series    (iii) Artistic design          (iv) Handmade work

d) Where has the art been practised?

(i) Large cities      (ii) Urban area           (iii) Rural area          (iv) Rich family

e) ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ is written by –

(i) Kazi Nazrul Islam              (ii)        Farrukh Ahmed          (iii) Jasimuddin       (iv) Rabindranath

  1. Answer the following questions.(2×5=10)

a) What is ‘Nakshi Kantha ?

b) Which districts are. famous for ‘Nakshi Kantha’?

c) When does Nakshi Kantha’ become famous?

d) Why are the quilts now in great demand?

e) What kind of craft is it?

Read the passage and summarize it in your own words in about 70 words. (10)

Reading Test (Unseen Passage)

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions 4 and 5.   

John Donne was born in 1573 in London. His father was a rich merchant. He had a name and fame in his circle. But he died in 1576. He was at first educated as Catholic. He entered Oxford in 1584 and left it in 1587. Then he studied at Cambridge for three years. He was removed to London in 1591. He then entered Lincoln’s Inn to study Law in 1592. When Donne came of age, he had a considerable fortune. Donne traveled Italy, Spain and other countries of the continent, between 1594 and 1597. He joined Essex Expedition to Cabiz in 1590. During this time he wrote several poems. His lyrical poetry was mainly the outcome of three years. In 1609 he began to compose his great prose work ‘Pseudo- Martyr’. It was printed in 1610. In 1611 he wrote a satirical prose piece.

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. (1×5=5)
Who/What Events/Activity Place Year
Donne entered (i)_________ in 1584
He shifted to London (ii) __________
He (iii) ___________ Lincon’s inn in 1592
(iv) ____________ travelled Italy, Spain and on the continent between 1594 to 1597
John Donne (v) ____________ Essex Expedition to Cabiz in 1590
  1. Read the passage again and write true or false beside the following statements. Give the correct answer for the false statements. (1×5=5)

a) John Donne had studied at Cambridge for three years.

b) He was born in Oxford. .

c) He was a son of a teacher.

d) John Donne’s father was famous beyond his circle. .

e) His father breathed his last in 1576.

  1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words. (1×5=5)

Honesty is a great virtue. It helps a man to (a)________ in life. An honest man is loved and (b)_______ by all. Nobody believes a (c)_____ man. A man may be (d)­­­­­­­_______ ­­by means of dishonesty but that is short lived. A dishonest man (e) ________ in the long run.

  1. Rearrange the following sentences in correct order. (1×10=10)

a) One said, “I have lost my husband”.

b) A poor woman once came to Buddha.

c) The sorrowful mother went from door to door seeking the mustard seeds but at every door she met with sad replies.

d) She returned with a heavy heart to the great teacher and told him the result of her great search.

e) He told her that there was only one medicine which could revive her son.

f) Another said, “Our youngest child died last year.”

g) Then Buddha told her affectionately that she must not think much of her own grief-since sorrow and death are common to all.

h) The holy man was touched by the great sorrow of the woman.

i) She asked him whether he could give her any medicine to restore her dead child to life.

j) He told her to bring a handful of mustard seeds from a’ house where death had never entered.

  1. Fill in the gaps using clues from the boxes. There are more words than necessary. (5×10=5)
with what seek who desires have
brings wordly for rather has happiness

It is true that complete (a)______ does not exist in (b)_________ life. A man cannot (c)___________ all the things that he (d)_______ in life. It is better not to (e)________       more and more of a thing, (f)________ one should be satisfied (g)_______ what one gets. Contentment is the key to happiness. One should not always think about (h)______ he does not have. There are some people (i)_______ think’ that it is money that (j)________ happiness in life.

9.The phrases in column A are the beginnings of some sentences. The phrases in column B are the endings. Match the phrases in column A with the phrases in column B to make complete sentences.  ( 1×5=5)

Column A Column B
(i) Frustration is the cause (a) not only a national but also a global problem
(ii) Drugs kill the addicts (b) effect on human body
(iii) Drugs bear a terrible (c) slowly but surely
(iv) Addiction means (d) of drug addiction
(v) Drug addiction is ‘ (e) strong attraction for harmful things

Section B – Writing Test

  1. Suppose, you are Rana/Rani and you have a friend named Ripon/Runa. Your friend is interested in a reading newspaper. Now, write a dialogue between you and your friend about the importance of reading newspaper.(10)

11.Write a paragraph on ‘A Tea Stall’ by answering the following questions ( 10)

a)What is a tea stall? b) Where is it found? c) How is it furnished? d) What things are sold here? e) What do the customers do in the tea stall?

12.Read the beginning of the story. Complete it in about 150 words in your own way:(10)

Once there lived a farmer in a village. He had a wonderful goose and it laid a golden egg every morning. One day ————

13.Suppose, you are Moni/Munia. You have a friend named Rahim/Rahima. Now, write a letter to your friend describing what you intend to do after JSC Examination.(10)

 

 

 

English 1st Paper

Subject Code: 107

Dinjapur Board,2015

Total Marks – 100

Time : 3 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A: Reading Test  (60) (Seen Passage)

 

Read the text carefully and answer the, questions 1, 2 and 3.

The word ‘hygiene’ means the practice of keeping ourselves clean. It also means to keep our home and workplaces clean. It is important for our good health.

Hygiene is thought to be next to godliness. It is because we cannot achieve anything physically, mentally .or spiritually if we are unclean in our body, mind and soul. Nobody likes an unclean person either. So we must follow the rules of hygiene.

First, we must keep our body clean. We should have a bath everyday and wash our hair regularly. This will keep the body and hair free from dirt and bacteria.

Secondly, we should wash our clothes regularly. Dirty clothes give off bad smell and invite germs. We should wear Socks and shoes when we go out to protect our feet from dust and germs. It is also important to wash Our hands before meals and after using the toilet. We should brush our teeth twice a day, after breakfast and supper. We must also cut our nails regularly. Our drinking water must be safe. We can get safe water by boiling and filtering.

Finally, we should keep our surroundings and environment clean. If we do and follow all the above things properly, we will be able to lead a healthy and happy life. (213 words) [ Unit – 3 : Lesson -2 (A)]

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives. 1×5=5

(a) Hygiene is _____ godliness.

(i) as important as (ii) more than  (iii) nearer to  (iv) equal to

(b) Cutting our nails regularly is a _______

(i) fashion (ii) must  (iii) style  (iv) bad habit

(c) The word ‘important’ means —

(i) foul (ii) abortive (iii) meaningless  (iv) vital

(d) Cleanliness has positive impact on our

(i) body (ii) soul (iii) body and mind  (iv) mind

(e) The similar meaning of the word ‘follow’ is ______

(i) abide by (ii) reject (iii) avoid  (iv) detach

  1. Answer the following questions.

(a) What do you understand by the word ‘hygiene’?

(b) How is an unclean person treated?

(c) Why should we put.on clean clothes?

(d) When should-we brush our teeth?

(e) How can we lead a happy and healthy ,life?

  1. Read the text in A again. Now, write the summary of it in around 70 words.  10

Reading Test (Unseen Passage)

Read the following text carefully and answer answer the questions 4 and 5.

Albert Einstein, one of the greatest scientists of modem age, was born of Jewish parents in Germany in 1879 A.D. At the age of twenty-one, he graduated from the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich. Two years later, he joined a service in Bern. He obtained his Doctorate in 1905. Four years after his Doctorate, he took, the post of Associate Professor at the University of Zurich. He resigned the next year to become a full Professor at a German University. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. When Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, Einstein was in America as a Visiting Professor. For Hitler’s cruelty to the Jews, he did not return to his homeland. Einstein became famous for his Theory of Relativity. At the request of a group of Scientists, he wrote to the American President Roosevelt to use atomic energy in bombs.

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the text above.         1×5=5
Who/What Activity/Event Place/Country Time/Year
Albert Einstein (i) ………….. Germany 1879
His graduation Federal Institute of Technology (ii) ……….
He joined a service (iii)…………….. 1902
(iv) ………. was received 1905
Nobel Prize (v)…………………. 1921
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements.    1×5=5

a) No other scientist is as great as Einstein in modern age.

b) He took the post of Associate Professor at the University of Zurich in 1909.

c) He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

d) He did not return to his homeland because of Hitler’s cruelty towards the Jews.

e) A group of politicians requested Einstein to write to the President Roosevelt to use atomic energy in bombs.

  1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words. 1×5=5

Sincerity is the key to success, (a) ———— who are sincere in performing their (b) ————–  become successful. On the other hand, (c)—————– people always lag behind. Sincerity doesn’t (d) —— only to do the work (e)——- .

  1. Rearrange the following sentences in correct.  10

a) So, he asked for the wise counsellor’s advice.

b) The applicants were asked to meet the Sultan one by one.

c) He wanted to appoint an honest man as his tax collector.

d) A number of people applied for the job. ,                                                                                              .

e) Once there lived a Sultan in a country.

f) Accordingly he invited applications.

g) All the applicants blushed and refused to dance except one.

h) They came through a passage where gold coins were kept.

i) Then he found the desired man.

j) When they all arrived, the Sultan asked them to dance.

8.Fill in the gaps using clues from the boxes. There are more words than necessary. .5×10=5

assist physically virtue provides talents knowledge
society material supposed self-reliant truly genius

Proper education (a)———– a learner with opportunity to improve all his (b)———— . Its aim is to develop him (c)——- and mentally so that he can be useful to himself and to the (d) -——-. An educated’man is (e)——–— but he can also (f) ———– others in attaining this great virtue. He is (g) ———— to be well- mannered, kind and sympathetic. So, a man who has acquired (h) ——-— and skill cannot be called a (i)——- educated man only for his (j)——— development.

  1. The phrases in column A are the beginnings of some sentences. The phrases in column B are the endings. Match the phrases in column A with the phrases in column B to make complete sentences. 1×5=5
Column A Column B
(i) To every man death (a) lives a few years more or less than another
(ii) But it matters little if a man (b) by our deeds and actions
(iii) Our life is not (c) must come sooner or later
(iv) It is only measured (d) die unhonoured and are not remembered
(v) The people who live only for their interest (e) measured by months or years

 


Section B – Writing Test (40)

  1. Suppose, you are Nabil/Nabila and you have a friend named Rashed/Rasheda. Your friend wants to know about your preparation for the coming JSC Examination. Now write a dialogue between you and your friend about it.  10
  2. Write a paragraph on ‘Tree Plantation’ by answering the following questions.   10

i) What does tree plantation mean?

ii) What is the best time for tree plantation?

iii) Where can we plant trees?

iv) Why is tree plantation important?

v) How can we make the tree plantation programme successful?

  1. Read the beginning of a story. Now, complete it in 150 words. 10

There was a clever fox in a jungle. One day he fell into a trap as he was walking through the jungle. He could get out of the trap but lost his tail behind. Without his tail, the fox looked very strange. ” What should I do now?” , he cried……………………………….

  1. Suppose, you are Abib/Abida and your younger brother is Nahian. He is indifferent to his study. He keeps himself with bad company and while away his time. Now, write a letter to your younger brother advising him to be sincere in and attentive to his studies. 10

 

 

 

English 1st Paper

Subject Code: 107

Dinjapur Board,2016

Total Marks – 100

Time : 3 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A: Reading Test  (60) (Seen Passage)

 

Read the text carefully and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3 :

The word ‘hygiene’ means the practice of keeping ourselves clean. It also means to keep our home and work places clean. It is important for our good health. Hygiene is thought to be next to godliness. It is because we cannot achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually if we are unclean in our bpdy, mind and soul. Nobody likes an unclean person either. So we must follow the rules of hygiene. First, we must keep our body clean, We should have A bath every day and wash our hair regularly. This will keep the body and hair free from dirt and bacteria. Secondly, we should wash our clothes regularly. Dirty clothes give off bad smell and invite germs. We should wear socks and shoes when we go out to protect our feet from dust and germs. It is also important to wash our hands before meals and after using the toilet. We should brush our teeth twice a day, after breakfast and supper. We must also cut our nails regularly. Our drinking water must be pure. We can get pure water by boiling and filtering Finally, we should keep our surroundings and environment clean. If we do and follow all the above things properly, we will be able to lead a healthy

and happy life. (215 words) [Unit – 3 Lesson 3 (A)]

 

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text. 1×5=5

(a) hygiene –
(i) untidy (ii) smartness (iii) cleanliness (iv) freshness
b) godliness –
(i) deny (ii) devotion to God (iii) worship (iv) defy
(c) mentally –
(i) bodily (ii) organic (iii) organ (iv) psychologically
(d) give off –
(i) keep (ii) contain (iii) retain (iv) emit ‘
(e) protect –
(i) devastate (ii) ruin (iii) destroy . (iv) preserve

  1. Answer the following questions : 2×5

(a) What does the word ‘hygiene’ mean?

(b) How can .we get pure water?

(c) When should we brush our teeth?

(d) What do the dirty clothes produce?

(e) Why is ‘hygiene’ thought next to godliness?

  1. Read the text in ‘A’ again. Now, write the summary of it in around 75 words. 10

Reading Test (Unseen passage)

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions 4 and 5 :

Ferdousi, the great poet, had a very set hand. He informed the Sultan of writing something remarkable. Then he began to write “The Shahnama” in honour of Sultan Mahmud. The Sultan promised to pay him a piece of gold coin for each verse. But when the epic was finished, it was found to contain sixty thousand verses. When the epic was taken to him, the Sultan now offered Ferdousi only sixty thousand pieces of silver coins instead of gold coins. The poet refused to accept. The Sultan repenting, sent him sixty thousand pieces of gold coins. But the messengers arrived too fate. When they reached the poet’s house, they met the dead body being carried out for burial. The messengers came to the palace. They reported to the Sultan. The Sultan sat grave. He did not tell anything to anybody. Last of all, he called his courtiers and asked them to accompany him. The Sultan went there.. He expressed his deep shock for the departed poet.

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage: 1×5=5
Name Event/Activity What/Why
Ferdousi wanted to write (i) ……………………….
(ii) ………………………. was written in honour of Sultan Mahmud
The Sultan promised to give (iii) ……………………….
(iv) …………………… contained sixty thousand verses
The Sultan (v) ………………………. to express his deep shock
  1. Read the passage again and write true or false beside the following statements. Write answers for the false statements:                                                                                                                                                 1×5=5

a) Sultan Mahmud was a great poet.

b)Ferdousi wrote ‘The Shahnama’.

c) The Sultan sat happily.

d) Ferdousi had a very set hand.

e) Ferdousi wrote the epic in honour of Sultan Mahmud.

  1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words : 1×5=5

Most of (a)——- farmers of our (b)———- are very poor. They do not (c)———— how to read and (d)———– .They have no (e) -— of their own.

  1. Rearrange the following sentences in correct order :         10

a) The woman said to him that they had been starving for three days.

b) He went there.

c) Hearing this his heart was filled with pity.

d) Hazrat Omar (R.) was the second Caliph of Islam.

e) He asked the woman y/hy the children were crying.

f) He went to the royal treasury and brought food for them.

g) He found a woman and three children.

h) At night he used to walk alone in the streets of Medina.

i) One night while he was walking, he heard the sound of crying coming out from a hut.

j) His aim was to see the condition of the people with his own eyes.

8. Fill in the gaps using clues from the boxes. There are more words than necessary

kill spend boat while people their
songs area land role popular boatman

Bangladesh is predominantly a riverine (a) ——— and this structure plays an important (b) ———- in the life of its people. Bhatially (c) ———- are river oriented and very (d) ————-  in southeastern low lands of Bangladesh locally known as bhati (e) ————-  . They are traditional (f) ————  songs. The (g) ———- of Mymensingh, Sylhet, Dhaka, Comilla, Faridpur, Pabna and Barisal (h)————- quite a lot of time in (i)——— boats and sing in a specific style (j)———– sailing down stream.

  1. The phrases in column A are the beginnings of some sentences. The phrases in column B are the endings. Match the phrases in column A with the phrases in column B to make complete sentences : 1×5=5
Column A Column B
(i) Drugs bear a terrible effect (a) not very easy.
(ii) They kill them (b) drowsy.
(iii) Drug addicted people feel (c) slowly but surely.
(iv) The remedy for drug addiction is (d) a punishable offence.
(v) Drug business is (e) on human body.

 

Section B : Writing Test (40)

  1. Suppose, you are Rounok and your friend is Rupak. Make a dialogue between you and your

friend about the importance of reading newspaper.                                                                      10

  1. Write a paragraph on ‘Your School Library’ by answering the following questions. Your

paragraph should not exceed 100 words :                                                                                        10

a) What is library?

b) What is the importance of school library?

c) Where is it located?

d)How are books arranged?

e)How do you feel of your school library?

  1. Read the beginning of the story. Now, complete it in 150 words : 10

One day a lion was sleeping in its cave. A mouse was playing nearly. While playing it by chance ran over the lion’s body. At this, the lion woke up ……………………………

  1. Suppose, you are Rassel living in Kazla, Rajshahi. Your friend is Banna living in Medical Mor, Rangpur. Now, write a letter inviting him to attend your sister’s marriage ceremony on next Friday.  10

 

 

 

English 1st Paper

Subject Code: 107

Chittagong Board,2016

Total Marks – 100

Time : 3 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A: Reading Test (Seen Passage)

Read the text carefully and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3. 

Nakshi Kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt. The name was taken from the Bengali word, ‘naksha’  Which means artistic pattern.It is a kind of traditional craft and is said to be indigenous to Bangladesh and West Bengal in India. The art has been practised in rural Bengal for centuries. The name ‘Nakshi Kantha’ became popular after the poet Jasimuddin’s poem ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ was published in 1929.

Traditional kanthas are made for family use. Old or new cloth and thread are used to make these are used to make these quilts. Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore are most famous for this craft. Now it is produced commercially. You can find them in many expensive handicraft shops in cities. The quilts are now in great demand because of the colourful patterns and designs embroidered on them. [Unit-1; Lesson-2 (B)]

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives. (1×5=5)

a) The word ‘Nakshi Kantha’ comes from an/a —— word.

(i) English                 (ii) Bengali                  (iii) Hindi          (iv) Burmese

b) Nowadays ‘Nakshi Kantha’ is produced –

(i) Traditionally     (ii) Nationally     (iii) Commercially          (iv) Normally

c) What does the word ‘Pattern’ mean?

(i) Step by step             (ii)Series    (iii) Artistic design          (iv) Handmade work

d) Where has the art been practised?

(i) Large cities      (ii) Urban area           (iii) Rural area          (iv) Rich family

e) ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ is written by –

(i) Kazi Nazrul Islam              (ii)        Farrukh Ahmed          (iii) Jasimuddin       (iv) Rabindranath

  1. Answer the following questions.(2×5=10)

a) What is ‘Nakshi Kantha ?

b) Which districts are. famous for ‘Nakshi Kantha’?

c) When does Nakshi Kantha’ become famous?

d) Why are the quilts now in great demand?

e) What kind of craft is it?

  1. Read the passage and summarize it in your own words in about 70 words. (10)

Reading Test (Unseen Passage)

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions 4 and 5.   

John Donne was born in 1573 in London. His father was a rich merchant. He had a name and fame in his circle. But he died in 1576. He was at first educated as Catholic. He entered Oxford in 1584 and left it in 1587. Then he studied at Cambridge for three years. He was removed to London in 1591. He then entered Lincoln’s Inn to study Law in 1592. When Donne came of age, he had a considerable fortune. Donne traveled Italy, Spain and other countries of the continent, between 1594 and 1597. He joined Essex Expedition to Cabiz in 1590. During this time he wrote several poems. His lyrical poetry was mainly the outcome of three years. In 1609 he began to compose his great prose work ‘Pseudo- Martyr’. It was printed in 1610. In 1611 he wrote a satirical prose piece.

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. (1×5=5)
Who/What Events/Activity Place Year
Donne entered (i)_________ in 1584
He shifted to London (ii) __________
He (iii) ___________ Lincon’s inn in 1592
(iv) ____________ travelled Italy, Spain and on the continent between 1594 to 1597
John Donne (v) ____________ Essex Expedition to Cabiz in 1590
  1. Read the passage again and write true or false beside the following statements. Give the correct answer for the false statements. (1×5=5)

a) John Donne had studied at Cambridge for three years.

b) He was born in Oxford. .

c) He was a son of a teacher.

d) John Donne’s father was famous beyond his circle. .

e) His father breathed his last in 1576.

  1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words. (1×5=5)

Honesty is a great virtue. It helps a man to (a)________ in life. An honest man is loved and (b)_______ by all. Nobody believes a (c)_____ man. A man may be (d)­­­­­­­_______ ­­by means of dishonesty but that is short lived. A dishonest man (e) ________ in the long run.

  1. Rearrange the following sentences in correct order. (1×10=10)

a) One said, “I have lost my husband”.

b) A poor woman once came to Buddha.

c) The sorrowful mother went from door to door seeking the mustard seeds but at every door she met with sad replies.

d) She returned with a heavy heart to the great teacher and told him the result of her great search.

e) He told her that there was only one medicine which could revive her son.

f) Another said, “Our youngest child died last year.”

g) Then Buddha told her affectionately that she must not think much of her own grief-since sorrow and death are common to all.

h) The holy man was touched by the great sorrow of the woman.

i) She asked him whether he could give her any medicine to restore her dead child to life.

j) He told her to bring a handful of mustard seeds from a’ house where death had never entered.

  1. Fill in the gaps using clues from the boxes. There are more words than necessary. (5×10=5)
with what seek who desires have
brings wordly for rather has happiness

It is true that complete (a)______ does not exist in (b)_________ life. A man cannot (c)___________ all the things that he (d)_______ in life. It is better not to (e)________       more and more of a thing, (f)________ one should be satisfied (g)_______ what one gets. Contentment is the key to happiness. One should not always think about (h)______ he does not have. There are some people (i)_______ think’ that it is money that (j)________ happiness in life.

9.The phrases in column A are the beginnings of some sentences. The phrases in column B are the endings. Match the phrases in column A with the phrases in column B to make complete sentences.  ( 1×5=5)

Column A Column B
(i) Frustration is the cause (a) not only a national but also a global problem
(ii) Drugs kill the addicts (b) effect on human body
(iii) Drugs bear a terrible (c) slowly but surely
(iv) Addiction means (d) of drug addiction
(v) Drug addiction is ‘ (e) strong attraction for harmful things

Section B – Writing Test

  1. Suppose, you are Rana/Rani and you have a friend named Ripon/Runa. Your friend is interested in a reading newspaper. Now, write a dialogue between you and your friend about the importance of reading newspaper.(10)

11.Write a paragraph on ‘A Tea Stall’ by answering the following questions ( 10)

a)What is a tea stall? b) Where is it found? c) How is it furnished? d) What things are sold here? e) What do the customers do in the tea stall?

12.Read the beginning of the story. Complete it in about 150 words in your own way:(10)

Once there lived a farmer in a village. He had a wonderful goose and it laid a golden egg every morning. One day ————

13.Suppose, you are Moni/Munia. You have a friend named Rahim/Rahima. Now, write a letter to your friend describing what you intend to do after JSC Examination.(10)

Exercises on transformation for HSC

Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed. 

(a) Once a cook roasted a duck for his master. (Passive).

(b) The roast looked so delicious that the cook could not resist the temptation. (Simple) He ate

one of the drumsticks.

(c) When his master sat down to eat, he quickly noticed the missing drumstick. (Compound).

(d) The master enquired of the missing leg. (Interrogative).

(e) But the cook told him that this duck had only one leg. (Negative).

2. (a) Watching violent stories, young people become violent. (Compound)

(b) I recognized her at first glance and helped her recognize me. (Passive Voice)

(c) He had to feel pity for the lion. (Negative)

(d) Man is the best of all creatures. (Positive)

(e) It burns prettier than any other wood. (Superlative)

3. (a) He is the first President of Bangladesh. (Comparative)

(b) Neither Rony nor Krishna is guilty. (Affirmative)

(c) Sin never goes unpunished. (Affirmative)

(d) Rahim is the better student of the two. (Positive)

(e) Only fresh air is essential for the living of any creature. (Interrogative)

4. Rabindranath, the 14th child of Debendranath wrote his first verse at the age of eight. (a) When he was 17 years old, he was sent for studies (Simple).

(b) He described London as a dismal city(Passive).

(c) Though he was happy in Brighton, a friend of the family persuaded his brother to

send him to London (Compound).

(d) He was lucky to get a friendly English family (Complex).

(e) Rabindranath is one of the greatest poets in the world (Positive). In 1880, Rabindranath was called back to India.

5. Stephen Hawking was born in 1942. He was born in an educated family. (a) He is considered

the greatest physicist after Einstein. (Active)

(b) In 1979, he joined Cambridge University.(Complex)

(c) When he was thirty-two years old, he received the prestigious Albert Einstein

Award. (Simple)

(d) He wrote a book explaining cosmology for general public. (Compound)

(e) He is one of the greatest scientists in the present world. (Positive)

6. (a) Very few insects are as busy as bees. (Make it comparative)

(b) They live together. (Make it negative)

(c) They fly from flowers to flowers and collect honey. (Make it simple)

(d) They store honey in hives. (Make it passive)

(e) In winter, they remain idle but they work in spring. (Make it complex)

7. (a) Our parliament house at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar in Dhaka is triumph of modern architecture and technology. (Complex)

(b) A famous American architect, Louis I Kahn, designed this magnificent building (Passive).

(c) It is one of the largest and most spectacular parliament buildings. (Positive)

(d) As it is a highly complex structure, its annual maintenance cost is about 50 million taka. (Simple)

(e) It is very difficult for a poor country like Bangladesh to bear these high expenses. (Negative)

8. (a) Reazuddin Munsi, an owner of scanty property, was not solvent at all. (Complex)

(b) Yet he tried to educate his children so that he may see them established in life. (Simple)

(c) His children too were meritorious enough to pass all examinations well. (Compound)

(d) Of all the students of their respective classes, they always secured the best results both in internal and external examinations. (Comparative Degree)

(e) So, the people of their village always praised them in the highest possible language. (Passive Voice) All these were possible for the sacrifices of an insolvent and illiterate ploughman.

(f) Indeed, his sacrifices for children cannot be measured. (Active)

9. A man may become great and good if he loves and respects his parents. (a) George Washington cut a tree in his father’s garden (Make it passive).

(b) When his father saw it, he became very angry (Make it simple).

(c) Though the boy trembled in fear, he did not tell a lie (Make it compound).

(d) His father expressed happiness for his truthful son (Make it complex). Again, at the time of his leaving for service, his mother got upset. So, he decided not to go away breaking his mother’s heart.

(e) He was one of the most devoted sons (Make it positive).

10. (a) I went back to work, closing the door. (compound)

(b) At first the sound of the boy’s dragging brush annoyed me. (passive) He began to chop.

(c) The blows that he made were rythmic and steady. (simple)

(d) The sound of his blows were more rythmic than a consistent rain. (positive)

(e) Having forgotten the boy I went back to sleep. (compound)

11. Anger is nothing but a vice. (a) It begets only the worst. (negative)

(b) Anger is one of the most inhuman vices. (positive)

(c) So, we should control it for our own sake. (passive)

(d) He who is taken by anger causes a lot of troubles. (simple)

(e) Realizing it, everyone should try to be emotionally balanced. (complex).

12. (a) Cricket is a very exciting game. (Complex)

(b) People all over the world enjoy this game very much. (Passive)

(c) At present cricket is one of the most popular games in our country. (Comparative)

(d) Thought it is a very costly game, young men and children get a great deal of delight

playing it. (Compound)

(e) It is a matter of sorrow that the performance of Bangladesh Cricket Team is not up to the

mark. (Exclamatory)

13. (a) There is water everywhere. (Negative)

(b) I know the cause of his coming here. (Complex)

(c) The forbidden books lasted the longest of all the rest. (Positive)

(d) At first the sound of dragging brush annoyed me. (Passive)

(e) He bought not only a flat but also a car. (Simple)

14. Bangladesh is my adoring country. (a) It is an independent country (Make it a complex sentence).

(b) We gained our freedom in 1971 at the cost of supreme sacrifice (Make it passive).

(c) As soon as we gained independence, we did a glowing homage to the martyrs (Make it a negative sentence without changing the meaning).

(d) Now we are trying our level best so that we can achieve our political and economic emancipation (Make it a simple sentence).

(e) How sweet the taste of independence is! (Make it an assertive sentence).

15. (a) Water, a vital element of environment is polluted by various ways (Complex). It is called life.

(b) The water which is pure is necessary for us (Simple).

(c) People pollute water by throwing waste into it (Compound).

(d) The farmers use water in time of cultivation largely (Passive).

(e) It is one of the most important elements of all living beings (Positive).

16. (a) Sundrabans that is the unique creation of nuture is called the 52nd World Heritage Site (Simple).

(b) It is called the mangrove forest (active). It is situated in the southern part of

Bangladesh.

(c) It is one of the biggest mangrove forests in the world (Positive).

(d) Sundarban protects southern part of our country in time of natural disasters (Complex).

(e) Many people go to Sundarbans to observe the natural beauties (Compound). In the forest, you not only find a natural and peaceful atmosphere there but you may be lucky enough to see the famous Royal Bengal Tigers or spotted deer.

17. (a) Traffic jam is the most serious problem in Dhaka City (Make it comparative).

(b) It has become a common affair here (Make it negative). It occurs mostly during office hours.

(c) Sometimes a traffic jam is so acute that it blocks about half a kilometre of a street (Make

compound).

(d) It kills our valuable time and works (Make it passive).

(e) However, this problem can be solved by adopting some pragmatic steps (Make it complex).

18. (a) Everybody longs for money. (Interrogative)

(b) But people who have little money are very happy. (simple)

(c) People want to be happy and they earn money. (Complex)

(d) We are sure that it is a wrong idea. (Compound) More money brings more anxiety.

(e) We should not be guided by money. (Passive)

19. (a) What a nice idea! (Make it assertive)

(b) Charles Karoro lives in a small apartment. (Make it compound)

(c) Nairobi is one of the most expensive cities. (Make it positive)

(d) He has two school going children. (Make it complex)

(e) His wife loves gardening. (Make it negative)

20. No person can be happy without friends. So (a) everybody wants friends. (Negative)

(b) The heart is formed for love and cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving love. (Complex) But

(c) you cannot receive affection unless you give it also. (Simple) You cannot find others to love you unless you love them.

(d) You cannot be happy without it. (Interrogative)

(e) As love is divine, everybody wants love. (Compound).

21. (a) Do you know that success will not come to one’s life naturally? (Make it passive)

(b) An industrious boy will shine in life. (Make it complex)

(c) A life with an assignment is an actual life. (Make it negative without changing the meaning)

(d) None can receive any reward unless he works hard. (Make it simple)

(e) One cannot be successful without it. (Make it interrogative)

22. (a) Despite of having talent, some people do not work hard. (Make it compound)

(b)  We should work hard. (Make it imperative)

(c) None but the industrious succeeds in life. (Make it affirmative)

 (d)  Success is very difficult. (Make it exclamatory)

(e) A successful man is the most respected person in the society. (Make it comparative)

23. (a) But at last God took pity on him. (make it negative without changing the meaning)

(b) One day the old sailor was watching the water snakes swimming round the ship. (Make it passive) Their colors were very beautiful and

(c) he was filled with a strange wonder. (Make it active) Then he felt great love for them and blessed them from his heart.

(d) At once the dead albatross fell from his neck into the sea, and the old man fell into a deep sleep. (Make it complex)

(e) When he woke up, it was raining. (Make it simple)

24. (a) The campus of Joypurhat Govt. Women’s College is one of the finest campuses in

Bangladesh. (Positive)

(b) We keep this campus clean. (Passive)

(c) The students studying in this college sit by the pond. (Complex)

(d) There are many tall trees in the college campus. (Compound)

(e) The students who are escapist, spend their time under these trees. (Simple)

 

Set-1.

(a) Day-to-day life in Dhaka is expensive (Negative).

(b) People living below the poverty line leads a miserable life (complex).

(c) Price hike is one of the biggest problems for them (positive).

(d) The government has taken necessary measures to keep the price hike under control (passive).

(e) The people who are greedy are responsible for price spiral (simple).

Answer: (a) Day to day life in Dhaka is not inexpensive/cheap. (b) People who live below the poverty line lead a miserable life. (c) Very few problems are as big as price hike for them. (d) Necessary measures have been taken to keep the price hike under control by the government. (e) The greedy people are responsible for the price spiral.

Set-2.

(a) Cox’s Bazar sea beach is the longest sea beach in the world (complex).

(b) It is one of the most beautiful sea beaches in the world (positive).

(c) It is called pleasure seeker’s paradise (active).

(d) The visitors go there for enjoying natural beauties (compound).

(e) Those who become tired may go to relax there (simple).

Answer: (a) It is Cox’s Bazar sea beach which is the longest sea beach in the world. (b) Very few sea beaches are as beautiful as it. (c) People call it pleasure seeker’s paradise. (d) The visitors go there and enjoy the natural beauties. (e) Tired people may go to relax there.

Set-3.

(a) Very few insects are as busy as a bee (comparative).

(b) It lives together (negative).

(c) It flies from flower to flower and collects honey (simple).

(d) It stores honey in the hive (passive).

(e) In winter, it remains idle but it works hard in spring (complex).

Answer no. 3:

(a) A bee is busier than most other insects. (b) It does not live alone. (c) Flying from flower to flower, it collects honey. (d) Honey is stored in the hive by it. (e) Although it remains idle in winter, it works hard in spring.

Set-4.

(a) Cricket is very exciting game (complex).

(b) People all over the world enjoy this game very much (passive).

(c) At present cricket is one of the most popular games in our country (comparative).

(d) Though it is a very costly game, young men and children get a great deal of delight plying it (compound).

(e) It is a matter of sorrow that the performance of Bangladesh Cricket Team is not up to the mark (exclamatory).

Answer no. 4:

(a) Cricket is a game which is very exciting. (b) This game is enjoyed very much by people all over the world. (c) At present cricket is more popular than most other games in our country. (d) It is a very costly game but young men and children get a great deal of delight playing it. (e) What a matter of sorrow it is that the performance of Bangladesh Cricket Team is not up to the mark.

Set-5.

(a) The Jamuna is one of the biggest rivers in Bangladesh (comparative). (b) When it is summer, it becomes emaciated (simple). (c) During the rainy season, it assumes a terrible shape (complex). (d) Everybody knows it (interrogative).

Answer no. 5:

(a) The Jamuna is bigger than most other rivers in Bangladesh. (b) During summer, it becomes emaciated. (c) When it is rainy season, it assumes a terrible shape. (d) Who does not know it?

Set-6.

(a) Pahela Baisakh is undoubtedly the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh (complex). (b) It is the day of the year when the roads get so jam packed (simple). (c) Almost everyone enjoys the day in his own way (passive). (d) Although I hate gathering, I enjoy activities of the flood of massive this day (compound). (e) How enthusiastic the people look on this day (assertive).

Answer no. 6:

(a) There is no doubt that Pahela Baisakh is the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh. (b) The roads get so jam packed on this day of the year. (c) The day is enjoyed by almost everyone in his own way. (d) I hate gathering but I enjoy activities of the flood of masses this day. (e) The people look very enthusiastic on this day.

Set-7.

(a) Robert Frost lives in a small apartment in the capital city Toronto (complex). (b) His wife Catherine loves gardening (negative). (c) Toronto is one of the most expensive cities of the world (positive). His relatives often come to stay with him. (d) They don’t realize the high cost of living in Toronto (interrogative). However, he loves his relatives a great deal (passive).

Answer no. 7:

(a) Robert Frost lives in a small apartment which is small in the capital city Toronto. (b) His wife Catherine does not hate gardening. (c) Very few cities of the world are as expensive as Toronto. (d) Do they realize the high cost of living in Toronto? (e) However, his relatives are loved a great deal by him.

Set-8.

(a) Health is wealth (complex). (b) A healthy poor man is happier than a sick moneyed man (positive). (c) Though a healthy man is an asset to his family, an unhealthy man is a liability (compound). (d) He can succeed in life (interrogative). (e) Everybody must be conscious of health (negative).

Answer no. 8:

(a) It is health which is wealth. (b) A sick moneyed man is not as happy as a healthy poor man. (c) A healthy man is an asset to his family and an unhealthy man is a liability. (d) Can’t he succeed in life? (e) Mustn’t everybody be conscious of health?

Set-9.

(a) I do not know Raju’s father’s name (complex). (b) But I know the place where he was born (simple). (c) Though he is poor, he is honest (compound). (d) He is the best player (negative). (e) What a simple life he leads! (assertive).

Answer no. 9:

(a) I do not know what Raju’s father’s name is. (b) But I know his birth place. (c) He is poor but honest. (d) No other player is as good as he. (e) He leads a very simple life.

Set-10.

(a) Once a cook roasted a duck for his master (Passive). (b) The roast looked so delicious that he cook could not resist the temptation (Simple). (c) When his master sat down to eat, he quickly noticed the missing drumstick (Compound) (d) The master enquired of the missing leg (Interrogative) (e) But the cook told him that this duck had only one leg (Negative).

Answer no. 10:

(a) Once a duck was roasted for his master by a cook. (b) The roast was too delicious for the cook to resist the temptation. (c) His master sat down to eat and noticed the drumstick. (d) Didn’t the master enquire of the missing leg? (e) But the cook told him that the duck had no more than one leg.

Set-11.

(a) Long long ago there was a king who was very wise (simple). (b) People called him wise Solomon (passive). (c) Actually, at that time he was the wisest of all (comparative). (d) There was another ruler also named queen of Sheba (compound). (e) One day she thought Solomon’s wisdom should not remain untested (complex).

Answer no. 11:

(a) Long long ago there was a very wise king. (b) He was called wise Solomon by people. (c) Actually, at that time he was wiser than all other kings. (d) There was another ruler and she was named queen of Sheba. (e) One day she thought that Solomon’s wisdom should not remain untested.

Set-12.

(a) This admixture may corrupt the nature of the original commodity (passive). (b) The value or the effectiveness of the finished product is destroyed by adulteration (active). (c) We have laws and law-enforcing agencies to stop the dishonest businessman (complex). (d) Their effort has been proved ineffective since adulteration of foods and other commodities is on the increase (compound) (e) It is strong public awareness which is essential for the fight against adulteration (simple).

Answer no. 12:

(a) The nature of the original commodity may be corrupted by this admixture. (b) Adulteration destroys the value or the effectiveness of the finished product. (c) We have laws and law-enforcing agencies that/which can stop the dishonest businessman. (d) Their effort has been proved ineffective and so adulteration of foods and other commodities is on the increase. (e) Strong public awareness is essential for the fight against adulteration.

Set-13.

(a) Water, an important vital element of environment, is polluted by various ways (complex). (b) The water which is pure is necessary for us (simple). (c) Men pollute water by throwing waste in it (compound). (d) The farmers use water in time of cultivation largely (passive). (e) It is one of the most important elements of all living beings (Positive).

Answer no. 13:

(a) Water is an important element of environment which is polluted by various ways. (b) Pure water is necessary for us. (c) Men throw waste in water and pollute it. (d) Water is largely used in time of cultivation by the farmers. (e) Very few elements of all living beings are as important as it.

Set-14.

(a) Health is wealth (complex). (b) A healthy poor man is happier than a sick moneyed man (positive). (e) When a healthy man is an asset to his family, an unhealthy man is a liability (compound). (d) He can succeed in life (interrogative). (e) Everybody must be conscious of health (negative.)

Answer no. 14:

(a) It is health which is wealth. (b) A sick moneyed man is not as happy as a healthy poor man. (c) A healthy man is an asset to his family but an unhealthy man is a liability. (d) Can’t he succeed in life? (e) Everybody can not but be conscious of health.

Set-15.

(a) A cunning fox was passing through a forest (Complex). (b) The fox was thirsty and was looking for water (Simple); (c) It could not find any source of water (Passive). (d) He felt very helpless (Interrogative). (c) It seemed to the fox that it was the happiest animal in the world (Comparative).

Answer no. 15:

(a) A fox which was cunning was passing through a forest. (b) being thirsty, the fox was looking for water. (c) No source of water was could be found by it. (d) Didn’t he feel very helpless? (e) It seemed to the fox that it was happier than any other animal.

Set-19.

(a) But at last God took pity on him (negative without changing the meaning). (b) One day the old sailor was watching the water snakes swimming round the ship (passive). Their colours were very beautiful and (c) He was filled with a strange wonder (active). Then he felt a great love for them and blessed them from his heart. (d) At once the dead albatross fell from his neck into the sea and the old man fell into a deep sleep (complex). (e) When he woke up, it was raining (simple).

Answer no. 19:

(a) But at last God couldn’t but take pity on him. (b) One day the water snakes were being watched swimming round the ship by the old sailor. (c) A strange wonder filled him. (d) As soon as the dead albatross fell from his neck into the sea, the old man fell into a deep sleep. (e) On his waking up, it was raining.

Set-20.

(a) Cricket is a very exciting game (Exclamatory). (b) People of all ages enjoy this game (Passive). (c) At present cricket is the most popular game in our country (Positive). (d) Bangladesh is one of the weakest test playing countries (Comparative). (e) They are fond of watching ‘twenty-twenty’ cricket (Interrogative).

Answer no. 20:

(a) What an exciting game cricket is! (b) This game is enjoyed by people of all ages. (c) At present no other game in our country is as popular as cricket. (d) Bangladesh is weaker than most other test playing countries. (e) Aren’t they fond of watching ‘twenty-twenty’ cricket?

Set-21.

(a) The National Memorial, which is situated at Savar, is a symbol of the nation’s respect (Simple). (b) Standing in front of the graves, we bow down our heads (Compound). (c) The towers symbolize the loftiness of the spirit of the martyred freedom fighters (Interrogative). (d) We always remember their memories (Negative). (e) Everyday many people go to visit it (Interrogative).

Answer no. 21:

(a) The National Memorial at Savar is a symbol of the nation’s respect. (b) We stand in front of the graves and bow down our heads. (c) Don’t the towers symbolize the loftiness of the spirit of the martyred freedom fighters? (d) We never forget their memories. (e) Don’t many people go to visit it everyday?

 

Set-22.

(a) He is considered the greatest physicist after Einstein (active). (b) In 1979 he joined Cambridge University (complex). (c) When he was thirty two years old, he received the prestigious Albert Einstein award (simple). (d) He wrote a book explaining cosmology for general public (compound). (e) He is one of the greatest scientists in the present world (positive).

Answer no. 22: (a) People consider him the greatest physicist after Einstein. (b) It was 1979 when he joined Cambridge University. (c) At the age of thirty two, he received the prestigious Albert Einstein award. (d) He wrote a book and it explained cosmology for general public. (e) Very few scientists in the present world are as great as he.

 

Set-23.

 

(a) Anika wrote a letter to her mother yesterday (Passive). (b) She told her mother to send Tk. 1,000 to buy some books (Complex). (c) In the letter, she told her that she should not worry about her studies (Simple). (d) Her mother often writes to her (Interrogative). (e) She feels that her mother is better than all other mothers in the world (Superlative).

Answer no. 23:

(a) A letter was written to her mother yesterday by Anika. (b) She told her mother to send Tk. 1,000 so that she could buy some books. (c) In the letter, she told her not to worry about her studies. (d) Doesn’t her mother often write to her? (e) She feels that her mother is the best of all the mothers in the world.

Set-24.

 

Anger is nothing but a vice. (a) It begets only the worst (Negative). (b) Anger is one of the most inhuman vices (Positive). (c) So, we should control it for our own sake (Passive). (d) He who is taken by anger causes a lot of troubles (Simple). (e) Realizing it we should try to be emotionally balanced (Complex).

Answer no. 24:

(a) It begets nothing but the worst. (b) Very few vices are as inhuman as anger. (c) So, it should be controlled by us for our own sake. (d) An angry man causes a lot of troubles. (e) As we realize it, we should try to be emotionally balanced.

Set-25.

(a) As her husband has no land, he used to work on other people’s land (Compound). (b) With great effort they married their two daughters off when they reached teenage (Simple). (c) Her only son went to town for earning his livelihood (Complex). WhenAyesha Begum and her husband became hungry, there was nobody to feed. (d) Years of malnutrition and deprivation made them look older (Passive). One day, she started begging in the village to feed her old and invalid husband. (e) Very few women were as needy as Ayesha Begum (Superlative).

Answer no. 25:

(a) Her husband has no land and he used to work on other people’s land. (a) With great effort they married their two daughters off at their teenage. (c) Her only son went to town so that he could earn his livelihood. (d) They were made to look older by years of malnutrition and deprivation. (e) Ayesha Begum was one of the neediest women.

Set-26.

(a) My friend invited me to pay a visit to Cox’s Bazar (interrogative). (b) I gladly accepted the invitation (passive). (c) When I reached there, my friend received me cordially (compound). (d) I was very glad to see the sea-beach (exclamatory). (e) It was one of the most memorable journeys in my life (positive).

Answer no. 26:

(a) Didn’t my friend invite me to pay a visit to Cox’s Bazar? (b) The invitation was gladly accepted by me. (c) I reached there and my friend received me cordially. (d) How glad I was to see the sea-beach! (e) Very few journeys in my life were as memorable as it.

Set-27.

(a) E-mail is a computer-based messaging system (Complex). (b) It eliminates the time spent in establishing phone calls (Interrogative). (c) It is cheaper than telephone calls (Positive). (d) It takes only a few seconds to transmit a message from one country to another (Negative). It has, however, not reached everyone, especially in developing countries like ours. (e) But even here people use commercially operated e-mail facilities for important purposes (Passive).

Answer no. 27:

(a) e-mail is a messaging system which is computer-based. (b) Doesn’t it eliminate the time spent in establishing phone calls? (c) Telephone calls are not as cheap as it. (d) It does not take more than a few seconds to transmit a message from one country to another. (e) But even here commercially operated e-mail facilities are used by people for important purposes.

Set-28.

(a) Cox’s Bazar sea-beach is the longest sea-beach in the world (Complex). (b) It is one of the most beautiful sea beaches in the world (Positive). (e) It is called pleasure seekers paradise (Active). (d) The visitors go there to enjoy natural beauties (Compound). (e) Those who become tired may go to relax there (Simple).

Answer no. 28:

(a) It is Cox’s Bazar sea beach which is the longest sea beach in the world. (b) Very few sea-beaches in the world are as beautiful as it. (c) People call it pleasure seeker’s paradise. (d) The visitors go there and enjoy the natural beauties. (e) Tired people may go to relax there.

Set-29.

(a) Acquiring a language is more successful than learning (Negative). (b) Teachers encourage the learners of a second language to practice the language (passive). (c) Students who wish to acquire proficiency in a language should practice the language (simple). (d) Communicative competence can be achieved in a short-time (interrogative without changing meaning). (e) A language learner must shake off reticence and he is sure to succeed in his effort (complex).

Answer no. 29:

(a) Learning is not as successful as acquiring a language. (b) The learners of a second language are encouraged by teachers to practice the language. (c) Students wishing to acquire proficiency in a language should practice the language. (d) Can’t communicative competence be achieved in a short time? (e) A language learner is sure to succeed in his effort if he shakes off reticence.

Transform the Following sentences as directed in brackets.

1. (a) T-20 cricket matches have become one of the most exciting events on earth (Make it positive).

(b) Bangladesh has made tremendous progress in this field lately (Make it passive).

(c) Sakib-Al-Hasan, who tops the world’s best all-rounder ranking has made us proud (Make it simple).

(d) Despite doing an all-round performance both in batting and bowling he failed to bring victory for the team of Bangladesh (Make it complex).

(e) Those who love cricket were much enjoyed to see the match (Make it compound).

Ans: (a) Very few events on earth have become so exciting as T-20 cricket matches.

(b) Tremendous progress has been made by Bangladesh in this field lately.

(e) Sakib-Al-Hasan topping the world’s best all-rounder ranking has made us proud.

(d) Though he did an all-round performance in batting and bowling, he failed to bring victory for the team of Bangladesh.

(e) The cricket-love cricket and they were much enjoyed to see the match.

2. (a) Don’t make any mistake (Make it passive).

(b) Kazi Nazrul Islam is one of the greatest poets of the world (make it positive).

(c) Getting certificates is not so much as education (Make it affirmative).

(d) We should achieve the capability which can make us think from others’ perspective having an unbiased and balanced opinion (Make it simple).

(e) Because of the scorching sun, life becomes miserable (Make it compound).

Ans: (a) Let not any mistake be made (by you).

(b) Very few poets of the world are as great as Kazi Nazrul Islam.

(c) Education is much more than getting certificates.

(d) We should achieve the capability to think from others’ perspective having an unbiased and balanced opinion.

(e) There is the scorching sun and so life becomes miserable.

3. (a) No one suffers as much as the poor (Make it superlative).

(b) Most of them hardly know the traffic rules (Make it passive).

(c) When he was 48 years old, he died (Make it simple).

(d) It begets the worst (Make it positive).

(e) It varies in sizes, it varies in colors too (Make it negative).

 Ans: (a) The poor suffer most.

(b) The traffic rules are hardly known to most of them.

(c) At the age of 48 he died.

(d) Nothing begets as bad as it. Or, No other thing begets as bad as it.

(e) It varies not only in sizes but in colors.

4. (a) The drivers are basically responsible for the accidents (Make it complex).

(b) In the field of education no other contribution of the educationists was as great as that of Sir Salimullah (Make it superlative).

(c) Inside the skin there is a juicy kernel and it holds a stone in it (Make it simple).

(d) The outer show of things and beings concerns them (Make it passive).

(e) Children can neither sleep nor read (Make it affirmative).

Ans: (a) It is the drivers who are basically responsible for the accidents.

(b) In the field of education Sir Salimullah’s contribution was the greatest.

(c) Inside the skin there is a juicy kernel holding a stone in it.

(d) They are concerned with the outer show of things and beings.

(e) Children are unable to sleep and read. 

5. (a) Along with this, we should always equip our mind with rationality that gives us a stand leading to better understanding of and with others and co-existence (Make it passive).

(b) Adulteration of foods and other commodities is on the increase and so their effort has been proved ineffective (Make it simple).

(c) Education is not more getting certificates (Make it affirmative).

(d) Mangoes are grown best in the districts of Rajshahi and Chapai Nawabganj (Make it complex).

(e) There were two people on board (Make it compound).

Ans: (a) Along with this, our mind should always be equipped with rationality that gives us a stand leading to better understanding of and with others and co-existence.

(b) Their effort has been proved ineffective because of the increase of the adulteration of foods and other commodities.

(c) Education is much more than getting certificates.

(d) Rajshahi and Chapai Nawabgang are the districts where mangoes are grown best.

(e) There were two people and they were on board.

6. (a) E-mail is a messaging system which is based on computer (Make it simple).

(b) It is cheaper than telephone calls (Make it positive).

(c) It permits communication between two parties without the parties actually being present simultaneously (Maki it complex).

(d) It takes only a few seconds to transmit a message from one country to another (Make it negative).

(e) But even here commercially operated e-mail facilities are used for important purposes (Make it active).

Ans: (a) E-mail is a computer-based messaging system.

(b) Telephone calls are not so cheap as it.

(c) It permits communication between two parties, though the parties are not actually present simultaneously.

(d) It takes not more than a few seconds to transmit a message from one country to another.

(e) But even here people use commercially operated e-mail facilities for important purposes.

7. (a) If we utilize these resources properly, we can eradicate our poverty (Make it simple).

(b) Then they use hand-fans to fan themselves (Make it passive).

(c) Despite knowing some rules they hardly care for them (Make it compound).

(d) His parents did not dislike him at all (Make it affirmative).

(e) Students want to cross barriers of examination and so they seek chances (Make it complex).

Ans:

(a) By utilizing these resources properly, we can eradicate our poverty.

Or, Proper utilization of these resources can eradicate our poverty.

(b) Then hand-fans are used by them to fan themselves.

(c) They know some rules but hardly care for them.

(d) His parents liked him very much.

(e) Students seek chances so that they can cross barriers of examination.

 8. (a) They are concerned with the outer show of things and beings (Make it active).

(b) What is anger but a vice (Make it assertive)?

(c) Everybody believes education to be the backbone of a nation (Make it compound).

(d) Very few geese of the world were as wonderful as it (Make it superlative).

(e) Nothing but education can give us the light of knowledge (Make it affirmative).

Ans:

(a) The outer show of things and beings concerns them.

(b) Anger is nothing but a vice.

(c) Education is the backbone of a nation and everybody believes it.

(d) It was one of the most wonderful geese of the world.

(e) Only education can give us the light of knowledge.

 9. (a) It does not degrade our mind and pollute our sensibility (Make it affirmative).

(b) As man is curious, he will try to invent new things (Make it simple).

(c) They help us to build new cells at the death of old ones (Make it complex).

(d) Once we were subjugated (Maki it negative).

(e) The cook told him that the duck had not more than one leg (Make it affirmative).

Ans: (a) It ennobles our mind and refines our sensibility.

(b) Man will try to invent new things because of his curiosity.

(c) They help us to build new cells as/when old ones die.

(d) Once we were not independent.

(e) The cook told him that the duck had one leg only.

10. (a) We have to take balanced diet so that we can be healthy (Make it simple).

(b) Everyone can prosper in life by reading books (Make it negative).

(c) There are many things that we can include in technology (Make it passive).

(d) They are called the peaceful people because of their nonviolent nature (Make it compound).

(e) The cook insisted that this duck had only one leg (Make it compound).

Ans: (a) We have to take balanced diet to be healthy.

Or, We have to take balanced diet in order to be healthy.

(b) None can prosper in life without reading books.

(c) There are many things that can be included in technology (by us).

(d) They are nonviolent in nature and so they are called the peaceful people.

Or, Their nature is nonviolent and so they are called the peaceful people.

(e) This duck had only one leg and the cook insisted on it.

11. (a) They grow not less than 24 varieties of crops (Make it affirmative).

(b) Though Hopi women cannot become religious leaders, their children inherit the clan of their mother (Make it simple).

(c) We belong to a country named Bangladesh (Make it compound).

(d) It is more powerful than anything else (Maki it superlative).

(e) Selling the eggs in the market, he became rich (Make it complex).

Ans: (a) They grow as many as 24 varieties of crops.

(b) In spite of Hopi women’s not becoming religious leaders, their children inherit the clan of their mother.

(c) We belong to a country and its name is Bangladesh.

(d) It is the most powerful of all things.

(e) As he sold the eggs in the market, he became rich.

 12. (a) Proper steps being taken, their condition may improve (Make it complex).

(b) No house was raided by him for robbery (Make it active).

(c) When his master sat down to eat, he quickly noticed the missing leg (Make it simple).

(d) The roast looked too delicious for the cook to resist the temptation (Make it complex).

(e) Once a duck was roasted by a cook for his master (Make it active).

Ans: (a) If we take proper steps, their condition may improve.

(b) He did not raid any house for robbery.

(c) His master quickly noticed the missing leg at the time of his sitting down to eat.

(d) The roast looked so delicious that the cook could not resist the temptation.

(e) Once a cook roasted a duck for his master.

13. (a) Different kinds of diseases which are fatal are spread for having these foods (Make it compound).

(b) We should be conscious or we will have to pay a lot for this (Make it simple).

(c) She had none to look after her (Make it complex).

(d) The bereavement overwhelmed the old woman (Make it passive).

(e) It is the most powerful of all things (Make it comparative).

Ans: (a) We have these foods and thus different kinds of fatal diseases are spread.

(b) Without being conscious, we will have to pay a lot for this.

(c) She had none who could look after her.

(d) The old woman was overwhelmed with the bereavement.

(e) It is more powerful than anything else.

14.  (a) Salma is a very good student.(Exclamatory).(b)She is always attentive to his studies.(Negative)(c) She reads attentively to do well in the examination.(Complex) (d) She is hardworking and does not waste time.(Simple)(e) So everybody loves her.(Passive)

Answer:What a good student Salma is! (b) She is never inattentive to her studies.(c) She reads attentively so that she can do well in the examination. (d) Being hardworking she does not waste waste time.(e) So,she is loved by everybody.

15. (a) We should make the habit of reading books so that we may earn knowledge.(Simple) (b) The books written by famous writers is a great source of increasing our knowledge (Complex).(c) Nobody gets perfection in life if he does not read the books of the great writers (Passive).(d) To make the society civilized there is no alternative to reading books.(Interrogative) (e) A book is our greatest friend.(Positive)

Answer:(a) We should make the habit of reading books to earn knowledge.(b) The books which are written by famous writers are a great source of increasing our knowledge.(c) Perfection in life is gotten by nobody if the books of the great writers are not read by him.(d) Is there any alternative to reading books to make the society civilized? (e) No other friend is so great as a book.

16. (a) Cox’ Bazer is the longest sea beach in the world.(Passive).(b) Everyone knows this (Interrogative)(c) Tourists from home and abroad visit this beach.(Passive)(d)They come here to enjoy themselves (Complex).(e) Our government is going to take some steps to make it more attractive.(Passive).

Answer (a) No other sea beach in the world is as long as Cox’s Bazer.(b) Who doesn’t know this? (c) This sea beach is visited by the tourists from home and abroad. (d) They come here so that they can enjoy themselves.(e) Some steps are going to be taken by our government to make it more attractive.

  1. (a) Computer is one of the greatest invention of modern science.(Positive).It renders great service to mankind .(b) A Computer is a blessing on earth.(negative).(c) Though it is a blessing,it has dark sides.(Simple) (d) Computer now a days being used in almost every sphere by the people.(Active)(e) We cannot but depend on it.(Affirmative.)

Answer:Very few inventions of modern science are as great as computer.(b) A computer is not a curse on earth.(c) In spite of being a blessing, it has dark sides.(d) The people are using computers in almost every sphere now-a-days.(e) We must depend on it.  

  1. Though Bangldesh is not a big coutry, too man people live here.(Simple)(b) Most of the people are poor.(Negative)(c) They cannot send their children to school for poverty.(Complex) (d) The monsoon causes rainfall.(Interrogative) (e) The country looks very beautiful (Exclamatory).

Answer (a) Inspite of being a small country, too many people live in Bangladesh.(b) Most of the people are not rich.(c) It is poverty for which they cannot send their children to school.Or They cannot send their children to school because they are poor.(e) Does’t the monsoon cause heavy rainfall?(e) How beautiful the country looks!

  1. Industry is the mother of success.(a) One can prosper in life by working hard.(Negative).(b) We have to work hard to earn money or to gain knowledge(Complex).(c) Those who are idle always lag behind.(simple)(d) Idle people are nothing but the burden of the society (Simple) (e) They give nothing to the country.(Interrogative).

Answer(a) One can  not prosper in life without working hard. (b) We have to work hard so that we can earn money and gain fame.(c) The Idle always lag behind.( d) The Idle are the burden of society.(e) Do they give anything to the country?

  1. Sumit is my friend.(a) He is a regular student.(Negative).(b) He is never late to attend his classes.(affirmative) (c) He wants to be a doctor to serve people.(Complex).For this reason he has been working hard.(d) He sits to read when it is time for reading.(Simple) (e) His is loved by his parents,teachers and friends.(active).

Answer: He is not an irregular student.(b) He is always punctual to attend his classes .(c) He wants to be a doctor so that he can serve people.(d) He sits to read at the time of reading.(e) His parents,teachers and friends love him.

  1. Industry is the key to success.(a) No one can prosper in life without industry.(affirmative).(b) We have to work hard to earn money or to aquire knowledge.(Complex).(c) Those who are idle always lay behind.(Simple).(d) People say that those who work hard see the light to prosperity in life.(Passive).(e) So in the society women work as much as men.(Comparative).

Answer(a) Everyone can prosper in life with Industry.(b) We have to work hard if we want to earn money or to acquire knowledge.(c) The Idle always lag behind.(d) It is said by people that the light of prosperity is seen by those by whom hard work is done.(e) Women work not less than men.

  1. (a) No other country in the world is as populous as Bangladesh.(Comparative).(b) People who live in the village are farmers.(Simple).(c) The farmer are not rich.(Affirmative)(d) The farmers work hard to support themselves.(Complex).(e)They should be taken care of.(active).

Answer:(a) Bangladesh is more populous than any other country in the world.(b) People living in the village are farmers.(c) The farmers are poor.(d) The farmers work hard so that they can support themselves.(e) We should take care of them.

  1. (a) Cricket is a very exciting game.(Exclamatory ) (b) People of all ages enjoy the game.(passive).(c) At present cricket is the most popular game in our country(Comparative)(d) Though cricket is a costly game, people of all classes enjoy playing it.(Simple).There are two versions of cricket, one day cricket and test cricket.(e) Bangladesh is a test playing country but its standard is not high.(Complex).

Answer(a) What an exciting game cricket is! (b) This game is enjoyed very much by the people of all ages.(c) At present, cricket is more popular than most other games in our country.(d) In spite if cricket  being a very costly game, people of all classes get a great deal of delight playing and witnessing.(e) Though Bangladesh is a test playing country, its standard is not high.

  1. (a) Tousif is a regular student (Make it negative).(b) He is never late to attend his class.(make it affirmative).(c) He wants to be a doctor to serve the people (Make it complex).For this he has been working hard.(d) He sits to read when it is time for reading (Simple).(e) He is loved by his parents, teachers and friends.(Active)

Answer: (a)Tousif is not an irregular student.(b) He is always punctual to attend his class.(c) He wants to be a doctor so that he can serve people.(d) During reading time he sits to read.(e) His parents,teachers and friends love him.

  1. (a) The national Memorial which is situated at Savar is a symbol of the nation’s respect.(Simple)(b) Standing in front of the graves we bow down our head (compound).(c) The towers symbolizes the loftiness of the sprit of the martyred freedom fighters. (Interrogative) (d) We always remember their memories.(Negative) (e) It is one of the largest towers in Bangladesh.(Positive)Everyday many people go to visit it.

Answer: The National memorial at Savar is a symbol of the nation’s respect.(b) We stand in front of the grave and bow down our heads .(c) Do not the towers symbolize the loftiness of the sprit of the martyred freedom fighters? (d) We never forget their memories.(e) No other tower in Bangladesh is as large as this.

  1. (a) We work hard to attain success in life.(Complex).(b) Peace and prosperity is not possible without being industrious.(Affirmative).(c) A man who leads an idle life, brings misery for his life.(Simple).(d) He can never help of the society.(Passive).Such kind of man is the burden of the society.(e) Everybody dislike him.(Negative).

Answer: (a) We work hard so that we can attain success in our life.(b) Anything but peace and prosperity is possible without being industrious.(c) By leading an idle life, a man brings misery for his life.(d) People of the society can never be helped by him.(e) Nobody likes him.

  1. Bangladesh is a small country.(a) We are proud of our freedom fighters.(interrogative).(b) Their contribution will never be forgotten.(Affirmative).(c)They were inspired by the common people.(active).(d) Their sacrifice is greater than any other thing.(Positive).(e) but, today many of them lead a very miserable life.(complex)

Answer(a) Aren’t we proud of our freedom fighters?(b) Their contribution will be remembered for ever.(c) The common people inspired them.(d) Their sacrifice is the greatest of all other things.(e) But today many of them lead a life which is very miserable.

 

  1. (a) Unemployment is a state when a man has no work to earn money.(Simple)(b) It is a social evil which hampers the progress of social life.(compound).(c)The prosperity of a society depends upon the reasonable income of its able-bodied person.(complex).So every-able bodied person should have some suitable work.(d)This increases the per capital income.(Passive).This also increases the standard of living of the people and ensures overall progress of the state. On the other hand, unemployment hinders social progress, disturbs peace and leads to social crimes.(e) Unemployment is a social evil which must be cured at any cost .(Negative).

Answer (a) Unemployment is a state of having no work to earn money.(b) It is a social evil and it hampers the progress of social life.(c) The prosperity of a society depends upon the reasonable income of its persons who are able bodied.(d) The per capita income of a country is increased by this.(e) Unemployment is a social evil which must be endured at any cost.

  1. (a)Jamal gets poorer marks than any other students.(Positive).(b) He is not attentive to his lessons.(Affirmative).(c) Moreover, he is lazy(Negative).(d) His preparation is always poor,(Neagtive). So, before the examination he always manages short suggestion of probable question.(Passive).

(a) No other student gets as poor marks as Jamal.(b) He is inattentive to his lessons.(c) Moreover,he is not active.(d) His preparation is never good.(e) So,before the examination  short suggestion of Probable question is always managed by him.

  1. (a) We must eat to live.(Compound).So we see that for the existence of life food plays the role of fuel.(b)Without fuel no machine works.(Complex).Thus food or fuel does the work of an energy source.(c)To work humans and animals need food.(Complex).To achieve itself, a machine needs fuel.In these sense, fuels include food, oil, petrol, digels etc.(d) These fuels produce heat and power.(Passive). (e) Heat and power make animate and inanimate objects move and work.(Passive).The difference is that fuel, needed by humans is called food.

Answer: (a) We must eat so that we may live.(b) If there is no fuel, a machine does not work.(c) It is for working that human and animals need food.(d) Heat and energy are produced by these fuels.(e) Animate and inanimate objects are made to move and  work by  heat and power.

  1. Man is superior to any other creature in the universe.(a) He is superior to all because of his intellect.(complex).(b) Creator has blessed him with conscience to differentiate the right path from wrong one.(Complex).(c) Though he has intellect and conscience, he has lagged behind the humanity.(Simple).(d) Man are being presecuted by men every moment and every where in the world.(active).(e) What a critical time the man kind is passing now.(Assertive)

Answer:(a) Man is superior to all because he has intellect.(b) Creator blessed him with conscience so that he may differentiate the right path from the wrong one.,(c) Despite having intellect and  conscience ,he has lagged behind the humanity.(d) Men persecute men every moment and everywhere in the world.(e) The man kind is passing now a very critical time.

  1. (a) Information technology is a wonderful invention (Exclamatory)(b) There are many things that can be included in technology.(Simple).(c) Computer has preshed the modern age a step ahead .(Complex).It can do many things.(d) Internet is the latest invention in the communication system.(Interrogative).(e) We should know the use of computer and internet in our daily life.(Omit should by using it.)

Answer(a) What an invention information technology is!(b) Many things can be included in technology.(c) It is  computer which has preshed the modern age a step ahead.(d) What is the latest invention in the communication system.(e) It is necessary to know the use of computer and internet in our daily life.

  1. Student life is the time of preparation for future life.(a) Study is the first and foremost duty of a student.(Complex).(b)As they are assets to the nation, they should equip themselves accordingly.(Compound).Proper emphasis should be given to their studies (c) They must be punctual, industrious, preserving and truthful.(Negative).He should also cultivate good manners.(d) If a student is devoted to studies, he will surely shine in life.(Simple).A student should take part in co-curiicular activities which help him to express his invite talents.(e) A good student should be conscious of politics but should not be the cat’s paw of the shrewd politicians.(Complex).

Answer(a) It is the study which is the first and foremost duty of a student.(b) They are assets to the nation and so they should equip themselves accordingly.(c) They cannot become punctual, industrious ,preserving and truthful.(d) Being devoted to studies, a student will surely shine in life.(e) Though a good student should be conscious of politics, he should not be the cat’s paw of the shrewd politicians.

  1. The name of our country is Bangladesh.(a) It is a very beautiful, small and fertile country.(Exclamatory ) Dhaka is the capital of our country. The other name of Dhaka is Jahangir Nagar. (b) He founded the city of Dhaka. (Passive).(c) It is the biggest in Bangladesh.(Positive).Many times I went to Dhaka.(d) When I arrived my friend took me to his house.(Simple).(e) We are proud of our country.(Negative).

Answer (a) How beautiful, small and fertile country it is! (b) The city of Dhaka was founded by him.(c) No other cities in Bangladesh are as big as this.(d) On my arrival my friend took me to his house.(e) We are not ashamed of our country.

  1. Money cannot make a man happy.(a) In this world many people are unhappy though they have money.(Simple).(b) But many people who have little money are very happy.(Simple).(c) People want to be happy and they earn money.(Complex) (d) We can be sure that this is a wrong idea.(Compound).More money means more anxiety.(e) We should not be guided by money.(Passive)

Answer:.(a) In spite of having money, many people in this word  are unhappy.(b) But in  spite of having little money, many people are happy.(c) As they want to be happy, they earn money.(d) This is a wrong idea and we can be sure of it.(e) Money should not guide us.

  1. Knowledge is power. There is no doubt about it.(a) We can control nature with the help of knowledge.(Complex).(b) If we have no knowledge we are helpless.(Simple)(c) As our knowledge is increasing we know more about nature.(Compound).Our life has become much better than it was before.(d)We can think of a very bright future.(Complex).(e) But we should use our knowledge properly.(Passive).

Answer: It is knowledge with the help of which we can control nature. or It is with the help of knowledge that we can control nature.(b) We are helpless without knowledge. Or Having no knowledge ,we are helpless.(c) Our knowledge is increasing and we know more about nature.(d) We can think of a future which is bright.(e) But our knowledge be used properly.

  1. (a) We work hard to attain success in life.(Complex).(b) Peace and prosperity is not possible without being industrious.(Affirmative).(c) A man who leads an idle life, brings misery for his life.(Simple).(d) He can never help of the society.(Passive).Such kind of man is the burden of the society.(e) Everybody dislike him.(Negative).

Answer:(a) We work hard so that we can attain success in our life.(b) Anything but peace and prosperity is possible without being industrious.(c) By leading an Idle life, a man brings misery for his life.(d) People of the society can never be helped by him.(e) Nobody likes him.

 

  1. (a) Strategy is more important than any other thing in the examination.(Superlative) (b) Any answer in the examination should not be elaborated.(Active).(c) After getting the question paper, he should read through it carefully. (Complex).(d) At first glance the questions may not seen easy.(Affirmative).it becomes gradually easier.(e) A student should attempt to answer all the questions so that he may get good marks.(Simple).

Answer:(a) Strategy is the most important thing in the examination.(b) Anyone should not elaborate any answer in the examination.(c) After he gets the questions paper, he should read through it carefully.(d) At first glance the questions may seem difficult.(e) A student should attempt to answer all the questions to get good marks.

  1. Man is mortal.(a) All men must die.(Negative) (b) It matters little if a man lives many years or not (Interrogative).(c) Our life is not measured by months or years.(Active).(d) The people who live only for their own interest are not real human beings.(Compound) (e) Their life is not better than that of a beast.(Positive).So, we should try our best to do something for society.

Answer(a) No man can escape/avoid death.(b) Does it matter much if a man lives many years or not? (c) We do not measure our life by months or years.(d) Some people live only for their own interest and they are not real human beings.(e) Their life is as bad as that of a beast.

  1. We live in Bangladesh (a) She is not the poorest country in the world (Positive) Too many people live if in here.(b) It is not possible for her to give employment to all these people. (Complex).(c) People can train themselves in one or other of the vacations.(Passive)(d) Bangladesh can engage her human resources only after exploring all her other resources.(Complex).Until then she can fruitful utilize her manpower in overseas employment.(e) Thus she earns a lot of foreign exchange.(Complex).

Answer (a) Few other countries in the world are as poor as she.(b) It is not possible for her that she can give employment to all these people.(e) People can be trained by themselves in one or other of the vacations.(d) Bangladesh can engage her human resources only when she will explore all her other resources.(e) It is the way that she earns a lot of foreign exchange.

  1. (a)Everybody believes education is the backbone of a nation.(Simple)(b) No nation can prosper neglecting education.(Complex).(c) It is more powerful than anything else.(Superlative) (d) Only education gives us the light of knowledge.(negative) (e) So, everybody should realize it and act accordingly.(Passive).

Answer(a) Everybody believes education to be the backbone of a nation.(b) No nation can prosper if they neglect education.(c) It is the most powerful of all things.(d) Nothing but education gives us the light of knowledge.(e) So, it should be realized by everybody and act accordingly. 

  1. (a)One can prosper in life by working hard.(Negative) (b) We have to work hard to gain or to earn money (Complex) (c) Those who are Idle always lag behind.(simple) (d)Idle people are not but burden of the society.(Simple) (e) They give nothing to the country.(Interrogative)

Answer(a) None can prosper in life without working hard.(b) We have to work hard so that we can gain fame or earn money.(c) The Idle always lag behind.(d) Idle people are only the burden of the society .(e) Do they give anything to the society.

  1. (a)English is a foreign language.(Negative) (b) Without learning English, we cannot hope to get any job.(Complex).(c) The man who knows English well can go abroad (Simple).(d) We must learn English.(negative)(e) Everybody knows the truth.(Passive)

(a) English is not a native language.(b) If we do not learn English, we cannot hope to get any job.(c) A man knowing English well can go abroad.(d) We cannot learn English.(e) The truth is known to everybody.

  1. (a) Everyone lives in society (Negative) So (b) We should not disturb social order.(Affirmative)(c) If we maintain it, we shall be able to lead a peaceful life.(Simple).(d) Who doesn’t like peace?(Assertive)(e) It is so much required.(Active)

Answer(a) There is no one but lives in society.(b) We should maintain social order.(c) By maintaining it we shall be able to lead a peaceful life.(d) Everybody likes peace.(e) We require it so much.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) Most of the students cannot write the answer scripts properly.(Affirmative).(b) Being unable to make out the questions, they memorize the answers with unnecessary and irrelevant details.(Complex).(c) In spite of the teacher’s suggestion to make a brief answer, they are proved to make a lengthy answer(Compound).As a result, they get poor marks.(d) The students should answer to the questions briefly and to the point  to obtain good marks.(Passive).(e) Copying anything blindly is strictly prohibited.(active)

Answer:(a) Most of the students are unable to write answer scripts properly.(b) As they are make out the questions, they memorize the answers with unnecessary and irrelevant details.(c) Teachers suggest them to make a brief answer but they make a lengthy answer.(d) Answer to the question should be answered briefly and to the point to obtain good marks by the students.(e) We strictly prohibit copying any anything blindly.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) No one can shine in life without honesty.(Affirmative)(b) We have to be honest to reach the highest peak of life.(Complex).(c) Quality education which is a must can can make one detached from the path of honesty.(Compound).(d) Education having religious values is the best processs of establishing a peaceful society.(Positive).(e) If we work hard in this regard,we can see soon pollution free nation.(Simple)

Answer: (a) Everyone can shine in life by honesty.(b) We have to be honest so that we can reach the highest peak of life.(c) Quality education is a must and it can make one detached from the path of dishonesty.(d) No other process of establishing a peaceful society is as good as education having religious values.(e) By working hard in this regard, we can see soon a pollution free nation.

 

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a)At present price hike is the greatest problem in Bangladesh. (Positive).(b) This problem is causing a great hard to all classes of people.(complex).(c) Though the price of daily necessaries is increasing day by day,the income of people is not increasing at all.(Compound).(d) so the people have to decrease their consumption so that they can servive.(Simple)(e) We must increase our production to get rid of this abonormal situation.(Negative).

Answer (a) At present no other problem in Bangladesh is as great as price hike.(b) This problem is causing harm which is great to all classes of people.(c) The price of daily necessaries is increasing day by day but the income of the people is not increasing at all.(d) So the people have to decrease their consumption in order to survive.(e) We cannot but increase our production to get rid at this abnormal situation

 

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) Cox’s Bazer Sea beach is the longest sea beach in the world.(Complex).(b) It is one of the most beautiful Sea-beach in the world.(Positive) (c) People who come from home and abroad enjoy its beauty very much.(simple).(d) I wish I could visit the beach soon.(Exclamatory).(e) It is called pleasures seekers paradise.(Active).  

Answer:(a) It is Cox’s Bazer Sea beach which is the longest sea beach in the world.(b) Very few sea beach in the world are so beautiful as it.(c) People coming from home and abroad, enjoy its beauty very much.(d) If I could visit the beach soon! (e) People call it pleasures seekers paradise.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) Every one believes that education is the backbone of a nation.(Simple).(b) No nation can prosper neglecting education.(Complex).(c) It is more powerful than anything else.(Superlative).(d) Only education gives us the light of knowledge.(Negative).(e) So, everybody should realize it and act accordingly.(Passive)

Answer:(a) Everybody believes education to be the backbone of a nation.(b) No nation can prosper if they neglect education.(c) It is the most powerful thing.(d) Nothing but education gives us light of knowledge.(e) So it should be realized and acted accordingly.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) English is more used than any other language.(Positive) (b) Organizations frequently need employees who have a good command of English.(Simple). (c) There are many companies and they provide English language training for their staff.(Complex) (d) Many believe that English helps people to get good jobs and better salaries.(Passive).(e) English is spoken all over the world.(Active). 

Answer:(a) No other language is so used as English.(b) Organizations need employees having a good command over English.(c) There are many companies which provide English Language training staff.(d) It is believed by many that people are helped to get good jobs and better salaries by English.(e) So we must put greater importance on English.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) English is an international language.(Interrogative) (b) Who does not care to learn it?(Affirmative).(c)Very few languages in the world are so easy to learn as it.(Superlative)(d) People who live in English speaking countries learn it as it is their first language.(Simple).(e) People in other countries learn it as second language.(Passive). 204

Answer:(a) Isn’t English an international language? (b) Everybody cares to learn it.(c) It is one of the easiest languages in the world.(d) People living in English speaking countries learn it as their first language.(e) It is learnt as second Language by people in other countries.

  1. Transform the underlined sentences of the passage below according the direction given beside each.

Our Motherland Bangladesh is blessed with different eye-catching beauty-spots. Cox’s Bazer sea-beach is one of them.(a) Cox’s Bazer sea beach, the longest sea in the world is very beautiful to look at.(Complex).(b) It is one of the most beautiful sea beaches in the world.(Positive).(c) It is called the Paradise of the Pleasure Seekers for its uncommon beauty . (Active).(d) Everyday uncounted travelers both from home and abroad  go there to feed their hungry souls enjoying its soothing beauty.(Compound).(e) Definitely this visits revives one’s dull sprit.(Passive)

Answer: (a) Cox’s Bazer Sea beach which is the longest sea beach in the world is very beautiful to look at.(b) Very few sea-beaches in the world are as beautiful as it.(c) For its uncommon beauty people call it the Paradise of the pleaser seeker.(d) Everyday uncounted travelers both from and abroad go there and feed their hungry souls enjoying its soothing beauty.(e) One’s dull sprit is revived definitely by this visit.

  1. Transform the underlined sentences of the passage below according the direction given beside each.

Bangladesh is a small country.(a) It was 1971 when Bangladesh got independence (Simple) (b) It is the most significant event in the history of Bangladesh.(Positive).Bangladesh was under the British colonial rule until 1947.(c) The lives of the people of Bangladesh have been shaped by tragedy.(Active).Though growth rate had showed down, it has almost doubled since Independence.(d) Despite many negative aspects, Bangladesh has become a country of possibility .(Complex)(e) The 21 st February,1952 immediately comes to our mind.(Complex).

Answer:(a) Bangladesh got independence in 1971.(b) No other event in the history of the people of Bangladesh.(c) Tragedy has shaped the lives of the people of Bangladesh.(d) Though there are many negative aspects, Bangladesh has become a country of possibility.(e) It is the 21 st February,1952 which immediately comes to our mind.

  1. Transform the underlined sentences of the passage below according the direction given beside each.

(a) The students studying seriously can expect to make an excellent result. (Complex).(b) But most of our  students are inattentive to their study (Negative)(c) They kill their valuable  time in gossiping and playing with mobile sets or watching Television.(Passive).(d)They do not take their exams seriously (Interrogative).As a result, they are to suffer a lot.(e) So, study seriously and enjoy a better future. (Simple).

Answer(a) The students who study seriously can expect to make an excellent result.(b) But most of our students are not attentive to their study.(c) Their valuable time is killed (by them) in gossiping and playing with mobile sets or watching Television.(d) Do they take their exams seriously?(e) So, study seriously to enjoy a better future.

  1. Transform the underlined sentences of the passage below according the direction given beside each.

Bangladesh is a land of rivers .(a) The Padma is one of the biggest rivers in Bangladesh.(Comparative) (b) When it is summer, it becomes emaciated.(Simple) (c) During the rainy season it assumes a terrible shape.(Complex).(d) Who doesn’t know this? (Affirmative) (e) Tourists from home and abroad visits its shore to enjoy themselves.(Complex).

Answer:(a) The Padma is bigger than most other rivers in Bangladesh.(b) In summer,it becomes emaciated.(c) When it is the rainy season, it assumes a terrible shape.(d) Who doesn’t know this?(e) Its shore is visited by tourists from home and abroad.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets.

Tariqul is a good boy. He goes to school every day.(a) As soon as school breaks up, he return to his home (Negative)(b) He is one of the tallest boy in the class.(positive). (c) As he works hard, he stands first in every class.(Compound).(d)He takes care of his health regularly.(Passive). Everybody likes him because of his good nature. (e) He bears a very charming personality. (Exclamatory). 

(a) As soon as school breaks up, he does not return late to his home.(b) No other boy is as tall as he is in the class.(c) He works hard and stands first in every class.(d) His health has been taken care by him regularly.(e) How charming personality he bears!

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) No man can live alone (Interrogative) (b) When we are children, the family protects us.(Simple)(c) When we grow up,we need help of people   around us.(Compound).(d) People around us train us to to do our duty.(Complex)(e) Our only duty is to act thoughtfully so that does not harm others.(Simple).

Answer(a) Who can live alone?/Can any man live alone?(b) The family protects us in our childhood.(c) We grow up and we need of all people around us.(d) People around us train us so that we can do our duty.(e) Our duty is nothing but to act thoughtfully so that it does not harm others.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

Sumon Mahmud comes of a Muslim family.(a) He is the most brilliant student in our class.(Positive).(b) He always works hard to improve his result.(complex).(c) His father is a simple clerk in a government office.(complex).(d) His father earns a meagre amount.(Passive).His is not economically well off.(e) but his honesty is known to all.(Complex).

Answer(a) No other student in our class is as brilliant as Sumon Mahmud.(b) He always works hard so that he may improve his result.(c) It is his father who is a simple clerk is govt office.(d) A meager amount is earned by his father.(e) It is known to all that he is honest.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

We are Bangladeshi (a) We are proud of our freedom fighters.(Interrogative)(b) Their contribution will never be forgotten.(Affirmative).They were inspired by the common people.(c) Their sacrifice is greater than any other thing.(Positive) (d) But today many of them lead a miserable life.(Complex). (e) If we take proper steps, their contribution may improve.(Simple)

Answer(a) Aren’t we proud of our freedom fighters? (b) Their contribution will always be remembered.(c) No other thing is as great as their sacrifice.(d) But today many of them lead a life which is very miserable.(e) By our taking steps, their contribution may improve.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) Poverty is the greatest problem in our country.(Positive)But we hardly realize that this miserable condition is our creation.(b) Many do not try to better their condition by hard labour.(Compound).(c) They only curse their fate.(Passive)But this is not reality.(d) It is man who is the maker of his own fortune.(Simple) So, they should work hard to improve their lot.(e) By working hard,they can remove their condition.(Negative).

Answer(a) No other problem in our country is as great as poverty.(b) Many do not labour hard and try to better their condition.(c) Their fate is cursed only by them.(d) Man is the maker of his own fortune.(e) Without working hard,they cannot remove their condition.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

In this life there are no gains without pains.(Complex) (b) Life would be dull if there were no difficulties.(Simple)(c) Without real struggle games lose their zest.(Complex).(d) No victory is a real triumph unless the foe is worthy of your steel.(Interrogative).(e) Life is a continuous competitive examination.(Comparative)

Answer:(a) In this life there are no gains without pains which are without pains.(b) Without difficulties life would be dull.(c) If there is no real struggle ,games lose their zest.(d) Is  any victory a real triumph unless the foe is worthy of your steel?(e) Life is more continuous competitive than any other examinations. 

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

Sincerity is a great medicine to work. (a) One can go a long way if one does anything with sincerity.(Simple)(b) The rich people are sincere to work.(Complex).So they are capable of making anything success. (c) An insincere man can never go a long way in the world.(Complex).(d)The poor people are not sometimes sincere.(Complex)So they lag behind.(e) If they can know the benefit of sincerity, they will make a good use of it.(Simple)

Answer: By doing anything sincerity one can go a long way.(b) The people who are rich are sincere to work.(c) A man who is insincere can never go a long way in the world.(d) The people who are poor are not sometimes sincere.(e) By knowing the benefit of sincerity,they will make a good use of it.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a)There are a good number of reasons why the students in Bangladesh fail in English.(Simple)(b) Because of foreign language the students fail in English in great number.(Complex) Very few students are earnest in learning English. (c) Students seek the chance to cross barriers of examinations.(Compound) (d) English is the most fearful subject for them.(Positive) (e) We must develop the student of English.(Negative).

Answer:(a) There are a good number of reasons for the students failure in English in Bangladesh.(b) As English is foreign language, the students fail in English in great number.(c) Students seek the chance and they want to cross barriers of examination.(d) No other subject for them is as fearful as English.(e) We can’t but develop the student of English.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets

(a) We have to be educated  in order to serve the nation.(Complex).The nation needs worthy citizens.(b) They will remove illiteracy and corruption from the country.(Passive)(c)Very few countries in the world are as corrupted as her people.(Comparative).(d) We love her most and wish the best of her.(Comparative).(e) She is the only darling child of nature.(Negative).

Answer:(a) We have to be educated so that we can serve the nation.(b) Illiteracy and corruption will be removed from the country by them.(c) She is more corrupted than most other countries in the world.(d) We love her more and wish better of her.(e) She is nothing but the darling child of nature.

  1. Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed in brackets. (a) Our national flag symbolizes freedom from foreign domination.(Compound) (b) It is hoisted everywhere on the national days. (Active) (c) We show respect to our national flag.(Interrogative) (d) We have a great honour to it (exclamatory) (e) Many people sacrificed their lives for this flag.(Complex).

Answer:Our National flag symbolizes freedom and that is from foreign domination.(b) People hoist it everywhere on the national days.(c) Don’t we show respect to our national flag?(d) What a great honour to it we have!(e) There were many people who sacrificed their lives for it.

  1. (a) Computer is one of the greatest invention of modern science.(Positive).It renders great service to mankind .(b) A Computer is a blessing on earth.(negative).(c) Though it is a blessing, it has dark sides.(Simple) (d) Computer now a days being used in almost every sphere by the people.(Active)(e) We cannot but depend on it.(Affirmative.)

Answer: Very few inventions of modern science are as great as computer. (b) A computer is not a curse on earth.(c) In spite of being a blessing, it has dark sides. (d) The people are using computers in almost every sphere now-a-days. (e) We must depend on it.  

  1. (a) Information technology is a wonderful invention (Exclamatory) (b) There are many things that can be included in technology.(Simple).(c) Computer has preshed the modern age a step ahead .(Complex).It can do many things.(d) Internet is the latest invention in the communication system.(Interrogative).(e) We should know the use of computer and internet in our daily life.(Omit should by using it.)

Answer(a) What an invention information technology is! (b) Many things can be included in technology. (c) It is computer which has preshed the modern age a step ahead. (d) What is the latest invention in the communication system? (e) It is necessary to know the use of computer and internet in our daily life.

  1. Student life is the time of preparation for future life.(a) Study is the first and foremost duty of a student.(Complex).(b)As they are assets to the nation, they should equip themselves accordingly.(Compound).Proper emphasis should be given to their studies (c) They must be punctual, industrious, preserving and truthful.(Negative).He should also cultivate good manners.(d) If a student is devoted to studies, he will surely shine in life.(Simple).A student should take part in co-curricular activities which help him to express his invite talents.(e) A good student should be conscious of politics but should not be the cat’s paw of the shrewd politicians.(Complex).

Answer (a) It is the study which is the first and foremost duty of a student. (b) They are assets to the nation and so they should equip themselves accordingly. (c) They cannot become punctual, industrious, preserving and truthful. (d) Being devoted to studies, a student will surely shine in life. (e) Though a good student should be conscious of politics, he should not be the cat’s paw of the shrewd politicians.

  1. (a)English is a foreign language.(Negative) (b) Without learning English, we cannot hope to get any job.(Complex).(c) The man who knows English well can go abroad (Simple).(d) We must learn English.(negative)(e) Everybody knows the truth.(Passive)

(a) English is not a native language. (b) If we do not learn English, we cannot hope to get any job. (c) A man knowing English well can go abroad. (d) We cannot but learn English. (e) The truth is known to everybody.

  1. We live in Bangladesh (a) She is not the poorest country in the world (Positive) Too many people live if in here. (b) It is not possible for her to give employment to all these people. (Complex).(c) People can train themselves in one or other of the vacations.(Passive)(d) Bangladesh can engage her human resources only after exploring all her other resources.(Complex).Until then she can fruitful utilize her manpower in overseas employment.(e) Thus she earns a lot of foreign exchange.(Complex).

Answer (a) Few other countries in the world are as poor as she. (b) It is not possible for her that she can give employment to all these people. (e) People can be trained by themselves in one or other of the vacations.(d) Bangladesh can engage her human resources only when she will explore all her other resources. (e) It is the way that she earns a lot of foreign exchange.

  1. (a)Everybody believes education is the backbone of a nation.(Simple)(b) No nation can prosper neglecting education.(Complex).(c) It is more powerful than anything else.(Superlative) (d) Only education gives us the light of knowledge.(negative) (e) So, everybody should realize it and act accordingly.(Passive).

Answer (a) Everybody believes education to be the backbone of a nation. (b) No nation can prosper if they neglect education. (c) It is the most powerful of all things. (d) Nothing but education gives us the light of knowledge. (e) So, it should be realized by everybody and act accordingly. 

  1. (a)One can prosper in life by working hard.(Negative) (b) We have to work hard to gain or to earn money (Complex) (c) Those who are Idle always lag behind.(simple) (d)Idle people are not but burden of the society.(Simple) (e) They give nothing to the country.(Interrogative)

Answer (a) None can prosper in life without working hard. (b) We have to work hard so that we can gain fame or earn money.(c) The Idle always lag behind. (d) Idle people are only the burden of the society. (e) Do they give anything to the society?

  1. (a) Strategy is more important than any other thing in the examination.(Superlative) (b) Any answer in the examination should not be elaborated.(Active).(c) After getting the question paper, he should read through it carefully. (Complex).(d) At first glance the questions may not seem easy.(Affirmative).it becomes gradually easier.(e) A student should attempt to answer all the questions so that he may get good marks.(Simple).

Answer: (a) Strategy is the most important thing in the examination. (b) Anyone should not elaborate any answer in the examination. (c) After he gets the question paper, he should read through it carefully. (d) At first glance the questions may seem difficult. (e) A student should attempt to answer all the questions to get good marks.

  1. Man is mortal. (a) All men must die. (Negative) (b) It matters little if a man lives many years or not (Interrogative). (c) Our life is not measured by months or years.(Active).(d) The people who live only for their own interest are not real human beings. (Compound) (e) Their life is not better than that of a beast.(Positive).So, we should try our best to do something for society.

Answer (a) No man can escape/avoid death. (b) Does it matter much if a man lives many years or not? (c) We do not measure our life by months or years. (d) Some people live only for their own interest and they are not real human beings. (e) Their life is as bad as that of a beast.

  1. Knowledge is power. There is no doubt about it. (a) We can control nature with the help of knowledge.(Complex).(b) If we have no knowledge we are helpless. (Simple)(c) As our knowledge is increasing we know more about nature. (Compound).Our life has become much better than it was before. (d)We can think of a very bright future. (Complex). (e) But we should use our knowledge properly.(Passive).

Answer: It is knowledge with the help of which we can control nature.  or It is with the help of knowledge that we can control nature.(b) We are helpless without knowledge. Or Having no knowledge, we are helpless.(c) Our knowledge is increasing and we know more about nature. (d) We can think of a future which is bright.(e) But our knowledge be used properly.

  1. (a) We work hard to attain success in life.(Complex).(b) Peace and prosperity is not possible without being industrious.(Affirmative).(c) A man who leads an idle life, brings misery for his life.(Simple).(d) He can never help of the society.(Passive).Such kind of man is the burden of the society.(e) Everybody dislike him.(Negative).

Answer:(a) We work hard so that we can attain success in our life. (b) Anything but peace and prosperity is possible without being industrious. (c) By leading an Idle life, a man brings misery for his life. (d) People of the society can never be helped by him. (e) Nobody likes him.

  1. The name of our country is Bangladesh. (a) It is a very beautiful, small and fertile country. (Exclamatory ) Dhaka is the capital of our country. The other name of Dhaka is Jahangir Nagar.(b)He founded the city of Dhaka. (Passive).(c) It is the biggest in Bangladesh.(Positive).Many times I went to Dhaka.(d) When I arrived my friend took me to his house.(Simple).(e) We are proud of our country.(Negative).

Answer (a) How beautiful, small and fertile country it is! (b) The city of Dhaka was founded by him.(c) No other cities in Bangladesh are as big as this.(d) On my arrival my friend took me to his house.(e) We are not ashamed of our country.

 

  1. (a) Unemployment is a state when a man has no work to earn money.(Simple)(b) It is a social evil which hampers the progress of social life.(compound).(c)The prosperity of a society depends upon the reasonable income of its able-bodied person.(complex).So every-able bodied person should have some suitable work.(d)This increases the per capital income.(Passive).This also increases the standard of living of the people and ensures overall progress of the state. On the other hand, unemployment hinders social progress, disturbs peace and leads to social crimes.(e) Unemployment is a social evil which must be cured at any cost .(Negative).

Answer (a) Unemployment is a state of having no work to earn money.(b) It is a social evil and it hampers the progress of social life.(c) The prosperity of a society depends upon the reasonable income of its persons who are able bodied.(d) The per capita income of a country is increased by this.(e) Unemployment is a social evil which must be endured at any cost.

  1. (a) Books are men’s best companions in life.(negative ).You may many good friends.(b) But you may not get them when you need them.(Simple).One or two may prove false and do much harm.(c) But books are always prepared to be by your side.(Negative)(d) Some books will make you laugh.(Passive).Some others give you much pleasure, new knowledge and ideas.(e) They are your real friends in your life.(Negative –interrogative).

Ans (a) Books aren’t men’s worst companions in life.(b) But you may not get them when necessary.(c) But books are never unprepared to be our side.(d) You will be made to laugh by some books.(e) Aren’t they your real friends in your life.?

  1. (a) We should make the habit of reading books so that we may earn knowledge.(Simple) (b) The books written by famous writers is a great source of increasing our knowledge (Complex).(c) Nobody gets perfection in life if he does not read the books of the great writers (Passive).(d) To make the society civilized there is no alternative to reading books.(Interrogative) (e) A book is our greatest friend.(Positive)

Answer:(a) We should make the habit of reading books to earn knowledge.(b) The books which are written by famous writers are a great source of increasing our knowledge.(c) Perfection in life is gotten by nobody if the books of the great writers are not read by him.(d) Is there any alternative to reading books to make the society civilized? (e) No other friend is so great as a book.

  1. (a) Cox’ Bazer is the longest sea beach in the world.(Passive).(b) Everyone knows this (Interrogative)(c) Tourists from home and abroad visit this beach.(Passive)(d)They come here to enjoy themselves (Complex).(e) Our government is going to take some steps to make it more attractive.(Passive).

Answer (a) No other sea beach in the world is as long as Cox’s Bazer. (b) Who doesn’t know this? (c) This sea beach is visited by the tourists from home and abroad. (d) They come here so that they can enjoy themselves.(e) Some steps are going to be taken by our government to make it more attractive.

  1. Bangladesh is a small country.(a) It was 1971 when Bangladesh got independence (Simple) (b) It is the most significant event in the history of Bangladesh.(Positive).Bangladesh was under the British colonial rule until 1947.(c) The lives of the people of Bangladesh have been shaped by tragedy.(Active).Though growth rate had showed down, it has almost doubled since Independence.(d) Despite many negative aspects, Bangladesh has become a country of possibility .(Complex)(e) The 21 st February,1952 immediately comes to our mind.(Complex).

Answer:(a) Bangladesh got independence in 1971.(b) No other event in the history of the people of Bangladesh.(c) Tragedy has shaped the lives of the people of Bangladesh.(d) Though there are many negative aspects, Bangladesh has become a country of possibility.(e) It is the 21 st February,1952 which immediately comes to our mind.

  1. (a) The students studying seriously can expect to make an excellent result. (Complex).(b) But most of our students are inattentive to their study (Negative)(c) They kill their valuable time in gossiping and playing with mobile sets or watching Television.(Passive).(d)They do not take their exams seriously (Interrogative).As a result, they are to suffer a lot.(e) So, study seriously and enjoy a better future. (Simple).

Answer(a) The students who study seriously can expect to make an excellent result.(b) But most of our students are not attentive to their study.(c) Their valuable time is killed (by them) in gossiping and playing with mobile sets or watching Television.(d) Do they take their exams seriously?(e) So, study seriously to enjoy a better future.

  1. (a) Most of the students cannot write the answer scripts properly.(Affirmative).(b) Being unable to make out the questions, they memorize the answers with unnecessary and irrelevant details.(Complex).(c) In spite of the teacher’s suggestion to make a brief answer, they are proved to make a lengthy answer(Compound).As a result, they get poor marks.(d) The students should answer to the questions briefly and to the point to obtain good marks.(Passive).(e) Copying anything blindly is strictly prohibited.(active)

Answer:(a) Most of the students are unable to write answer scripts properly.(b) As they are make out the questions, they memorize the answers with unnecessary and irrelevant details.(c) Teachers suggest them to make a brief answer but they make a lengthy answer.(d) Answer to the question should be answered briefly and to the point to obtain good marks by the students.(e) We strictly prohibit copying any anything blindly.

  1. (a) We are proud of our freedom fighters.(Interrogative) (b) Their contribution will never be forgotten.(affirmative).(c) They were inspired by the common people.(active).They sacrificed their valuable lives.(d) Their sacrifice is greater than any other thing.(positive).(e) But today many of them lead a very miserable life.(Complex).

Answer: Answer(a) Aren’t we proud of our freedom fighters?(b) Their contribution will be remembered for ever.(c) The common people inspired them.(d) Their sacrifice is the greatest of all other things.(e) But today many of them lead a life which is very miserable.

  1. Our Motherland Bangladesh is blessed with different eye-catching beauty-spots. Cox’s Bazer sea-beach is one of them.(a) Cox’s Bazer sea beach, the longest sea in the world is very beautiful to look at.(Complex).(b) It is one of the most beautiful sea beaches in the world.(Positive).(c) It is called the Paradise of the Pleasure Seekers for its uncommon beauty . (Active).(d) Everyday uncounted travelers both from home and abroad go there to feed their hungry souls enjoying its soothing beauty.(Compound).(e) Definitely this visits revives one’s dull sprit.(Passive)

Answer: (a) Cox’s Bazer Sea beach which is the longest sea beach in the world is very beautiful to look at.(b) Very few sea-beaches in the world are as beautiful as it.(c) For its uncommon beauty people call it the Paradise of the pleaser seeker.(d) Everyday uncounted travelers both from and abroad go there and feed their hungry souls enjoying its soothing beauty.(e) One’s dull sprit is revived definitely by this visit.

  1. (a) When Rabindranath was seventeen years old, he was sent to London for studies. (simple) (b) But London made a poor impression on him. (passive voice) (c) He was lucky enough to find a friend/English family there. (complex) (d) Though he was getting on well there, his parents called him back to India in 1880. (compound) (e) London is one of the beautiful cities in world, we know. (comparative)
  2. Robert Bruce was the king of England. His army was defeated again and again by king Edward 1 of England. (a) Being defeated for six times, he lost all hopes (Make it compound). (b) He fled away to save his life (Make it complex). One day he was lying in a cave in a forest. (c) He noticed that a spider was trying to reach the top of the steep wall of the cave (Make it simple). (d) It fell down again and again (Make it negative). But it did not give up its attempts. At its seventh attempt, it succeeded in reaching the top. (e) The spider encouraged Bruce very much (Passive).
  3. The name of our motherland is Bangladesh. It is a land of rivers. (a) The Jamuna is one of the biggest rivers in Bangladesh (Make it comparative). (b) When it is summer, it becomes emaciated (make it simple). (c) During the rainy season, it assumes a terrible shape (Make it complex). (d) Everybody knows it (Make it interrogative). (e) Tourist from home and abroad visit its shore (Make it passive).
  4. (a) Pohela Baishakh is undoubtedly the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh. (Complex) (b) It is the first day of the Bengali year when the city roads get so jam packed. (Simple) (c) Almost everyone enjoys the day in his own way. (Passive) (d) Although I do not like gathering, I enjoy the activities of this day. (Compound) (e) It is one of the most interesting days of the year. (Positive)
  5. (a) Sundarbans that is unique creation of nature is called the 52th World’s Heritage Site. (Simple) (b) It is called the mangrove forest. (Active) It is situated in the Southern part of Bangladesh. (c) It is one of the biggest mangrove forests in the world. (Positive) (d) Sundarbans protects southern part of our country in time of our natural disaster. (Complex) (e) Many people go to the Sundarbans to observe natural beauties. (Compound)
  6. Bangladesh is called nature’s darling child. (a) No other country of the world is so blessed with the beauty of nature as Bangladesh. (Comparative) There is always the play of light and shade in the land. (b) The banks of the rivers present an unbroken view of a variety of sights which enchant the eyes. (Compound) The blue water of the Bay of Bengal soothes our turbulent mind whereas the Sundarbans presents a very spectacular view. (c) Rangamati, Khagrachhari and Bandarbans are the three hilly districts where nature has opened her wings of beauty. (Simple) (d) The beautiful lakes and fountains of crystal clear water charm us all. (Passive) (e) The presence of tribal people there makes this place more splendid. (Complex)
  7. (a) The truth is he is absent (simple). (b) Our present house suits us (complex). (c) We sow so that we may reap (compound). (d) Very few subjects are so easy as this (comparative). (e) He tried all plans (Negative).
  8. (a) Day to day life in Dhaka is expensive. (Negative). (b) People living below the poverty line lead a miserable life. (Complex), (c) Price hike is one of the biggest problems for them. (Positive) (d) The government has taken necessary measures to keep the price hike under control. (Passive) (e) The people who are greedy are responsible for price spiral. (Simple).
  9. Taimur was one of the greatest conquerors of the world. (a) Once Taimur attacked the province of a powerful prince. (Make it passive) (b) He entered the kingdom of the prince and captured a large village. (Make a question) (c) As soon as the prince heard the news, he came with a large army. (Make it a negative sentence without changing the meaning) (d) The village was surrounded from all sides (Make it active) Taimur was defeated. (e) Taimur disguised himself as a poor traveller to survive. (Make it a complex sentence)
  10. (a) Cell phone is one of the greatest inventions. (Passive)
    (b) Scientists believe that cell phone causes brain tumors. (Compound)
    (c) Millions of people are getting benefits from cell phone but most are unaware of the danger of it. (Simple)
    (d) The consumers of cell phones are increasing day by day. (Interrogative)
    (e) But the children below 12 are affected much by mobile phones. (Active)
  11. (a) Eve-teasing is one of the most serious problems. (Positive) (b) It is an inhuman and barbarous act. (Complex) (c) The problem cannot be solved overnight. (Active) (d) We should create public awareness so that we can solve this problem. (Simple) (e) All eveteasers should be punished. (Negative)
  12. (a) Though Bangladesh in not a big country, too many people live here. (simple) (b) Most of the people are poor. (negative) (c) They cannot send their children to school for poverty. (complex) (d) The monsoon causes heavy rainfall. (interrogative) (e) The country looks very beautiful. (exclamatory)
  13. Rabindranath, the 14th child of Debendranath wrote his first verse at the age of eight. (a) When he was 17 years old, he was sent for studies. (Simple) (b) He described London as a dismal city. (Passive) (c) Though he was happy in Brighton, a friend of the family persuaded his brother to send him to London. (Compound) (d) He was lucky to get a friendly English family. (Complex) (e) Rabindranath is one of the greatest poets in the world. (Positive) In 1880, Rabindranath was called back to India.
  14. (a) It was twenty years ago and then I was living in Paris. (b) Hadn’t I a tiny apartment in the Latin Quarters? (c) I was earning barely enough so that I could support myself. (d) Reading a book of mine she had written to me about it. (e) I answered (to her letter) and thanked her.
  15. (a) Books are our best friends. (Comparative) (b) If we want to succeed in life, we have to read books. (Simple) (c) Good books guide us to the right path. (Passive) (d) We should read books to acquire knowledge. (Complex) (e) Only reading books can increase our intellect. (Negative)
  16. The name of our motherland is Bangladesh. It is a land of rivers. (a) The Jamuna is one of the biggest rivers in Bangladesh (Make it comparative). (b) When it is summer it becomes emaciated (Make it simple). (c) During the rainy season, it assumes a terrible shape (Make it complex). (d) Everybody knows it (Make it interrogative). (e) Tourists from home and abroad visit its shore (Make it passive).
  17. (a) January is the coldest month in Bangladesh. (Comparative) (b) The poor people suffer much. (Complex) (c) They make fire and warm themselves. (Simple) (d) During winter vegetables are cheap. (Complex) (e) Date juice during winter is very sweet. (Exclamatory)
  18. (a) Child labour is one of the biggest curses of the 21st century (positive). It is complete violation of human rights. (b) Unfortunately, it has been accepted in our society (complex). (c) Only poverty is responsible for this (negative). (d) In a family of five or six children, the parents have to send some of their kids to work so that they can fill their empty stomachs (simple). (e) Though these poor children have to do bone breaking work all day, in return they are rewarded with all kinds of abuse (compound).

Synonym and Antonym

Synonym and Antonym

  1. Read the passage and then write the antonym or synonym of the words as directed below. 

Spring is certainly the best season of the year. Most of the people are fond of this season. It is the favourite season of poets too. It is called the queen of seasons. Spring comes after the winter season. It begins from the middle of February and last till the middle of April. As the spring season sets in, the earth looks lovely and charming. The trees put forth new leaves. Nature looks charming. Many kinds of beautiful flowers bloom during this season.

(a) certainly (antonym); (b) season (synonym); (c) favourite (synonym); (d) come (antonym); (e) begin (synonym); (f) lasts (synonym); (g) lovely (antonym); (h) new (antonym); (i) look (synonym); (j) beautiful (antonym).

2.  Shahan is an affluent man now. Through hard work and devotion, he has managed to turn the wheels of fortune. He was an unemployed youth of an impoverished family. Through new knowledge, hard work and perseverance, he has brought prosperity to his family. Shahan first received training in vegetable cultivation. Then he got a lease of land in his village and applied his new and improved knowledge to cultivating vegetables. He earned taka 25,000 as profit that year. In the same way he bought some land and used it entirely to cultivate cauliflowers. He has also been raising hybrid cows for milk as well as to produce manure. Shahan’s lot has changed radically. He is now very happy to be a self-sufficient man.

(a) affluent (antonym); (b) manage (antonym); (c) turn (synonym); (d) fortune (synonym); (e)

impoverish (antonym); (f) cultivate (synonym); (g) sufficient (synonym); (h) raise (synonym); (i)

radically (antonym); (j) improve (antonym).

3.  Mrs. Alim loves to gossip. She lives in an apartment block. There are five more families in the building. She has an experienced cook, so she does not have to do any cooking. Almost everyday around eleven o’clock she goes to visit one of her neighbors in the other apartments mostly to gossip. Most of the housewives she visits do not have much house-help and they use this time to cook, clean or do other households. But Mrs. Alim does not seem to be bothered. She does not mind discussing the personal matters of one family with other.

(a) love (antonym); (b) live (synonym); (c) experienced (synonym); (d) visit (synonym); (e) gossip

(synonym); (f) use (antonym); (g) clean (antonym); (h) households (synonym); (i) bothered

(synonym); (j) personal (antonym).

4.  A library serves as the best source of knowledge both for the students and the teachers. It is a large collection of books. Among these there are books on courses that are taught in different classes. There are books on extracurricular subjects also. In the library newspapers and periodicals are also found. The library caters to the tastes of different people. Books are arranged in shelves in a definite order. There are library assistants who are also helpful for the readers. One head librarian looks after the library. So the readers do not have any problem in taking out the right book. There is also a reading room where silence prevails. One can also take books from the library for reading at home by submitting one’s library card to the librarian.

(a) source (synonym) (b) collection (synonym) (c) extracurricular ) (antonym) (d) arrange(synonym)  (e) definite (synonym (f) assistant (antonym) (g) problem (synonym) (synonym) (h) right (antonym) (i) silence (j) submit  (antonym)

5.  It is very natural that man loves his life most of all things and he wants to live or survive a bit longer at any cost. However, every year thousands of people commit suicide in Bangladesh. It is seen that most of the people committing suicide are those married women who depend on their husbands for their living. But why do they commit suicide when people love their lives most? Most probably, they decide to kill themselves because they feel entirely helpless and meaningless to live. The bitterness and sufferings of life become totally unbearable. However, the incident of suicide among the self-reliant women is very rare.

(a) natural (synonym); (b) love (antonym); (c) survive (synonym); (d) commit (synonym); (e)

woman (synonym); (f) depend (synonym); (g) living (synonym); (h) entirely (synonym); (i)

meaningless (antonym); (j) rare (antonym). 

6. The National Memorial is a symbol of the nation’s respect for the martyrs of the War of Liberation. It is located at Savar, Dhaka. Its foundation was laid on the first anniversary of the Victory Day in 1972. The entire complex covers an area of 126 acres. It will include a mosque, a library and a museum. The museum will preserve the relics of the Liberation War. There is a series of 7 towers that rise by stages to a height of 150 feet. These seven towers represent the seven heroes who made supreme sacrifice in the Liberation War. The height of the towers stands for the high sacrifice of every martyr. There are several graves of the martyrs close to the tower. Standing before the graves we bow down our heads in respect of their sacrifice.  

(a) liberation (synonym); (b) foundation (synonym); (c) entire (antonym); (d) cover (antonym); (e) include (antonym); (f) rise (antonym); (g) represent (synonym); (h) supreme (synonym); (i) before (antonym); (j) respect (antonym)

7.  Einstein was very simple in his ways of life. He was indifferent to his fame. Once the queen of Belgium invited him to Brussels. When he got down from the train, he could not think that there were actually many gorgeously dressed officials to receive him at the station. The officials also expected somebody who would appear to be rich and aristocratic to them. They never imagined that this shabby man would be Einstein.

(a) simple (synonym); (b) indifferent (synonym); (c) fame (antonym); (d) actually (synonym); (e)

gorgeously (synonym); (f) receive (synonym); (g) expected (antonym); (h) rich (synonym); (i)

aristocratic (synonym); (j) shabby (synonym).

8.  The effects of greenhouse effect are too many to be described. Its effects is very devastating and destructive. It effect is a dangerous threat to human existence and to animal and plant lives. Climatologists predict that by midway through this century temperature may have risen by as much as 4C. This could seriously reduce mankind’s ability to grow food, destroy or serverely damage wildlife and wilderness, raise sea levels and thereby flood coastal areas and farmland. Bangladesh is very much vulnerable to frequent natural disasters. Annual visitations of cyclones and floods are routine but nonetheless sudden and fatal in their wild rage. The yearly damages they leave behind are enormous. However, our people are accustomed to cyclones and floods. But another creeping disaster is gather in fury is the greenhouse effect for which the people are not prepared at all and the state appears to be taking no notice. It is the danger of rising sea level from the greenhouse effect.

(a) described (synonym); (b) destructive (antonym); (c) dangerous (antonym); (d) reduce (antonym); (e) vulnerable (antonym); (f) disasters (antonym); (g) damages (synonym); (h) enormous (synonym); (i) accustomed (synonym); (j) appear (antonym).

9.  Zahir Raihan was one of the most talented film makers in Bangladesh. He was born on 19 August 1935 in the village Majupur, in Feni district. He was an active worker of the Language Movement. He was one of the ten students to go out in a procession on 21 February 1952 despite a ban on such activities. As a result, he and many other were arrested and taken to prison. Zahir was also present at the historical meeting of Amtala on February 21, 1953. He also took pat in the mass movement in 1969. In 1971, he joined the Liberation War. All through his life, Zahir dreamt for a democratic society that will ensure freedom of speech and will. He had many dreams about our film industry too. He made a legendary film Jibon Theke Neya based on the Language Movement of 1952. It was a revolt against the then autocratic government.

(a) active (antonym); (b) many (antonym); (c) present (antonym); (d) mass (synonym); (e) join (antonym); (f) liberation (synonym); (g) democratic (antonym); (h) speech (antonym); (i) against (antonym); (j) autocratic (antonym).

10.  Globalisaion is now dependent on technology. The electronic transformation of information has quickened banking and financial activities. Some products like software and TV programmes are also amenable to digital or electronic transmission. Today we can buy and sell goods through the electronic screen. Last of all, computer has brought about a revolutionary change.

Now write synonyms or antonyms as directed and make sentences with them: 

(a) dependent (antonym); (b) quicker (synonym); (c) amenable (synonym); (d) buy (antonym); (e) revolutionary (synonym).

11.  Ismail Hossain is an affluent man now. Through hard work and devotion, he has managed to turn the wheels of fortune. He was an unemployed youth of an impoverished family from Ekdala village in Natore Sadar thana. Through new knowledge, hard work and perseverance, he has brought prosperity to his family. Ismail Hossain studies up to class eight. Poverty then forces him to look for work. He receives the training programme of the Natore Horticulture Center. He seems to be an enthusiastic youth. Ismail cultivated many flowers. He earns a lot of money by selling flowers in the local market. Thus Ismail Hossain was able to change life and became happy.

(a) affluent (synonym); (b) fortune (antonym); (c) unemployed (antonym); (d) knowledge (synonym); (e) look for (synonym); (f) receive (synonym); (g) enthusiastic (synonym); (h) earn (synonym); (i) able (synonym); (j) happy (antonym).

12. An earthquake is a catastrophe. Every year it kills innumerable people in many countries. In Bangladesh a major earthquake may occur at any moment. So our experts are alarmed by the repetition of the minor earthquakes. The our country lies in the active earthquake zone is known to us.

(a) catastrophe (synonym); (b) kill (antonym); (c) innumerable (synonym); (d) major (antonym); (e) occur (synonym); (f) expert (synonym); (g) alarm (antonym); (h) repetition (synonym); (i) active (antonym); (j) known (antonym).

13.  Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. Located (a) (syn) on the Buriganga river in the heart of the Bengal Delta. Dhaka has an estimated (b) (syn) population of (more) (c) (ant) than 15 million people. It is the (largest) (d) (syn) city in Bangladesh and one of the (biggest) (e) (ant) cities of the world. Dhaka is one of the (major) (f) (ant) cities of South Asia. It is (known) (g) (syn) as the city of Mosques. The city is also (described) (h) (syn) as the rickshaw capital of the world. Dhaka is also one of the world’s most densely populated cities. The (old) (i) (ant) city of Dhaka was the Mughal capital of Bengal in the 17th century. It was named in (honour) (j) (ant) of emperor Shajahan.

14.  Facebook is a very popular social networking site of all time. The popularity of facebook has increased drastically. Within 6 years of its launch, facebook reached one billion users milestone. Nowadays it has become a very important part of life. Actually, it is a social networking website that was originally designed for college students, but is now open to anyone with 13 years of age or older. Facebook users can create and customize their own profiles with photos, videos and other information about themselves. Facebook is an effective way of finding old friends and connecting to new ones.

(a) popular (antonym), (b) drastically (antonym), (c) launch (synonym), (d) very (synonym), (e) social (synonym), (f) originally (synonym), (g) open (antonym), (h) create (antonym), (i) customize (synonym), (j) effective (antonym).

15.  Napoleon, the king of France, was a great hero. He won many battles and conquered many countries of Europe. One day he was walking along the seashore. Suddenly he noticed a wonderful thing. An English boy was making a small boat. They boy was immediately brought before him. The king asked him why he was making such a tiny boat. The boy said confidently, “I shall cross the sea. My country is on the other side of the sea. I shall go to my country by this boat. I didn’t see my mother for a good long time.” The king was charmed by the words of the small boy. He made all arrangements to send him to his country.

(a) hero (synonym); (b) battle (synonym); (c) many (antonym); (d) along (antonym); (e) shore (synonym); (f) wonderful (antonym); (g) tiny (antonym); (h) confidently (antonym); (i) arrangements (synonym); (j) country (synonym)

16.  Beauty is easy to appreciate but difficult to define. As we look around, we discover beauty in pleasurable objects and sights in nature, in the laughter of children, in the kindness of strangers. But asked to define, we run into difficulties. Does beauty have an independent objective identity? Is it universal, or is it dependent on our sense perceptions? Does it lie in the eye of the beholder? —— we ask ourselves. A further difficulty arises when beauty manifests itself not only by its presence, but by its absence as well, as when we are repulsed by ugliness and desire beauty. But then ugliness has as much a place in our lives as beauty, or may be more as when there is widespread hunger and injustice in a society. Philosophers have told us that beauty is an important part of life, but isn’t ugliness a part of life too?

(a) beauty (antonym); (b) appreciate (antonym); (c) discover (synonym); (d) pleasure (synonym); (e) stranger (antonym); (f) universal (antonym); (g) perception (synonym); (h) beholder (synonym); (i) manifest (antonym); (j) repulse (synonym).

17.  “It will be better than for me to try to send him things. I could so easily duplicate-skates, for instance.” She blinked her honest spinster’s eyes. “There’s not much use for skates here,” she said. Her stupidity annoyed me. “What I mean,” I said. “Is that I don’t want to duplicate the things his mother sends him. I might have chosen skates if I didn’t know she had already given them to him.” She stared at me. “I don’t understand,” she said. He has no mother. He has no skates.”

(a) try (synonym); (b) duplicate (synonym); (c) instance (synonym); (d) blinked (synonym); (e) stupidity (antonym); (f) annoyed (antonym); (g) mean (synonym); (h) send (synonym); (i)understand (synonym); (j) no (antonym).

18.  A country mouse lived in a field of barley. He made a nest and hung it, upon two stalks of  barley. The nest was very small and very light. The country mouse ate barley and the roots of other plants. A mouse from the town came to see the country mouse. The town mouse was very quick and clever. His home was in a big house in the town. The country mouse gave the town mouse dinner in the barley field. He brought out the very best barley and roots for the meal. But the town mouse did not enjoy his dinner. “My poor friend,” he said, “in town we have much nicer food than this. You must come to see where I live. I shall give you all sorts of good things to eat.” The town mouse returned to his home taking the country mouse with him. They went to a big house.

(a) lived (synonym); (b) made (antonym); (c) small (synonym); (d) light (antonym); (e) see (synonym); (f) clever (antonym); (g) gave (synonym); (h) enjoy (antonym); (i) returned (synonym); (j) taking (antonym).

19.  Morality is the best virtue of mankind at any individual, social and global level. Heavenly qualities like love, affection, respect etc. are developed from morality. Human activities with a sense of morality are always free from social ills and vices. But, nowadays, severe moral degradation is destroying the peaceful and meaningful existence of human beings. For the lack of morality, we can never have a truthful, honest and durable democratic, socio-economic, administrative and judicial institution. Creating awareness is the easiest way to develop the moral sense among people. Motivation and encouragement always bring positive results.Therefore, arranging seminars, symposia at different levels of society will help moral uplifting. So, we must try to create awareness at family and social levels to develop our moral sense.

(a) morality (antonym); (b) heavenly (antonym); (c) developed (synonym); (d) vice (antonym); (e) peaceful (antonym); (f) existence (synonym); (g) durable (antonym); (h) encouragement (synonym); (i) uplifting (synonym); (j) awareness (synonym).

20. Over the past several decades, technology has become a fixture in many homes around the world, and its influence has permeated into all facets of our lives, including educational settings. This phenomenon has been hailed by many as the wave of the future in which language instruction will be driven by new advances in computers, the Internet, and mobile technologies. However, how we go about integrating technology into our classrooms can have a huge impact on whether a technologically-driven classroom succeeds or fails, even with lowtech solutions. So, where lies the praise or blame for the success or failure of technology? Will a Utopian view of pedagogically-sound teaching prevail in our classrooms, or will teachers soon abandon high-tech gadgets and return more to traditional materials? Because the use of the Internet has become so widespread, this article will focus attention on that medium, starting with some historical perspective on computers and then suggest a few practical ideas to improving successful integration of the Internet and language teaching.

(a) permeated (synonym); (b) integrate (antonym); (c) praise (antonym); (d) abandon (synonym); (e) perspective (synonym).

21.  In August 25, 2014 the issue of The Daily Star, there were articles about two places which are far apart. But both were chilling reminders that global warming is not just a theory. It is already here and having devastating effect. In the back page, the article “Polar ice shrinking rapidly” states that the two largest ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica, are melting and getting reduced in size at an astounding 120 cubic miles each year, clearly contributing to rising oceans. The other reports that tidal surges at the full moon in June and July of this year were much higher than usual and flooded 13 villages situated near rivers that are directly connected to the Bay of Bengal saline water.

(a) far (antonym); (b) reminder (synonym); (c) devastating (synonym); (d) effect (synonym); (e) back (antonym); (f) rapidly (antonym); (g) reduce (antonym); (h) astounding (synonym); (i) rising (antonym); (j) usual (antonym).

22.  Liberty does not (a) descend upon a people. People must (b) raise themselves to it. It is a fruit that must be earned before it can be (c) enjoyed. That freedom means only freedom from (d) foreign (e) domination is an outworn idea. It is not (f) merely the government that should be free but people themselves should be (g) free. And freedom has any (h) real (i) value for the common man unless it also means freedom from (j) want, disease or ignorance. 

(a) descend (antonym); (b) raise (antonym); (c) enjoyed (antonym); (d) foreign (synonym); (e) domination (synonym); (f) merely (synonym); (g) free(antonym); (h) real (synonym); (i) value (synonym); (j) want (synonym).

23.  Time and tide wait for none. No one can call it back. A man gets back his lost money and health but cannot get back his lost time. Time once lost is lost forever. So, we should make the best use of time. We should do our duties properly. If we put off our work for tomorrow, we may not get an opportunity to do it at all. There are some people who idle away time for nothing. They cannot prosper in life. They have to suffer for it. So, we should take an oath that we must do our duty properly and in time.

(a) tide (antonym); (b) wait (synonym); (c) call (synonym); (d) back (synonym); (e) lose (synonym); (f) use (synonym); (g) duty (synonym); (h) opportunity (synonym); (i) suffer (antonym); (j) oath (synonym).

24. walking in the morning regularly is an excellent habit. It is most advisable physical
exercise for both young and old. In the morning nature appears at her best. Everything
remains quiet and impressive. Environment with all other things becomes calm and
serene. Morning walkers cannot but be impressed with it. It keeps their mind fresh and
jolly. It also sets their temper for the rest of the day.
(a) morning (antonym); (b) pleasant (synonym); (c) excellent (antonym); (d) physical
(antonym); (e) appear (antonym); (f) quiet (synonym); (g) serene (synonym); (h) impressed (antonym); (i) fresh (synonym); (j) temper (synonym).

25. In our society economic value of women’s work and their contribution is mostly
unrecognized. Usually, it is taken as voluntary work. So, the financial cost of running a
home which is almost always done by women is not monetized. This is most dramatically revealed in rural areas. Research has proved that if women’s work is monetized, then the GDP makes a significant jump and so does the worth of women’s work and their contribution to the economy.
(a) contribution (synonym) (b) unrecognized (antonym) (c) usually (synonym) (d) voluntary (synonym) (e) cost (synonym) (f) revealed (antonym) (g) rural (antonym) (h) monetized (antonym) (i) significant (synonym) (j) worth (antonym)

26. Gender discrimination in Bangladesh begins at birth. Most parents want to have children so that they can, when they are older, supplement their family income or help with the domestic work. In the existing socio-economic set-up, male children are best suited to that purpose. So girls are born to an unwelcome world. However, they are assigned rather confined to, domestic chores. Some of these girls may be at school. But all their work domestic or academic-stops as soon as they are married off, which is the prime concern of the parents about their daughters. This body and mind of the girls children and women in a family. They are given to understand that they should keep the best food available for the male members in the family, that they should eat less than the male members, that they should not raise their voice when they speak, that they should not go out of their house without permission from, and without being escorted by the male member. All these shape the girls, thinking about life and the world, and go to establish their relationships with the male members in the family.
(a) discrimination (antonym); (b) supplement (antonym); (c) domestic (synonym); (d)
purpose (synonym); (e) permission (antonym); (f) confined (antonym); (g) existing
(antonym); (h) assign (synonym); (i) treatment (synonym); (j) escort (synonym).

27. Democracy is the system of government which allows freedom of speech, religious and political opinion. It means fair and equal treatment for the citizens without social class division. In fact, in a democratic country people elect their representatives who work for the people. Free and fair election is the pre condition for democracy. In a democratic country, people enjoy the rights of food, cloth, education, shelter, medical treatment and other facilities.
(a) allow (synonym); (b) freedom (synonym); (c) opinion (synonym); (d) fair (antonym); (e) equal (antonym); (f) division (antonym); (g) elect (antonym); (h) enjoy (antonym); (i)
treatment (synonym); (j) facility (synonym).

28. The word ‘hygiene’ means the practice of keeping ourselves clean. It also means to keep our home and work places clean. It is important for our good health. Hygiene is thought to be text to godliness. It is because we cannot achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually if we are unclean in our body, mind and soul. Nobody likes an unclean person either. So we must follow the rules of hygiene.
(a) practice (synonym); (b) clean (antonym); (c) home (synonym); (d) important (antonym); (e) godliness (antonym); (f) achieve (synonym); (g) soul (synonym); (h) like (antonym); (i) follow (antonym); (j) hygiene (synonym).

29. The technology that links people to the internet will go to advance. We will move beyond conventional computer operating methods using key-boards and touch screen panel would be no longer needed. They are likely to be replaced by technologies that allow us to interact with the cyberspace in a more natural manner. Wire able devices are one small step on the path to a hyper connected world. In fact, the concept of wire able computers has existed for more than 30 years.
(a) link (synonym); (b) need (synonym); (c) conventional (synonym); (d) methods (synonym); (e) longer (antonym); (f) allow (antonym); (g) interact (synonym); (h) natural (antonym); (i) connected (antonym); (j) concept (synonym).

30. An ideal teacher knows the art of teaching. He is the master of his subject. He makes his lessons interesting. His method of teaching is convincing and inspiring. He praises the good work done by them. If a student does some mistake, he is never harsh to him and never angry with him. He believes in simple living and high thinking. He never sets a wrong example before his students. He has high moral values.
(a) ideal (synonym); (b) master (synonym); (c) make (antonym); (d) method (synonym);
(e) convincing (antonym); (f) praise (antonym); (g) mistake (synonym); (h) angry (antonym); (i) simple (antonym); (j) moral (synonym).

31. Rony is a 10 year old boy. He is the only son to his parents. His father is a busy business man and he could hardly spend time with his son. Rony’s father would reach after he sleeps and move out before he wakes up or will sleep until he leaves for school. Hardly, his father would accompany him of join with family. Just like any other boy, Rony wanted to go outdoors with his father and have fun. One day, Rony was surprised to see his father at home in the evening. “Dad, it is a big surprise to see you at home.” Rony said. “Yes, son my meeting was cancelled and my next fight is delayed by 2 hours. So, I’m at home”, his father replied.
(a) busy (antonym) (b) hardly (antonym) (c) reach (synonym) (d) leave (antonym) (e)
accompany (antonym) (f) outdoors (synonym) (g) fun (antonym) (h) surprise (synonym) (i) delayed (synonym) (j) replied (synonym).

32. My feet failed to find a suitable crevice and I fell. My hands burned red as I slid down the rough rope, and the coarse strip of leather wrapped around my waist, bit in hand. At the top of the cliff face, at the gateway to the Debra Damo Monastery, an Ethiopian Priest sat with his legs jammed up against either side of the rock-hewn entrance ; wrapped around his muscular arms was the other end of the leather strap that had kept me from crashing down below. Further up still, in the piercing blue sky above the jagged mountain, vultures circled around the 6th century stone church.
(a) fall (antonym); (b) suitable (antonym); (c) crevice (synonym); (d) rough (antonym); (e) wrap (antonym); (f) gateway (synonym); (g) entrance (antonym); (h) strap (synonym); (i) piercing (synonym); (j) jagged (synonym).

33. Nowadays fundamentalism and terrorism go hand in hand. In Christian thought,
fundamentalism is the belief that everything in the Bible is true and should form the basis of religious thought and practice. But at present the term is used in a greater sense meaning the strict following of the basic teaching of any religion. And terrorism means the use of violence to achieve some political aims. So apparently the two ideas seem different. But in modern times some fundamentalists use force or violence to achieve their aims. The religious fundamentalists believe that only their religeon is true and all should follow it strictly. They are not ready to tolerate any deviation or relaxation. So they compel the people by force to follow their dictates.
(a) Belief (antonym) (b) basis (synonym) (c) religious (antonym) (d) thought (synonym) (e) greater (antonym) (f) strict (antonym) (g) apparently (synonym) (h) tolerate (synonym) (i) deviation (antonym) (j) dictates (synonym)

34. Teaching is a noble profession. It is an ideal career for women. Teaching gives women a golden chance to take care of household works. Teaching is more difficult than any other job. A teacher not only has to take classes but also prepare students’ test and assess exam scripts after class hours. And he has to guide his learners also to choose career.
(a) teaching (antonym); (b) noble (antonym); (c) profession (synonym) ; (d) chance
(synonym); (e) prepare (synonym); (f) difficult (antonym); (g) assess (synonym); (h) guide
(antonym); (i) household (synonym); (j) choose (antonym).

35. Elephants are quite amazing animals and we can find many interesting facts about
elephants. One such amazing fact is given below. Elephants are extremely emotional
animas. They develop very close relationship and bond with its group. When an elephant dies in a group, all the elephants would mourn for the death of the loved ones. Also, it would be very difficult to console a mother elephant who loses a baby due to strong emotions. Losing a child elephant or missing the caretaker make them emotionally weak and may often lead to death.
(a) amazing (antonym); (b) fact (synonym); (c) develop (Synonym); (d) group (synonym); (e) mourn (synonym); (f) loved (synonym); (g) console (synonym); (h) losing (antonym); (i) caretaker (synonym); (j) often (antonym).

36. Social value underline a set principles of generally accepted norms and behaviour of a society. Our forefathers practised a good number of social values like simplicity, honesty, sincerity, responsibility, and piety. We have replaced those good aspects with complexity, dishonesty, corruption, conspiracy, faithlessness and envy. Our materialists attitude has made us self-centered and corrupted. We must get rid of these vices and create awareness among all about the negative impacts of our wrong doings. In order to make a better society, we should create awareness among people about the out-come of their misdeeds. We must have distinctive social values once practised by our forefather. We should give importance to the past moral values to bring peace and harmony in the society and make the world better for living.
(a) accepted (antonym); (b) sincerity (antonym); (c) responsibility (synonym); (d) complexity (antonym); (e) envy (antonym); (f) vice (antonym); (g) impact (synonym); (h) outcome (synonym); (i) importance (synonym); (j) awareness (synonym).

37. Once upon a time there lived a generous, kind-hearted king. He was fond of birds and animals. He had a huge bird sanctuary in his reign. He disliked harming the animals and birds and even did not kill them for the sake of eating meat. Owing to his generosity and kindness towards birds, he was gifted to beautiful falcons by his fellow businessman. Those two falcons belonged to a different place and lived in a different climatic condition. The king thanked the businessman and ordered the head of the bird trainer to provide all the facilities to those beautiful falcons and make them feel comfortable in their country. The head trainer look the birds and provided all essentials to help the birds adapt to the atmosphere. Gradually, the birds got adapt to the country’s atmosphere.
(a) kind-hearted (antonym); (b) fond (antonym); (c) sanctuary (synonym); (d) kindness
(antonym); (e) different (antonym); (f) head (synonym); (g) comfortable (antonym); (h) trainer (synonym); (i) adapt (synonym); (j) atmosphere (synonym).

38. Sincerity is the root of success of all work. One can go a long way if he does a job with sincerity. The great men are sincere because they know that sincerity is the key to
success. Those who do not follow the rules of sincerity can never go a long way. Sincerity is the secret of victory. If any work is not done with sincerity, one will never receive desirable output from it. So we should be sincere in every walk of life.
(a) success (antonym); (b) job (synonym); (c) great (antonym); (d) because (synonym);
(e) know (synonym); (f) follow (antonym); (g) rules (synonym); (h) never (antonym); (i) victory (synonym); (j) desirable (antonym).

39. Morning walk is not only pleasant but also beneficial to health. In fact, walking regularly in the morning is very good habit. It is the most advisable physical exercise for the aging and the old. In the morning, nature appears at her best. At that time everything remains quiet and seems impressive. The environment with birds and beasts becomes calm and serene. The people who go out for a walk in the morning cannot but be impressed by it. It helps to keep their mind jolly and jovial. It also sits their temper for the rest of the day.
(a) pleasant (antonym); (b) beneficial (antonym); (c) regularly (antonym); (d) advisable
(synonym); (e) appear (synonym); (f) quiet (antonym); (g) serene (synonym); (h) impressed (synonym); (i) jovial (antonym); (j) temper (synonym).

40. Democracy is the system of government which allows freedom of speech, religious and political opinion. It means fair and equal treatment for the citizens without social class division. In fact, in a democratic country people elect their representatives who work for the people. Free and fair election is the pre-condition for democracy. In a democratic country people enjoy and rights of food, cloth, shelter, education, medical treatment and other facilities.
(a) allow (synonym) (b) freedom (synonym) (c) opinion (synonym) (d) fair (antonym) (e) equal (antonym) (f) division (antonym) (g) elect (antonym) (h) enjoy (antonym) (i) treatment (synonym) (j) facility (synonym)

41. Another field in which Pasteur worked as a scientist was the study of disease germs. The germs of certain diseases are bacteria, but other diseases are caused by viruses, which are too small to be seen with the hind of microscope that was in use in Pasteur’s time. Pasteur studied a number of animal diseases. One of these was anthrax, a disease that can also affect men. At that time, anthrax killed many sheep and cattle in France, Pasteur discovered how to grow anthrax bacteria that were much less powerful than those found in diseased animals. He showed by experiment that if animals were inoculated with the weakened bacteria and then infected with powerful bacteria, they would not die.
(a) field (synonym) (b) certain (antonym) (c) small (synonym) (d) studied (synonym) (e) killed (antonym) (f) discovered (antonym) (g) found (synonym) (h) experiment (synonym) (i) powerful (antonym) (j) die (synonym).

Conjunction

Conjunction

Conjunction: Conjunctions join two or more words, phrases, or clauses.

List of Conjunctions: afterপরে, althoughযদিও, asযেহেতু, as if, as long asযতদিন, as much asযতটা, as soon asযত তাড়াতাড়ি, as thoughযেন, becauseকারণ, before সামনে, even ifএমনকি যদি, even thoughযদিও, ifযদি, in order thatযাতে, in case, lestপাছে, provided that, sinceযেহেতু, so thatযাতে, thanচেয়ে, thatযে, thoughযদিও, till, যতক্ষণ না, unlessযদি না, untilযতক্ষণ না, whenযখন, wheneverযখনই, whereযেখানে, whereverযেখানে, whileযখন

 Classification of Conjunction

Conjunction Example
a.      Correlative as/so….as, both….and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, too..to, so…that, such…that
b.      Coordinating

 

FANBOYS

for, and, nor, but,  or, otherwise,  yet,  so

c.       Subordinating Who, how, why, where, when, where, which, what, whom, whose

If, had, were, in case, unless, provided, provided that, providing that

That, so that, in order that, though, although, as, since, because, till, until, before, after, while, lest, as if, as soon as, as long as, no sooner had, scarcely had, hardly had, as though, even if, even though, whatever, whenever, wherever, however, whoever, whomever etc

Letter

  1. Suppose, you are Sami/Sushan. Fawzan/Farhan is your friend. Write a letter to him/her about your daily life

Answer to the question no-9

8 October, 2015

Azimpur Govt. Colony, 

Dhaka-1205

Dear Fawzan,

I have received your letter in time. You wanted to know about my daily life in your last letter. Now, I am writing to inform that. 

I get up at 5 O’clock and say my Fazar prayer at 5.30 am. After brushing and freshening up I take breakfast and read my text till then 8 a.m. Then being ready I start for school at 9 a.m. In tiffin period or after returning from school I go to play at 5 pm. Again I read till then 10 pm. After taking supper and watching TV, I go to bed at 11 pm.

I am well. No more today. More when we meet next. 

Your loving friend,

Sami.

  1. Suppose, you are Sami/Anika. Fawzan/Fahmida is your friend. He/She wants to know about Dhaka. Now, write a letter to him/her describing Dhaka.

Answer to the question no-9

9 October, 2015

Azimpur Govt. Colony, Dhaka-1205

Dear Fawzan,

I have received your letter in time. You wanted to know about Dhaka. Now, I am going to tell you about Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. 

You will be highly glad to learn that Dhaka is a very ancient city and this city has a rich historical background. It was found during the Mughal Empire. A lot of people live there. You can see here a lot of things like the Ahsan Manzil, the Lalbag Fort, the National Zoo, the National Museum and so on. If you come to our house, we will see all the things.

I am well. No more today. More when we meet next. 

Your loving friend,

Sami.

  1. Suppose you are Sadia/Saheb. Write a letter to your Indian friend, Anika/Anil about the activities of

your mother.

Answer to the question no-9

October 10, 2015

Ganaktuli, Hazaribagh,

Dhaka-1205

Dear Anika,
How are you? I hope you are fine. In your letter you wrote about your mother. I am going to write about my mother. My mother teaches in a primary school in Hazaribagh, Dhaka. She works in morning shift. After school hours, she works at home. She cooks our food. She also looks after my old grandparents and my siblings.. She takes care of our health and studies. On holidays she cooks special dishes for us like biriyani, korma, kabab, firni, jarda etc. She washes the clothes. She keeps the house clean. Sometimes she goes to the market. She also visits relatives. She helps the sick people. In the evening, she watches TV. She spends her free time with us. She remains busy the whole week.
This is all about my mother’s activities.

Convey my regards to your parents.

Your loving friend,

Sadia.

  1. Suppose, you are Altaf/Asma. Asad/Ayesha is your friend. He wanted to know about the proverb ‘All that glitters is not gold’. Now, write a letter to your friend telling her about it. Use the following cues:

gold glitters — glossy — story of Sheikh Saadi– the rich man — an ordinary man — simple dress – a

gorgeous dress –outward charm — true beauty

Answer to the question no. 9

College Road, Bhola

Dear Asad,

Accept my warm love. Hope you are well. You wanted me to tell you something about the proverb ‘All that glitters is not gold’. Now, I am telling you something about it.

We know that gold glitters in sunlight. But everything glossy is not necessarily gold. You must know the story of Sheikh Saadi.

The rich man took the poet as an ordinary man. Because he was wearing simple dress. The poet went

to the rich man’s house again wearing a gorgeous dress.

He taught him a great lesson. So dress or any outward charm of anything or anybody cannot be a standard of measuring inner worth. True beauty always lies within.

Your friend,

Altaf.

  1. Suppose you are Shahil/Seemla of Nur Mohammad College. Write a letter to your friend, Fahim/Dipti about your good teacher.

Answer to the question no. 9

October 13, 2015

33 Baddanagar Water Tank,

Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1205

Dear Fahim,

How are you? How have you enjoyed during Eid-ul-Azha? I am fine. I am going to write to you about my favourite teacher.

Mr. Kaisar is my favourite teacher. He hailed from Barishal. He is a good teacher. He always gives us

good notes, learning materials and suggestions. He is very caring. He is truly a professional. He is not a by-chance teacher. I am proud of him.

What about you? Who is your favourite teacher? Please write me back.

Your loving friend,

Shahil.

 

  1. Suppose you are Sanjid/Sahida. You live in Arambagh, Dhaka. Write a letter to your friend, Faisal/Asma about mother’s love and obedience to mother.

Answer to the question no. 9

October 14, 2015

Arambagh, Dhaka

Dear Faisal,

How are you? I came to know about the kindness of your mother from your letter. Mother is the greatest person in the world. There is none like mother. Mother’s love is unique in this world. A mother can die for a child. So we should be obedient to our mother. All the great persons in the world were obedient to mother. They followed their mother’s order at any cost. If we read the pages of history books, we will see such evidence. So we should respect our mother and carry out their order in any way.
What about your feeling regarding this point? Please let me know.

Your loving friend,

Sanjid.

Write to your friend about your evening activities

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

Dear Dia,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my evening activities. Now I am writing about it.

I have a daily routine. I always do my duties according to this routine. In the evening, I usually wash my face and hands and say my evening prayer. Then I take some light foods. After that I sit to read and prepare my lesson till 9 pm. I watch TV from 9 pm to 10 pm. I have my dinner with my parents at 10. Then I brush my teeth. I go to bed  at 10.30.

No more today. Write to me soon about your evening activities.

Your loving friend

Sanjida

 

  1. Write a letter to your friend about how you spend/pass your leisure time.

 

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Adrey,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about how I spend my leisure time. Now I am writing about it.

In my leisure time, I read story books. Sometimes I read English newspaper. It makes me strong in English.  I also go to the playground and play football and cricket.

No more today. Write to me soon about how you spend/pass your leisure time.

 

Your loving friend

Sanjida

 

  1. Write to your friend about your favourite food.

 

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Adrey,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my favourite foods. Now I am writing about it.

I eat what I get. But I also have some favourite foods. I like to have Ruti and vegetables in my breakfast, rice fish at lunch and dinner. I also like to have meat and dal. Tea is my favourite drink.

No more today. Write to me soon  about your favourite food.

 

Your loving friend

Sanjida

 

 

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your home town.

 

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Sanjida,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about  my home town. Now I am writing about it.

The name of my home town is Kishoregonj. It is a district town. It is only 145 kilometers north-east of Dhaka. There are many important places in and around this town. They are Solakia Eid ground, Pagla Mosque etc. It is also famous for great personalities like Syed Nazrul Islam, the first acting president of Bangladesh. Sukumar Roy and the great master of painting, Zainul Abedin.

No more today. Write to me soon about your home town.

 

 

Your loving friend

Adrey

 

  1. Write letter to your friend about your native village.

 

 

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Sanjida,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about  my native village. Now I am writing about it.

The name of my village is Doleshwar. It is a small village but densely populated. Though it is village, all modern facilities are available here. There are a college, a high school, a primary school and a market in our village. We all live here in peace and amity. I love my village very much.

No more today. Write to me soon about your native village.

 

 

Your loving friend

Adrey

 

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your visit to St. Martin’s island.

 

 November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Sanjida,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my visit to the  St. Martin’s island. Now I am writing about it.

Last summer vacation, I and some of my friends visited the St. Martin’s island. It is the only coral island in Bangladesh. We saw there beautiful corals of different shapes and colours, the turtles that nest on the island and variety of sea fishes. We also went sailing in the sea. We enjoyed the visit very much.

No more today. More when we meet.

 

Your loving friend

Adrey  

 

 

 

 

Write a letter to your friend describing your visit to St. Martin’s Island.

March 15, 2013

Mirpur, Dhaka

Dear Dia,

I have just received your letter. In your letter you wanted to know about my visit to the Martin’s Island. Now I am telling you about it. 

Last summer vacation I went to visit the St. Martin’s Island with my parents. It is a small island. The local name of the island is “Narikel Jinjira” which means Coconut Island. We saw beautiful coral of different shapes and colours in the blue waters of the Bay of Bengal. We also saw coral reef, turtles and variety of sea fishes. The natural scenery of the Island is really enjoyable and it attracted me much. 

No more today, convey my salam to your parents and love to your younger.

Your loving friend

Sima

  1. Write a letter to your friend about how you spend/ pass your leisure time.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about how I spend my leisure time. Now I am writing about it.

In my leisure time, I read story books. Sometimes I read English newspaper. It makes me strong in English. I also go to the playground and play football and cricket.

No more today. Write to me soon about how you spend/ pass your leisure time.

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your favourite food.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my favourite foods. Now I am writing about it.

I eat what I get. But I also have some favourite foods. I like to have ruti and vegetables in my breakfast, rice and fish at lunch and dinner. I also like to have meat and dal.Tea is my favourite drink.

No more today. Write to me soon about your favourite food.

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your home town.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my home town. Now I am writing about it.

The name of my home town is Kishoregonj. It is a district town. It is only 145 kilometers north-east of Dhaka. There are many important places in and around this town. They are Solakia Eid ground, Pagla Mosque etc. It is also famous for great personalities like Syed Nazrul Islam, the first acting president of Bangladesh. Sukumar Roy and the great master of painting, Zainul Abedin.

No more today. Write to me soon about your home town.

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your visit to the liberation war museum.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my visit to the liberation war museum. Now I am writing about it.

On 14 December our class went on a field trip to the liberation war museum with the guidance of our headmaster.There were six galleries that exhibited rare photographs, documents, news-paper clippings and objects used by the freedom fighters and martyrs of our liberation war. We spent there for two hours. Before leaving, we watched a video film on our liberation war and our independence. It was an experience we never forget.

No more today. More when we meet.

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your favourite sports.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my favourite sports. Now I am writing about it.

My favourite game is Cricket. You will be very happy to know that in last Bangabadhu Gold Cup Cricket Tournament, our school became champion and I was selected ‘Man of the Match’. I also love to play football and badminton.

No more today. Write to me soon about your favourite sports.

  1. Write a letter to your pen friend about main tourist spots of Bangladesh.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about main tourist spots of Bangladesh. Now I am writing about it.

Bangladesh is a beautiful country. There are many interesting places here. They are Cox’s bazaar,Chittagong hill track, Sundarban, Bagerhat Mahasthangar, Moynamoti, St. Martin’s island etc. Among them Cox’s bazar is the most populous tourist spot here. It is the longest sea beach in the world. So I will invite you to visit our country.

No more today. Write to me soon about main tourist spots of your country.

Seen passage 3

Set-1
2. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

Anne Frank is perhaps the most well-known victim of the Nazi Holocaust of World War II. Anne, born on 12 June 1929, was given a diary at the age of 13, in which she chronicled her life from 1942 to 1944. During this time, Anne spent two years in hiding with her family in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam in a secret annex with four other Jews. Betrayed and discovered in 1944, Anne was sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she died of typhus in 1945. Anne’s father, Otto Frank, was the only occupant of the secret annex to survive the war. In 1947, he published Anne’s diary as The Diary of a Young Girl. Anne’s account of her internment, as well as her deep belief in humanity has become one of the world’s most widely read books.

 

What/Who Source What/Who When

Anne Frank (i)… Well-known victim of (ii) …

Nazi– Holocaust

Anne and diary living in a (iv) … 1943–1944

(iii) …

The world reading (v) … about (vi) … 1947

Her (vii) … diary humanity after reading (viii) …

(ix) … has become world’s most (x) … after being published

Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing different events in Anne’s life. 10

Born in 1929 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-1

  1. Ans. (i) Germany, (ii) after World War II, (iii) her family, (iv) secret annex, (v) ‘The diary of a Young Girl’, (vi) her interment, (vii) deep belief, (viii) the book, (ix) The Diary of a Young Girl’, (x) widely read books.
    2. Ans. Or. (1) Born in 1929 (2) given a diary in 1942 (3) spent from 1942 to 1944 in hiding (4) wrote diary (5) died in 1945 of typhus (6) the diary being published in 1947

Set-2
2. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

Alexandra Alex Scott was born in Connecticut in 1996, and was diagnosed with neuroblastoma, a type of childhood cancer, shortly before she turned one. In 2000, just after turning four, she informed her mother that she wanted to start a lemonade stand to raise money for doctors to help children. Her first lemonade stand raised 2,000 dollars and led to the creation of the Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation. Alex continued her lemonade stands throughout her life, ultimately raising over one million dollars toward cancer research. She passed away in August 2004 at the age of eight. Today, Alex’s Lemonade Stand sponsors a national fundraising weekend in the United States which is popularly known as Lemonade Days. Each year, as many as 10,000 volunteers at more than 2,000 Alex’s Lemonade Stands make a difference for children with cancer.

What/Who Information What/Who When

Alex Scott (i) … birth (ii) …

(iii) … to help wanted to start a (iv)… in 2000

She (v) … lemonade stands throughout her (vi) …

(vii) … United States (viii) … every year

10,000 volunteers (ix) … doing something for each (x) …

of 2,000 Alex’s children with cancer

Lemonade Stands

Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the activities of Alex. 10

  1. Starting a lemonade stand 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-2

  1. Ans. (i) Connecticut, (ii) 1996, (iii) Alex, (iv) lemonade stand, (v) continued, (vi) life, (vii) Alex’s Lemonade Stand, (viii) national fundraising weekend, (ix) America, (x) year.
  2. Ans. Or. (1) Starting a lemonade stand (2) raised money for doctors to help children (3) raised 2000 dollars her first lemonade stand (4) inspired her to build the Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation (5) continued her lemonade stands throughout her life (6) making a difference for children with cancer.

 

Set-3
2. Read the passage and complete the table. 10

I am in a tiny steel cage attached to a motorcycle, stuttering through traffic in Dhaka, Bangladesh. In the last ten minutes, we have moved forward maybe three feet, inch by inch, the driver wrenching the wheel left and right, wriggling deeper into the wedge between delivery truck and a rickshaw in front of us. Up ahead, the traffic is jammed so close together that pedestrians are climbing over pickup trucks and through empty rickshaws to cross the street. Two rows to my left is an ambulance, blue light spinning uselessly. This is what the streets here look like from seven o’clock in the morning until ten o’clock at night. If you’re rich, you experience it from the back seat of a car. If you’re poor, you’re in a rickshaw, breathing in the exhaust. 

I’m sitting in the back of a CNG, a three- wheeled motorcycle shaped like a slice of pie and covered with scrap metal. I’m here working on a human rights project, but whenever I ask people in Dhaka what they think international organizations should really be working on, they tell me about the traffic. Alleviating traffic congestion is one of the major development challenges of our time. Half the world’s population already lives in cities, and the United Nations (UN) estimates that the proportion will rise to nearly 70 percent by 2050. Dhaka, the world’s densest and fastest growing city, is a case study in how this problem got so bad and why it’s so difficult to solve. Dhaka’s infrastructure doesn’t match the scale of its population. Just 7 percent of the city is covered by roads, compared with around 25 percent of Paris and Vienna. Dhaka also suffers from the absence of a planned road network. There are 650 major intersections, but only 60 traffic lights, many of which don’t work. That means the police force isn’t enforcing driving or parking rules; they’re in the intersections, directing traffic. 
The cost of Dhaka’s traffic congestion is estimated at $3.8 billion a year, and that’s just the delays and air pollution, not the less-tangible losses in quality of life. Paradoxically, the poor infrastructure is one of the reasons why the city is growing so fast. Without roads or trains to whisk them to the suburbs, Dhaka residents have no choice but to crowd into the middle, set up slums between high-rises, and walk to work.

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When/How long

The CNG/The writer moved forward by three feet (i) …. (ii) ….

One of the major development challenges (iii) …. at present 

(iv) …. lives in cities (v) ….

7 percent area (vi) ….. in Dhaka at present.

About 25 percent is covered by roads (vii) …. 

The police directs traffic (viii) …. 

(ix) …. costs $3.8 billion in Dhaka (x) ….

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart

showing the causes for traffic congestions in Dhaka. 

  1. The world’s densest and fastest growing city 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-3

  1. Ans. (i) In the street of Dhaka, Bangladesh (ii) ten minutes (iii) alleviating traffic congestion (iv) Half the world’s population (v) at present (vi) is covered by roads (vii) in Paris and Vienna (viii) in the intersections (ix) Traffic congestion (x) a year.
  2. Ans. Or. 1. The world’s densest and fastest growing city 2. Inadequate infrastructure in terms of population 3. Just 7 percent of the city covered by roads 4. The absence of a planned road network 5. 650 major intersections with only 60 traffic lights 6. No strict enforcement of driving or parking rules.

 

Set-5
2. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

Children’s right to education also implies that the school they go to will have a pleasant and learning-friendly environment where everyone will have an enjoyable time. Teachers will be kind, caring and supportive and children will feel relaxed. No harsh words will be spoken to them and special care will be taken of children with learning disabilities. That unfortunately is not the general picture in our schools. The system of education in our part of the world does not allow children much freedom, and classrooms look more like cages where they are pent up for hours. Rabindranath Tagore (read his ‘An Eastern University’ in Unit Six) found it unacceptable; so did William Blake (1757-1857), an English poet and painter, whose favorite subjects included children. In his poem ‘The School Boy’ Blake writes about a young boy who is unhappy with his school where dour-faced teachers give joyless lessons. He would rather like to be outdoors and enjoy the summer day. He pleads with his parents to rescue him from the drudgery of school.

What/Who Source/Information What/Where When

Our (i) … existing at present not allowing (ii) … during school time

A young boy (iii) … unhappy (iv) …

The (v) … according to Tagore’s essay (vi) … during the classes

The boy (vii) … enjoying time in (viii) …

(ix) … of The School Boy requesting for (x) … school time

  1. Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the problems of school in our part of

the world. 10

  1. Having no learning friendly environment 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-5

  1. Ans.(i) education system, (ii) much freedom, (iii) The School Boy, (iv) during showering joyless lessons, (v) students, (vi) penting up, (vii) in Blake’s poem, (viii) summer days, (ix) The boy, (x) rescue.
    2. Ans.Or. (1) Having no learning friendly environment (2) play no caring and supportive role by the teacher (3) taken no care of the students with low caliber (4) not enjoying enough freedom by the students (5) crowded classroom (6) dour-faced teachers.

Set-6

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

The tests indicated that poultry feed in the country had also been contaminated, as samples of chicken and fish contained traces of antibiotics. High microbial populations were found in several samples of pasteurized milk, indicating poor processing procedures by the manufacturers. Samples of cucumber and street foods also showed high microbial populations, suggesting widespread contamination in the water supply. The Director of Institute of Public Health (IPH), told the Dhaka Tribune that the survey report has been submitted to the Health Ministry. Further tests of different products were being carried out at the Food Safety Lab. A former Director General of the Health Service and senior national adviser of the FAO, said the findings were shocking for the whole nation. He added that instead of focusing only on the end products, the issue should be addressed at the root level. Pointing out that there were four steps in the production process-farmer, transport, wholesale, and retail trader. He said better monitoring and supervision were mandatory for stopping food adulteration.
Adulterated food products are reportedly the cause behind thousands of people suffering from fatal diseases like cancer, kidney failure and heart problems. Health specialists told the Dhaka Tribute that the Ministry of Food had enacted a Food Safety Act, but was yet to prepare the necessary rules. As the issue of food safety was also linked to 14 other ministries, a coordinated agency should take responsibility of ensuring safety in food products, they added.

What/Who Source/Information What/Where When

Samples of (i) … poultry feed in the country (ii) … after testing

The manufactures in several (iii) … high microbial (iv) … after testing

Better monitoring and (v) … mandatory for stoping adulteration (vi) … always

Samples of (vii) … water supply (viii) … survey

(ix) … being carried out (x) … after the first test

Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the steps of preventing food adulteration. 10

  1. Monitoring the food level of production 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-6

  1. Ans.(i) chicken and fish, (ii) traces of antibiotics, (iii) samples of pasteurized milk, (iv) populations, (v) supervision, (vi) in Dhaka, (vii) cucumber and street foods, (viii) high microbial populations, (ix) Further tests of different products, (x) the Food Safety Lab.
  2. Ans.Or. (1) Monitoring the food level of production (2) ensuring proper food processing (3) regular supervision (4) applying rules strictly (5) inflicting heavy punishment (6) forming a coordinated agency.


Set-7
2. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

I caught sight of her at the play, and in answer to her beckoning, I went over during the interval and sat down beside her. It was long since I had last seen her, and if someone had not mentioned her name I hardly think I would have recognized her. She addressed me brightly. ‘Well, it’s many years since we first met. How time does fly! We’re none of us getting any younger. Do you remember the first time I saw you? You asked me to luncheon.’

Did I remember?

It was twenty years ago and I was living in Paris. I had a tiny apartment in the Latin quarter overlooking a cemetery, and I was earning barely enough money to keep body and soul together. She had read a book of mine and had written to me about it. I answered, thanking her, and presently I received from her another letter saying that she was passing through Paris and would like to have a chat with me; but her time was limited, and the only free moment she had was on the following Thursday; she was spending the morning at the Luxembourg and would I give her a little luncheon at Foyot’s afterwards? Foyot’s is a restaurant at which the French senators eat, and it was so far beyond my means that I had never even thought of going there. But I was flattered, and I was too young to have learned to say no to a woman…. I had eighty francs (gold francs) to last me the rest of the month, and a modest luncheon should not cost more than fifteen. If I cut out coffee for the next two weeks I could manage well enough. 

I answered that I would meet my friend-by correspondence at Foyot’s Thursday at half-past twelve. She was not so young as I expected and in appearance imposing rather than attractive. She was, in fact, a woman of forty… and she gave me the impression of having more teeth, white and large and even, than were necessary for any practical purpose. She was talkative, but since she seemed inclined to talk about me I was prepared to be an attentive listener.

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When/How long

The writer caught sight of the lady guest (i) .… 20 years after the lunch at Foyot’s.

(ii) .… sat down beside her (iii) .…

The writer (iv) .… in Paris (v) .…

The Lady requested the writer to give her a lunch (vi) .… on Thursday,

(vii) .… usually cat at Foyot’s often.

The writer (viii) .… in his pocket. 

The writer wanted to meet the lady at Foyot’s (ix) .…

(x) .… was a woman of forty.

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the information about the lady entertained by the writer. 10
  2. Not so young as expected by the writer 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-7

  1. Ans. (i) at the play (ii) The writer (iii) during the interval (iv) was living (v) 20 years ago (vi) at Foyot’s (vii) French senators (viii) had eighty francs (ix) on Thursday at half-past twelve (x) The lady.
    2. Ans. Or. 1. Not so young as expected by the writer 2. Imposing rather than attractive in appearance 3. A woman of forty 4. Gave the impression of having more teeth than were necessary for any practical purpose 5. Talkative 6. Seemed inclined to talk about the writer.

  2. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

I was startled when the bill of fare was brought, for the prices were a great deal higher than I had anticipated. But she reassured me. ‘I never eat anything for luncheon,’ she said. ‘Oh, don’t say that!’ I answered generously. ‘I never eat more than one thing. I think people eat far too much nowadays. A little fish, perhaps. I wonder if they have any salmon.’ Well, it was early in the year for salmon and it was not on the bill of fare, but I asked the waiter if there was any. Yes, a beautiful salmon had just come in, it was the first they had had. I ordered it for my guest.

The waiter asked her if she would have something while it was being cooked. ‘No,’ she answered, ‘I never eat more than one thing unless you have a little caviare, I never mind caviare.’ My heart sank a little. I knew I could not afford caviare, but I could not very well tell her that. I told the waiter by all means to bring caviare. For myself I chose the cheapest dish on the menu and that was a mutton chop.
‘I think you are unwise to eat meat,’ she said. ‘I don’t know how you can expect to work after eating heavy things chops. I don’t believe in overloading my stomach.’

Then came the question of drink. ‘I never drink anything for luncheon,’ she said. ‘Neither do I,’ I answered promptly. ‘Except white wine,’ she proceeded as though I had not spoken. ‘These French white wines are so light. They’re wonderful for the digestion.’ ‘What would you like?’ I asked, hospitable still, but not exactly emotional.

She gave me a bright and amicable flash of her white teeth. ‘My doctor won’t let me drink anything but champagne.’ I imagine I turned a little pale. I ordered half a bottle. I mentioned casually that my doctor had absolutely forbidden me to drink champagne. ‘What are you going to drink, then?’ ‘Water.’

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When/How long

The writer (i) …. at Foyot’s when the bill of fare was brought

(ii) …. never eats more than one thing at lunch

The lady guest thinks people eat far too much (iii) ….

Salmon was not shown (iv) …. Early in the season

(v) …. had come In the restaurant Just then

The lady guest (vi) …. while the salmon being cooked

(vii) …. was the cheapest dish on the menu

The lady guest took champagne (viii) ….

The writer (ix) …. at Foyot’s (x) ….

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the names of food and drinks taken by the lady guest and the writer. 10
  2. Salmon fish 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-8

  1. Ans: (i) was startled (ii) The lady guest (iii) nowadays (iv) on the bill of fare (v) a beautiful salmon (vi) wanted to have caviare (vii) Mutton chop (viii) at Foyot’s (ix) took water (x) at lunch.
    2. Or. Ans: (1) Salmon fish (2) caviare (3) mutton chop (4) French white wine (5) champagne (6) water.

Set-9

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

I was past caring now. So I ordered coffee for myself and an ice cream and coffee for her. ‘You know, there’s one thing I thoroughly believe in,’ she said, as she ate the ice cream, ‘One should always get up from a meal feeling one could eat a little more.’ ‘Are you still hungry?’ I asked faintly. ‘Oh, no, I’m not hungry; you see , I don’t eat luncheon. I have a cup of coffee in the morning and then dinner, but I never eat more than one thing for luncheon. I was speaking for you.’ ‘Oh, I see!’ Then a terrible thing happened. While we were waiting for the coffee, the head waiter, with an ingratiating smile on his false face, came up to us bearing a large basket full of huge peaches. They had the blush of an innocent girl; they had the rich tone of an Italian landscape. But surely peaches were not in season then? Lord knew what they cost. ‘You see, you’ve filled your stomach with a lot of meat’ – my one miserable little chop- ‘and you can’t eat any more. But I’ve just had a snack and I shall enjoy a peach’.
The bill came and when I paid it I found that I had only enough for a quite inadequate tip. Her eyes rested for an instant on the three francs I left for the waiter, and I knew that she thought me mean. But when I walked out of the restaurant I had the whole month before me and not a penny in my pocket. ‘Follow my example,’ she said as we shook hand, and never eat more than one thing for luncheon. ‘I’ll do better than that’, I retorted. ‘I’ll eat nothing for dinner to-night.’ ‘Humorist!’ she cried gaily, jumping into a cab, ‘you’re quite a humorist!’ But I have had my revenge at last. I do not believe that I am a vindictive man, but when the immortal gods take a hand in the matter it is pardonable to observe the result with complacency. Today she weighs twenty-one stone.

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When/How long

One should get up feeling one could eat a little more from a meal (i)…………………..

(ii)……………. would have a coffee in the morning.

The head waiter (iii)…………………………… while they were waiting for coffee.

The head waiter Had an ingratiating smile (iv)………….

(v)… had the blush of an innocent girl.

The eyes of the lady guest (vi)… on the three francs for an instant.

The waiter (vii)… in his pocket when he walked out of the restaurant.

(viii)… would eat nothing for dinner that night.

The writer has had his revenge (ix)…

The lady guest (x)… today.

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the information about the peaches. 10
  2. The head waiter came up to them with the peaches 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-9

  1. Ans. (i) always (ii) The lady guest (iii) came with a basket of peach (iv) on his false face (v) The peaches (vi) rested (vii) did not have a penny (viii) The writer (ix) at last (x) weighs twenty-one stone.
    2. Ans. Or. 1. The head waiter came up to them with the peaches. 2. The peaches were huge. 3. They had the blush of an innocent girl. 4. They had the rich tone of an Italian landscape. 5. Peaches were not in season then. 6. The writer wondered about their cost.

Set-10

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

Shilpi was only 15 years old when she married Rashid in 2008. Marrying off daughters at an early age is a standard practice for many families living in rural Bangladesh. After her wedding, Shilpi joined a local empowerment group that provides adolescent girls with the tools needed to gradually change cultural practices, particularly those pertaining to early marriage and pregnancy. The group’s activities include discussions on how to most effectively change behaviour related to reproductive health as well as one-on- one counseling. It also offers peer-to-peer support and life skills training that help adolescents say no to early marriage. The empowerment group is one of more then 10,000 groups supported by some local Non Government Organizations (NGOs) working all over Bangladesh. These NGOs work through Canada’s Adolescent Reproductive Health Project which also aims to increase access to quality health services for adolescents. During one of the group sessions, Shilpi came to understand the potentially harmful effects of early marriage and pregnancy.
While maternal mortality in Bangladesh has declined by nearly 40 percent since 2001, the rate remains high with 194 maternal deaths per 100,000, live births in 2010- dropping from 322 in 2001 with a projected decrease to 143 by 2015. Girls who get pregnant are at risk of serious health complications. These include dangerous hemorrhage and fistula, a painful internal injury caused by obstructed childbirth that commonly leads to serious maternal morbidities and social exclusion. When Shilpi heard about those risks, she invited her husband, Rashid, to discuss pregnancy with a counselor. After hearing about the risks, Rashid agreed to delay having children for five years despite pressures from his parents and neighbors to produce an offspring. Together, the couple met with a female health care provider, who informed them about the various family planning options available.
Shilpi’s mother-in-law and neighbors continued to pressurize the newlyweds. Deeply rooted cultural practices and traditions caused a rift between Shilpi and Rashid and their extended family, some of whose members insulted and criticized the couple. Unable to convince their close relatives of the risks, Shilpi and Rashid returned to the counselor. They took the help of a parent peer who has been trained to speak to other parents about adolescent issues. Shilpi’s mother-in-law and neighbors eventually came to understand the harmful effects of early pregnancy on mother and child. Today, the village no longer pressurizes the couple; their parents and neighbors now support them and speak out against early marriage and pregnancy.

What/Who Source/Event What/Where When/Information

Shilpi (i) … Rashid 15 years old (ii) …

(iii) … come to know group session (iv) … about early marriage

and pregnancy

The (v) … supported by Canada’s peer-to-peer support during

Adolescent Reproductive

Health Project

The NGO’s (vii) … is providing girls quality health services during (viii) …

The adolescent girls are provided by local (ix) … tools needed to one-on-one counseling.

gradually change (x) …

Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the reasons of early marriage in Bangladesh.

10

  1. To establish cultural practice 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-10

  1. Ans. (i) married, (ii) 2008 (iii) She, (iv) harmful effects, (v) empowerment group, (vi) adolescence, (vii) aim, (viii) adolescence, (ix) empowerment group, (x) cultural practice.
  2. Ans.Or. (1) To establish cultural practice (2) considering daughter as burden (3) unconscious about the bad effect of early marriage

(4) unhealthy cultural practice (5) lack of standard education

(6) superstitious beliefs.

Set-11

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

Universities should never be made into mechanical organizations for collecting and distributing knowledge. Through them the people should offer their intellectual hospitality, their wealth of mind to others, and earn their proud right in return to receive gifts from the rest of the world. But in the whole length and breadth of India there is not a single University established in the modern time where a foreign or an Indian student can properly be acquainted with the best products of the Indian mind. For that we have to cross the sea, and knock at the doors of France and Germany. 

Educational institutions in our country are India’s alms-bowl of knowledge; they lower our intellectual self-respect; they encourage us to make a foolish display of decorations composed of borrowed feathers….Man’s intellect has a natural pride in its own aristocracy, which is the pride of its culture. Culture only acknowledges the excellence whose criticism is in its inner perfection, not in any external success. 
When this pride succumbs to some compulsion of necessity or lure of material advantage, it brings humiliation to the intellectual man. Modern India, through her very education, has been made to suffer this humiliation. Once she herself provided her children with a culture which was the product of her own ages of thought and creation. But it has been thrust aside, and we are made to tread the mill of passing examinations, not for learning anything, but for notifying that we are qualified for employments under organizations conducted in English. Our educated community is not a cultured community, but a community of qualified candidates.
 

Meanwhile the proportion of possible employments to the number of claimants has gradually been growing narrower, and the consequent disaffection has been widespread. At last the very authorities who are responsible for this are blaming their victims. Such is the perversity of human nature. It bears its worst grudge against those it has injured…

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When

A single University upholding the Indian mind. (i)… in India (ii)…

(iii)… are our alms-bowl of knowledge (iv)… 

Man’s intellect (v)… in its own aristocracy. 

(vi)… provided her children with a culture (vii)…

We are educated only to qualify to work (viii)… 

Our educated community (ix)… 

(x)… is increasing in proportion to employments in India day by day.

Or, Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the information about an Eastern University. 10

  1. Mechanical organization for collecting and distributing knowledge 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-11

  1. Ans. (i) is not established (ii) in the modern time (iii) Educational institutions (iv) in India (v) has a natural pride (vi) India herself (vii) once (viii) in organizations conducted in English (ix) is not a cultured community (x) The number of claimants.
  2. Ans. Or. 1. Mechanical organization for collecting and distributing knowledge 2. Does not offer the intellectual hospitality to other 3. Cannot show the best products of the Indian mind 4. Alms-bowl of knowledge 5. Lowers our intellectual self-respect 6. Encourages a foolish display of decorations composed of borrowed feathers.


Set-12
2. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

In the Bengali language there is a modern maxim which can be translated, ‘He who learns to read and write rides in a carriage and pair.’ In English there is a similar proverb, ‘Knowledge is power.’ It is an offer of a prospective bribe to the student, a promise of an ulterior reward which is more important than knowledge itself… Unfortunately, our very educational has been successful in depriving us of our real initiative and our courage of thought. The training we get in our schools has the constant implication in it that it is not for us to produce but to borrow. And we are casting about to borrow our educational plans from European institutions. The trampled plants of Indian corn are dreaming of recouping their harvest from the neighboring wheat fields. To change the figure, we forget that, for proficiency in walking, it is better to train the muscles of our own legs than to strut upon wooden ones of foreign make, although they clatter and cause more surprise at our skill in using them than if they were living and real.

But when we go to borrow help from a foreign neighborhood we overlook the fact…that among the Europeans the living spirit of the University is widely spread in their society, their parliament, their literature, and the numerous activities of their corporate life. In all these functions they are in perpetual touch with the great personality of the land which is creative and heroic in its constant acts of self-expression and self-sacrifice. They have their thoughts

published in their books as well as through the medium of living men who think those thoughts, and who criticize, compare and disseminate them. Some at least of the drawbacks of their academic education are redeemed by the living energy of the intellectual personality pervading their social organism. It is like the stagnant reservoir of water which finds its purification in the showers of rain to which it keeps itself open. But, to our misfortune, we have in India all the furniture of the European University except the human teacher…

Who/what Event/Activity Where/Place when

He who learns to read and write rides (i)…

(ii)… has been successful in depriving us of our real initiative and our courage of thought.
‘It is not for us to produce but to borrow’ is what we learn (iii)…

(iv)… borrow our educational plans (v)…

Among the Europeans the living spirit of the University (vi)… in their society their parliament, their literature, and the numerous activities of their corporate life.

(vii)… have their thoughts published (viii)…

(ix)… have all the furniture of the European University except the human teacher (x)…

2.Or, Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the lacking of our education. 10

  1. Depriving us of our real initiative 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-12

  1. Ans.(i) in a carriage (ii) Our education (iii) in our schools (iv) We (v) from European institutions (vi) is widely spread (vii) The Europeans (viii) in their books (ix) We (x) in India.
    2.Ans. Or. 1. Depriving us of our real initiative 2. Depriving us of our courage of thought 3. The constant implication of our inability to produce something 4. We cannot but borrow from others 5. Our educational plans are borrowed from European institutions 6. Lack of the human teacher.

 

Part-1Set-13

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

Tertiary education in Bangladesh comprises two categories of institutions : degree awarding universities and colleges affiliated with the National University (NU). There were only 4 universities in Bangladesh at the time of independence in 1971. All of those universities were publicly financed autonomous entities. At present, there are 35 such universities. Private universities are a relatively new phenomenon in this country. In the early 1990s, the private sector came forward to establish universities. Since then the country has experienced a spectacular growth in private universities–mostly in and around Dhaka and couple of other large cities. At present, there are 79 private universities. The number of colleges providing tertiary level education is around 1,400. Most of them offer BA (pass) education of three year duration; only one-third of them offer BA (Honors) courses and some offer MA degrees as well. All of these colleges are affiliated with the National University.
Accessibility to higher education implies that students get the opportunity to get university education and sufficient support from educational institutions. Increasing enrolment at the secondary and higher secondary level puts pressure on higher educational institutions. But due to limited capacity, only a small number of students may be enrolled in universities. Thus, each year a large number of students are denied access to higher

education. Also, due to poverty and increase in educational

expenses, students of the lower middle class do not get easy access to higher education. Moreover, those who get places in the universities have limited access to avail all kinds of diversified educational facilities relating to their study fields. Only about 12 percent of graduates enter higher educational institutions. More than 80 Percent of these students are admitted to NU affiliated colleges. Others are absorbed by the public and private universities. In the last two decades, there has been a substantial rise in the number of students in private universities. According to the UGC Annual Report 2010, the number rose from 88,669 in 2005 to 2,00,752 in 2010.

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When

(i)… comprises two categories of institutions in Bangladesh

Four universities were (ii)… at the time of independence in 1971.

35 public universities are in Bangladesh (iii)…

Private universities (iv)… in this country

(v)… came forward to establish universities in the early 1990s.

The country has experienced a growth in private universities. (vi)…

Only about 12 percent of graduates (vii)… higher educational institutions.

More than 80 percent of these students are admitted to (viii)…

(ix)… is 2,00,752 in private universities (x)…

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the characteristics of public universities. 10
  2. Scope of studying on a wide range of subjects 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-13

  1. Ans. (i) Tertiary education (ii) in Bangladesh (iii) at present (iv) are a relatively new phenomenon (v) The private sector (vi) in and around Dhaka (vii) enter (viii) NU affiliated colleges (ix) The number of students (x) in 2010.
  2. Or. Ans. 1. Scope of studying on a wide range of subjects. 2. Attracting the best minds for teaching. 3. Better library, laboratory, Internet and research facilities. 4. Regular seminars, symposiums, lectures, workshops, debates and exhibitions. 5. Ample scope for national and international exposure. 6. Residential and boarding facilities at low cost/subsidized rates.

 

Set-14
2. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

My name is Amerigo. I am 13 years old and I live on the street, alone. My mother, who is separated from my father, doesn’t want me. She told me to go away…Now she is married to another man. My father lives very far away. I want to go to him, but he won’t take me either. I begged him to send me some money so that I could buy a bus ticket. I am still waiting. He hasn’t answered.
The streets are now my home. Sometimes I find work. I used to collect trash and sell it to a vendor. I stopped doing that after I had a serious infection and a doctor told me to stay away from the trash dump. Once I worked for an ice cream shop owner and sold ice cream on the beach. But I got no money in return. The owner of the shop gave me something to eat, and let me sleep in his hut at night. The work was difficult and painful. The ice cream box is quite heavy when it is full. I had to walk for hours, offering my ice cream to whoever wanted to buy. There were days when I could not even sell one ice cream. In a way, I am lucky because I am alive. My friends who work sorting rubbish in dumps often suffer from serious diseases. One of them was recently killed after he fell into a hole that opened up in the pile of trash. Many of us work for 10 to 12 hours, and get so little in return that we can’t even buy food.
Shoe-shining is very popular among the street kids. A few of my friends also work in factories and workshops. A boy I know lost one of his eyes after a piece of hot glass flew into his eye at the glass factory where he worked. The owner refused to pay for medical help and fired him. For me, like all other children on the street, it is very hard. I am always hungry, and I don’t know where I will sleep the next night. I would like to live in my own home and sleep there in peace. The nights are very cold in the winter. You can die of cold in the street.

What/Who Event/Information What/Where When

Amerigo, 13 years old boy live (i) …

(ii) …
lives very far away since the separation with his mother

Amerigo’s home The street (iii) …

Amerigo sold ice cream (iv) …

(v) … let Amerigo sleep in his hut At night

Amerigo’s friends who work sorting rubbish (vi) … In dumps (vii) …

Amerigo would like to live (viii) …

The nights (ix) … in the winter

(x) … can die of cold In the street

  1. Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the problems the street children usually face.

No. 1 has been done for you. 10

  1. serious diseases as a result of working with trash 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-14

Ans. 2. (i) on the street (ii) Amerigo’s father (iii) now (iv) on the beach (v) The owner of the ice cream shop (vi) suffer from serious diseases (vii) often (viii) in his own home (ix) are very cold (x) the street children.
Ans. 2. Or. (1) serious diseases as a result of working with trash (2) working 10 to 12 hours a day (3) earning very little, even not enough to buy food (4) hazardous working environment in factories and workshops (5) no specific place for passing the night (6) no protection from cold winter nights.

 

  1. Read the passage below and complete the table. 10

Water, water, everywhere,

And all the boards did shrink;

Water, water, everywhere,

Nor any drop to drink.

Coleridge’s poem, a ballad, narrates the harrowing sea-voyage of an old mariner who at one point of his journey didn’t have any water to drink because of a curse. Cursed or not, we know how important drinking water is in our life. We know we cannot survive without it. In fact two-thirds of our body is made up of water. Not for nothing is it said that the other name of water is life. Is there a crisis in our time with regard to access to clean drinking water? The United Nations in a meeting on the eve of the new millennium identified the drinking water problem as one of the challenges for the future. But do we need to worry about the problem as ours is a land of rivers and we have plenty of rainfall? Besides, we have a sea in our backyard too.

One of the sources of water in our country is the rivers. Rivers are everywhere in our life, literature, economy and culture. But are the rivers in good shape? Unfortunately, they are not. A few are already dead and several are going through the pangs of death. The river Buriganga is an example of a dying river. A report published in the Daily Sun describes what has happened to the river Buriganga and why. It’s water is polluted and a perpetual stench fills the air around it. But that is not what it was like before. The report says that the river had a glorious past. Once it was a tributary of the mighty Ganges and flowed into the Bay of Bengal through the river Dhaleshwari. Gradually, it lost its link with the Ganges and got the name Buriganga. The Mughals marveled at the tide level of the Buriganga and founded their capital Jahangirnagar on its banks in 1610. The river supplied drinking water and supported trade and commerce. Jahangirnagar was renamed Dhaka which grew into a heavily populated city with a chronic shortage of space. The city paid back the bounty of the river by sucking life out of it! According to newspaper report, the Buriganga is dying because of pollution. Huge quantities of toxic chemicals and wastes from mills and factories, hospitals and clinics and household and other establishments are dumped into the river everyday. The city of Dhaka discharges about 4500 tons of solid waste every day and most of it is directly released into the Buriganga. According to the Department of the Environment (DoE), 20,000 tons of tannery waste, including some highly toxic materials, are released into the river every day. Experts identified nine industrial areas in and around the capital city as the primary sources of river pollution: Tongi, Tejgaon, Hazaribagh, Tarabo, Narayanganj, Savar, Gazipur, Dhaka, Export Processing Zone and Ghorashal.

The river would need a monster’s stomach to digest all the wastes mentioned above. There is a limit up to which it can put up with its cruel and thoughtless treatment. We the humans have successfully killed one of our rivers. There are other rivers in the country that are being subjected to similar thoughtless treatment. Unless we take care of our rivers there may come a time when we will cry ‘water’ and find it nowhere.

What/Who Event / Information What / Where When

(i).………. marveled at the tide (ii).….. before 1610

The Mughals founded (iii).………. Jahangirnagar on its banks (iv).….

(v).……….. supplied (vi).…………

It’s water being polluted and (vii).……… the air around it (viii)….

(ix).………. was a tributary of (x).…………. once

  1. Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing why the river Buriganga was important in the past. 10
  2. Having a glorious past 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-15

Ans. 2. (i) The Mughals, (ii) level of the Bauriganga, (iii) their capital, (iv) in 1610, (v) The Buriganga, (vi) drinking water, (vii) a filling, (viii) at present, (ix) The Buriganga, (x) the mighty Ganges.
Ans. 2. Or. (1) Having a glorious past (2) discharging tannery wastes (3) discharging medical wastes (4) discharging hospital wastes (5) discharging household wastes (6) encroachment of the river.

Connector Exercises for HSC

Connector Exercises for HSC

  1. A lion was drinking water from a brook. (a) — a lamb was also drinking water from the downstream of the same brook. The lion saw the lamb and decided to devour it. (b) — he was thinking about how to accomplish his evil design. (c)  –he hit upon a plan. (d) — the lion complained that the lamb was disturbing him by muddying water. But the lamb said that he was drinking water from downstream. (e)  –the questions of muddying water on his part did not arise. (f)  –the lamb argued that it was the lion that was muddying the water for him as he was drinking water upstream. (g)  –the lion retorted that the lamb spoke oil of him a year ago. (h) — the lamb said that he was not born a year ago. The lion grew into a rage. (i)  –he said that perhaps his father spokes ill of him last year. (j) — the lion had the right to take revenge and kill the lamb.
  2. There have been significant changes in the types of entertainment over time. Many of these no longer exist. (a) — they do, people keep looking for newer forms of entertainment. (b) — snake charming, puppet shows, jatra, jarigan, sharigan and kabigan which were common forms of entertainment in the past, have almost lost of their appeal. (c)– , radio used to be a good source of entertainment. (d) — it is giving place to television and to satellite channels in particular. (e)– , the entertainment business, like other spheres of life, is getting westernized. (f)– , folk music or palligeeti is now sung with western instruments. (g)– , modern music is now fusing melodies from folk and traditional songs. (h)– , band and pop music is becoming more and more popular particularly among the young generation. (i)  –sport has become a great source of entertainment today. (j) — football, which used to be the most popular spectator sport in Bangladesh is gradually being replaced by cricket.
  3. A thing of beauty is a joy forever. (a)  a flower is a symbol of beauty and purity. Its sweet smell attracts one to all. (b)  flower cultivation was very rare in our country. (c) — the scenario has changed. (d) — many people cultivate flowers not only for enjoying their beauty but also for earning money. (e) — in big cities and towns many flower shops have flourished. Different kinds of flowers are sold there. (f) — the demand of flowers is increasing day by day. (g) — they are of great use to us. (h) — we keep flowers in flower vase to beautify our drawing room. (i)–  during marriage ceremony we decorate gate and vehicle with flowers. Thirdly, we express our love and affection towards anyone with flowers. (j) — the use of flowers is very great.
  4. Food adulteration is a social problem. There is hardly any food that is not adulterated. (a) –, a business syndicate is involved in this. (b) , they are bringing national health to the edge of death. (c) , people taking adulterated food will become gradually sick. (d) , they will suffer from many complicated diseases. (e) ,– they will die. (f)– , food adulteration has reached in an alarming state in our country. (g) –, the authority concerned is playing a silent role. (h) —, laws regarding this crime are not so strict. (i)– , this crime is going to be out of control. (j) –, steps must be taken against this heinous crime to save our life.
  5. Happiness lies in the mind of a man (a) — beauty lies in the eyes of a beholder. (b) — we can say (c) — happiness comprises a state of mind. A poor man can be happy with one lakh Taka (d) — it has no importance for a millionaire. (e)– , the source of happiness lies in us. (f) — we do good work (g)  gives happiness to others, our own happiness also increases by leaps and bounds. One way of doing this is to find out and go out to those (h)  may be in need of our help. The highest form of happiness is derived when we help others (i)  make them happy. (j)  in every religion, great importance is put on the service of mankind.

Answers
1. (a) as;  (b) so;   (c) that; (d) while;   (e) in fact;  (f) if;  (g) which;  (h) who;  (i) and;  (j) therefore/so

2. (a) in fact;  (b) by doing so;   (c) certainly; (d) and;   (e) eventually;  (f) at present;  (g) but;   (h) sorrowfully;  (i) as such;   (j) so/ therefore  

3. (a) likewise;  (b) in the past;   (c) at present; (d) now;   (e)  recently;  (f) as a result;  (g) truly

speaking;   (h) firstly;  (i) secondly;  (j) so/hence

4. (a) even if;  (b) thus;   (c) once; (d) but now;   (e)  at present;  (f) consequently; (g) moreover;   (h) nowadays;  (i) besides/also;  (j) but

5. (a) incidentally;  (b) so;   (c) then; (d) at first;   (e)  so;  (f) instead;  (g) then; (h) again;  (i) therefore;  (j) so

  1. Honesty is a noble virtue. The man (a) — possesses this rare quality is the happiest man on earth. To be honest, a man should have trustworthiness (b) — nobody trusts a liar. A liar may prosper for the time being, (c) — ultimately he goes to the dogs. (d) — we should be honest. It is said that honesty is the best policy (e) — dishonesty is the sign of downfall. God helps those who are honest. (f) — dishonest people are cursed; Childhood is the best time (g) — children should be taught honesty. It is said (h) ? children should be allowed to mix with those friends (i) — are honest. (j) — the can mould their characters.
    2. Many years ago there lived a king named Soloman. He was very wise and helped people in many ways. (a) —, his name and fame spread far and wide. The Queen of Sheba heard about the name and fame of king Soloman. (b) —, she could not believe that he was so wise and wealthy. (c) —, she decided to visit his country and meet him personally. (d) —, the queen came to king Soloman’s palace. She brought with her hundred servants who carried many fine presents. (e) —, she brought with her some artificial flowers that were mixed with some real flowers. (f) —, the flowers were beautiful and looked alike. (g) —, the queen asked the courtiers to find out the real ones. They took time and watched the flowers minutely. (h) —, they failed to differentiate. (i) —, King Soloman watched some bees flying over some flowers. (j) —, he realized those flowers to be real.
    3. The greatness of a book depends (a) — on the acceptability among readers. (b) — we read a book just once, we can discover many things in it. (c) — basing on one reading, we cannot judge the standard of a book. (d) — a book is praised (e) —, we have no doubt about the greatness of the book. (f) — the first reading we may not understand a book. But if we read more than once, we will see (g) — it was read (h) — praised. (i) — the great books are those (j) — have passed the test of time.
    4. Everybody wants to be happy in life. Happiness is a relative term. (a) — it depends upon some factors. (b) — contentment is the key to happiness. Contentment varies from person to person. (c) — a beggar may be contented with only ten taka (d) — a wealthy man may be unsatisfied even after getting one million taka. (e) — it is said that contentment brings happiness. (f) — we must learn to be contented with what we have. (g) — this learning is the simplest way to remain happy. (h) — we must remember that our life is short and in this short life, we cannot get everything (i) — we want. If we want everything, we will not get happiness. (j) —– we will get frustrated and plunge into the world of sadness.
    5. Trees are a vital part of our environment, (a) —, they bear a great impact on the climate. (b) — we are not careful about them. (c) —, we destroy trees at random. (d) —, one day the country will bear the consequence of greenhouse effect. (e) — ours is an agricultural country, our economy depends upon it. (f) —, our agriculture is dependent on rain, (g) — trees play a vital role on our climate, (h) —, trees keep the soil strong. (i) —, trees save us from flood (j) — many other natural calamities.

 Answers

1. (a) who;  (b) because;   (c) but; (d) so; (e) whereas;  (f) moreover;  (g) therefore; (h) hence; (i) in addition;  (j) thus

2. (a) so;  (b) but;   (c) therefore; (d) accordingly;   (e) besides;  (f) that;  (g) then;   (h) but; (i) suddenly;  (j) thus  

3. (a) mainly/actually/generally;  (b) if;   (c) only/for; (d) but;   (e) if/when;  (f) highly;  (g) through;   (h) why;  (i) and;  (j) which

4. (a) so/therefore; (b) in fact/in the true sense;   (c) for example/for instance; (d) on the other hand/on the contrary/ but; (e) so/for this reason/this is why; (f) hence; (g) in fact;   (h) in this case/in this respect; (i) naturally/it is used that; (j) however  

5. (a) in fact; (b) so; (c) in course of time; (d) besides; (e) then; (f) consequently; (g) however; (h) true that; (i) at the same time;  (j) moreover

 

  1. Bangladesh is mainly an agricultural country. (a) , her economy and prosperity depend on agriculture. (b) , our agriculture depends on the mercy of nature. (c) , if there is sufficient rain, people can plough their lands and sow seeds in time. (d) , they can reap a good harvest. (e)  if it does not rain in time, the farmers cannot grow the crops easily and they do not have good harvest. (f) , without water our agriculture is lifeless. The rain is not always beneficial to our agriculture (g) —, sometimes it rains so much that it causes floods. (h) —, our crops go under water and most often, they are totally destroyed. (i) , the farmers who constitute the most part of our professional people, lose everything. (j) , we can safely conclude that our economy depends on rain.
  2. Deforestation means cutting down trees or destruction of trees at random. (a) — it endangers our life. There are many factors behind this destruction. (b) — our population is increasing by leaps and bounds. (c) — there is excessive pressure on land. (d) — our carelessness is mainly responsible for this destruction. (e) — the additional population requires more land for settlement and agricultural cultivation. (f) — with the increase of population infrastructure facilities are getting increased. (g) — land areas are decreasing and land for trees and forests are getting decreased day by day. (h) — people are destroying trees for cooking food, making brick and melting pitch etc. (i) — deforestation causes increase of carbon dioxide, global warming and ecological imbalance. (j) — there are natural disasters including flood, cyclone, tidal surge etc.
  3. Drug addiction is a curse in modern age. (a) —, it is the habit of using un-prescribed medicine for exciting feelings. (b) —, drug addiction is found among the young generation. (c) —, it has engulfed the whole nation. (d) —, people of all ages have fallen victim to this dangerous diseases. (e) — drugs create some kind of dream-like feelings, the drug takers forget everything for the time being. (f) —, the influence of drugs also causes long sleep to the drug addicts. (g) —, the after effects of drug addiction are many. (h) —, it is harmful not only to the addicts but also to the whole society. (i) — drug taking is a diseases, there should be given treatment to cure the addicts. (j) —, parents and responsible authorities should be more alert to cure drug addiction.
  4. Students have certain duties towards the country, (a) —, they must contribute to the eradication of illiteracy. During the vacation they can go to villages and teach the illiteracy people. (b) —, they can make a literate nation and ensure a considerable development. (c) —, the students have to create awareness among the common people about the basic rules of health and sanitation. (d) —, it will have an enormous effect on the overall development of the country. (e) —, the students should teach the illiterate farmers about the scientific methods of cultivation. (f) —, they should take part in voluntary service during the crisis periods of a country. (g) —, the students should prepare themselves as the future leaders of the country. They must be serious in this matter. (h) —, they will fail to prepare themselves. (i) —, the country will not see the light of development. (j) —, the students are the most vital element of a country and their development means the development of the country.
    5. Time and tide wait for none (a)  no one can stop the march of time. (b)  we should not waste a single moment in vain (c)  we should make the proper use of very single moment of our life. (d)  the students should understand the value of time. Some students pass away their valuable time in Face book. (e)  they kill their time (f)  they cannot prepare their lessons well. (g)  they always have a poor preparation for the exam. (h)  they cannot do well in the exam. (i)  they don’t stop wasting time (j)  they continue to waste their time using Face book till it is too late for them.

Answers
1. (a) so;  (b) again/but;   (c) hence; (d) as a result;   (e)  but/ on the other hand;  (f) true that/ in 
fact;  (g) for example/for instance;   (h) that is why/ as a result;  (i) consequently;  (j) therefore

2. (a) as a result/consequently;  (b) firstly;   (c) as a result;(d) but;   (e) true that;  (f) at the same time;  (g) consequently;   (h) moreover;  (i) but; (j) consequently  

3. (a) in fact;  (b) however;   (c) at present; (d) moreover/ and;   (e)  as;  (f) at the same time;  (g) besides;   (h) in fact;  (i) as;  (j) above all

4. (a) firstly;  (b) thus;   (c) secondly;(d) because;   (e) at  the same time;  (f)thirdly;  (g)finally;   (h)otherwise;  (i) consequently;  (j) so  

5. (a) that is why/truly;  (b) so;   (c) rather/instead; (d) specially;   (e)  virtually/as a matter of fact;  (f) consequently;  (g) therefore;   (h) as a result/ consequently;  (i) yet;  (j) rather

 

 

 

 

Sentence Connectors

  1. Mobile phone has become an essential gadget for everybody. (a) — it has become very popular. (b) — it has created a number of problems. It has (c) — advantages (d) — disadvantages. (e) — it helps to connect people. (f) — it helps to exchange information (g) — it can be used for various purpose. (h) — it has a few disadvantages. (i) — it can cause a lot of troubles. (j) — its advantages are more than its disadvantages.
  2. The gifts of science are uncountable. (a) — we cast our eyes, we see the wonders of science. Satellite TV channels are means through (b) — we can see and hear the events (c) — are happening all over the world. (d) —, today we have specialized satellite channels on almost every interest. (e) —, people now have more choices and more freedom about television programmes. Satellite channels help us a lot by reporting on climatic conditions of different parts of the world. (f) —, we can be aware of storms, cyclones and tidal bores, (g) — satellite channels are helping us to a great extent to enrich our own culture and tradition. (h) — satellite channels are playing a favourable role, it is (i) — doing harm to our young and new generation. (j) — still we cannot deny the immense benefits we are getting from satellite channels.
  3. Illiteracy is a great problem in Bangladesh. Most of the people of our country cannot read or write. (a) — the literacy rate in Bangladesh is too low. (b) — it is too poor to be imagined. Illiteracy hampers the development of our country. (c) —, illiteracy helps creating other problems like poverty, unemployment and terrorism. (d) —, there are many reasons responsible for illiteracy. (e) —, we can mention poverty. (f) —, it is the cause. (g) —, we can talk about ignorance and superstition. Unfortunately, most of the people do not have any idea about the importance of education. (h) —, they are reluctant to send their children to school. (i) —, we can mention the limitations of our government and poor infrastructure of our country. (j) —, we should work together to increase the literacy rate of our country.
  4. Once a crow became thirsty (a) — it was a very hot summer day. (b) —, it flew one place to another in search of water, (c) — it did not find any water to drink. (d) — being dejected it decided to fly away to another place. (e) — it noticed a jar in a garden. (f) — it flew to the jar. There was some water in the jar. (g) —, it was at the bottom and out of its reach. (h) —, it did not lose hope. It noticed a heap of pebbles nearby. (i) — it dropped the pebbles into the jar one by one. (j) —, the water came to the mouth of the jar and the crow drank to its fill.
  5. Soil is necessary for life (a) — most of our foods come from soil. It is true (b) — some of us eat meat. (c) — meat comes from animals that live on plants (d) — again grow on soil. (e) — we do not give food to soil, plants will become weak. (f) — natural and inorganic manure are necessary for cultivation. (g) — compost manure is widely used in cultivation. (h) — agriculture scientists discourage the farmers to use pesticides, (i) — they opt for a method of catching pests in traditional way. (j) — it is not so popular.

Answers
1. (a) as; (b) but/however; (c) both ; (d) and ;   (e) firstly; (f) secondly;  (g) furthermore;   (h) 
however;  (i) which;  (j) yet

2. (a) wherever;  (b) which;   (c) that; (d) in fact/really; (e) therefore;  (f) thus; (g) in addition/ moreover/besides; (h) though/although; (i) also;  (j) but  

3. (a) so;  (b) actually; (c) besides; (d) however; (e) for example; (f) in fact;  (g) moreover;   (h) hence;  (i) again; (j) however

4. (a) because/as;  (b) that is why; (c) but; (d) however/at last;   (e) suddenly; (f) soon;  (g) alas/unluckily;  (h) but;   (i) then;  (j) as a result

5. (a) because;  (b) that;   (c) but; (d) which;   (e) if;  (f) so/therefore;  (g) nowadays; (h) moreover;  (i) and;  (j) but

 

Sentence Connectors

  1. Dowry is a social curse. This system prevails in our society. (a) —, there is no written statement about this system. (b) — it is available in our society. (c) —, it is a tradition that exposes our narrow mentality. (d)  — , it is an inhuman torture for both the brides and their guardians. (e) — , the bridals guardians have to suffer a lot to meet up the demand of the bridegroom. (f) — , the brides are to undergo mental and even physical torture in their law’s houses for being unable to pay the dowry. (g) —, this social curse must be removed. (h) — , laws against dowry should be enforced strictly. (i) — , female education should be ensured and more employment opportunities have to be created. (j) — , public awareness should be increased.
  2. Man is a social being. (a) — , man cannot live alone. (b) — , man has been living together from time immemorial. Living in society is not an easy task. If we want to live in a society, we have to follow certain rules and regulations of that society. (c) —, we have to be cooperative. (d) — , we must help others when they need it. (e) —, we have to be careful not to hurt others by our words or activities. (f) — , we must control our emotions and behave well with others. (g) —, we should not think and live only for us. (h) —, we should always work for the betterment of the society. (i) —, we should sacrifice our lives for others. (j) — , sacrificing our lives for others can make us immortal.
  3. Smoking in public place is strictly prohibited in some Asian countries. (a) — , Bangladesh Government has made a ban on smoking in public place. (b) — , smoking is very injurious to our health, life and environment. (c) — it is a very dangerous habit. (d) — it can cause fatal diseases like bronchitis, cancer, tuberculosis, high blood pressure, kidney and heart diseases (e) —  it also pollutes our environment. (f) — a smoker can harm a noon smoker. (g) —  in my family, there is not a single smoker. (h) — the environment of our home always remains fresh. (i) — some people think smoking is a part of fashion. (j) — they completely wrong.
  4. Nelson Mendela was the greatest leader of South Africa. (a) —,  he was one of the greatest leaders of the world. All his life, he struggled against apartheid. The Europeans were separated from the non-Europeans (b) — it was the government policy of racial segregation. (c) — , the blacks were treated cruelly. (d) — , they were denied all basic human rights. (e) — , the blacks were subjected to all sorts of indignities. (f) — dogs received a much better treatment than the blacks. (g) —, they were aliens in their own country. (h) — , the great leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice. He was thrown behind the prison bars. (i) — , the oppressive rulers could not break his spirit. (j) — , the great realized the goal of liberating his own people.
  5. (a) — I was walking along the road the other day, I happened to notice a small brown leather purse lying on the pavement. I picked it up and opened it to see (b) — I could find out the owner’s name. There was nothing inside. It (c) —  some small change and a rather old photograph  a picture of a woman and a young girl about twelve years old who looked like the woman’s daughter. I put the photograph back (d) — took the purse to the police station. (e) — I handed it to the sergeant-in-charge. Before I left, the sergeant made a note of my name and address In case the owner of the purse wanted to write and thank me. That evening I went to have dinner with an uncle and aunt of mine. They had also invited another person, a young woman, (f) — there would be four people at table. The young woman’s face was familiar, (g) — I could not remember where I had seen it. I was quiet sure, (h) — we had not met before. (i) — Conversation, however, the young woman happened to mark that she had lost her purse that afternoon. I at once remembered where I had seen her face. She was the young woman in the photograph (j) — she was now much older.

 Answers

1.(a) however/but (b) still/yet (c) in fact(d) moreover (e) because (f) besides (g) so   (h) at the same time (i) moreover (j) above all

2. (a) so (b) in fact (c) firstly (d) therefore/in other words (e) secondly (f) that is why (g) thirdly (h) rather (i) so (j) in fact. 

3.(a) similarly (b) in fact (c) at the same time; (d) because (e)  and (f) besides (g) fortunately (h) so/as a result (i) nowadays (j) but/in fact

4. (a) in fact (b) as (c) basically (d) moreover  (e) furthermore (f) even (g) in other words   (h) so (i) nevertheless (j) eventually. 

5. (a) while (b) whether/if (c) had (d) and (e)  then/there (f) and (g) but (h) that (i) during (j) but  

 

  1. Soil is necessary for life (a) —— most of our foods come from soil. It is true (b) —— some of us eat meat. (c) —— meat comes from animals that live on plants (d) —— again grow on soil. (e) ——, we do not give food to soil, plants will become weak. (f) —— natural and inorganic manure are necessary for cultivation. (g) —— compost manure is widely used in cultivation. (h) —— agriculture scientists discourage the farmers to use pesticides, (i) —— they opt for a method of catching pests in traditional way. (j) —— it is not so popular.  
  2. Sports are a popular form of entertainment. (a) —— many international sporting events are organized from time to time. (b) —— these events are sponsored by multinational manufacturing companies and business firms. (c) —— they pay for the sports events in exchange for the right to advertise their products during those events. (d) ——, the sponsors products receive maximum media coverage thus giving companies international recognition. This is only the commercial aspect of the international sport. (e) —— there are other aspects too. (f) —— the sports venue becomes a meeting place of the people from different countries, (g) —— people of different nations get together on the occasion of an international sporting event, they come closer to each other. (h) —— they can share views, opinions and friendship. This opportunity creates a sense of brotherhood. (i) ——, getting acquainted with different cultures helps to break down prejudice and broaden outlook. (j) —— globalization has anything to do with the development of international relationship, sporting events can certainly can contribute in a big way.
  3.   Once a crow became thirsty (a) —— it was a very hot summer day. (b) —— it flew from one place to another in search of water, (c) —— it did not find any water to drink. (d) —— being dejected it decided to fly away to another place. (e) —— it noticed a jar in a garden. (f) ——, it flew to the jar. There was some water in the jar. (g) —— it was at the bottom and out of its reach. (h) ——, it did not lose hope. It noticed a heap of pebbles nearby. (i) ——, it dropped the pebbles into the jar one by one. (j) ——, the water came to the mouth of the jar and the crow drank to its full satisfaction.
  4. If you minutely observe a good teacher, you will see that he/she has some qualities that make him or her different from others. (a) ——, a good teacher does not sit motionless in front of the class. (b) —— he walks about the class and it helps him or her to watch over all the students. (c) ——, a good teacher is a clear speaker with good, strong and pleasing voice which is always under his or her control. (d) ——, he or she is able to hold the attention and interest of his or her students. (e) ——, a good teacher knows that every student has something valuable inside him through and by using it, he can shine. (f) ——, he or she discovers the hidden treasure within a student to make him confident. (g) ——, a good teacher has the qualities of an actor. But there is a difference between them. An actor utters memorized words and acts according to the directions coming from the director. (h) ——, a good teacher has to suit his act according to the need of his or her class. (i) ——, a good teacher never hankers after money and he or she is content with what he or she possesses. (j) ——, a good teacher plays a significant role in building up an educated nation and, thus, he or she dispels the darkness of ignorance from the lot of a nation.
  5. Once there lived a good number of frogs in a pond. On a rainy day, they were in a joyous mood. (a) ——, they started playing. (b) ——, there were only a few them, (c) ——, almost all the frogs joined the play. (d) ——, the young ones were very enthusiastic. They jumped into the air and then dived into water. (e) —— some of them began to sing in a loud voice. (f) ——, they were really wonderful to watch on. (g) ——, some boys were passing by the pond. One of them proposed to hit the frogs with pieces of stone in order to have some fun. (h) ——, they started throwing stone at the frogs. (i) ——, some of the frogs got injured and some of them were killed but the boys did not stop their cruel game. (j) ——, they continued throwing stones at the innocent frogs.
  6. ‘Globalization’ is a term (a) —— came into popular usage in 1980’s to describe the increased movement of people, knowledge (b) —— ideas. (c) —— globalization is often thought of an economic terms, this process has many social and political implications as well. (d) —— there are heated debate about globalization and its positive and negative effects. (e) —— globalization is thought of by many (f) —— having the potential to make societies richer through trade and to bring knowledge and information to people around the world, there are many others (g) —— perceive globalization as contributing to the exploitation of the poor by the rich. To put a complicated discussion in simple terms, they argue that exploitative (h) —— declining conditions contribute to the lure of informal ‘extremist’ networks (i) —— commit criminal (j) —— terrorist acts internationally. So, we should be aware of the bad effects of globalization.
  7. An ideal teacher has some special qualities. (a) ——, he is a very dutiful and responsible person. (b) ——, he is (c) —— punctual and preserving (d) —— helpful and sympathetic. (e) ——, the teaching method of an ideal teacher is (f) —— inspiring (g) —— motivating. Through all these qualities an ideal teacher, (h) ——, tries to discover the latent talent of a student. (i) ——, an ideal teacher tries to create ideal citizens for the society, (j) —— for the world.
  8. A policeman has many duties to perform. (a) —— he maintains law and order in the country. He is, (b) ——, called the guardian of law and order. He keeps sharp eye on social miscreants. (c) —— they go unruly, he arrests them (d) —— thereafter, takes them to the police station. There are traffic police also. The duty of a traffic policeman is very hard (e) —— he has to stand under the scorching sun (f) —— in heavy rain for hours together.
  9. Time and tide wait for none. (a) ——, no one can stop the onward march of time. (b) ——, we should not waste a single moment in vain. (c) ——, we should make proper use of every single moment of our life. (d) ——, the students should understand the value of time. It is a matter of great regret that some of the students pass away their valuable time in facebook. (e) ——, they kill their time. (f) ——, they cannot prepare their lesson well. (g) —— they always have a poor preparation for the examination. (h) ——, they cannot do well in the examination. (i) ——, they do not stop wasting time. (j) ——, they continue to waste their time using facebook till it is too late for them.
  10. Our country is facing many problems but one of the serious problems is unemployment. There are many reasons behind this problem, (a) ——, rising population, inflation, low salary, recession, slow business expansion, advancement of technology, corruption etc. Unemployment problem creates some other problems for us. (b) ——, the problem of unemployment gives rise to the problem of poverty. (c) ——, it increases the rate of crimes as the unemployed youth don’t have anything to do but engage in robbery, murder etc. (d) ——, to get rid from the unemployment stress, they accept alcohol or drugs or sometimes they commit suicide (e) ——, it affects our youths mentally as well as physically. In order to get rid of this problem, (f) ——, we have to control the rising population of our country. (g) ——, the quality of our education should be improved. (h) ——, Government should encourage and develop the agriculture based industries in rural areas. (i) ——, rapid industrialization should be created. (j) ——, we have to work together to keep us free from this problem.
  11. Mobile phone has added a new dimension into our communication system. It has made the world closer to us. (a) ——, it has made worldwide communication easier. We use it for our dayto- day communication. (b) ——, it has been a part and parcel in our life as we cannot go for a single day without using it. We use it for rapid communication. (c) —— mobile phone is not free from defect. It has some negative sides as well. (d) ——, excessive use of mobile phone may cause our hearing problem. (e) ——, it is a means of money wastage. (f) ——, it is seen that many underground crimes are being done with the use of mobile network. (g) ——, the radiation from mobile phone may cause cancer to the users. (h) ——, we are aware of these harmful effects. (i) ——, we are not aware of using the mobile phone. (j) ——, we must have to be conscious about the negative impact of mobile phone and accordingly, we should use it carefully.
  12. The name of our college is Sonar Bangla Intermediate College. It is situated at Dumur Upazila in Khagrachari district. It is a famous college in our area. (a), its HSC result is quite satisfactory. (b), almost 50% of the HSC candidates get GPA-5. (c), some bright students get Golden A Plus. The teachers of this college are highly educated. (d), they are skilled and experienced. They take care of us as their own children. (e), we are respectful and obedient to them. (f), we make a nice environment for study. Next year, we are going to sit for the HSC exam. (g), we are studying hard to prepare ourselves. Our respected teachers are guiding us (h). It is we who are to uphold the name and fame of our college to the nation. (i), it is our sacred duty. (j), we must work hard for the sake of our college.
  13. Population of a country is an asset. (a) —— when it grows beyond limit, it becomes a problem. Bangladesh is a small country. But it has large population which causes a lot of problems for us. There are many reasons of this problem. (b) ——, most of our people are illiterate. (c) —— they do not know the result of their problem. They give birth to many children in their life. (d) ——there are many superstitions that Allah has made us and He will feed us. (e) ——many parents want male child. (f) ——our climate is another cause of the growth of population. (g) — many people do not know about family planning. (h) ——it creates many problems for us. (i) ——we should control this growth of population. (j) ——it will hamper our development.
  14. Illiteracy is a social disease. It is the root cause of ignorance (a) ——foils all development efforts of the government and community. No development effort can succeed (b) —— illiteracy can be removed. Eradication of illiteracy, in a country (c) ——Bangladesh with so vast a population is undoubtedly an uphill task. Any individual, community or organization (d) ——the government is not capable of solving this immense problem singled-handed. It is the social responsibility of all the educated people, men and women to make some all out efforts to root out illiteracy from the society. The Government of Bangladesh has already undertaken some effective programmes (e) ——.
  15. There was a lazy king. He was very much unwilling to do any laborious work. (a) ——he grew very fat and could not move from one place to another easily? (b) ——, he called in a doctor. (c) ——the doctor was very clever and wise. (d) ——he could easily understand that the idleness of the king was the root cause of his obesity. (e) ——he thought that if he could reduce the obesity of the king, he would feel well. (f) —— the only way to do this was to advise the king to do physical labour. (g) ——, the doctor was afraid how he could ask the king for physical labour. (h) ——he thought that if the king did not do physical labour, he would grow more bulky. (i) — —, he hit upon a plan, gave the king a club and told him to move it in the air till his hands got moistened. (j) ——, the king became thin from an obese man.
  16. All the virtues depend on the one virtue of perseverance. It is lack of perseverance, not lack of ability, (a) ——is the cause of most of the sad failures, (b) ——men do not persevere in overcoming one difficulty at a time, that they fail. (c) ——stacking to one aim in life (d) ——it is realized, they hesitate, change from one aim to another and (e) ——create for themselves (f) —— a series of difficulties as can never be overcome by human power, (g) ——they fail to accomplish anything. (h) ——a small stream will carve out for itself a deep channel simply by constantly flowing. Without perseverance, all other virtues are like the deceitful fairy gold of the fairy-tales, (i) ——turns to worthless stones (j) ——you try to use it as money in the shops.
  17. Child labour is a very common phenomenon in Bangladesh. Ours is an agro-based country. (a) ——a citizen owns a very small plot of land, (b) ——it is not at all sufficient for his existence, (c) ——there are a lot of landless people too. (d) ——they continue as day labourers, (e) ——they cannot maintain their families, they are compelled to engage their children in manual work in their very childhood (f) ——, most of the children work as domestic servants and maidservants, (g) ——they are sometimes engaged for making gardens, (h) ——many children work in workshops, hotels and shops, (i) ——children have rights to educated themselves for the preparation of life, they cannot fulfil it. (j) ——people of all walks of life and the government should try sincerely to solve this problem and help them so that they can get the light of education.
  18. (a) —— I was coming to Dhaka from Khulna by launch. The weather was very fine and the sky was clear. (b) ——, we all the passengers were in a jolly mood. We all were enjoying the beautiful natural scenery on the either side of the river. (c) ——, the sun set. (d) ——, the weather turned foul (e) ——, there were deep clouds in the sky. (f) ——, a serious storm rose. (g) ——, we all the passengers were terribly upset. The launch was not very big. (h) ——, it was very old. (i) ——, there was no lifeboat in the launch. We lost all hope of life. (j) ——, we were saved by the grace of the Almighty in that fearful night.
  19. Once there lived a good number of frogs in a pond. On a rainy day, they were in a joyous mood. (a) —— , they started playing. (b) ——, there were only a few of them. (c) ——, almost all the frogs joined the play. (d) ——, the young ones were very enthusiastic. They jumped into the air and then dived into water. (e) ——, some of them began to sing in a loud voice. (f) ——, they were really wonderful to watch on. (g) ——, some boys were passing by the pond. One of them proposed to hit the frogs with stones in order to have some fun. (h) ——, they started throwing stones at the frogs. (i) ——, some of the frogs got injured and some of them were killed but the boys did not stop their cruel game. (j) ——they continued throwing stones at the innocent frogs.
  20. The changes in the earth’s weather are called climate change. (a) ——, it refers to the increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere caused by the increase of greenhouse gases. Climate change is not a regional problem. (b) ——, it is a global problem. It cannot be dealt single handed. (c) ——, it must be addressed by all the countries of the world. (d) ——, Bangladesh is playing the leading role in the world forum. (e) ——, it will take time to initiate pragmatic actions against climate change. (f) ——we cannot remain idle. We need to take immediate steps. (g) ——, we immediately should stop deforestation at our national level. (h) — —, we have to enhance afforestation. (i) ——, we should take necessary steps to minimize the emission of greenhouse gases. (j) ——, we should keep ourselves up-to-date with the international community regarding our strategy to fight against climate change.
  21. Students are the future leaders of a country. (a) ——being regular students, they can take part in a lot of welfare work of a country. (b) ——in developing countries students render a great service. (c) ——, students should be conscious. (d) ——it is their foremost duty to make the people conscious. (e) ——student politics is very common in the educational institutions. (f) —— they go for mass meetings; chant slogans for national interest. (g) ——they can spend a lot of time for public welfare. (h) ——they can bring the national development (i) ——, it will be a great service for the whole nation. (j) ——he will be rewarded.
  22. Bangladesh is a small country (a) ——has a huge population. Most people here live below the poverty line and cannot (b) ——educate there children. Many poor children either drop out of school just after a few years or simply do not go to school (c) ——. (d) ——this situation we have far too many students to educate compared to the institutions available. (e) ——every educational institutions are overcrowded and class size is unusually large. (f) ——facilities is these institutions are poor students do not get a standard education. (g) ——many educational institutions are troubled with politics and violence. (h) ——institutions are closed down to avoid clashes between rival groups of students. (i) ——closures badly affect academic progress. (j) — —our education lacks congenial atmosphere.
  23. Health is one of the most important phenomena in human life. (a) ——, a healthy man can earn money and accumulate wealth. (b) ——, health is compared to wealth. (c)——, it is health that can give us bliss and make us happy. (d) ——, health alone can enable us to enjoy our life to full. (e) ——, it is not easy to have a sound health. For this, we have to maintain some certain rules and habit. (f) ——, we have to take a balanced diet. (g) ——, we must take physical exercise regularly. (h) ——, we have to be early riser. (i) ——, we have to lead a decent life. (j) — —, we can attain good health and consequently, wealth.
  24. Pamela is a very sincere student. (a) ——she finds time, she sits in her table. She does well in her college tests. (b) ——she participates in extra-curricular activities. (c) ——her brother Rony is very inattentive to his studies. (d) ——he can’t do well in his school tests (e) ——he mixes with bad boys. One day, his father called him and said, “You should be attentive to study. (f) ——you won’t be able to shine in life.” (g) ——Rony didn’t pay attention to his father’s advice. (h) ——, he wasted his valuable time playing cards with his friends. (i) ——he, failed in the test exam. When his father heard the news, he became very angry. (j) ——Rony’s father called on Rony at his room.

Connector Exercises for SSC

Complete the following sentences with the suitable linking words

If and Because That both Besides so
  1. Teaching is such a profession (a)–helps to build a nation. A teacher is (b)–a guide (c)–a pioneer. He has to dedicate to this noble profession in order to guide the nation. (d)–he is called an architect of a new society. (e)–he neglects his duties, social discipline will break down.
while so besides first of all such as last of all rather
  1. English is the most widely used international language. (a)–communicating with the foreigners, we cannot but use this language. There are certain jobs in the country (b)–the jobs of a pilot, a postman, a telephone operator etc. where English is very essential. (c)–a student wishing to go abroad must learn English. (d)–the importance of learning English in our country cannot be ignored. (e)–we should put high importance on learning English.
at the same time so but besides for instance last of all otherwise

3.The rapid growth of population must be controlled. (a)–all sorts of attempts to solve food problem will fail. (b)–we have to increase our food production very rapidly. We may mostly solve our food problem by changing our traditional food habit. (c)–we can take potato instead of rice. (d)–it is high time we changed our eating habit. (e) –knowledge of nutritive value of food can help solve our food problem.

but in fact for example firstly because though namely
  1. Population problem is the burning question of Bangladesh. (a)–it can be a termed as number one problem. (b)–the population of a country is an asset, it has become a great problem in our country (c)–the country cannot afford to give people the basic necessaries of life. (d)–food, clothing, education, medicine and shelter are the basic necessaries of life. (e)–our country cannot provide these equally to all.
until because but and  as though when as if
  1. There are six seasons in the year. Winter season is a remarkable season. A winter morning is cool (a)–misty. (b)–I get up from bed early in the morning, I have to face some problems. Nature looks pale(c)–the sun rises. (d)–the sun rises, the fog disappears gradually(e)–there are some difficulties, I like it.
therefore firstly finally But besides That similarly 
  1. The paragraph and essay are different from each other. (a)–there are some difficulties between them. (b)–the paragraph has a topic sentence to introduce the main idea. Secondly it has a number of sentences in the middle to develop that idea. (c)–there is a concluding sentence in it to bring the main idea to a close, (d)–the eassy also consists of a beginning, middle and an end. It is, (e)–obvious that the paragraph and the essay share some common features in respect of the structures.
besides since so that because anyway which that both as
  1. The importance of English can hardly be exaggerated (a)–it is a global language. We need to learn it for higher studies (b)–books of almost all faculties of knowledge are written English. (c)–if we do not know English, we will fail to keep pace with the progressive forces of the world. (d)–learning and teaching English in Bangladesh suffer serious set-backs (e)–most of the learners are not keen to learn it.
other than along with so as as well as Both that
  1. An ideal student should have such qualities (a)–would attract other students to follow him. He should be punctual (b)–well-disciplined. He should not waste his time and energy in anything (c)–his studies. Besides an ideal students should be polite and well-behaved with all (d)–in his institutions and outside. His polite and gentle behaviour (e)–academic excellence makes him dear to teachers and students.
when though so if but besides and
  1. Trees are very useful to us. They help us in many ways. They give us oxygen, food and shade. (a)–they protect us from air pollution. (b)–many people are not aware of this. They are cutting down trees every moment without consideration. (c)–they continue to do it, one day there will be no trees left on earth. (d)–this really happens, our lives will be at stake. (e)–, we should stop this practice immediately and grow more and more trees for our own survival.
although in order to if that as

10.Most of our students cannot write out their examination paper fairly. (a)–they cannot understand the questions properly, they often beat about the bush and cram their answers with irrelevant and unnecessary details. (b)–teacher suggest (c)–their answer should be brief and precise, they often lengthen these unnecessarily. (d)–get expected marks you all should understand the question well and answer them to the point. Don’t worry (e)–you answers are fairly short.

because and so that but that which
  1. As a human being, man has a lot of duties to mankind. To perform his duties, he has to select a profession, a future career. I have also selected my future career (a) — I can reach my goal. There are varieties of careers (b) — can give riches, name and fame. (c) — I have selected a simple one. It is teaching. (d) — teachers are the builders of nations, they can reform the society (e) — lead the nation skillfully.
therefore and when but that
  1. Alexander was only twenty years old (a) — he came to the throne. (b) — even as a child he had shown fierce courage, a thirst for knowledge (c) — a desire to conquer. He believed (d) — like Achilles, he too had gods as his ancestors and that he, (e) —, had a divine right to conquer and rule the world.
after whether but so so that if
  1. A miser got some money (a) — he was not happy with it. He was in constant fear (b) — thieves and
    robbers should steal it. (c) — he thought it necessary to devise some steps (d) — no one might get scent of it and steal it. (e) — much thought he bought a lump of gold with all his money and buried it at a secret place.
however but which otherwise although as

14. Every citizen has some duties and responsibilities for his country and nation, (a) — most of the people are indifferent to these. We have achieved our freedom and national identity at the cost of a tremendous sacrifice (b) — is still evaluated nationally, (c) — some unpatriotic people seem to be forgetful of our national history. (d) — we all should render selfless service for society. (e) —, we will be hated by our future generations.

for example both or along with in order to

15.The world we live in is full of things (a) — natural and manmade. Both natural and manmade things constitute our environment. Any abnormal change in chemical, physical (b) — biological characteristics of the environment is called pollution. It causes a lot of harm to mankind. (c) —, it creates health hazards to a greater extent. So, some effective and positive measures should be taken (d) — prevent environment pollution. We (e) — the government should take a hand to create a better environment for living on Earth.

and or as but beside

16.People usually want to have their own way. They want to think and act (a) — they like. (b) —, one cannot have one’s own way all the time. A person cannot live in an environment without considering the interest of others (c) — his own interest. People in society may take their own decision, (d) — these decisions ought not to be unjust (e) — harmful to others.

therefore both that and if so

17.Teaching is such a profession (a) — helps to build a nation. A teacher is (b) — a guide (c) — a pioneer. He has to dedicate to this noble profession in order to guide the nation. (d) —, he is called an architect of a new society. (e) — he neglects his duties, social discipline will break down.

both that though that that

18.(a) — flood is considered to be a natural calamity, it is no doubt a blessing for the people. It is considered to be a blessing in the sense (b) — it makes the soil alluvial. Flood scatters silt over land (c) — makes the soil fertile. So it can be said (d) — flood has (e) — constructive and destructive sides.

so when similarly undoubtedly if

19.(a) — discipline is the secret of success in every sphere of life. A society in which there is no discipline is sure to sink into anarchy. (b) — in the playground the players do not observe the rules of the game and do not obey the captain, they are sure to lose the game. (c) — in our daily life we are to observe certain rules. (d) — we go to a railway station to buy tickets, we have to form a queue to get the ticket. (e) — a student has to maintain discipline strictly.

if where in case of so that

20.Population problem is a burning question of Bangladesh. (a) — it can be termed as number one problem of the country. It is a matter of wonder (b) — totally opposite scenario is seen in the developed countries (c) — each and every citizen is considered to be an asset. (d) — we want to solve this problem, there is no alternative to turning our huge population into manpower. (e) — our failure to do so, we will lag behind.

but as but beside and or

21.People usually want to have their own way. They want to think and act (a) — they like. (b) —, one cannot have one’s own way all the time. A person cannot live in an environment without considering the interest of others (c) — his own interest. People in society many take their own decision, (d) — these decisions ought not to be unjust (e) — harmful to others.

indeed which because of as a result and

22.Globalization is a term (a) — is commonly used by man. (b) —, it is a process of expanding trade and commerce all over the world creating a borderless market. (c) — global development, we have conquered the time (d) — distance. (e) —, we can now learn what is happening in the farthest corner of the world.

secondly first of all as a result moreover but

23.Almost all countries of the world suffer from the curse of unemployment problem. (a) — nowhere in the world thisproblem is so acute as in our country. There are many reasons behind it. (b) —, our country is industrially backward. (c) —, our system of education fails to give a student an independent start of life. It has little provision for vocational training. (d) — our students and youths have a false sense of dignity. (e) — they run after higher level jobs only.

but but moreover undoubtedly besides

24.Many schools have a uniform. (a) — students sometimes do not like the idea of wearing uniforms. However, there are arguments for and against. One argument for school uniform is that you have to waste time in the morning thinking what to put on. (b) —, if pupils were allowed to wear clothes according to their own choice, they would tend to wear expensive clothes. (c) —, some clothes may not be suitable for schools. (d) —, a persons choice of clothes reflects his/her personality and taste. (e) — wearing a school dress does not allow a person to express his/her individuality in this way.

otherwise even so hence who

25.Honesty is a noble virtue. The man (a) — possesses this rare quality is the happiest person in the world. To win people’s trust, a person must be honest. (b) — nobody will believe him. (c) — Allah helps the honest people. (d) — children should be taught honesty from the beginning of life. (e) — children should be brought up among the honest people.

when which but and who as so

26. There is hardly anybody (a)—does not like flowers. Flowers are symbols of beauty and purity. Flowers are of many kinds.(b)—of them the rose is the best one. People like it most (c)—-it has sweet fragrance and beauty.(d)—flowers bloom, nature wears a charming look. We cannot help gazing at them. Flowers always charm and amuse us with their beauty and sweet scent.(e)—flowers are very necessary for human life.

if although but at first which

27. Dengue fever is a serious disease(a)—is caused by a kind of virus called “Dengue Virus”.(b)—-this virus was identified in Africa (c)—now it has spread all over the world.(d)—in most cases dengue fever has its remedy,it is better to prevent it.(e)—we keep our house clean and people are conscious of it,we can easily avoid this disease.

therefore however also from besides always though

28. (a) ___ the very beginning of their life the girls of our society are thought to believe that the best foods should be perceived for the male member of the family. They are (b) ___ thought that they should eat less. (c) ___ this trend helps the girls grow in a different way. (d) ___ they are victimized by social and familial disparity. (e) ___ we the conscious people, should come forward in bringing back their lost dignity.

as well as therefore by the way hence however Anyway

29. Wasik is a British national (a)—-a Bangladeshi citizen. He was born in Bangladesh and then his parents immigrated to the UK. He is a minor boy of six. But he is gifted with an extraordinary talent. He was sent to the local primary school. (b)—-, he was above the level of the average students. (c)—, his parents decided that he should be taught at home. He is fond of friends and music. But his main passion is computer. He, (d) —-, claims the recognition as the youngest computer expert of the world. And (e) —, the Guinness authority has asked his family to make a formal claim.

30. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

As a super being, man has a lot of duties to mankind. To perform his duty, he has to select a profession , future career. I have also selected my future career (a) __ I can reach my goal. There are varieties of careers (b)__ can give riches and name and fame. (c)__ I have selected a simple one. It is teaching. (d) teachers are the builders of the nation, they can reform the society (e)__ lead the nation skillfully.

31. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

People usually want to have their own way. They want to think and act (a)__ they like. (b) __ , one cannot have one’s own way all the time. A person cannot live in an environment without considering the interest of others (c)__his own interest. People in society may take their own decision. (d) __ these decisions ought not to be unjust (e) __ harmful to others.

32. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

A miser got some money (a)__ he was not pleased with it. He was in constant fear (b)__ thieves and robbers should steal it. (c) __ he thought it necessary to devise some steps (d)__ no one might get scent of it and steal it. (e)__ much thought he bought a lump of gold with all his money and buried it at a secret place.

33. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

 There lived a poor (a)__ honest farmer in a village. He lived a very simple life with his wife (b)__ children. (c)__ he was honest, he worked hard on his farm from dawn to dusk. One day (d)__ he was walking to his field, he suddenly saw a purse of gold on the road. He carried it home (e)__ he could show it to his wife and children.

34. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

An early riser gets (a)__ time  to discharge his daily duties, preserving extra time for extra money-making. In this way, he may be wealthy. The beautiful gifts of nature remind everybody of the Creator (b)___ he may make his morning prayers. (c)__ , if a student rises early, he can prepare his lessons more quickly (d)___other time. (e)__ he may be more talented.

35. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

Research in educationist very important, (a)__ it is a very hard task. (b)__ it takes time, it contributes to the development of overall quality of education. (c) __ research can bring out the potentials of the students. (d) __ the developed countries depend on research methods, we still lag behind. (e)__ our quality of education is not improving.

36. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

My attention was best to the cage in (a)__ there are two big snakes. They seemed to be asleep. (b)__ I am sure that (c)__ any one of them could get at me it would have smashed my bones by coiling itself found. The sight of the snakes makes my blood creep. Then I was glad to go away from them (d)__ I turned my eyes from them at a porcupine. It had long quills sticking out. I then saw deer (e)—beautiful eyes attracted me .

37. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

The world we live in is full of things (a)__ natural and man-made. Both natural and man-made things constitute our environment. Any abnormal change in chemical, physical (b) __ biological characteristics of the environment are called pollution. It causes a lot of harm romancing. (c)__ it creates health hazards to a greater extent. So, some effective and positive measures should be taken (d) __ prevent environment pollution. We (e)__ the government should take a hand to create a better environment for living on Earth.

38. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

(a) ___a student dose not learn his/her lessons properly, an examination is tough for him/her.(b)__ an examination is easy if he/she takes proper preparation. The night before examination is not always joyous. Feelings, of course differ from examinee to examinee. (c)__ it is something like a bad dream. (d)__ most of our students are negligent. (e)__ there is much hurry, suspense and tension among the students the night before an examination.

39. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

Families in towns and villages use a number of polybasic each day. They don’t preserve these (a)__ they throw those bags away. This act of people causes pollution to the environment. They don’t get rotten (b)__ they remain mixed with various wastes. Sometimes they get accumulated in drains and stop their proper flow.(c)__ polybasic need to be disposed properly, (d)__ how can this be done? (e)__ they are burnt, they give out black smoke and bad smell to pollute air.

40.  Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

The moon is a very familiar figure to all of us. She awakens a feeling of love and tenderness in our hearts.(a)__ the infant in arm stretches out its hands to grab this beautiful object, (b)__ her appeal is not confined to only children. The full moon has always played an important role in literature, (c) __ science has different things to tell about the moon, (d) __ on a clear night, we look out on the magic of moon light, it is often difficult for us to realize (e)__ the moon is shining in borrowed feathers.

41. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

None can deny the importance of tree plantation (a)__ our lives on earth directly and indirectly depend on it. (b)__ it is matter of sorrow that we are cutting down trees indiscriminately.(c)___ trees are planted, soon our country will turn into desert. (d)___ there will be an adverse change in the climate. (e)__ we should plant more and more trees for our own sake.

42. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

Writing is one of the most useful things (a)__ invented by man. (b)__ our present civilization depends largely upon writing. (c)__ . We could know a little about our past(d)__ written documents. It was impossible for us to know anything about our history. Then, a question may arise that (e)__ has invented this art?

43. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

There lived a poor (a)__ honest farmer in a village. He lived a very simple life with his wife (b)__ children. (c)__ he was honest, he worked hard on his farm from dawn to dusk. One day (d)__ he was walking to his field, he suddenly saw a purse of gold on the road. He carried it home (e)__ he could show it to his wife and children.

44. Complete the passage using suitable connectors.

Teaching is such a profession (a)__ helps to build a nation. A teacher is (b)__ a guide (c)__ a pioneer. He has to dedicate to this noble profession in order to guide the nation. (d)__ , he is called and architect of a new society. (e)__ he neglects his duties, social discipline will break down.

Correct form of verb Exercises for SSC

  1. Fill in the blanks with the words from the box. You may need to change the forms of some of the words. You may need to use one word more than once.               .5×10=5
festivals feel make have be
enjoy celebrate come study increase

Once Suapur (a)___ a big union. It (b) __ a large area. Later on, as population (c)__  the union need to be divided, and thus a new union called Nannar (d)__  into being. But it is pleasant to note that children of both the unions yet (e) __ united as they study in the same school called Suapur Nannar High School. They do their (f) __ together and (g) __ their school time (h) __ . Moreover, the two unions (i)__  different national and cultural (j) __ together.

 

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box.       .5×10=5
become give apply Keep mix earn
open enrich receive wish look know

Bookish knowledge (a) __ useless when one (b)__ it in the real life. In our practical life, we (c)__ with different types of people and we get (d) __ by learning from their way of living, manners and other things. The world is big. If we (e)__ our eyes and ears (f)__ , we can learn a good things of life. The outside world (g) __ us a wide scope of (h)  __different people and their cultures. The things (i) __ at schools and colleges are important but what we (j) __ from our practical life is precious.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box.
take forget be start walk welcome enter Thank answer Ask

My first day at school is a memorable day in my life. I will (a)__ the day as long as I live. It (b)__ in January, 1976, I (c)__ my schooling at a village primary school. My father (d)__ me to the school for admission. We (e)__ all the way to school . When I (f)__ the Headmaster’s room. I greeted him. I was (g)__  and given a seat. Then he (h)__ me some questions. As I (i)__ them, he (j)__ me cordially and affectionately.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box.          .5×10=5 
forget write be were write
happen misunderstand grow consider behave

I could (a) __ any letter to you for a long time. Really, I (b) __ sorry for it. Last time, you (c) __ about the misbehavior of one of your friends. You (d) __ very much upset conserving this. Please , try to (e) __ it. Some people (f) __ unusually without (g) __ the situation. Some (h) __ violent on the spur of the moment or it may so (i) __ that sometimes persons (j) __ one another. There was misunderstanding between you.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box..5×10=5              
mould take shape get exercise
grow learn teach influence form

            A mother (a)__ an undeniable influence in the (b)__ of children’s character and in (c)__ their future destiny. The things that they learn at home (d)__ a firm root in them. And it goes without saying that this learning they (e)__ mostly from their mother as they live under her direct supervision and constant care. This is why a child (f)__ the language first from its mother. The culture of the family also (g)__ the children’s habits and manners. Mother should (h)__ her children how to (i)__ the habit of good manners to (j)__ up in gentle environment.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box. You can use one word more than once if it is needed.                                         .5×10=5
begin destroy be come stand put call die

The battle of Badr (a) __ the most important among the Islamic battles of Destiny. It (b) __ the first time when the followers of a new faith were (c) __ into a serious test. If the pagan army (d) __ victorious over the nascent Islamic forces, the faith of Islam could have (e) __ to an end. No one was aware of the outcome of the battle even the prophet (Sm) himself. The battle (f) __ when Utbah Ibn Rabi-ah, his son Al-Walid and his brother Shaybah (g) __ in front of the pagan army and asked the Prophet (Sm) to send to them their equals for a dual. The Prophet (h) __ upon Ali (R) Al Hamza (R) and Obeidah Al-Harith (R) to face the three warriors. Ali (i) __  Al-Walid and Al Hamza killed Utbah. Then they both helped Obeidah to kill Shaybah but Obeidah (j)__ as he lost one of his legs and became the first martyr at this battle.

  1. Complete the passage with suitable verbs from the box. Put them in the correct tenses.    Use the negatives where necessary.        
forget write Be were write
happen misunderstand grow consider behave

            I could (a)__ any letter to you for a long time. Really I (b)__ sorry for it. Last time, you (c)__ about the misbehaviour of one of your friends. You (d)__ very much upset conserving this. Please, try to (e)__ it. Some people (f) unusually without (g)__ the situation. Some (h)__ violent on the spur of the moment or it may so (i) __ that sometimes persons (j) __ one another. There was misunderstanding between you.

  1. Complete the passage with suitable verbs from the box. Put them in the correct tenses.            .5×10=5        
prefer welcome is boil overcome
save devise introduce implement take

            The introduction of solar ponds in Bangladesh may not be (a) __ at first by our villagers. This (b)__ because many villagers are used to eating fried foods. In solar pond the food can be (c)__ only. Also cooking together in a solar pond may not be liked by some women who (d)__ to cook privately in their homes. However, all these problems can be (e)__ through the introduction of the solar pond and by widespread demonstrations of the value of boiled food. Some experts (f) __ the plan of solar ponds in Bangladesh with a view to (g)__ energy. But the plan has not yet been (h) __ even on experimental basis. It will (i)__ time to (j)__ solar ponds and  popularize them.

  1. Complete the following text using with right form of verbs from the box.          
prevail be stop respect reign
Feel     understand triumph preach prosper

            Truth always (a)__ in the world. Falsehood may (b)__ for the time being. Those who (c)__ engaged in (d) __ the truth are (e)__ by the people . Those who (f)__ interested in telling lies not (g)___ in life. They may prosper seemingly. But they cannot people (i) __ what was good for them. He was troubled by the powerful people. Yet he never (j)___ teaching good things.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of verbs given the box.
make be find play pray
turn mention bring occupy care

There is no children park in our locality. Children (a) __ the future hope of the nation. For their mental growth they need mental refreshment. In our locality they do (b__ any place where they can (c) __ freely. We (d) __ that you will (e)__ necessary arrangements for establishing a children’s park in a suitable place in our locality. It is further (f)__ in this context that there are some open spaces illegally (g)__ by some local powerful persons who usually (h) __ anybody . These spaces may be (i)__ under govt. possession for (j)__ them into children’s park.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of verbs given the box.
controlled have take hinder change compel
stop fight avoid care cultivating know

It is (a) __ how certain diseases (b) __ men to change their food habits. One cannot (c)__ cancer by (d)__ food habits, for example. On the other hand, diabetes and blood-diabetic patent must (g)__ sugar and the patient with diabetes should not (h)__ salt. The patient needn’t (i)—drinking coffee or tea but he mustn’t (j)__ sugar in either.

  1. Complete the following text with right from of the verbs given in the box. .5×10=5
contribute kill come show flee involve achieve have Be take

Today we (a)__ a free nation. We (b)__ to take great pains to gain freedom. Our war of liberation (c)—place in 1971. People of all walks of life (d)__ forward and got (e)__ in the war directly and indirectly. Many a man (f)__ in the battlefields. They (g) __ from the battlefields (h)__ their back. Rather all of them (i)__ much to (j)__ independence.

  1. Complete the following text with right from of the verbs given in the box. .5×10=5
prove need have lose turn
love become sacrifice rear fly

The best friend a mad (a)__ in the world may (b)__ against him and (c)__ his enemy. His son or daughter, that he (d)__ with (e)__ care (f)__ ungrateful. The money that a man has may (g)__. It (h)__ away from him when he (i)__ it most. His reputation may (j)__ in a moment of an ill-considered action.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box.
stay come be conquer chain arrange
wait welcome wait welcome make offer

Time is compared to a gypsy who (a)__ anywhere for long. The poet (b)__ time to be his guest for a day. He (c)__ time many valuable gifts and honor. He offers bells (d)__ of the best silver for his horse and a golden ring for himself. He will (e)__ a peacock dance in honor of time. But time is a thing that never stays. The greatest tragedy it that it never (f)__ back. It never (g)__. Man has been angle to (h)__ the world but he (i)__ by the time. He (J)__ nothing but puppet to the power of time.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box. .5×10=5          
become grow strong ask demand reflect make call celebrate play

International Women’s Day (a)__ important all over the world for women in developed and developing countries alike. The (b)__ international women’ movement, which has been (c)__ by four global united Nation’s women’s conferences, (d)__ for coordinated efforts to (e)__ women’s right and participation in the political and economic process. Increasingly, the international women’s Day is time to (f)__ on progress (g)__, to (h)__ for change and to (i)__ acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have (j)__ an extraordinary role in the history of women’s rights.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box.            
take eat deserve be thrive
cause run know fall do

Everybody (a)__ that food adulteration (b)__ a crime. Adulterated food is poisonous and (c)__ fatal diseases. People (d)__ this king of food (e)__ a victim to liver diseases, cancer, and kidney failure and so on. Some businessmen who are avaricious and (f)__ after money only(g)__ this heinous work. They (h)__ on the miseries of others. They (i)__ severe punishment, some strict measures should be (j)__ to stop this abominable task of the greedy businessmen.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box. .5×10=5          
try spoil waste drift stuck
overcome have face choose prepare

A ship without a rudder (a)__ at the mercy of the wind and waves. Even if it (b)__ , it cannot reach the goal, similarly, a man without an aim simply (c)__ his time and energy (d)__ one thing after another . Once this aim is fixed it should (e)__ to. It is because of the fact that a man (f)__ an aim (g)__ the difficulties he has to (h)__ to reach the goal of life. (i)__ of a career means fixing your aim in life. It makes you (j)__ in life for struggle.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box.
call fish provide encounter get
have remain engage fall go

People (a)__ in fishing for their livelihood (d)__ fishermen. Generally they live by the riverside for their professional advantages. Many fishermen go for (c) __ at night. While they have (d) __ to deep sea, their families (e) __ in grave concern until they come back. Fishermen usually (f) __ storms and cyclones in the deep sea. Yet they take courage and endurance in order to survive in the midst of danger. But many fishermen die being (g)__ in violent storm. They cannot (h)__ any warning about the violent storm as most of them (i)__ radio sets. Hence fishermen should be (j)__ with modern facilities.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box. .5×10=5          
build rise damage act breed
control lack have resist overcome

Self-control (a)__all other virtues. Man generally (b)__ in impulses and  strong desires. Vicious desires (c)__ the purity of heart and mind resulting in the degradation of human nature. It is self- control that can help a man (d)__ up a pure character which is very essential to (e)__ above the level of inhumanity. A  man who (f)__ tolerance (g)__ himself. He can’t (h)__ the problems that he faces in society. A man devoid of self-control (i)__ a strong sense of humanity whereby can (j)__ his harmful passions.

  1. Complete the following text with right form of the verbs given in the box.
help reach breed stay survive
remain insulate reduce spend be

Penguins are true flightless birds. Some species (a)__ as much as 75% of their lives at sea, yet they all (b)__ , on land or sea-ice attached to land. To (c)__ in the harsh conditions of the  Antarctic, their bodies (d)__ by a thick layer of fat and dense network of waterproof things. Penguin’s bones (e)__ solid and heavy which (f)__ them (g)__ submerged and (h)__ the energy needed for pursuit diving . some species (i)__ depths of 1000 feet or more and (j)__ submerged for up to 50 minutes though most prefer shorter, shallower dives.

  1. Complete the following text with right forms of verbs given in the box. .5×10=5               
say pace want leave eat take
sleep rest look help to have to be

Last week my father and I (a)__ to visit my aunt and uncle up in the hills. “Laila, tomorrow we must (b)__ early. It’s a long way to my brother’s village.” My father(c)__ I (d)__ very excited and couldn’t (e)__ . In the morning I (f)__ my bag and (g)__ my mother in the kitchen. “You can (h)__ this food with you.” She said. “You must (i)__ well. Here (j)___ some drinking water too.

  1. Complete the following text with right forms of verbs given in the box.
forget copy become be mould
try intrude give originate contribute

Culture is traditions. Tradition always (a)__ culture. Our cultural heritage, Linguistic history and norms (b)__ from the same sure and deeply rooted in its soil. Land and people are inter-dependent. Different social and religious festivals have relevance to nature. They (c)__ to the ethics and rituals that bind the society together but gradually the western culture (d)__ into our culture in a very alarming way. Young generation are (e)___more inclined to the Western culture. Youngsters are trying (f)__ Western gross and vulgar culture (g)__ our own culture. But the individual love is the theme of the Western songs and our songs are pole part from the western music as this is the age of globalization , we (h)__ able to discard the western culture and civilization according to our social values. We (j)__ to imitate what is good in Western culture and (j)__ up what is bad in there.

  1. Complete the following text with right forms of the verbs given in the box.            
use implement require come have
constitute undermine honor create give

It is high time we (a)__ our brain about the course of dowry. The issues of dowry (b)__ to be considered in view of country’s socio-economic, cultural, political circumstances. United efforts (c)__ to put an end to violence against women. A specific framework must be drawn up to be (d)__. Any way, we can hope that dowry (e) __ to an end in the time to come. It (f) __ social imbalance. It also (g)__ women. Women (h)__ half of our population. We must (i) __ them. We must (J)__ them education.

  1. Complete the passage with suitable verbs from the list. Put them in the correct tenses. Use negatives where necessary.
make influence enrich live recollect do 
have produce bring replace be  

We (a)—in an age of electronics. Every aspect of life (b) — by electronics. We (c) — radio, television, tape and video cassette recorders for entertainment as well as educational purposes. Electronic clocks and watches are (d) — old clocks and watches; and these (e) — more accurate and cheaper too. Calculators and computers (f) — a revolutionary change in our life. Difficult calculations and many kinds of intellectual work (g) — by them. Even musical instruments and toys are being (h) — with the help of electronics. In fact, electronic goods (i) — influencing and (j) — our life as well.

  1. Complete the passage with suitable verbs from the list. Put them in the correct tenses. Use negatives where necessary.
inform come wait ask make call
give admit run  be situated know

Tareq along with of his friends (a) — for an interview with the Headmaster. When his turn came, he (b) — into the Headmaster’s room. The Headmaster (c) — Tareq in which class he wished to get himself admitted. In reply Tareq (d) — him that he intended to be (e) — in class nine. The Headmaster then asked Tareq where he (f) — from? Tareq replied that he had come from a village. The name of his village is Rupgonj. It (g) — in the north west of Jamalpur district. A river (h) — by the side of Rupgonj. About 4,000 people live in his village. Most of them (i) — either farmers or laborers. Most of the houses of his village (j) — of bamboo, wood, mud and straw.

  1. Complete the passage with suitable verbs from the list. Put them in the correct tenses. Use negatives where necessary.
inform give wait bear take hear
come admit run  see wait be

One day while I (a) — along Mirpur Road, I (b) — a lot of people who (c) — just doing their shopping quite normally. Suddenly I saw two robbers ran out of a bank and (d) — I just stopped. I (e)—-to do anything because one of the robbers (f) — a gun. They ran past me and (g) — into a car that (h) — near the bus stop. People (i) — and screaming. The manager rushed out of the bank and ran towards the car but it (j) — too late.

  1. Complete the passage with suitable verbs from the list. Put them in the correct tenses. Use negatives where necessary.
bite might may be will take
carry get must have would kill

Malaria (a) — by a kind of mosquito. If a man (b) — a malaria and mosquito bites him, it (c) — away some of the germs of the disease. If this mosquito then (d) — a healthy man, the germ (e) — into his blood and he gets malaria. Mosquitoes, lay their eggs in the standing water. If there (f) — no standing water, there (g) — no mosquitoes and so there would be no malaria. Sometimes people put kerosene oil on standing water and this (h) — the mosquitoes before they (i) — big enough to flyaway. If everybody in a country (j) — part in the fight against mosquitoes, all might soon get rid of malaria

  1. Complete the passage with suitable verbs from the list. Put them in the correct tenses. Use negatives where necessary..
carry cause responsible stick eat be
see call get walk bear  

Many diseases (a) — by the little things which (b) — germs. They are our hidden enemies. The germs of typhoid and many other diseases (c) — by flies. You have (d) — flies walking on dirty things. There (e) — germs on these dirty things and they (f) — to the legs of the flies. (g) — on our food the germs stick to it. And if we eat the food the germs (h) — into our body and may make us ill. Dust (i) — germs, too. So you must remember not (j) — food if flies have been on it or if there is dust on it.
Right form of verbs

  1. (a) are living (b) is influenced (c) have (d) replacing (e) are (f) have brought (g) are done (h) produced (i) are (j) enriching. 

25.(a) was waiting (b) was called (c) asked (d) informed (e) admitted (f) had come (g) is situated (h) runs (i) are (j) are made.

  1. (a) was walking (b) saw (c) were (d) were running (e) didn’t try (f) was carrying (g) jumped (h) was waiting (i) were shouting (j) was.
  2. (a) is carried (b) has (c) carries (d) bites (e) may get (f) was (g) would be (h) kills (i) are (j) took.
    28. (a) are caused (b) are called (c) are carried (d) seen (e) are (f) stick (g) walk (h) get (i) bears (j) to cat.