SSC, SUGGESTIONS, Updates

English Suggestion for SSC Candidates – 2019

  • English Suggestion for SSC Candidates – 2019 
    • Paragraph

     

    1. A School Magazine/Library
    2. A book fair
    3. A Winter Morning
    4. Bus/Railway Station
    5. Traffic Jam
    6. A Street Accident
    7. A Tea Stall
    8. Importance of learning English
    9. A Hawker/Day Labourer/Farmer
    10. A rainy day
    11. National flag
    12. Environmental Pollution

     

    • Story

     

    1. Who is to bell the cat?
    2. Bayazid’s devotion to his mother
    3. A Wood cutter and a fairy
    4. Honesty is the best police
    5. Unity is Strength
    6. The cats and the Monkey
    7. A lion and the mouse  
    8. Sheikh Saadi and prestige of dress  
    9. A Greedy Farmer
    10. A Thirsty Crow

     

    • Describing graphs/charts

     

    1. Mobile/Telephone
    2. Population growth/living below poverty line
    3. GPA-holder SSC Exam of BN School
    4. Changing attitude to past times
    5. Selling rates of books
    6. Obtained marks and GPA in different subjects
    7. Choice of hobbies/professions
    8. Time allocation of daily activities
    9. Result/Passing rate of different subjects

     

    • Informal Letter

     

    1. Thanking for friend’s hospitality   
    2. Benefit of reading newspaper
    3. Congratulation on brilliant success
    4. Condolence at someone’s death
    5. How to improve in English
    6. Plans after the examination  
    7. Invitation/describing summer vacation
    8. Bad effects of smoking
    9. Preparation/progress for SSC Examination
    10. Importance of physical exercises

     

    • Dialogue

     

    1. Illiteracy problem
    2. Improving skill in English
    3. Importance of tree plantation
    4. Importance of reading newspaper
    5. Uses and abuses of mobile phone
    6. Choice of career/aim in life
    7. Between you and doctor
    8. Between you and  salesman
    9. What you will do after the SSC Exam
    10. Importance of physical exercises

     

    • CV with Cover Letter

     

    1. Assistant teacher/lecturer in English
    2. Probationary/senior/junior officer
    3. Marketing manager
    4. Sales officer/executive/Cashier
    5. A librarian
    6. A medical representative

     

    • Application

     

    1. Setting up common room/Increasing facilities
    2. For staging a drama
    3. Seat in the hostel
    4. Testimonial
    5. Study tour/Excursion
    6. To help the flood affected people
    7. Opening a relief camp
    8. Relief goods and medical aid

     

    • Composition

     

    1. Wonders of Modern Science
    2. Your Childhood Memories
    3. Importance of Physical Exercise
    4. Tree plantation
    5. Aim in life
    6. A Journey by……
    7. Importance of Reading Newspaper
    8. The game you like most
    9. Population problem
    10. Unemployment problem
    11. Floods in Bangladesh

     

    • Seen passage

     

    1. Human can neither change [U-5 , L-3(A)]
    2. Heritage is what [U-8 , L-1(B)]
    3. The French sculptor [U-8 , L-3(D)]
    4. Michael Madhusudan Dutt [U- 12, L-3(A)]
    5. The pioneer of Bangladeshi [U- 7, L-1(A)]
    6. Can you think of [U- 13, L-3(C)]
    7. May Day [U-3 , L-2(B)]
    8. Lake Baikal [U- 8, L-4(C)]
    9. Mother Teresa was moved [U-7 , L-6(B)]
    10. 26 March [U- 3, L-5(B)]
    11. Zahir Raihan [U-5 , L-1(A)]
    12. The advantage of  [U-13 , L-2(B)]
    13. Zahir Raihan
    14. Pretilata
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Updates

EXERCISE ON COMPLETING SENTENCES FOR HSC

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5

Set-1:
a) Rangamati is very busy. But don’t worry. If I find any good hotel, —
b) I couldn’t understand the chemistry lesson today. I would understand the lecture better if the teacher —.
c) My cousin, Mohua is going to Cox’s bazaar on vacation. If I were she, I —
d) Bangladesh is one of the worse victims of climate change. The climate is getting hotter because of —.
e) Whenever I go out for a walk, —. I know many people don’t like this.
f) I shall stay here until —. I do not want to take any rest.
g) The shoes were so expensive that —. I didn’t have sufficient money with me.
h) Her voice was too low for the people at the back to —. The organizers should have arranged sound system.
i) London was a new city for us. We hired a bus so that —.
j) As I’ve already completed my studies, —. I need money.
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-1:
a) Rangamati is very busy. But don’t worry. If I find any good hotel, I’ll contact you immediately.
b) I couldn’t understand the chemistry lesson today. I would understand the lecture better if the teacher explained the points with more examples..
c) My cousin, Mohua is going to Cox’s bazaar on vacation. If I were she, I would go to Srimongal.
d) Bangladesh is one of the worse victims of climate change. The climate is getting hotter because of the greenhouse effect.
e) Whenever I go out for a walk, I take my umbrella with me. I know many people don’t like this.
f) I shall stay here until you come back. I do not want to take any rest.
g) The shoes were so expensive that I could not buy them. I didn’t have sufficient money with me.
h) Her voice was too low for the people at the back to hear. The organizers should have arranged sound system.
i) London was a new city for us. We hired a bus so that we could enjoy a hassle free tour round the city.
j) As I’ve already completed my studies, I’m thinking of applying for a full time position. I need money.

 

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5

Set-2:
a) This is not the time —. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. — I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. — we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, — we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused —. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man: — was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise —. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe —.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. — is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka —.
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-2:
a) This is not the time to gossip in a body. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. Having taken rest for some time, I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. As the river was smooth, we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, when it is winter, we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused to do so. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man. Your doing such a thing was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise, we must keep it. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe what he says.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. How I can help him is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka in order to attend an important meeting.

 

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5

Set-2:
a) This is not the time —. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. — I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. — we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, — we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused —. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man: — was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise —. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe —.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. — is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka —.
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-2:
a) This is not the time to gossip in a body. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. Having taken rest for some time, I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. As the river was smooth, we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, when it is winter, we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused to do so. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man. Your doing such a thing was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise, we must keep it. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe what he says.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. How I can help him is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka in order to attend an important meeting.

 

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.        5

 

Set-3

  1. a) Whenever my uncle comes to our house —. I have never seen him coming to our house empty –handed.
  2. b) I entered the house keeping Karim standing outside. I told him to wait until —.
  3. c) In society people say many things. We should not give importance on —. Rather we should think everything sensibly on our own.
  4. d) He always chatters. — bears no sense. It’s very boring.
  5. e) Yesterday I saw Shimul —. The river was violent then. This shows that he is very courageous.
  6. f) My HSC examination s over. I could not do well in it. — is uncertain.
  7. g) You say Karim has failed. I don’t believe it. I know him — student.
  8. h) Karim, come here. I have many things —.
  9. i) When the crime was committed —. So undoubtedly he is not involved in it.
  10. j) Some people say that Jamil set fire to house of the widow. But just this morning he has given her one thousand taka and some food. This proves —.

 

Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-3:

  1. a) Whenever my uncle comes to our house, he brings some sweets. I have never seen him coming to our house empty–handed.
  2. b) I entered the house keeping Karim standing outside. I told him to wait until I came.
  3. c) In society people say many things. We should not give importance on meaningless talks. Rather we should think everything sensibly on our own.
  4. d) He always chatters. What he says bears no sense. It’s very boring.
  5. e) Yesterday I saw Shimul swimming in the river. The river was violent then. This shows that he is very courageous.
  6. f) My HSC examination s over. I could not do well in it. Whether I shall get GPA 5 is uncertain.
  7. g) You say Karim has failed. I don’t believe it. I know him to be a meritorious student.
  8. h) Karim, come here. I have many things to tell you.
  9. i) When the crime was committed, Karim was in Dhaka. So undoubtedly he is not involved in it.
  10. j) Some people say that Jamil set fire to house of the widow. But just this morning he has given her one thousand taka and some food. This proves that he is innocent.

 

Set-1
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) Rangamati is very busy. But don’t worry. If I find any good hotel, —
b) I couldn’t understand the chemistry lesson today. I would understand the lecture better if the teacher —.
c) My cousin, Mohua is going to Cox’s bazar on vacation. If I were she, I —

  1. d) Bangladesh is one of the worse victims of climate change. The climate is getting hotter because of —.
    e) Whenever I go out for a walk, —. I know many people don’t like this.
    f) I shall stay here until —. I do not want to take any rest.
    g) The shoes were so expensive that —. I didn’t have sufficient money with me.
    h) Her voice was too low for the people at the back to —. The organizers should have arranged sound system.
    i) London was a new city for us. We hired a bus so that —.
    j) As I’ve already completed my studies, —. I need money.
    to the question. no. 1
    a) Rangamati is very busy. But don’t worry. If I find any good hotel, I’ll contact you immediately.
    b) I couldn’t understand the chemistry lesson today. I would understand the lecture better if the teacher explained the points with more examples..
    c) My cousin, Mohua is going to Cox’s bazar on vacation. If I were she, I would go to Srimongal.
    d) Bangladesh is one of the worse victims of climate change. The climate is getting hotter because of the greenhouse effect.
    e) Whenever I go out for a walk, I take my umbrella with me. I know many people don’t like this.
    f) I shall stay here until you come back. I do not want to take any rest.
    g) The shoes were so expensive that I could not buy them. I didn’t have sufficient money with me.
    h) Her voice was too low for the people at the back to hear. The organizers should have arranged sound system.
    i) London was a new city for us. We hired a bus so that we could enjoy a hassle free tour round the city.
    j) As I’ve already completed my studies, I’m thinking of applying for a full time position. I need money.

Set-2
a) This is not the time —. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. — I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. — we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, — we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused —. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man: — was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise —. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe —.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. — is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka —.

Ans. to the question. no. 2
a) This is not the time to gossip in a body. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. Having taken rest for some time, I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. As the river was smooth, we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, when it is winter, we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused to do so. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man. Your doing such a thing was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise, we must keep it. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe what he says.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. How I can help him is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka in order to attend an important meeting.

 

Completing sentences with clauses/phrases

Set-3
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) Whenever my uncle comes to our house —. I have never seen him coming to our house empty — handed.
b) I entered the house keeping Karim standing outside. I told him to wait until—.
c) In society people say many things. We should not give importance on —. Rather we should think everything sensibly on our own.
d) He always chatters. — bears no sense. It’s very boring.
e) Yesterday I saw Shimul —. The river was violent then. This shows that he is very courageous.
f) My HSC examination is over. I could not do well in it. — is uncertain.
g) You say Karim has failed. I don’t believe it. I know him — student.
h) Karim, come here. I have many things —.
i) When the crime was committed —. So undoubtedly he is not involved in it.
j) Some people say that Jamil set fire to house of the widow. But just this morning he has given her one thousand taka and some food. This proves —.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-3.
a) Whenever my uncle comes to our house, he brings some sweets. I have never seen him coming to our house empty-handed.
b) I entered the house keeping Karim standing outside. I told him to wait until I came.
c) In society people say many things. We should not give importance on meaningless talks. Rather we should think everything sensibly on our own.
d) He always chatters. What he says bears no sense. It’s very boring.
e) Yesterday I saw Shimul swimming in the river. The river was violent then. This shows that he is very courageous.
f) My HSC examination s over. I could not do well in it. Whether I shall get GPA 5 is uncertain.
g) You say Karim has failed. I don’t believe it. I know him to be a meritorious student.
h) Karim, come here. I have many things to tell you.
i) When the crime was committed, Karim was in Dhaka. So undoubtedly he is not involved in it.
j) Some people say that Jamil set fire to house of the widow. But just this morning he has given her one thousand taka and some food. This proves that he is innocent.

 

Set-4
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) Yesterday a boy came to me. He said that —. So I gave him a shirt and some money.
b) A match will be played between our college and Dhaka College. But the time when the match will start is yet—.
c) Sometimes we fail to answer the questions—. Only Rana hardly fail to do so. He is the best boy in the class.
d) A thief entered Sumon’s room —. Sumon caught hold of the thief.
e) — is known to all. Still many people lead dishonest life.
f) You say you are late due to your failure to get a rickshaw —. You could start earlier.
g) We should work and speak sensibly. — often invite difficulties in our life.
h) This place is memorable in my life. It is the place —.
i) Swimming is a good exercise. Everyday I swim —.
j) You have failed in the exam. You could pass—.
Ans. to the ques. no. 4
a) Yesterday a boy came to me. He said that he had no shirt to wear. So I gave him a shirt and some money.
b) A match will be played between our college and Dhaka College. But the time when the match will start is yet to be fixed.
c) Sometimes we fail to answer the questions asked by our teachers. Only Rana hardly fail to do so. He is the best boy in the class.
d) A thief entered Sumon’s room while he was praying. Sumon caught hold of the thief.
e) That honesty is the best policy is known to all. Still many people lead dishonest life.
f) You say you are late due to your failure to get a rickshaw. The reason you put up is not acceptable. You could start earlier.
g) We should work and speak sensibly. Because working and speaking insensibly often invite difficulties in our life.
h) This place is memorable in my life. It is the place where I met you first.
i) Swimming is a good exercise. Everyday I swim until I feel tired.
j) You have failed in the exam. You could pass if you obey your parents’ advice.

Set-5
a) I can’t spend much time with you. I have an important work —.
b) Last night a beggar took shelter in our home. We gave him —. He was very pleased with us.
c) Rana has left just a few minutes ago. If you arrived a little earlier, —.
d) Rini is a good singer. She sings so beautifully that —.
e) The departure time of the train was approaching. So he walked fast —.
f) I need a reliable and a dutiful person. Since —, I will give you the task.
g) My elder brother was going to London. My parents burst into tears — departure. I also could not control myself.
h) In this world some people live longer than others. Those — gathers best experience.
i) You should not gossip at this moment. A little later you are going to sit for the examination. I can’t think —.
j) Ranu informed me that she was in danger. I went —.
Ans. to the ques. no. 5
a) I can’t spend much time with you. I have an important work that father has imposed on me.
b) Last night a beggar took shelter in our home. We gave him food and other necessary things. He was very pleased with us.
c) Rana has left just a few minutes ago. If you arrived a little earlier, you would see him.
d) Rini is a good singer. She sings so beautifully that people are amused.
e) The departure time of the train was approaching. So he walked fast to catch the train.
f) I need a reliable and a dutiful person. Since you promise to work carefully, I will give you the task.
g) My elder brother was going to London. My parents burst into tears at the time of his departure. I also could not control myself.
h) In this world some people live longer than others. Those who live the longest gather best experience.
i) You should not gossip at this moment. A little later you are going to sit for the examination. I can’t think how you can be so insincere.
j) Ranu informed me that she was in danger. I went to help her immediately.

 Set-6
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) The drivers — have an overtaking tendency. They are responsible for road accidents.
b) Earthquake can visit Dhaka at any time. We have to be alert —.
c) People consider Stephen Hawking — after Einstein. He is now confined in a wheel chair.
d) My father bought a car yesterday. He allowed me—.
e) It has started —. We had better not to go outside.
f) We should lock our doors —. The thieves can enter our house.
g) I don’t want to —. I have decided to make a business.
h) He became very tired —. He needs to have some rest.
i) The boy — is my brother. He gets up early in the morning.
j) He used to work here in part time. But now he is—.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-6
a) The drivers who are ignorant have an overtaking tendency. They are responsible for road accidents.
b) Earthquake can visit Dhaka at any time. We have to be alert in the event of earthquake.
c) People consider Stephen Hawking the greatest physicist after Einstein. He is now confined in a wheel chair.
d) My father bought a car yesterday. He allowed me to use his car.
e) It has started to rain heavily. We had better not to go outside.
f) We should lock our doors when we go out. The thieves can enter our house.
g) I don’t want to apply for any job. I have decided to make a business.
h) He became very tired because he worked hard. He needs to have some rest.
i) The boy who is reading attentively is my brother. He gets up early in the morning.
j) He used to work here in part time. But now he is a full time worker.
Set-7
a) In the present global village, skill and competence are essential —.
b) In this situation, women education is such a thing—.
c) Women comprise —.
d) We can not think of our prosperity or development —.
e) If we want development and prosperity of our country —.
f) Education is an intellectual training —.
g) Moreover, an educated mother plays a vital role—.
h) An educated mother knows —.
i) An educated woman can discharge —.
j) So we must educate our womenfolk —.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-7
a) In the present global village, skill and competence are essential to keep pace with others.
b) In this situation, women education is such a thing which we can in no way ignore.
c) Women comprise half of the total population of our country.
d) We can not think of our prosperity or development keeping this vast population uneducated and unskilled.
e) If we want development and prosperity of our country we must utilize this vast population.
f) Education is an intellectual training which enhances our skill.
g) Moreover, an educated mother plays a vital role in making her children an ideal citizen.
h) An educated mother knows how to rear up her children.
i) An educated woman can discharge social responsibilities and contribute to the overall development of the country.
j) So we must educate our womenfolk so that we can stand as a developed country in the world.
Set-8
a) There are some people —. Such people can not succeed in life.
b) Shafiq left hostel all on a sudden. — still remains unknown to me.
c) Some students of the class told that Rafiq had broken the bench. But he denied —.
d) Dear students, please get silent. Listen to —.
e) Karim had been studying since early in the morning. — he started for college.
f) Rekha is often seen deeply absorbed in her study. Actually she is —.
g) I was studying —. When her cooking was completed, she called me to eat rice.
h) Yesterday Salma came to me. She came —.
i) You have failed in the exam. It is sad. But if you get depressed and do not study, you —.
j) All of my friends attended my birthday party. Only you were absent. — shocked me.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-8
a) There are some people who never stick to anything. Such people can not succeed in life.
b) Kamal left hostel all on a sudden. Why he did so still remains unknown to me.
c) Some students of the class told that Rafiq had broken the bench. But he denied to have done it.
d) Dear students, please get silent. Listen to what I say.
e) Karim had been studying since early in the morning. Having completed his lessons he started for college.
f) Rekha is often seen deeply absorbed in her study. Actually she is a very studious student.
g) I was studying while mother was cooking. When her cooking was completed, she called me to eat rice.
h) Yesterday Salma came to me. She came to borrow a book from me.
i) You have failed in the exam. It is sad. But if you get depressed and do not study, you are sure to fail again.
j) All of my friends attended my birthday party. Only you were absent. Your being absent shocked me.


Set-9
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) — is a good habit. People love those who speak frankly.
b) We have invited him to the meeting. But I don’t know —.
c) Tisa is a brilliant student. She is working hard —.
d) Going to hospital we found you senseless. Can you remember the place —?
e) I went to your garden to pluck some flowers. I saw your grandfather —.
f) Alcohol is not good for health. If you take alcohol —.
g) Foujia is certainly brilliant. She could have made a glorious result —.
h) Mathematics is no doubt a hard subject. But you can find it interesting —.
i) The girl — was my cousin. She is also a very brilliant student.
j) He is very famous in our locality. His generosity — his huge property has brought him to this state.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-9
a) Speaking frankly is a good habit. People love those who speak frankly.
b) We have invited him to the meeting. But I don’t know when he will arrive.
c) Tisa is a brilliant student. She is working hard to make a glorious result.
d) Going to hospital we found you senseless. Can you remember the place where the accident took place?
e) I went to your garden to pluck some flowers. I saw your grandfather walking in the garden.
f) Alcohol is not good for health. If you take alcohol you will be sick.
g) Foujia is certainly brilliant. She could have made a glorious result if she had studied attentively.
h) Mathematics is no doubt a hard subject. But you can find it interesting if you practice it regularly.
i) The girl who stood first in the debate competition was my cousin. She is also a very brilliant student.
j) He is very famous in our locality. His generosity as well as his huge property has brought him to this state.
Set-10
a) As human beings we want — in peace.
b) To have — we should live with others in amity.
c) Allah has blessed us with conscience —.
d) If we do not use our conscience, —.
e) —, we should always act rationally.
f) — may bring a lot of suffering for us and for those whom we deal with.
g) We are also blessed with intellectual power—.
h) Present civilization is the product or contribution of —.
i) At present people — the world is suffering greatly.
j) — activities are greatly responsible for this suffering.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-10
a) As human beings we want to live in peace.
b) To have a peaceful life we should live with others in amity.
c) Allah has blessed us with conscience which makes us kind to others.
d) If we do not use our conscience, we can not claim ourselves to be the best creation of Allah.
e) As we are rational beings, we should always act rationally.
f) Our irrational activities may bring a lot of suffering for us and for those whom we deal with.
g) We are also blessed with intellectual power which can change the world greatly.
h) Present civilization is the product or contribution of the extraordinary intelligent people.
i) At present people all over the world is suffering greatly.
j) Our irrational and inconsiderate activities are greatly responsible for this suffering.

Completing sentences with clauses/phrases
প্রিয় পরীক্ষার্থী, আজ ৪ নম্বর প্রশ্ন Completing sentences with clauses/phrases নিয়ে আলোচনা করব। এ ক্ষেত্রে ১০টি শূন্যস্থানসহ ১০টি বাক্যের একটি text দেওয়া থাকবে। উপযুক্ত Clauses/phrases ব্যবহার করে শূন্যস্থানগুলোকে পূরণ করতে হবে। প্রতিটি উত্তরের জন্য ০.৫ করে মোট নম্বর থাকবে ৫।

Set-11
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) English — , we should learn it.
b) But — are indifferent to this language.
c) As it is a foreign language, —
d) — it is an interesting language.
e) — , they can certainly learn it.
f) — they should practice it greatly.
g) The students — , cannot acquire command over this language.
h) In the present context of globalization — is increasing day by day.
i) So it is essential for us to — .
j) Our government is also trying — to make our students skilled in this language.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-11
a) English being an international language, we should learn it.
b) But most of our students are indifferent to this language.
c) As it is a foreign language, most of the students find it difficult.
d) In fact, it is an interesting language.
e) If the students become sincere, they can certainly learn it.
f) At the same time, they should practice it greatly.
g) The students who are idle and insincere, cannot acquire command over this language.
h) In the present context of globalization the importance of learning English is increasing day by day.
i) So it is essential for us to learn English.
j) Our government is also trying heart and soul to make our students skilled in this language.

Set-12
a) A good student must posses — .
b) The student — is a good student.
c) We must be honest in thought, active in habit and obedient to — .
d) — health is another quality of an ideal student.
e) He — makes glorious result in the examination.
f) — being active and prompt, he is also sociable.
g) He does not know — .
h) A good student knows that — .
i) So — of life he gains knowledge.
j) An ideal student cultivates the right virtues in — .
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-12
a) A good student must posses some special qualities.
b) The student who is brilliant, sincere to studies, good in nature is a good student.
c) We must be honest in thought, active in habit and obedient to parents and teachers.
d) To maintain the rules of health is another quality of an ideal student.
e) He who is sincere to his studies makes glorious result in the examination.
f) Apart from being active and prompt, he is also sociable.
g) He does not know what is rude behaviour.
h) A good student knows that student life is the time for preparation for the struggle of life.
i) So to make him well-fitted for the struggle of life he gains knowledge.
j) An ideal student cultivates the right virtues in every sphere of life.

 

Set-13
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) A storm is —.
b) Though it is uncertain —.
c) It creates a scene —.
d) In a storm, the wind — wrecks great havoc upon our life and property.
e) Peals of thunder and — frighten the people.
f) After the storm, people come out —.
g) They get terrified to see the havoc —.
h) It is known that storm is such a natural disaster —.
i) But we can minimize the loss — it.
j) We can save life and property to a great extent —.

Ans. to the Oues. No. Set-13
a) A storm is a natural disaster.
b) Though it is uncertain, it generally happens in summer.
c) It creates a scene which is very terrible and fearful.
d) In a storm, the wind blowing violently wrecks great havoc upon our life and property.
e) Peals of thunder and flashes of lighting frighten the people.
f) After the storm, people come out to see the effect of it.
g) They get terrified to see the havoc wrecked by the storm.
h) It is known that storm is such a natural disaster that we can not get rid of it.
i) But we can minimize the loss owing to it.
j) We can save life and property to a great extent if we take precautionary measures against it.

 


Set-14
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) A railway station is a place where —.
b) It is —.
c) — are seen here.
d) A kind of eagerness can be noticed in their eyes and face —.
e) Moreover, train journey creates a kind of thrill and excitement in the passengers especially in—.
f) Some come out of the station —.
g) Some are busy —.
h) They push one another —.
i) The total place becomes lively by the hue and cry of the passengers and above all by the peculiar voices of the hawkers —.
j) In the rest room, the passengers are found —.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-14
a) A railway station is a place where trains stop and start from.
b) It is one of the busiest and crowded places.
c) People of all ages and all walks of life are seen here.
d) A kind of eagerness can be noticed in their eyes and face as they are on the way to their respective destination.
e) Moreover, train journey creates a kind of thrill and excitement in the passengers especially in the young ones.
f) Some come out of the station followed by coolies with luggage on their heads.
g) Some are busy buying tickets.
h) They push one another to go ahead.
i) The total place becomes lively by the hue and cry of the passengers and above all by the peculiar voices of the hawkers who try to attract the attention of the passengers.
j) In the rest room, the passengers are found waiting for the train.

 clauses/ phrases
প্রিয় পরীক্ষার্থী, আজ ৪ নম্বর প্রশ্ন Completing sentences with clauses/phrases নিয়ে আলোচনা করব। এ ক্ষেত্রে ১০টি শূন্যস্থানসহ ১০টি বাক্যের একটি text দেওয়া থাকবে। উপযুক্ত Clauses/phrases ব্যবহার করে শূন্যস্থানগুলো পূরণ করতে হবে। প্রতিটি উত্তরের জন্য ০.৫ করে মোট নম্বর থাকবে ৫।

Set-15
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5
a) A fair — is called a book fair.
b) A book fair is — in our country on the premises of Bangla Academy.
c) It is organized — the martyrs to the causes of defending our mother tongue Bangla in 1952.
d) Moreover, it is held —, creating enthusiasm of reading in the general people.
e) In the fair — are seen.
f) These stalls display and sell various books —.
g) Some days ago I went to the book fair —.
h) I bought —.
i) I also met —.
j) Going to the fair was —.
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-15:
a) A fair which is organized to display and sell books is called a book fair.
b) A book fair is an annual phenomenon in our country on the premises of Bangla Academy.
c) It is organized in memory of the martyrs to the causes of defending our mother tongue Bangla in 1952.
d) Moreover, it is held to promote our language. literature and culture, creating enthusiasm of reading in the general people.
e) In the fair many beautifully decorated stalls are seen.
f) These stalls display and sell various books which are cheaper in comparison to other times.
g) Some days ago I went to the book fair accompanied by my friends.
h) I bought some science fictions and some books of poetry.
i) I also met some renowned writers and poets of our country.
j) Going to the fair was an excellent experience for me.

Set-16
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5
a) If you are good at others —. So, you should behave with others well.
b) — brings sufferings. We should avoid their company.
c) He is only 4 feet in height. He is not tall enough —.
d) Scarcely had I reached the college —. I entered the class in a hurry.
e) We can not keep pace with the rich countries —. So, poverty should be removed from our country first.
f) Greenhouse effect is a dangerous reactive type of effect —. It is dangerous for living creatures on earth.
g) Since my final exam was going on —. I must attend the next part.
h) — duty of a student is to study attentively. But some students forget it.
i) He paused for a moment and then went —. The audience felt boring.
j) I got a scholarship —. Everybody was happy.

Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-16:
a) If you are good at others, others will also be good to you. So, you should behave with others well.
b) Since depending on a fair weather friends bring sufferings. We should avoid their company.
c) He is only 4 feet in height. He is not tall enough to touch the roof of the room.
d) Scarcely had I reached the college when the bell rang. I entered the class in a hurry.
e) We can not keep pace with the rich countries because of poverty. So, poverty should be removed from our country first.
f) Greenhouse effect is a dangerous reactive type of effect that causes natural imbalance. It is dangerous for living creatures on earth.
g) Since my final exam was going on, I could not attend the party. I must attend the next party.
h) The first and foremost duty of a student is to study attentively. But some students forget it.
i) He paused for a moment and then went on speaking on the same subject. The audience felt bored
j) I got a scholarship when I was in class eight. Everybody was happy.

 Completing sentences with

Set-17.
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) — were present in the meeting. But I was absent in the meeting.
b) He felt tired. He wanted —.
c) I saw the mother —. The baby was crying then.
d) She looks older —. She had better not wear glass.
e) It is beyond his means — in Dhaka. So, he has hired a flat.
f) The workload is so big —. I need others’ help.
g) He likes to talk much. Don’t bother about —.
h) All parents want —. My parents want me to be an engineer.
i) City life is expensive. You have to earn more — the city life.
j) Lazy people suffer —. We should not follow them.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-17
a) The elites of the town were present in the meeting. But I was absent in the meeting.
b) He felt tired. He wanted to have a cup of tea.
c) I saw the mother working in the kitchen. The baby was crying then.
d) She looks older when she wears glass. She had better not wear glass.
e) It is beyond his means to buy a flat in Dhaka. So, he has hired a flat.
f) The workload is so big that I can not cope with it. I need others’ help.
g) He likes to talk much. Don’t bother about what he said.
h) All parents want to see their children established. My parents want me to be an engineer.
i) City life is expensive. You have to earn more to cope with the city life.
j) Lazy people suffer in the long run. We should not follow them.
Set-18.
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) I completed the work successfully. This is the method how —.
b) Mr. Himel left the place suddenly. Do you know —?
c) We walked —. Then we took rest for sometime.
d) The patient will feel better —. The doctor has said so.
e) The cat has eaten all —. I will punish the cat.
f) Go on writing till —. You have one hour left.
g) I would like —. My mother also wants to join me.
h) He is very late today. Do you know —?
i) The old man saw some snakes. Their colour was so beautiful that—.
j) I hate —. They harm the people.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-18
a) I completed the work successfully. This is the method how I did the work.
b) Mr. Himel left the place suddenly. Do you know why he left ?
c) We walked until we became tired. Then we took rest for sometime.
d) The patient will feel better after he has taken medicine. The doctor has said so.
e) The cat has eaten all that my mother cooked. I will punish the cat.
f) Go on writing till I tell you to stop. You have one hour left.
g) I would like to have lunch at the restaurant. My mother also wants to join me.
h) He is very late today. Do you know why he is late ?
i) The old man saw some snakes. Their colour was so beautiful that he was filled with a strange wonder.
j) I hate cunning people. They harm the people.

 

Set-19

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.        5

  1. a) The National Memorial which is situated at Savar —. It is built with concrete, but made of blood.
  2. b) — can not be blotted. Everything is predestined by God.
  3. c) I support you because —. You should be always honest.
  4. d) If I had the wings of a bird —. But man can not fly in the sky as bird flies.
  5. e) We can not stop natural disasters. But reducing the loss of wealth and lives is possible —.
  6. f) The door ball rang —. I felt disturbed of it.
  7. g) Today is Friday. — all the shops are closed.
  8. h) I do not like people —. Such kind of people are hated everywhere.
  9. i) As an HSC candidate, you should read properly so —. You must make proper use of time.
  10. j) Though Bangladesh is a small country —. But her population can be used as human resource.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-19

  1. a) The National Memorial which is situated at Savar is a symbol of nation’s respect for martyrs. It is built with concrete, but made of blood.
  2. b) What is lotted can not be blotted. Everything is predestined by God.
  3. c) I support you because your intention is honest. You should be always honest.
  4. d) If I had the wings of a bird I could fly in the sky. But man can not fly in the sky as bird flies.
  5. e) We can not stop natural disasters. But reducing the loss of wealth and lives is possible when we take precautionary measures.
  6. f) The door ball rang while I was reading. I felt disturbed of it.
  7. g) Today is Friday. As it is a public holiday all the shops are closed.
  8. h) I do not like people who are dishonest. Such kind of people are hated everywhere.
  9. i) As an HSC candidate, you should read properly so that you can make a brilliant result. You must make proper use of time.
  10. j) Though Bangladesh is a small country, she is burdened with overpopulation. But her population can be used as human resource.

Set-20

  1. a) Women who — should be ignored. It is also our duty to respect them.
  2. b) — is known to me. I have helped him correct it.
  3. c) I have studied a lot. I am optimistic that —.
  4. d) Had Kamal been my brother —. But he was not my brother.
  5. e) As flower is a symbol of love —. It is also a symbol of beauty and purity.
  6. f) A college should be a calm and peaceful place —. But nowadays the congenial atmosphere does not prevail in the colleges.
  7. g) There goes a proverb that —. We should make the best use of time.
  8. h) We will not pardon you —. So, you have to confess your guilt first.
  9. i) For higher education. We should learn English. So, it is high time —.
  10. j) We should stop environment population. If we fail to control environment pollution —.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-20

  1. a) Women who constitute half of the total population should be ignored. It is also our duty to respect them.
  2. b) That he has made a mistake is known to me. I have helped him correct it.
  3. c) I have studied a lot. I am optimistic that I will do well in the examination.
  4. d) Had Kamal been my brother I would have helped him. But he was not my brother.
  5. e) As flower is a symbol of love, it is liked by all. It is also a symbol of beauty and purity.
  6. f) A college should be a calm and peaceful place where the students can study attentively. But nowadays the congenial atmosphere does not prevail in the colleges.
  7. g) There goes a proverb that ‘Time and tide wait for none’. We should make the best use of time.
  8. h) We will not pardon you unless you confess your guilt. So, you have to confess your guilt first.
  9. i) For higher education. We should learn English. So, it is high time we learnt English well.
  10. j) We should stop environment pollution. If we fail to control environment pollution we will face natural disasters.

 

 

# Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5
Set-1
a) — is a good habit. People love those who speak frankly.
b) We have invited him to the meeting. But I don’t know —.
c) Tisa is a brilliant student. She is working hard —.
d) Going to hospital we found you senseless. Can you remember the place —?
e) I went to your garden to pluck some flowers. I saw your grandfather —.
f) Alcohol is not good for health. If you take alcohol —.
g) Kana is certainly brilliant. She could have made a glorious result —.
h) Mathematics is no doubt a hard subject. But you can find it interesting —.
i) The girl — was my cousin. She is also a very brilliant student.
j) He is very famous in our locality. His generosity — his huge property has brought him to this state.
Ans.
a) Speaking frankly is a good habit. People love those who speak frankly.
b) We have invited him to the meeting. But I don’t know when he will arrive.
c) Tisa is a brilliant student. She is working hard to make a glorious result.
d) Going to hospital we found you senseless. Can you remember the place where the accident took place ?
e) I went to your garden to pluck some flowers. I saw your grandfather walking in the garden.
f) Alcohol is not good for health. If you take alcohol you will be ill.
g) Kana is certainly brilliant. She could have made a glorious result if she had studied attentively.
h) Mathematics is no doubt a hard subject. But you can find it interesting if you practice it regularly.
i) The girl who stood first in the dance competition was my cousin. She is also a very brilliant student.
j) He is very famous in our locality. His generosity as well as his huge property has brought him to this state.

Set-2
a) As human beings we want — in peace.
b) To have — we should live with others in amity.
c) Allah has blessed us with conscience —.
d) If we do not use our conscience, —.
e) —, we should always act rationally.
f) — may bring a lot of suffering for us and for those whom we deal with.
g) We are also blessed with intellectual power —.
h) Present civilization is the product or contribution of —
i) At present people — the world is suffering greatly.
j) — activities are greatly responsible for this suffering
Ans.
a) As human beings we want to live in peace.
b) To have a peaceful life we should live with others in amity.
c) Allah has blessed us with conscience which makes a considerate and kind to others.
d) If we do not use our conscience, we can not claim ourselves to be the best creation of Allah.
e) As we are rational, we should always act rationally.
f) Our irrational activities may bring a lot of suffering for us and for those whom we deal with.
g) We are also blessed with intellectual power which can change the world greatly.
h) Present civilization is the product or contribution of the extraordinary intelligent people.
i) At present people all over the world is suffering greatly.
j) Our irrational and inconsiderate activities are greatly responsible for this suffering

Set-3
a) English —, we should learn it.
b) But — are indifferent to this language.
c) As it is a foreign language, —
d) — it is an interesting language.
e) —, they can certainly learn it.
f) — they should practice it greatly.
g) The students —, cannot acquire command over this language.
h) In the present context of globalization — is increasing day by day.
i) So it is essential for us to —.
j) Our government is also trying — to make our students skilled in this language.
Ans.
a) English being an international language, we should learn it.
b) But most of our students are indifferent to this language.
c) As it is a foreign language, most of the students find it difficult.
d) In fact it is an interesting language.
e) If the students become sincere, they can certainly learn it.
f) At the same time they should practice it greatly.
g) The students who are idle and insincere, cannot acquire command over this language.
h) In the present context of globalization the importance of learning English is increasing day by day.
i) So it is essential for us to learn English.
j) Our government is also trying heart and soul to make our students skilled in this language.

 


Set-4
a) I like —. But my most favourite game is cricket.
b) Children often burst into tantrum. The main reason of their tantrum is —.
c) I have asked him to come to our house. But — is not known to me.
d) Suman is not a good student. He is inattentive to his study. I often see him —.
e) Time is very valuable. Our happiness and prosperity totally depends on —.
f) He failed in the exam. If he studied attentively,—. 

  1. g) You should take some extra money. Because the amount of money — may not enable you to buy a laptop.
    h) Walking is a —. I often walk by the riverside.
    i) Karim is a brilliant boy. Unfortunately he has failed. I don’t know —.
    j) Many people in our country are —. They don’t know that literary is the main reason of their poverty.
    a) I like to play various games. But my most favourite game is cricket.
    b) Children often burst into tantrum. The main reason of their tantrum is their failure to express their demands.
    c) I have asked him to come to our house. But when he will come is not known to me.
    d) Suman is not a good student. He is inattentive to his study. I often see him mixing with bad boys.
    e) Time is very valuable. Our happiness and prosperity totally depends on how we utilize our time.
    f) He failed in the exam. If he studied attentively, he would pass the exam.
    g) You should take some extra money. Because the amount of money that you have taken may not enable you to buy a laptop.
    h) Walking is a good exercise. I often walk by the riverside.
    i) Karim is a brilliant boy. Unfortunately he has failed. I don’t know why he has failed.
    j) Many people in our country are illiterate and poor. They don’t know that literary is the main reason of their poverty.
    Set-5
    a) Health is —.
    b) We can never lead happy life —.
    c) — we should follow the rules of health.
    d) We cannot be healthy —.
    e) — do not mean valuable foods.
    f) We can find nutritious foods —.
    g) We must have knowledge on nutrition so that —
    h) Many rich people cannot lead a healthy life —.
    i) BTV puts up —.
    j) We must remember —.
    Ans.
    a) Health is a great asset.
    b) We can never lead happy life without being healthy.
    c) In order to maintain good health we should follow the rules of health.
    d) We cannot be healthy without taking physical exercise.
    e) Nutritious foods do not mean valuable foods.
    f) We can find nutritious foods in cheap foods.
    g) We must have knowledge on nutrition so that we can remain healthy.
    h) Many rich people cannot lead a healthy life as they have no knowledge of nutrition.
    i) BTV puts up some important programmes which make people conscious of health.
    j) We must remember that health is the root of all happiness.
    Set-6
    a) Industry is the —.
    b) A man can’t succeed in life —.
    c) — of the world were industrious.
    d) The man — can easily maintain a sound health.
    e) We should not like those persons —.
    f) I always —.
    g) I know the story of an industrious person —.
    h) That man always inspires me —.
    i) I have a poor uncle. He could be rich —.
    j) He has become poor — his idleness.
    Ans.
    a) Industry is the key to success.
    b) A man can’t succeed in life without being industrious.
    c) All great men of the world were industrious.
    d) The man who is industrious can easily maintain a sound health.
    e) We should not like those persons who are idle.
    f) I always want to be industrious.
    g) I know the story of an industrious person who became hero from zero.
    h) That man always inspires me to be industrious.
    i) I have a poor uncle. He could be rich if he were industrious.
    j) He has become poor on account of his idleness. 

 


Set-7
a) Honesty is the best policy. — if you do not stick to the way of honesty.
b) A glass has been broken. I don’t know —.
c) The pen — has been lost. I am very sorry for it.
d) I got a bad news from my family —. So I had to go home then.
e) I am going to the market to buy some food. You must not move from this place —.
f) Don’t come here. Rather, stay —.

  1. g) My uncle is —. I often go to him for help.
    h) Reza is studying very attentively. He wants—.
    i) Lima danced very nicely. The audience was so charmed with her performance that —.
    j) Rita is my best friend. Whenever she gets spare time, —.
    a) Honesty is the best policy. You can not expect the respect of people if you do not stick to the way of honesty.
    b) A glass has been broken. I don’t know who has broken it.
    c) The pen that you gave me has been lost. I am very sorry for it.
    d) I got a bad news from my family when the function was going on. So I had to go home then.
    e) I am going to the market to buy some food. You must not move from this place until I come back.
    f) Don’t come here. Rather, stay where you are.
    g) My uncle is a very rich man. I often go to him for help.
    h) Reza is studying very attentively. He wants to make a good result.
    i) Lima danced very nicely. The audience was so charmed with her performance that there was pindrop silence there.
    j) Rita is my best friend. Whenever she gets spare time, she comes to me.
    Set-8
    a) Sumana is —.
    b) She is often invited — on various occasions.
    c) She began — music from her childhood.
    d) She love music so much —.
    e) She is —.
    f) She wants to be a great singer — time.
    g) I get lost —.
    h) I am also —.
    i) So I often go to her — enjoying her song.
    j) Actually we are — to each other.
    Ans.
    a) Sumana is a very good singer.
    b) She is often invited to sing on various occasions.
    c) She began to learn music from her childhood.
    d) She loves music so much that she can not pass a day without it.
    e) She is very ambitious with her music.
    f) She wants to be a great singer in course of time.
    g) I get lost when she sings.
    h) I am also a great lover of music.
    i) So I often go to her in the hope of enjoying her song.
    j) Actually we are the best friends to each other.
    Set-9
    a) After a while, a cricket match between Bangladesh and India is going to be started. So, we —
    b) Only to wear good dresses is not a quality of a gentleman. — is a quality of a gentleman.
    c) I need your help at this moment. I will be benefited —.
    d) Mamun has always secured the third place in the exam. But — is his ambition.
    e) He is now obsessed with a great problem. I tried — but I could not.
    f) I know you are not interested in enjoying any cultural function. But — surprised me.
    g) I am not attentive to my study. That’s why my father desired —.
    h) Smoking is injurious to health. But many of us are in the habit of smoking —.
    i) I tried to meet him for three days. But he was so busy that —.
    j) Shakib-Al-Hasan topping the world’s best all-rounder ranking had made us proud. Though — both in batting and bowing, he failed to bring victory for the team of Bangladesh.
    Ans.
    a) After a while, a cricket match between Bangladesh and India is going to be started. So, we will enjoy the match together.
    b) Only to wear good dresses is not a quality of a gentleman. Honesty as well as good behaviour is a quality of a gentleman.
    c) I need your help at this moment. I will be benefited if you extend your helping hand.
    d) Mamun has always secured the third place in the exam. But to secure the 1st place is his ambition.
    e) He is now obsessed with a great problem. I tried solve his problem but I could not.
    f) I know you are not interested in enjoying any cultural function. But your going to function yesterday surprised me.
    g) I am not attentive to my study. That’s why my father desired to talk to the class teacher.
    h) Smoking is injurious to health. But many of us are in the habit of smoking in spite of knowing the truth.
    i) I tried to meet him for three days. But he was so busy that I could not meet him.
    j) Shakib-Al-Hasan topping the world’s best all-rounder ranking had made us proud. Though he did an all-round performance both in batting and bowing, he failed to bring victory for the team of Bangladesh.

 

 

 

 

  1. (a) We should `no’ to corruption because corruption is disgraceful.
    (b) Corruption persons are not only dishonest but also criminals.
    (c) Now, it is high time we removed corruption from the society.
    (d) We should work together if we want to establish a corruption free society.
    (e) But we are so self-centred that we always think of self-interest.
  2. (a) AIDS is a fatal disease which is incurable/is very dangerous.
    (b) It is such a disease that leads the patient to death.
    (c) The first AIDS patient was a man who worked in the Royal Navy.
    (d) The doctors suggest that prevention is the only solution so far.
    (e) There is no further remedy that can cure the patient.
  3. (a) United we stand divided we fall.

(b) Don’t you know this wise saying?
(c) Unless you are united, you will not prosper.
(d) The story of the old man and his sons teaches us that unity is strength.
e) It is high time we learnt the lesson.

  1. (a) As flower is a symbol of love, beauty and purity, it is liked by all.
    (b)There is hardly and person who does not hate a liar.
    (c) We can turn our enemies into friends if we love them.
    (d) It is said that those who do not love flowers are cruel.
    (e) Many people cultivate flowers because they love flowers.
  2. (a) Since Bangladesh is an agricultural country her economy depends largely on

agriculture.
(b) As her economy depends on agriculture, she needs to put emphasis on it.
(c) We have to develop cultivation scientifically so that we can grow more

crops.
(d)Though our farmers work hard, they do not get what they need.
(e) They cannot improve their condition because they are poor and uneducated.

 

  1. (a) We should be sincere because sincerity brings success.
    (b)All great men are sincere and they become successful.
    (c) If any work is not done properly, it will not result in success.
    (d) But sincerity does not mean only to do any work properly; it also means to      

do any work honestly.

  1. e) Everybody must remember that without sincerity none can attain success.

 

  1. (a) If we drink arsenic polluted water, we are sure to fall sick.
    (b) Surface water is safe when it is boiled.
    (c) Pond water is not safe as different types of filthy things are mixed with it.
    (d)The illiterate people pf our country fall a prey to various diseases because

they are not  conscious of their health.
(e) Since there is scarcity of pure water, everybody living there fetches

drinking water from the tubewell of the neighboring village.

 

  1. (a) A proverb goes that time and tide wait for none.
    (b) If he makes the best use of his time, he will shine in life.
    (c) But if he does otherwise, he is sure to lag behind in the race of life.
    (d) If he once falls behind, he will not be able to compete with others.
    (e) So he should make the use of his time so that he can be successful.
  2. (a) There goes a proverb that time tide wait for none.
    (b) Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work, lost time can’t be regained.
    c)  Time is so valuable that we should not waste it.
    (d) Those who have become great in life utilised their time properly.
    (e) If we make the best use of time, we’ll shine in life.

 

  1. (a) I purchase books whenever I get the opportunity.
    (b) On the 21st February I went to Ekushey Boi Mela which was organized at Bangla

Academy.

(c) I went to the book fair so that I could buy books.
(d) There I found hundreds of book stalls where so many books ere nicely arranged.
(e) I was delighted that I could come close to renowned novelist Humayun Ahmed .

 

  1. (a) The sky is cloudy and the weather is gloomy.
    (b) I think that it may rain.

(c) If it rains, I shall not go out.
(d)There are some boys who like to play in the rain.
(e) I don’t like to play in the rain because I may become sick.

 

  1. (a) A college is a seat of learning, so it should be calm and peaceful.

(b) It should be a clam and peaceful place where the students would be able to

study attentively.
(c) But nowadays peaceful atmosphere is absent from the college because there

are political violence’s and students clashes.
(d) The students who live in a noisy environment will face noise pollution.
(e) The sooner it can be controlled, the better the life will be.

 

  1. (a) I do not like people who tell lies.

(b) I believe that everybody can shine in  life.
c) I prefer wearing clean, ironed clothes and polished shoes.
d) People who are not punctual cannot shine in life.
e) I think those who are untidy in their lifestyle will lag behind.

 

14.(a) Television serials are getting so popular that the children become addicted to them.
(b) Despite the widespread popularity, television serials have some demerits also.
(c) Those television programmes are affecting not only the attitudes of our youths but also

their dress style.

(d) Television programmes have to be entertaining as well as educative.
(e) By telecasting good programme, television can play a great role in respect of

entertainment.

  1. (a) Since Bangladesh is an over populated country, unemployment problem is acute here.
    (b) Instead of being an asset, population has become a burden.
    (c) Though some steps have been taken, population is still increasing.
    (d) If people had been conscious, population problem would have been controlled.
    (e) It is time we controlled the growth of our population.

 

  1. (a) He was competent enough to get a scholarship.
    (b) Getting a scholarship is so competitive that only the brilliant/best students can get it.
  2. c) Studying abroad is too expensive for an ordinary student to afford.
    (d) Navid is applying for a scholarship in order that he can go abroad to study.
    (e) Studying abroad will not only upgrade his qualifications but also promote his intellectual

development.

 

17.(a) Truthfulness is a great virtue because it makes a great.

(b)One cannot command the respect of others unless he is truthful.

(c)One may succeed once or twice by telling a lie but he can’t continue it for a long time.

(d)You will not be trusted if you are a liar.

(e)So it is a wise decision to speak the truth always.

 

18.(a) This is Bangladesh where we live.

(b)The people of Bangladesh are friendly though they are poor.

(c)When anyone falls in danger, others help him.

(d)We love and help one another as if we were brothers and sisters.

(e)We work unitedly so that Bangladesh can prosper day by day.

 

19.(a)Water is so vital of all natural resources that it is called life.

(b)It is water which we need to live.

(c)Our agriculture which is our main source of economy depends on fainfall.

(d)Though Bangladesh is blessed with rivers our farmers do not get water during dry season.

(e)If the rainfall is timely crops grow well.

 

20.(a)If we invest in education for girls they will be self-reliant.

(b)It is education which is the backbone of a nation.

(c)Education women have higher income potential than those who have had not education.

(d)Those mothers who are educated can take care both male and female children.

(e)It is important to realize that girls can contribute to the society like boys.

 

 

21.(a) The two friends were traveling through a forest which was full of wild animals.

(b)They were frightened when they saw a bear.

(c)One of them knew how to climb a tree but the other did not.

(d)The friend who knew how to climb left his friend.

(e)He climbed up a tree so that he could save his life.

 

 

  1. (a)The term “Health” means soundness of both body and mind.

(b)Without a sound physique you can’t enjoy a sound mind.

(c)An unhealthy rich man can’t enjoy a sound mind.

(d)So, it is called one of the greatest gifts.

(e)A proverb goes that health is wealth.

 

23.(a) There goes a proverb that time and tide wait for none.

(b)Though lost wealth can regained by hard work, lost time can never be got back.

(c)Time is so valuable that we should not waste a single moment.

(d)Those who have become great in life have made the best use of time.

(e)If we make the best use of time we can shine in life.

 

 

24.(a) You cannot find others to love you unless you love them.

(b) It is love that unites all.   (c)Love is divine which ensures peace in the world.

(d)Your friends cannot help loving you if you love them.

(e)If you are not loved, it is good evidence that you don’t love others.

 

 

25.(a)Many dishonest person cut trees so that they can get quick benefit.

(b)But if we cut trees at random, our country will turn into a desert.

(c)Besides, trees bring rainfall which is essential for agriculture.

(d)Trees supply oxygen without which we can’t think of our existence.

(e)Since trees help us in many ways we should plant more trees.

 

 

  1. (a) I have a garden and it is in front of my reading room.

(b)When I get time, I go into my garden.(c)I water the plants so that they can grow well.

(d)I have put a fence around the garden which protects the garden.

(e) When I see the garden full of flowers, I forget the sufferings of daily life.

 

27.(a) Once there was a king who was fond of knowing his future.

(b)It is so happened that a famous astrologer stopped at his capital.

(c)The king called on him and wanted to know his future.

(d)The astrologer told him something which was quite unpleasant.

(e)At this the king grew so furious that he ordered his men to kill him.

 

 

28.(a)Once there was hungry fox and was searching for food.

(b)He removed here and there and came to a vineyard.

(c)He saw fine bunches of ripe grapes and felt tempted.

(d)He felt so tempted that his mouth watered at the sight of them.

(e)The grapes were hanging so high that he could not reach them.

 

 

29.(a)Once there lived a maiden whose name was Cinderella.

(b)Cinderella’s mother was dead and she had to work hard in the kitchen.

(c)She had two elder sisters who were unkind to her.

(d) They made her stay in the kitchen and do all the hard work.

(e)She was so shocked that she always remembered her dead mother.

 

30.(a)It is true that man is the architect of his own fate.

(b)He can achieve what he desires.

(c)It is a wrong idea that man’s life is decided by fate.

(d)It is not fate but sincere efforts make him successful.

(e)There may ups and downs but he should not lose heart.

 

 

31.(a) Once there were two friend who were very intimate.

(b) One day when they were passing through a forest they saw a bear coming to them

(c) One of the friends knew that a bear does not touch a dead body.

(d) One friend climbed up a tree and did not think of the fate of the other friend.

(e) The friend who could not climb up tree pretended to be dead.

 

  1. (a) A farmer who produces foods for others lives in village.

(b) He cultivates others land because he has no land of his own.

(c) He is illiterate and so he can not apply scientific method of cultivation.

(d)If he can cultivate scientifically he can produce more crops.

(e) His face smiles when crops grow in plenty.

 

  1. (a) Traffic jam is a common affair which occurs in the big cities and towns.

(b) Most of this problem occurs in the areas where roads are very narrow.

(c) It kills our valuable time and hampers our work.

(d) It causes great suffering to the ambulances which carry patients.

(e) This problem can be solved if spacious roads are constructed.

 

  1. (a) It was a hot summer day when a crow was very thirsty.

(b) It wanted to drink but there was no wanted to drink.

(c) He flew on and on in search of water, but failed. (d) Then it took a rest as it was tired.

(e) When it woke, it began to search water again.

 

  1. (a) Robert Bruce fought against the British soldiers so that he could free his country.

(b) He fought six battles one after another, but he was defeated each time.

(c) But at last he lost heart and gave up the hope of success.

(d) When he was dethroned he took a shelter in a cave.

(e) One day he found a spider who was trying to reach the ceiling.

 

  1. (a) Once there was a woodcutter who used to cut wood in the jungle.

(b)Though he was poor he was honest.(c) He worked hard, but could not earn enough.

(d) One day while he was cutting wood, all on a sudden the axe fell into the river.

(e) The woodcutter tried his best to find out his axe but failed.

 

37.(a)Once there was a cobbler who was poor. (b)But he had a neighbour who was rich.

(c)One day the neigbour came to the cobbler and wanted to know his condition.

(d)The cobbler told him that he had no problem.

(e)The cobbler also said that he was happy.

 

 

38.(a)It is known that gold is a precious metal.

(b)It glitters and looks very beautiful.

(c)There are many worthless things that also glitter.

(d)This means that all that glitters is not gold.

(e)So the proverb teaches us that we should not judge a thing on its outward appearance.

 

39.(a)We work hard so that we can prosper in life.

(b) If we are not industrious, we can not be great in life.

(c)A man who leads an idle life, always remains poor.

(d)An idle man can never help people and so he can not change his own fate.

(e)We know the proverb that man is the maker of his own fate.

 

40.(a) Though Bangladesh is a small country, she is burdened with huge population.

(b)But her over population can be turned into asset.

(c)It is high time we did something for the country.

(d) Women who constitute half of the total population can contribute much in this regard.

(e)It is our duty to do something for the country.

 

41.(a) It is true that opportunity does not come always.

(b)So if we miss any opportunity, we have to suffer a lot.

(c)We are not sure that another chance will come.

(d)So it is our duty that we should make the best use of any opportunity.

(e)Those who are prudent do not miss any opportunity.

 

42.(a)Since man is a social being, he can not live alone.

(b) He cannot do whatever he likes.

(c)If he wants to enjoy peace, he is to abide by social rules.

(d)If he does not follow the social rules, there will be chaos and conflict.

(e)If he respects others, they will also respect him.

 

43.(a)We eat so that we can preserve our health.

(b) So we should bear in mind that we do not eat just to satisfy hunger.

(c)If we want good health, we should eat a balanced diet.

(d)People who live in the midst of plenty do not always eat a balanced diet.

(e)The fact is that they have no knowledge about food value.

 

44.(a)Once there was a greedy farmer who had a goose.

(b)He was not happy though the goose would lay a golden egg daily.

(c)He became so greedy that he wanted to have all the eggs at a time.

(d)So he took a knife and cut the belly of the goose.

(e)But it was an irony of fate that he found nothing in the belly of the goose.

 

45.(a)Man is not satisfied with what he has seen and known.

(b)Since he is curious, he wants to know about the historical places.

(c)When he visits a historical place, he knows many things.

(d)So when we get free time, we should visit a historical place.

(e)We should pay a visit to a historical place because it will enrich our domain of knowledge.

 

 

46.(a)There was an old farmer who had four sons.

(b) Though the sons were grown up, they had no good relation with one another.

(c)They were so disobedient that they always qurrelled among themselves.

(d)The old man tried to make them united but they didn’t pay any heed to him.

(e)As he was getting old, he became very anxious about their future.

 

 

47.(a) Honest is the best policy that is known to all.

(b)An honest man is loved by all.

(c)He may not be rich but he is respected everywhere.

(d)Only honest way can lead the country to the progress.

(e)Everybody should try to cultivate honesty.

 

 

 

 

48.(a)Mobile phones have brought a revolution in the field of communincation.

(b)Owing to the latest technology, Bangladesh has made a great leap in the world of  communication.

(c)Bangladesh still has a long way to go to make this facility further available to all and very easily.

(d)Mobile phone operators are trying to reduce the call rate.

(e)Mobile phone users have the right to enjoy the lower call rate.

 

 

  1. (a)When we eat food, we should bear in mind that only right kind of food can preserve our health.

(b)We eat so that we may live.

(c)If we want to enjoy a good health we must take a balanced diet.

(d)Sometimes it so happens that living in plenty we fail to choose the right kind of food.

(e)As a result they suffer from various diseases which may cause death.

 

  1. (a) Poverty is curse which makes our life miserable.

(b)Many people who live below the poverty level cannot fullfil their daily needs.

(c)They blame their own lot for their misfortune.

(d)It is true that idle inactive person suffers in the long run.

(e)But many active and energetic persons idle away their time for nothing.

 

51.(a)We learn English because  it is an international language.

(b)Our students are afraid of English they don’t learn it in a proper way.

(c)Unless we learn English we will lag behind in the race of globalization.

(d)Without learning English we cannot expect good jobs.

(e)It is time we gave emphasis on learning English.

 

 

  1. (a)It is hope that helps us to live.

(b) Life would be intolerable if there is no hope.

(c)It cheers our mind and delights our soul.

(d)There is no end of hope, when hope is gone life becomes meaningless.

(e)Life without hope is meaningless. Where there is life.

 

 

  1. (a) We earn money so that we can live well.

(b)But we should not hanker after money as money cannot bring real happiness.

(c)Some people earn money in any unfair way though they are not in need of it.

(d)Although money is needed for our living we should not commit any crime for earning it.

(e)Unless we are honest in earning money we cannot be happy.

 

54.(a)We take food so that  we can live.

(b) We cannot keep good health unless we eat balanced diet.

(c)Some people become sick though they have a plenty of food.

(d)This is because they eat a lot of fatty foods.

(e)We can make our food balanced if we eat a lot of vegetables.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (a)Time which is very valuable should be maintained properly.

(b)The person who idles away if suffers a lot/cannot succeed in life.

(c)The prosperous nation always uses time properly.

(d)But we as a nation do not realize the value of time.

(e)So, to become an idle nation we must be punctual.

 

  1. (a) There is a proverb that time and tide waits for none.

(b)One cannot get his lost money and health back but one cannot get back one’s lost time.

(c)Time once lost is lost forever.

(d)If we leave our work for tomorrow we will lag behind.

(e) Man who wastes time idly suffers in the long run.

 

 

  1. (a)Those who are honest are respected by all.

(b) It is honesty that makes a man great.

(c) If one’s desire is honest he may shine in life for the time being.

(d)Their destruction is bound to happen a serious havoc.

(e)If you meditate, you can feel heavenly bliss.

 

 

58.(a)We are the citizens of a country which new dolna is best with various acute problems.

(b) Independence is the bright right of a man, but in most cases people have to struggle to gain it.

(c)Again, people of an independent country must preserve it, because it holds our head up among all the nations.

(d)If we are not careful there is chance to lose our independence.

(e)We can take instance from our valiant sons who sacrificed their lives for their

motherland.

 

 

59.(a)It is known to all that industry is the key to success.

(b)Unless a man works hard he will not succeed in life.

(c)The man who touched the highest peak success is praised by all.

(d)Nothing is possible for a man who is sincere.

(e)So, we must be industrious so that we can attain success.

 

 

60.(a)One can prosper in life if one tries heart and soul

(b)We have to work hard to prosper in life

(c)Those who are idle cannot prosper in life

(d)Idle people are nothing but liabilities to the country

(e)They give nothing to the socity as  well as to the family.

 

61.(a)We learn English because  we need it in almost every sphere of our life.

(b) Our students are afraid of learning English it is a foreign language.

(c) Unless we learn English we will not be able to get handsome jobs.

(d)For higher education English is a must because almost all books essential for this level are written in English.

(e)It is time we learn English.

 

 

 

62.(a)Time which is lost once is lost forever. (b)There is a proverb that time and tide wait for none.

(c)It is time which never stops its journey. (d) It does not wait for anyone and marches on.

(e) One must suffer in the long run if one does not make the best use of time.

 

 

63.(a)It is said that  God helps those help themselves.

(b)In youth the mind is soft and we can shape it as we want.

(c)If we lose the morning hours of lie we are sure to suffer in the long run.

(d)If we sow good seeds in youth we shall reap a good harvest in old age.

(e)If we remain lazy we must suffer the pangs of poverty.

 

 

64.(a)Sumi reads attentively lest she should fail in the long run.

(b) She could not come out successful, Though he worked hard.

(c)If she were serious from the beginning she would be successful.

(d)After the result she pretended as though she had known everything.

(e)But she started reading with a view to becoming successful.

 

65.(a)A proverb goes that  time and tide waits for none.

(b)If he makes the best use of his time he is sure to prosper in life.

(c)But if he does otherwise he is sure to suffer in the long run.

(d)If once he fails behind he will not be able to keep pace with time.

(e)So he should make the best use of his time so that he can prosper in life.

 

 

66.(a)Dowry means property or money that is determined by the bridegroom.

(b)Those who are greedy demand it.

(c)If the guardians fail to fulfill the demand of the bridegroom the brides may be tortured.

(d) The helpless parents of the bride are compelled to provide dowry even if have no ability.

(e) As dowry is a social curse it must be removed from the society.

 

  1. (a)We work hard so that we can prosper in life.

(b)Peace and prosperity are not possible if ‘we do not work hard.

(c)A man who—brings misery for him is lazy

(d)There is nobody who does not hate a liar

(e)Since he is unsuccessful in his life he will suffer in the long run.

 

68.(a)Every year many tourists visit Cox’s Bazer with a view to enjoying their holidays.

(b)On the sea beach, they feel like playing like children.

(c)The Bay is so vast and eye catching that tourists come here frequently.

(d)But the beauty and serenity of Cox’s Bazer is being spoilt.

(e)If we cannot preserve the beauty and serenity of Cox’s Bazer we will lose the best tourist attraction of the country.

 

69.(a)Computer is one of the greatest wonders of modern science.

(b)It renders great service to mankind.

(c) A computer is a blessing to human beings.

(d)Though it is a blessing it has some demerits.

(e)We cannot help going a single moment without computers.

 

 

70.(a) Everyman has a great desire for wealth but  very few can achieve it.

(b) Some people hanker after riches while others desire for fame.

(c) In fact, true happiness lies in contentment, so we should be contented with what we have.

(d)Those who hanker after riches cannot be happy.

(e)It is high time we met him.

 

  1. (a)There goes a proverb that time and tide waits for none.

(b) Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work, lost time can never be regained.

(c)Time is so valuable that we cannot waste it.

(d)Those who have become great in life have made the best use of time.

(e) If we make the best use of time we can prosper in life.

 

72(a) 1971 is the year when  our Liberation war broke out.

(b) Brave sons sacrificed their lives to free the homeland.

(c) In the night of 14 December, the Pakistani Army and the ‘Rajakar  killed the intellectuals mercilessly.

(d) But the enemies could not repress our sprit although we were weaker in arms.

(e)Therefore we salute the freedom fighters and hate them who were against the Liberation War.

 

 

73.(a) Though a student’s main duty is to study he must take part in extra curricular activities.

(b) He should read newspaper and other books which are the sources of general knowledge.

(c) A student must take care of his health because health is the root  of all happiness.

(d) He must observe the rules of health so that he can keep his body fit.

(e) If there is any natural calamity he should take part in humanitarian work.

 

 

  1. (a)Bangladesh is our homeland where we live peacefully.

(b)Though it is a small country it has a huge population.

(c) Bangladesh is a country of natural scenery which is beautiful.

(d)Most of the people who live in villages work in the field.

(e)They are poor because they are illiterate.

 

 

75.(a)Bangladesh has three World Heritage Sites, though  she is a small country.

(b)The Shat Gambuj Mosque is a 15th century Islamic edifice which is one of the three world heritage sits.

(c)Khan Jahan Ali came to Bagerhat so that he could spread the light of Islam.

(d)The mosque was used not only as a prayer hall but also a court.

(e)Since it is one of the greatest tourist attractions. it should be maintained properly.

 

  1. (a) If we lose the morning hours of our life, we shall sufer in the long run.

(b)As a student, you should read properly so that you can shine in life.

(c)Students should read text book again and again with a view to understanding their lessons properly.

(d) Unless lies the head that wears a crown.

(e)When the students stood up the teacher entered the classroom.

 

 

 

 

77.(a) Since Bangladesh is an over populated country unemployment problem is acute.

(b)Instead of being an asset, population has become a burden.

(c)Though some steps have been taken, population is still increasing.

(d)If people had been conscious, population problem would have been controlled.

(e)It is time we controlled the growth of our population.

 

 

78.(a)A wise man is one who has wisdom

(b)Knowledge is very useful but wisdom cannot  be neglected

(c)We need a special kind of education which helps us to gain wisdom.

(d)Wisdom guides us to make the best use of our knowledge and become successful

(e)Without wisdom we cannot took him to the nearest hospital.

 

 

  1. (a)It is true that most of the parents in our country are not interested enough to send their children to school.

(b)Parents think that spending money for the children’s education is unwise especially when  the child is a girl.

(c)They think female children need no education because they cannot help their parents in their old age.

(d)To lesson discrimination in children’s educational statues the government gives subsidy for female children so that parents can send their female children to school.

(e)It is a good sign that nowadays people are seen more serious about their children’s education.

 

 

80.(a) We should be sincere because sincerity brings success.

(b) All great men are sincere and they become successful.

(c)If any work is not done properly it will not result in success.

(d)But sincerity does not mean only to do any work properly, it also means to do any work honestly.

(e) Everybody must remember that without sincerity none can attain success.

 

 

 

81.(a)The national Memorial which is situated at Savar is a symbol of nation’s respect for the martyrs.

(b)It is built concrete, but made of blood.(c)It is an achievement which is immeasurable.

(d)But it stands for an achievement of martyrs who are immortal.

(e)It stands upright for the millions of martyrs who laid down their lives for the freedom of their motherland.

 

 

82.(a)One can prosper in life if one tries heart and soul

(b) We have to work hard to prosper in life.

(c)Those who are idle cannot prosper in life.

(d)Idle people are nothing but liabilities to the country.

(e)They give nothing to the society as well as to the family.

 

 

  1. (a)It is youth that is the prime time of our life.

(b)When there is not only physical strength but also viogur of mind.   

(c)This is the period of time when we have much courage among us.

(d)The youth can struggle a lot so that they can make their mission successful.

(e)A youth can have the confidence in order he can face any situation on the way of his goal.

 

 

84.(a)Sincerity is indispensable in our life.

(b)It is sincerity which helps to do any work properly.

(c)If we are sincere we can reach our goal.

(d) Those who have become sincere are sincere in their way of life.

(e)A student must be sincere to his studies so that he can do well in the examination.

 

 

85.(a)Education is the only way which can accelerate all our development work.

(b)It paves the way so that we can ensure development of our country.

(c) If we make all the illiterate masses educated we can make them skilled workers.

(d)We can make them skilled workers in order that they can contribute to the country.

(e)The conscious people should play a vital role to make our country developed.

 

 

86.(a)Books are men’s best companions in life.

(b) You may not get good friends as long as when you need them.

(c)But it is books always ready to be by your side.

(d)They are your real friends as long as  you are  alive.

(e) To satisfy our thirst for knowledge, we have to read more and more books.

 

87.(a)It is cricket that is a very exciting game.

(b) At present it is the most popular game in our country.

(c) Though cricket is a costly game, people of all classes enjoy playing it.

(d)Bangladesh is a test playing country but its standard is not high.

(e) It is better we took effective measure to upgrade the standard.

 

 

88.(a)It is happiness that is a relative term.

(b) A person with a crown who lives in a palace may not be happy.

(c) Rather a day labourer may have happiness living in a shabby hut.

(d)Again, it is happiness that various from person to person.

(e) A beggar can be happy if he has a coin.

 

 

89.(a)Unemployment is a state when a man has no work to earn money.

(b) It is a social evil which hampers the progress of social life.

(c) If the income of the people increases the development of the country will be accelerated.

(d)It is reasonable income that increases the per capita income.

(e)Unemployment is a social evil which must be eradicated at any cost.

 

 

 

 

 

 

90.(a)Truthful is one of the greatest virtues of a man.

(b) The person who is truthful is trusted everywhere.

(c) Unless we are truthful we cannot shine in life.

(d)It is better to avoid telling lies.

(e)A truthful person is so bold in his sprit that nothing  can daunt him.

 

 

 

91.(a)It is character which is one of the greatest assets of a man.

(b) Those who are bestowed with good character, earns respect from all.

(c)A person may be of blue blood but he may not have good character.

(d)It is in the childhood when we should build up good character.

(e) It is high time we built up character.

 

 

 

92.(a)Contentment is the key to success in life.

(b)The person, who is content with his honest means, is a happy man.

(c)An honest man does not care anybody.

(d) Though he has to suffer for the time being, he will win in the long run.

(e) It is high time we tried our best to be honest in our way of life.

 

 

 

93.(a)We should make the habit of reading books so that we can acquire knowledge.

(b) The books which are written by famous writers are a great source of knowledge.

(c)Nobody gets perfection in life if he does not try to remove ignorance.

(d) If we read books, we can remove ignorance.

(e)We want to make society civilized and there is no alternative to reading books.

 

 

 

94.(a)Independence is our birthright.

(b)Though we are now independence, we had to achieve it at the cost of a sea of blood.

(c) Our heroic sons sacrificed their lives to liberate our land.

(d)The national Memorial signifies the supreme sacrifice of our valiant fighters.

(e)We should take some positive steps so that we can upgrade the status of our freedom fighters.

 

 

 

95 (a) There is no doubt that computer is a boon to human civilization.

(b) Computer is an electronic device which performs mathematical calculation.

(c)Computer is used in all sectors of life so that it is widely used in the field of space, administration, treatment etc.

(d) If we are sincere enough, we can learn the use of computer.

(e)Despite its multilateral uses computer is not without any bad impact.

 

 

 

 

 

 

96.(a)Illiteracy is a great problem in Bangladesh.

(b)There are many reasons responsible for our illiteracy.

(c)Our people are now trying sincerely so that this problem can be uprooted from the country.

(d) Though our government has taken some bold steps, still the rate of illiteracy is on the increase.

(e) It is high time we reduced the rate of illiteracy beyond imagination.

 

 

 

97.(a) Patriotism is a noble virtue.

(b)Though it an inherent instinct in human nature the Muslims regard it as a part of their faith.

(c)Unless we can sacrifice ourselves for our nation we shall not be termed as patriots.

(d)A true patriot speaks as if we were ready to come forward for the security of the country.

(e)We should be motivated so that all of us strongly feel for the national issues.

 

 

98.(a) Ratan is a boy who is very industrious.

(b) Since he wants to do well in the examination, he never neglects his studies.

(c) Though he comes of a poor family, he wants to continue to his studies.

(d) He knows that he has to earn knowledge to change his condition.

(e) He is confident that he will cut a good figure in the examination.

 

 

 

99.(a) It is punctuality that is one of the qualities of a man.

(b) Those who are punctual can reach the summit of success.

(c) As he is punctual, he never leaves any work for the next day.

(d) Though he has to do a lot of works, he does not show any excuse.

(e) We should be punctual so that we can succeed in life.

 

 

100.(a) Books are men’s best companions in life.

(b) You may not get good friends when you need them.

(c) But it is books that are always ready to be by your side.

(d) They are your real friends as long as you are alive.

(e) To satisfy our thirst of knowledge, we have to read more and more books.

 

 

 

101.(a) It is happiness that is a relative term.

(b) A person with a crown who lives in a palace may not be happy.

(c) Rather a day labourer may have happiness living in a shabby hut.

(d) Again, it is happiness that varies from person to person.

(e) A beggar can be happy if he has a coin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMPLETING THE SENTENCES                                                                                                     Contributor: Istiaque Hasan

ALL BOARDS 2012

 

Complete the following sentences.                                                                                                                                1×5=5

DHAKA BOARD 2012

(a) United we stand, divided we fall.

(একতায় উত্থান, বিভাজনে পতন।)

(b) Rupa talks as if she knew everything.

(রুপা এমনভাবে কথা বলে যে সে সব জানে)।

(c) Since the body and mind go together, we cannot do anything without them.

(যেহেতু শরীর ও মন এক সাথে যায়, সেহেতু আমরা তাদের ছাড়া কিছু করতে পারি না।)

(d) Zinia is so tired that he cannot study.

(e) As I had forgotten her, I went away.

(যেহেতু তাকে আমি ভুলে গেলাম সেহেতু আমি বাইরে গেলাম।)

 

COMILLA BOARD 2012

(a) As the poor man was hungry, he could not walk anymore.

(যেহেতু লোকটি ক্ষুধার্ত তাই সে হাটতে পারলো না।)

(b) The weather was so cold that we could not go outside.

(আবহাওয়া এতো ঠাণ্ডা ছিল যে, আমরা বাইরে যেতে পারলাম না।)

(c) Hasib behaves as if,  he knew everything.

(হাসিব এমন আচরণ করে যে সে সব জানে)।

(d) It is high time we  changed our bad habit.

(এটাই সঠিক সময় খারাপ অভ্যাস পরিবর্তন করার।)

(e) A patriot is respected because  he works his country.

 

RAJSHAHI BOARD 2012

(a) The weather is so cold that  we cannot go outside.

(আবহাওয়া এতো ঠাণ্ডা যে আমরা বাইরে যেতে পারি না।)

(b) He was strong enough to defend the enemy.

(শত্রু মোকাবেলায় তিনি যথেষ্ট শক্তিশালী ছিলেন।)

(c) He came here with a view to meeting his friend.

(সে এখানে এসেছিল তার বন্ধুর সাথে দেখা করতে।)

(d) Hasib behaves as if,  he knew everything.

(হাসিব এমন আচরণ করে যে সে সব জানে)।

(e) You had better go home.

( তোমার এখন বাড়ি যাওয়াই ভালো)।

JESSORE BOARD-2012

(a) A college is a seat of learning, so everyone should keep the place free from politics.

(b) It should be a peaceful place where every student can study well.

(c) But now a days peaceful atmosphere is absent from the college because of politics.

(d) The students who take part in politics do not do well in the examination.

(e) The sooner it can be controlled, the  better it will be.

 

SYLHET BOARD 2012

(a) I wish I were a child again.

(b) He works hard so that    he can earn his livelihood.

(c) There is hardly any person who believes a liar.

(d) Man is born free but  everywhere he is in chain.

(e) It is our sacred duty to love our country.

 

 

BARISAL BOARD 2012

(a) He hurried to the station lest, he should miss the train.

(b) People are advised to take oral-saline since it will keep the body fit

(c) Where there is a will, there is a way.

(d) The weather was so unbearable that  we could not go outside.

(e) When the final hour of departure came, we became depressed.

 

CHITTAGONG BOARD-2012

(a) We want that we will see good days.

(b) Man dies but  his works live.

(c) People work with a view to earning money.

(d) I wish I were a child again.

(e) A patriot is a person whom we respect.

 

DINAJPUR BOARD-2012

(a) Since Bangladesh is a disaster-prone country we should take necessary measures to save the country.

(b) Though Bangladesh is a small country, she is burdened with a huge population.

  1. c) Women who comprise half of our population are ignored in the society.

(d) Moreover, our country is beset with lots of problems.

(e) We all should come forward with a view to solving the problems of our country.

COMPLETING THE SENTENCES

ALL BOARDS 2011

DHAKA BOARD-2011

(a) We should say ‘no’ to corruption because it destroys everything.

(b) Corrupt persons are not only dishonest but also greedy.

(c) Now, it is high time we left corrupted people.

(d) We should work together if  we want to keep the country free from corruption.

(e) But we are so self-centred that we do not want to change our habit.

 

COMILLA BOARD-2011

(a) No sooner had he reached the station, than the train left.

(b) She ran fast lest  she should reach the station.

(c) He could not avail himself of the opportunity.

(d) I prevented him from going there.

(e) All should do something to develop the country.

 

RAJSHAHI BOARD-2011

(a) AIDS is a fatal disease which has no cure.

(b) It is such a disease that can be transmitted in different ways.

(c) The first AIDS patient was a man who led a miserable life.

(d) The doctors suggest that  every one be aware of this disease.

(e) There is no further remedy that can cure a patient.

 

CHITTAGONG BOARD-2011

(a) Arif studies attentively so that he can do well in the examination.

(b) Hardly had the leader finished his speech when the people stood up.

(c) I walked fast lest I should miss the class.

(d) A fish market is the place where people go for buying fish.

(e) It is disappointing to note that the price of  necessary things is going up.

 

 

SYLHET BOARD-2011

(a) Walk fast lest you should miss the train.

(b) It is high time we changed our bad habit.

(c) Modern husbands are conscious of their duties.

(d) For good health we need to walk regularly.

(e) If I help him in danger ­I will also get help in my problem.

 

BARISAL BOARD-2011

(a) We work hard so that, we could earn well.

(b) There is nobody who, does not know the value of time.

(c) As he is devoted to studies, he will do a better result in the examination.

(d) He left the place after, I had reached there.

(e) As soon as the police came, the criminals went away.

 

DINAJPUR BOARD-2011

(a) I don’t like people who are idle.

(b) Do you know where he lives?

(c) It was long since  I had last seen him.

(d) You will not prosper unless you work hard.

(e) Had I been proposed to go I would have gone with them.

 

 

COMPLETING THE SENTENCES

ALL BOARDS 2010

 

DHAKA BOARD 20I0

(a) You cannot find others to love you unless you love them.

(b) It is love that has no limitation.

(c) Love is divine which   is expected.

(d) Your friends cannot help loving you if you love them.

(e) If you are not loved, it is a good evidence that  you are not  a good person .

 

COMILLA BOARD 2010

(a) He has a lot of money but no happiness.

(b) My father gave me taka 500 so that I could buy a shirt.

(c) She has been suffering from fever for seven days.

(d) Though it rained yesterday the weather was not cool.

(e) The train had left the station before I reached there.

 

RAJSHAHI BOARD-2010

(a) Walk fast lest you should miss the train.

(b) Our students are so meritorious they will do well in the examination. 

(c) Scarcely had the teacher gone out of the room when the students stood up.

(d) If I knew his mobile number I would call him.

(e) It is time we gave up bad habit.

 

JESSORE BOARD- 2010

(a) A graveyard is a place where the dead are buried.

(b) I am not sure whether he will come or not.

(c) The old man is walking carefully lest he should fall down.

(d) Do you mind if   I talk to you?

(e) Unless you work hard you will fail in life.

 

SYLHET BOARD-2010

(a) It is easy to say but difficult to do.

(b) Five years passed since I  had met you.

(c) A graveyard is a place where the dead are buried.

(d) She insisted that she must do the job.

(e) Unless you work hard, you will fail in life.

 

BARISAL BOARD-2010

(a) He could not attend the meeting because he was ill.

(b) We went to his residence as soon as we received the phone.

(c) He was so ill that  he could not talk.

(d) We immediately decided to shift him to a hospital where  he could get treatment.

(e) No sooner had we reached the hospital, than he died.

 

CHITTAGONG BQARD-2010

(a) They went to college after they had finished their breakfast.

(b) This poem is too difficult for  me to understand.

(c) No sooner had she seen me than he left away.

(d) He speaks as if  he knew everything.

(e) It is high time we   changed our bad habit.

 

DINAJPUR BOARD-2010

(a) As you sow, so you reap.

(b) Although Bangladesh is a populous country, it is full of natural beauty.

(c) He is my teacher who is a learned man.

(d) I wish I were a child again.

(e) He took up a part-time job so that he could earn his livelihood.

 

COMPLETING THE SENTENCES

ALL BOARDS 2009

DHAKA BOARD-2009

 

(a) Since Bangladesh is an agricultural country, timely rainfall is very necessary.

(b) As her economy depends on agriculture, we have to improve our agriculture.

(c) We have to develop cultivation scientifically so that we can increase our production.

(d) Though our farmers work hard, they do not get what they need.

(e) They cannot improve their condition because they are illiterate.

 

COMILLA BOARD-2009

(a) Water is so vital of all natural resources that  we are greatly dependent on it.

(b) It is water which  keeps us alive.

(c) Our agriculture which depends on water, cannot produce anything without it.

(d) Though Bangladesh is blessed with rivers we do not get required water during dry season.

(e) If the rainfall is timely, we will get the good production of crops.

 

RAJSHAHI BOARD-2009

(a) The poor man is too hungry to talk.

(b) I came here with a view to meeting my friend.

(c) The weather was so cold that we could not go outside.

(d) Hasib behaves as if he knew everything.

(e) The higher we fly, the harder we feel.

 

JESSORE ROARD-2009

(a) My father is a teacher who is a learned man.

(b) Unless he gets up early in the morning, he will miss the first bus.

(c) It is high time we  changed our bad habit.

(d) Though it’s raining,  people are moving.

(e) A patriot is respected because he thinks for the country.

 

CHITTAGONG BOARD-2009

(a) Acid rain is harmful because it burns everything.

(b) The wind was so strong that we could not stand there_.

(c) Had he been a little careful the accident would not have happened.

(d) They were frightened when they were crossing the road.

(e) Take your umbrella lest you should fall in the rain.

 

 

SYLHET BOARD-2009

(a) It is true that most of the parents in our country are not interested enough to send their female children to school.

(b) Parents think that spending money for the children’s education is unwise specially when they are female children.

(c) They think female children need no education because they will be married off.

(d) To lessen discrimination in children’s educational status the government gives subsidy for female children so that they could they could be educated.

(e) It is a good sign that now a days women are coming out of their homes.

 

BARISAL BOARD-2009

(a) Yesterday Mita had an accident while she was crossing the road.

(b) No sooner had we heard the news than we rushed to the place.

(c) We took her to a hospital which was near the road.

(d) We took her to a hospital which was a public hospital.

(e) As it was a public hospital, there was huge rush.

(e) But our patient was so serious that  we shifted the patient to a private clinic.

 

DINAJPUR BOARD-2009

(a) There goes a proverb that time and tide wait for none.

(b) Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work, lost time  lost time can never be got back.

(c) Time is so valuable that we should not waste it.

(d) Those who have become great in life have utilised their time.

(e) If we make the best use of time we will shine in life.

 

Updates

Conversion of sentences

Conversion of sentences

Negative, Interrogative and vice versa

 With auxiliary verb

Negative Interrogative
auxiliary verb + not Auxiliary verb + subject +……….?

 

Without auxiliary verb

Sentence Negative Interrogative
Simple present Sub + do not/does not +verb1………. Do/does + sub+ verb1……….?
Simple past Sub + did not+verb1………. Did + sub+ verb1……….?

 

 Turn into Negative and Interrogative
a.       I am hungry. They are at the cinema. You are learning English. We were watching TV. We are going to school. You will help me. Sam will be coming home. They have been to Paris. They have been swimming. He had studied English. We had been waiting. We will be waiting for him. He is buying a notebook. They have breakfast. Tusher has got some money. The children have their breakfast. It is in Dhaka. Windows are made of glass. Windows are made of wood. Satkhira is a small city. It is important. He should be here by now. I could swim quite well. I was younger. You must blame yourself for this. You might have discussed it with me first. You can be serious. She had to take her brother along with her. We ought to be going. They have promised to pay higher wages.

b.       We like pizza. They go to the party. They wash the car. I get up early. They walk to school. I swim every day. We dance in the room. We watch TV. They run to church. You write an email. He buys a notebook. He goes to school. He drinks a coffee. She washes her hair. The cat drinks milk. Mother cooks beef. The monkey eats bananas. Father drives a big car. The penguin swims very well. Jim eats an orange. My sister listens to me. The sun sets in the west. We produce lasers for cosmetic surgery. They move into their new home next week. I go to sleep. I deserve a better mark in this class. Jony stops in mid-court and passes the ball to me. I always study hard for exams. Ben goes to practise football every day. I believe that all people can live in peace. He goes to office at 9 o’clock. She speaks English fluently. He calls his mother every day. My father reads a lot. She knows how to knit. My father goes to the mosque every day. My friend writes short stories.

c.       She cleaned her shoes. Helal climbed up the tree. She sang a song. Billal read a book. He went to the zoo. My parents worked in a restaurant. We liked our uncle. I visited my grandmother yesterday. You went to Paris last year. The teacher went to the desk. He heard the telephone. Susan bought her little sister a doll. We came here in 1980. I worked at Johnson & Co. from 1990 to 1995. My brother lived in London for six years. We arrived at 9:00 o’clock. This morning I went to the supermarket. Shyam passed the test. He gave me a glass of milk. The contractor finished the work in one day. They arrived in the morning. He looked at the pictures on the wall.

 

Turn into Affirmative and Interrogative
a.       You are not sleeping now. You were not listening. You haven’t gone overseas. She hadn’t studied. You haven’t been to Dhaka. You haven’t waited for me. She hasn’t completed. You don’t eat banana. I can’t go tomorrow. People won’t eat rice. Bill hasn’t learned to type. You shouldn’t cheat on tests. She isn’t fat. You are not lazy. You aren’t lazy either. They aren’t working today. They weren’t feeling well. They haven’t been feeling well. Larry won’t be able to go.

b.       Paul did not call me yesterday. Sabbir did not laugh. He does not work on Saturdays. They do not sell food. They didn’t arrive by train. We didn’t leave the room. They didn’t get a lot of money The Smith family didn’t go to Italy. The children didn’t fight at playtime. I didn’t break my leg. The cat didn’t like the cream. Sam didn’t eat all the sweets. Maruf doesn’t drink coffee. I don’t speak Hindi. I don’t live near him. I didn’t go to the store. Lions do not eat grass. We didn’t watch the movie. Monir doesn’t go there. I don’t like you. They don’t live near him. I didn’t go to the store last week. Lions do not eat grass. I don’t like the food they serve at that restaurant. Jim doesn’t work on Fridays. My friends don’t usually leave so early. I do not want to go with you. My sister does not live with my parents. I do not know the answer. I do not want to leave now. My mother does not work at a bank. Suriya does not sing very well. Martin does not get it. The boy did not kill the spider. She did not recognize him at once.

Turn into assertive

Has anyone seen my torch? Are you eating? Is he watching? Do you play tennis? Does he write novels? Did you cook for dinner? Did you wash the car? Were you doing? Have you been to London? Have I been waiting long? Did you clean the room? Can you spare sometimes? Did you take medicine? Do you learn English? Are you ready to go? Did you go to mosque? Shall we ask Simon? Had I never been to a club? Didn’t we get a room? Had we booked in advance? Had I been playing the guitar? Has she been sleeping all the way? Is he trying to call her? Was Neha going to village? Does the baby cry out loud? Did she feed her? Had they visited a doctor? Had he slept? Had I finished my work last year? Had it rained heavily last month? Do you go to the supermarket every week? Could you open the window please? Must you make so much noise? Do you usually speak to him like that?

Updates

SENTENCE

Sentence

 Definition:

A sentence is a group of words, usually containing a verb which expresses a complete thought in the form of a statementquestioninstruction, or exclamation and starts with a capital letter when written.

Classification of Sentence:

According to meaning/function Identification
1 Assertive (বিবৃতি সূচক)

makes a statement or assertion

Subject + verb
2 Interrogative (প্রশ্ন সূচক)

asks a question

(?)
3 Imperative (অনুজ্ঞা সূচক)

expresses a order, request, command or advice

 Starts with verb, let, please, kindly, always, never
4 Optative (ইচ্ছা প্রকাশক)

expresses strong feelings or emotions

Starts with may (wish/pray/hope/desire)
5 Exclamatory (বিস্ময় সূচক)

expresses surprise, joy, sorrow, appreciation, love excitement, frustration, anger

(!)

 

 Identify Sentences from the following words
Look at the picture. May you live long. Is he an honest man? Never tell a lie. Monika is a student. He is reading a book. Aren’t they happy? Let us go out for a walk. They were playing football. Is she not a beautiful girl? I will swim in the river. Kindly help me. Did they play cricket? Forgive me. It has been raining for two hours. Is Mitu teaching in the class?  Do the sum. Shut the door. Do not go there. Do not tell a lie. Did she write a letter? Always speak the truth. Let us go there. Let him play. The rising sun is the symbol of birth. Is Monir a B.A.? The rose is a symbol of beauty. We are happy. He is not an honest man. What a beautiful country it is! Monika is not boiling an egg. It is raining now. They are not playing. May Allah help you. You are not a good man. Sejuti is my sister. You will be happy. You will not pass in the exam. Is he not an honest man? The white colour is the symbol of purity. Does he read the Quran? Does he not go to school? Write a letter. Eat rice. Please give me your pen. Let us discuss the matter. Pray for me. Draw a mango. Be attentive. Read your lessons. Open the door. Help the poor. Lend me your eraser, please. Give me your pen. Tell me the story. Tell me when your birthday is. May Allah bless you. Hurrah! We have won the game.
Updates

Short questions

Short questions

Read the instructions about preparing before an earthquake, then answer the following questions :
1. Don’t get scared.
2. Make yourself mentally prepared.
3. Keep some food and water, a first aid kit, a torch light, a mobile phone, some batteries and a fwe match boxes ready.
4. Keep also some money ready.
5. Decide beforehand where and hwo your family will reunite.
Question
1. Hwo many items should you keep ready? 1
2. Why should you keep some money ready? 2
3. Hwo do you keep yourself prepared before an earthquake? 3
Answer
1. Eight items.
2. To meet the future crisis.
3. I don’t get scared and am mentally prepared keep some food, water, first aid kit, a torchlight, a mobile phone, some match boxes and some money ready.

 

Read the instructions about preparation during an earthquake while at home, then answer the following questions :
1.       Switch off your electricity and gas connection.

2.       Get under a desk or table or stay against an interior wall.

3.        Stay far from the windwo and outside walls.

4.        Don’t stay beside partition, glass, heavy furniture fireplaces and home appliances and don’t use elevator.

5.       Don’t rush for the exit and stay slwo and cover your head and neck with your hands and arms.

Question
1. What should be switched off? 1
2. Why should you get under a table? 2
3. What don’t you do during an earthquake? 3
Answer
1. Electricity and gas connection.
2. To avoid, a heavy blwo and to minimize the strike and loss.
3. I don’t stay beside partition glass, heavy furniture, fireplaces and home appliances. I don’t use elevator and I don’t rush for the exit.

 

Read the instructions about preparing during an earthquake while outside, then answer the following questions :
1. Stay away from narrwo streets.
2. Stay apart from the building or buildings.
3. Stay apart from power lines or a√thing else that could fall on you.
4. Try to be in an open place like field, plains etc.
5. Get sure that you are not beside a CGN start Retro prop and power house
Question
1. Where should you go to? 1
2. Why should you stay apart from narrwo streets? 2
3. What do you do during an earthquake while outside? 3
Answer
1. To an open field.
2. To avoid heavy blow.
3. I stay apart from the buildings, apart from power lines or a√thing else else that could fall on me. I stay in the field.

Read the instructions about preparing well for exam, and then answer the following questions :
1.       Study regularly.

2.       Do not miss any class.

3.       Read the difficult topics again and again.

4.       Write down what you read.

5.       Revise everything before exam.

Questions
1. What topic will you read again and again? 1
2. Why should you study regularly? 2
3. How do you prepare for your exam? 3
Answer
1. Difficult topics.
2. To prepare well for the exam and acquire knowledge.
3. I study regularly. I do not miss aû class. If I miss, I take help from my classmates. I write down what I read. I try to revise everything before exam.

Read the instructions about greetings, then answer the following questions :
1. For greetings in the morning, say, ‘Good morning’.
2. In the afternoon, say, ‘Good afternoon’.
3. In the evening, say ‘Good evening’.
4. For taking leave at night say, ‘Good night’.
5. But never say, ‘Good night’ for greeting.
Question
1. What do you say in the morning for greetings?1
2. Why should you say ‘Good night’? 2
3. Hwo do you greet your friends in the morning.3
Answer
1. ‘Good morning’.
2. For taking leave at night.
3. First I say ‘Good morning’ in the morning. I say ‘Good afternoon’ in the afternoon.

Read the instructions about class activities, then answer the following questions :
1. Stand up when your teacher enters the class room.
2. Greet him/her cordially.
3. Give attention to your teacher when he/she calls roll number.
4. Nwo open your book and take the pen.
5. Listen attentively to your teacher when he/she deliver lecture.
Question
1. What will you do when your teacher enters the class room? 1
2. Why do you listen attentively to your teacher

3. When he/she delivers lecture? 2
4. How do you enjoy your classes? 3

Answer
1. We should stand up.
2. To understand the lessons of the text properly and to follwo the day to day homework of the classes.
3. I come to my class in time and regularly. I listen to my teacher attentively when he/she delivers lecture. Then I give my homework to my teacher.

 


.

Read the instructions about having physical exercise in the morning, and then answer the following questions:
a. Get up early in the morning.
b. Wash your face and refresh yourself.
c. Wear dresses and shoes suitable for walking.
d. Be in a group to enjoy your walking and be fit or for good health.
Question
1. When do you get up from bed? 1
2. Why should you take physical exercise? 2
3. How do you pass your morning? 3
Answer
1. Early in the morning.
2. To keep in good health Or, To maintain good health, Or, To keep the body fit for work.
3. First, I wash my face and refresh myself, Then I put on tracksuit and go to our school field. I usually walk there with my friends. After an hour I return home.

Read the instructions about appearing at an exam, and then answer the following questions :
a. Check that you have admit-card, pen, pencil and scale with you.
b. Go to the exam hall 30 minutes before the exam start.
c. First read the whole question paper.
d. Start writing with easy and compulsory questions.
e. Finish your writing and revise them.
Question
1. When do you reach exam hall? 1
2. Why should you read the whole question paper? 2
3. What do you do in the exam hall? 3
Answer
1.Go to the exam hall before half an hour.
2. To find out easy question. Or, To make a plan for writing answers.
3. First, I read the whole question paper. Then I start writing easy and compulsory questions. I finish my writing in time and revise my answers.

Read the instructions about rules of cleanliness, and then answer the following questions :
a. Take a bath every day.
b. Wear clean clothes.
c. Cut your nails every week.
d. Wash your hands with soap before taking food and after using wash room.
e. Keep your room and surroundings clean.
Question
1. When do you take your bath? 1
2. Why should you follwo rules of cleanliness? 2
3. How do you maintain cleanliness? 3
Answer
1. At 7 am before going to school
2. To keep in good health. Or, To maintain good health.

 3. I take bath every day. I wear clean clothes. I cut my nails every week. I wash my hands with soap before taking food and using wash room. I keep my room and surroundings clean.

Updates

Formation of Interrogative sentences with W/h question

Framing w/h question

W/h question: who, which, what, when, where, why, how, whose, whom

 

W/h+ auxiliary verb + sub + verb + ext +?
When did he leave? Why did you choose to keep your child? How did it get so late so soon? Where do you want to go today? Where do you work? When does she wake up? Whom did you see? How does this work? When did Nina sleep well? What did you do then? What would you like to eat? Who/whom/what do you want to see? What will he say? Who/whom/what did you see? About who/whom/what are you speaking? What do you mean? Who do you think is right?

 

 W/h + verb+ ext +?
Who wants to save the world? What is the use of a house? Are you a good witch or a bad witch? Why is a raven like a writing-desk? Who is your brother? Where are you from? Who is that man? When is your class? Are you from Canada? Whose are these keys? Who is knocking at the door? What is your phone number? Who came here in the morning? Which/what is better – wisdom or riches? What is a continent? Who knows the answer?

 

 W/h+ to be verb + sub + verb3 + ext +?
How was it done well? Why is it shown to him? What is it meant? When has the glass been broken? How is she informed tonight? Why can he be called today? What was he asked for? When have you been seen by me? How am I helped? By who/whom was this book written?

 

W/h + noun + auxiliary verb + sub + verb+ ext +?
Whose turn is it? Which colour do you want? How much wealth do you need? Which book have you lost that you are searching? Which book do you like? Which offer did he choose? What kind of place do you live in? Which painting do you like the best? Whose parents are coming to the meeting tomorrow? What time must we be there? What kind of music do you listen to? How much money do you have?
Updates, Verb

Verb

Verb

Definition: A verb is one of the main parts of a sentence or question in English. It tells an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand). Whether mental, physical, or mechanical, verbs always express activity.

look at the following chart.

Classification of Verbs Identification
1.      Finite Verb verb1 and verb2
2.      Non-Finite Verb verb1+ing/to+ verb1/verb3
 

 

3.      Auxiliary Verb

To be am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
To have have, has, had
To do do, does, did
Modals can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, need to, dare to, must, ought to, going to, had better, would rather
4.      Linking verb am, is, was, are, were, has been, might have been, become, etc.
5.      Infinitive to+ verb1
6.      Gerund verb1+ing (noun)
 

7.      Participle

Present Participle verb1+ing (adjective)
Past Participle verb3
Perfect Participle having +verb3

 

8.      Transitive Verb having object
9.      Intransitive Verb without object

 

10. Factitive Verb (It takes two objects)
appoint, assign, choose, deem, designate, elect, judge, make, name,  select, informed, remind, raise, set, suckle, lay

 

11. Causative Verb or Copulative (person or thing makes something happen)
make, cause, allow, help, have, enable, get keep, hold, let, force, show, require, dip, drench, fell

 

12. Cognate Verb (object and verb are derived from the same root)
He slept a troubled sleep. He laughed a bitter laugh. He died a painful death. He dreamed a strange dream. Tusher smiled a happy smile. The woman lived a happy life. They fought a heroic fight. She died a premature death. Borna danced a jolly dance. The tree grew a century’s growth.

 

13. Reflexive Verb (a verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same)
He was talking to himself. I see myself in the mirror. They enjoyed themselves. He found himself lying by the road. The children behave themselves. He busied himself in the kitchen. She applied herself. I saw myself as a famous actor. You might cut yourself. I am teaching myself to play the piano.

 

14. Quasi-passive Verb (in spite of being active voice, it expresses the meaning of Passive voice)
Honey tastes sweet. The bed feels soft. The book reads well. The bed feels soft. The school garden looked beautiful. The pen writes well. The sun shines brightly. The stone feels rough. Iron feels hard.

 

15. Reciprocal Verb  (describes something that two people do to or with each other)
meet , wed, reunite, fight, kiss, marry, like, reconcile, divorce, want, greet, to shake hands, to embrace, to hug, fall in love, to speak with, to understand

 

16. Group verb or Prepositional verb

It is allowed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb alone.

call back, deal with, along with, lay off, make fun of, looking after, bring up, put up with, made up, takes after, stand by, use up 

 

Classification: Verb can be classified into two kinds.

Finite: Verbs that have the present or the past form, are called finite verbs. Verbs with tense are finite. It is changeable according to tense, number and person.

Nonfinite: Verbs in any other form (infinitive, -ing, or -ed) are called nonfinite verbs. Verbs without tense are nonfinite. It is completely unchangeable according to tense, number and person.

 

Verb at a glance

Verb Finite (changeable according to tense, number or person) verb1/ verb2
Nonfinite (unchangeable) verb3/to+verb1/verb1+ing

 

Indentify finite and nonfinite verb from the following sentences

I play cricket. I am playing cricket. I have played cricket. I like to play cricket. I saw a flying bird. I like playing cricket and reading books. Playing cricket I met with Rana. I saw him running. I playing cricket returned home. I got the task completed. He seems to be frustrated. The cars made in Japan last long. The story told to me is interesting. Having played cricket, I returned home. In spite of his working hard, he could reach to his goal. By studying attentively, you can get A+. He sits to read when it is time for reading. He is too short to touch the fan. Nancy does her homework every day. Nancy is doing her homework at the moment. They are writing a letter. She speaks Chinese very well. He has a big car. The proposal has been examined today. She tried to help him It is healthy to laugh problems. Finding the gates widely open, the thief went away. He had his car cleaned.  I can’t go with you. Unfortunately, she had to go. Do you really go out with her? I didn’t go to work today. I want to go home.  I like going to the cinema. He suggested going for a walk. Going faster would have been really dangerous. Jack has gone away on holiday. I had gone back to their cars. I had gone to university. I am going to a concert tonight. Going across the bridge last night, I saw someone swimming in the river. He promised me to send a letter. The promised letter never arrived. He loves to eat popcorn. I waited for him to come. The postman distributed all the letters but one. Everyone wanted to buy the new book, but there were only 10 copies. I heard my dad going up the stairs.

 

Action Verbs

Action verbs are typically single words that describe what a person or thing in a sentence does (like run, write, yell, and think). So if it answers the question What is the subject doing? it’s the action verb. In the sentence Jamal paints the room, the subject is Jamal. To find the action verb, ask yourself What is Jamal doing? Jamal paints, so the action verb is paints.

Action Verbs and Linking Verbs

Linking verbs are verbs that link the subject of the sentence with more information about itself. Action verbs express a specific movement, task, act, or motion, while linking verbs express a state of being. For example, Shohel runs eight miles every day. The verb runs is an action verb because it explains what Shohel does. If we say Shohel is a runner, the word is is a linking verb because it explains what Shohel is.

Some verbs can be either action verbs or linking verbs, depending on context. In The freshly baked cake smells delicious, smells is a linking verb because it links the subject (cake) with the characteristic of having a delicious smell. Conversely, smells is an action verb in Shohel smells the freshly baked bread. Here, smells describes an action. Other verbs involving the senses (e.g. taste, feel, and look) can be either action verbs or linking verbs depending how they are used.

 

 

Finite verb can be classified into two kinds.

  1. Transitive: An action verb with a direct object is transitive. It is directly attached with a noun or pronoun.  Some transitive verbs can be used with a direct object and an indirect object.For example, Jamal paints the room. The subject is Jamal, and the action is paints. Paints is a transitive verb because it affects room (the direct object). Some other common transitive verbs that need to be followed by a direct object are send, take, tell,make, and bring.
  2. Intransitive: An action verb with no direct object is intransitive. It is not directly attached with a noun or pronoun. It needs the help of a preposition to be attached.If we say ‘Jamal paints every day.’ There’s no definite object that Jamal is painting, which means paints is an intransitive verb. The verb tells what Jamal (the subject) is doing, but not what he’s doing it to. Some other common intransitive verbs include come, laugh, rise.

 

Identify transitive or intransitive verb from the following sentences.

I wrote a letter. I slept. I coughed. The glass fell. My cat ran. The sun rose. She cut the cake. They climbed the mountain. He gave her a flower. He wrote a poem. They run. He died. It snows. Bulbul’s mistake cost him his job. I admire your courage. We need to maintain product quality. Most shops here close at 5.30 p.m. Everyone wished us all the best for the future. I couldn’t face him today. Leave me a message and I’ll get back to you. She loves animals. The company has offered me a job. Liza brought her a glass of water. He sent her a letter. Can I buy you a drink? Palash gave me a book for my birthday. Poly passed her a cup of coffee. Shall I make us some lunch? Jerin was trying to sell me her car. We took Maria some flowers and wine. Show me your holiday photos. The baby was crying. I work for a large firm in Paris. They laughed uncontrollably. We talked for hours. The man sang a song. I was found guilty of starting the fire. Pinto always sings in the bath. The match starts at 3 p.m. She left London on June 6. The trees were moving in the breeze. The area’s changed greatly in the last decade. I want to leave early. Could you move your car please? Marriage hasn’t changed her. The museum opens at 10 a.m. We went for a walk. The sun was setting and a red glow filled the sky. Jim is doing well in his new job. He used to run a restaurant. The path ran over the hill. He was living a life of luxury abroad. I washed, dressed, and went out. Kevin couldn’t read or write. I asked him to come in. He did not enter the room. She was reading a book. He sat down at the computer. He started to type an email. The bull was chasing him. Do you want any help? He had been managing the business for six years. I was out when she called. She called me a cheat and a liar. I sold some books. I took the bus. I bought a radio. I understood her question.


Updates

Direct and Indirect speeches

 

Narration

Direct               Indirect

                                         Reporting         Reported

                                             verb                 speech

 

Sentence

 

                          Assertive              Interrogative               Imperative                        Optative                             Exclamatory                        

                                                                (?)                      Verb, let, please                May (wish/pray)                          (!)

                                                                                        kindly, always, never

 

Person

Person Number Subjective Possessive Objective Self/Selves
First Singular I My Me Myself
Plural We Our Us Ourselves
Second Singular You Your You Yourself
Plural You Your You Yourselves
Third Singular He His Him Himself
Singular She Her Her Herself
Singular It Its It Itself
Plural They Their Them Themselves

 

Principles of changing narration

  1. Said to       2. Comma       3. Person       4.Tense       5.Adverb

 

Changing narration at a glance

Sentence Said to Comma Person Tense Adverb
Assertive Said to/Told That 1st person

=

Subject

 

 

2ndperson =

Object

 

 

3rd person = Unchanged

Pre Ind – Past Ind,

Pre Con – Past Con,

Pre Per – Past Per,

Pre Per Con–Past Per Con

Past Ind – Past Per,

Past Con – Past Per Con,

Past Per – x,

Past Per Con – x

 

Future = S + Would +V

 

Now – then,

Today – That day,

Yesterday – The previous day,

Tomorrow – The next day,

Here – There,

This – That,

These – Those,

Come – Go,

Ago-before

Interrogative Asked W/H or If
Imperative Ordered, advised, requested, forbade, proposed, commanded  

To + V1

Optative Wished/Prayed That
Exclamatory Exclaimed with joy/sorrow/

wonder/fear/

surprise

That

 

Exercises on Narration

Assertive Sentence

If reporting verb is present/future tense, tense of reported speech will be unchanged.
He says to me, “I am your teacher.” He says, “I am a student.” Kalam says, “I did not go because I was ill.” He will say, “I shall do the work tomorrow.” I say, “He will pass the examination.” He says to you, “I live here in Chittagong.” My father will say to me, “We are going there tomorrow.” Ali has said to me, “I was ill.” He says to Rahul, “You were mere a boy when I saw you last.” He says, “I have been working since sunrise.” Shama has said to me, “I want to go to college now.”He has said to Harry Potter, “I didn’t understand your cruelty when you show your magic.” They will say to me, “We shall help you for your lacking.” We say Salma, “you went to your house yesterday.”

                                                                                         

Generally 5 changes in a Direct speech.
I said to the girls, “You are right to command them.” Samia said to her mother, “I want the best now.” The old man said to the girl, “I know you and your brother.” He said to me, “I like Messi as a best player and you.” He said his mother, “I want a big ship in my 17th birthday from you or my father.” Nargis said to mother, “I shall go to bed now.” Rejaul said, “I ate my meals.” Sapna said, “I saw Munia near college.” My father said, “We are going there tomorrow.” You said to me, “You do not do your duty.” Reza said, “I had a cow and its colour was white.” He said, “I shall go home.” The teacher said to the students, “You were making a noise in the class.” He said to me, “I did the work yesterday.” He said, “That’s a good idea.” He said, “The train reached at nine.” Sakil said to me, “I am drawing a picture for you.” The girl said, “I know the answer of this question.” Nabbir said to me, “You are not sincere and therefore I do not trust you.” I said to him, “I am sick.” Mother said to me, “Will you go to school?” Rony said to him, “I shall go to Chittagong tomorrow.” He said to me, “You study sincerely and may stand first in the examination.” He said to you, “I live here in Chittagong.” My father said to me, “We are going there tomorrow.” Ali said to me, “I was ill.” He said to Rahul, “You were mere a boy when I saw you last.” He said, “I have been working since sunrise.” Shama said to me, “I want to go to college now.” You said to me, “You do not do your duty.” Abir said to Anwar, “I have passed the examination.” The boy said to me, “You have passed the exam.” My friend said to me, “I have already finished my work.” Shakira said to me, “I went to you home when you are not here.” They said, “We bought the books together yesterday.”

 

If reported speech is universal truth / habitual fact, first 2 changes will be done.
The teacher said, “The moon shines at night.” The teacher said, “All men are equal in the eye of law.” The teacher said, “Time and tide wait for none.” The teacher said to the students, “The more you read, the more you learn.” He said, “Honesty is the best policy.” We said, “Man is mortal.” We said, “Islam is the perfect code of life and Mohammed (Sm.) is his messenger.” She said, “Mohammed (Sm.) was born in Macca in 570 A.” The teacher said to Raju, “Misfortunes never come alone.” He said to me, “Allah is one.”

 

May=might, Can=could       but     Might, could, would, should……..only tense will be unchanged.
He said to me, “I can do the work.” The boy said, “I can swim.” He said to Liza, “We may go to your house.” I said to him, “I cannot attend the meeting.” He said to me, “You may stand first in the examination.” She said to me, “I could attend class yesterday.” He said to me, “I could do the work.” He said to me, “I would do the work yesterday.” He said, “The train might reach at nine.”
Must=had to       Must (obedience) = only must will be unchanged.
He said to me, “I must say my prayers.”Robin said, “Man must die sooner or later.”He said to her, “You must obey your seniors.” The teacher said to Pamela, “You must listen to what your parents say.” Robin said, “Man must submit to destiny.” Fayed said to me, “I must need to pass the exam.” He said, “I must go home.” He said to you, “I must live here in Chittagong.” He said to me, “I must do the work.” He said to you, “I must help you in danger.”

Interrogative Sentence

Starts with auxiliary verb
He said to me, “Are you going?” He said to me,” Are you ill?” He said to me, “Do you know my friend?” Father said to his son, “Are you interested in Mathematics?” My mother said to me, “Is not poverty a curse?” Haron said to me, “Do you know me?” The teacher said to me, “Have you learnt your lesson today?’ You said to Rakib, “Have you seen the man who came to visit yesterday?” Shaurab said to Shuhel, “Will you listen to such a fool?” I said to him, “Will you go to college today?” I said to the Headmaster, “Will you grant me a full free studentship?” I said to her, “Will you go to the college tomorrow?” The policeman said to me, “Did you see the accident?” He said to me, “Did you go to college yesterday?” Liza said to me, “Will you visit my home tomorrow?” We said the boy, “Have you eaten rice for lunch?” Sara Jefferson said to Dona, “Will you take me with your sympathy?” The teacher said to us, “Will you summit this assignment?” Rashid said to us, “Am I unable to solve your glitch?” The teacher said to the students, “Do I bit you for your indulgence?” She said to us, “Shall I not inform my feelings?” The man said to me, “Are you passing the river by swimming?” He said to Ron, “Can you bring to mind you magic verse?” Raima said, “Can you conquer my heart?” Mother said to me, “Can you draw a picture of a tree?” They said to Siam, “Can you tell me what’s your name?” The teacher said to students, “Can anyone give the correct answer of this question?” Kamal said, “Can you lend me your books for three days?” Shefali said to Bina, “Can I take your pen?” You said to me, “Would you help me, please?”

 

Starts with W/H question.
He said to me, “Where are you going?” Ruma said to his mother, “Why will you take my pen?” The man said to me, ‘Where do you live? Taufiq said to Rahul, “Why do you always think about the bad side of things?” The man said to the stranger, “What is your name and why did you come here?” The old man said to his sons,“Why do you quarrel always?” The man said to me, “Who are you?” She said to them, “Why are you making a noise?” He said to me, “What are you doing?” Sakib said to Roman, “Where have you come from?” She said to him, “Why have you come here?” Rubel said to his mother, “What did you see when you were in the states?” He said to me, “Where did you go yesterday?” My mother said to me, “Why did you not go to college yesterday?” Salim said to Salam, “Why did you write those letters?”They said to us, “When will you return home?” He said to me. “When will the next letter come?” The passenger said to the porter, “When will the train arrive?” She said to me, “What’s your mother name and where have you come from?” They said to my mother, “Where did I go in 3.45 pm yesterday?” They said, “How much wealth do you need?” Anika said to them, “Why did their garden destroy?” The astrologer said to the king, “How much long do you live?” He said to me, “Which book do you want?” I said to the pretty girl, “Which book have you lost that you are searching?”

 

Optative Sentence

Structure: Sub + wished/prayed + obj + that + sub + might + verb1 + ext
Teacher said to him, “May you come round soon.” The president said, “May Bangladesh live long.” The dervish said to me, “May you shine in life.” The woman said to his son, “May you be happy.” Mother said to me, “May you live long.” Father said to his son, “May you pass the exam.” He said to me, “May Allah help you.” Mother said to me, “May Allah bless you.” They said, “Long live our president.” Munia said to Maria, “May you get A+.” He said to me,” May Allah bless you.” He said to me, “May you live long.”

 

 

Imperative Sentence

Structure: Sub + (Ordered/advised/requested/forbade/proposed/commanded) + obj + to + v1+ ext
He said to me, “Help the poor”. He said to me, “Don’t talk”. He said to me, “Please help me.”The teacher said to me, “Always speak the truth. “The commander/general/captain said to the soldier, “Fire on.” Shakira said to me, “Dance with me.” He said, “Do the sums.” He said to Liza, “Don’t show your naughty face.” I said, “Shot the bird silently.” We said, “Dug the soil.” The teacher said to Raju, “Don’t tell a lie for next time.” B. Gates said “Leave the flaw of any work.” She said to his teacher, “Complete the lesson.” We said, “Keep your mind in relax mood.”My brother said to me, “Go to college or you will be punished.” The teacher said to Taslima“, write an essay on punctuality.” The teacher said to the students, “Stop writing.” Arif said, “Friends, lend me your cars.”The captain said to the soldiers, “March forward.” The teacher said to Amana, “Read this book.” He said to me, “Please give me some money.” The students said to the Principal, “Please grant me leave of absence.” He said to his friends, “Please wait for me till I return.” ‘Please listen to me’, said he. Father said to me, “Take care of your health.” Father said to the son, “Don’t quarrel with anybody.” Mother said to me, “Don’t run in the sun.” The teacher said to the student, “Do not tell a lie.” Mrs. Salam said, “Don’t forget about that.” Mother said to her son, “Do not waste your time.” The teacher said, “Always speak the truth.”

 

No. Changes Let us/ let’s Let us/ let’s Let me/him/her/them
1. Said to Proposed to Suggested told
2. Comma That we should/That they should * that
3. Person * * Follow the normal rules
4. Tense Verb1 Verb1 + ing + ext Sub + might + verb1
5. Adverb Follow the normal rules

 

Farid said to Rafi, “Let us learn our lessons.” They said to us, “Let us decide the matter.” He said to me, “Let us do it.” The chairman said, “Let us settle the dispute.” Tamanna said to Ruma, “Let us go out for a walk.” “Let us wait here till the rain stops,” She said. She said to me, ‘Let us make fun’. He said to me, “Let us go out for a walk.”

The beggar said to her, “Let me have a meal.” The prisoner said, “Let me see my mother.” Father said, “Let him read attentively.” The old man said, “Let me have some milk.” The boy said to me, “Let them play cricket.” Samia said to her mother “Let me drink a glass of water.” I said to the girls, “Let me tell some words with you and about your family.” They said, “Let her go to join the match.”

Exclamatory Sentence

!sub + verb                               Sub + verb!                          Sub + verb (to/for….)!

{Very, most, so, great must be brought into indirect speech if it starts with what/how}

He said to me, “What a nice garden it is!” He said, “What a magic you show! Harry Potter.” They said, “What an exciting game you play!” Liza said, “What a miserable life the poor of Bangladesh lead!” I said, “What a clever girl you are!” I said to you, “What a brave man you are!” I said to him, “What a nice fellow your father is!” I said to her, “What a nice girl you are!” “What an honest man he is!” said Mr. Rahman. The boy said, “What a terrible storm it is!” I said to him, “What a nice gift I have got for you!” He said, “What cheering report! He said, “What a pity!” You said to me, “How nice your handwriting is!” They said, “How sweet the mango is!” I said to you, “How obliged are you to me!” The teacher to him, “How funny you are!” The man said to the boy, “How silly you are!”She said, “How sweetly the bird sings!” They said, “How a nice song we sing!” Sara Jefferson said to Dona, “How sweet baby you have!” Rashid said, “Yeah! We can hunt the birds.” The traveler said, “How wicked the boys are!” I said, “Had I the wings of a bird!” I said to her, “Alas! He is dead. He said, “Alas! I am undone.” Rima said, “Alas! She has lost her mother.” The boy said, “Hurrah! My father has come.” He said, “Hurrah! I have gained it. ” He said, “Bravo! You have done very well.” Ruma said, “Hurrah! We beat our against party.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Updates

Articles

Articleপদাশ্রিত নির্দেশক

9.1 Definition: An article, technically an adjective, is a word used to modify a noun, which is a person, place, object, or idea. A, An এবং The কে ইংরেজিতে article বলে বর্তমানে আধুনিক ইংরেজি গ্রামার এদের determiner বলা হয়

9.2 Classification: Article দুই প্রকার যথা i) Definite article – The                       ii) Indefinite article – A An.                          

(i) Definite article: যে article নির্দিষ্ট কোনো ব্যক্তি, বস্তু বা প্রাণীকে নির্দেশ করে, তাকে definite article বলে  যেমন:

The mobile is on the table. The man who came first is a doctor.

(ii) Indefinite article: যে article বিশেষ কোনো ব্যক্তি, বস্তু বা প্রাণীকে নির্দিষ্টভাবে না বুঝিয়ে অনির্দিষ্ট ব্যক্তি, বস্তু বা প্রাণীকে বোঝায়, তাকে indefinite article বলে যেমন: A lion lives in a forest. I saw a bird sitting on the wall.

9.3.1 Indefinite article-এর ব্যবহার:

  1. শুধু যেসব Noun গণনা করা যায়, তাদের আগে a/an বসে
  2. সাধারণত যেসব শব্দের প্রথম অক্ষর consonant তাদের আগে a বসে এবং যেসব শব্দের প্রথম অক্ষর vowelতাদের আগে an বসে
  3. একজাতীয় সবাইকে বোঝাতে singular common noun-এর আগে a/an বসে যেমন: An ant is an industrious insect.
  4. ‘U’,‘Eu’ কিংবা ‘Ew’ উচ্চারণ যদিইউ মতো হয়, তাহলে সেই শব্দের আগে a বসে
  5. ‘O’ দিয়ে গঠিত সব শব্দের আগে an বসে কিন্তু ‘O’ উচ্চারণওয়াহলে তা দ্বারা শুরু হওয়া শব্দের আগে a বসে
  6. কোনো word-এর প্রথম অক্ষর h হলে এবং তার উচ্চারণ মতো হলে তার আগে an বসে
  7. যখন কোনো ব্যক্তি, বস্তু, স্থান, প্রাণী, গাছ, ইত্যাদি প্রথমবার উল্লেখ করা হয়, তার আগে a/an বসে
  8. কোনো তুলনা করা হলে যার সঙ্গে তুলনা করা হয়, তার আগে a/an বসে যেমন: He is a Nelson Mendela. You are a Nazrul I see!
  9. কখনো কখনো preposition অর্থে a ব্যবহূত হয় তখন সেই a কে Disguised Preposition বলে যেমন: I went a (on) hunting.
  10. কোনো তুলনা বোঝাতে Abstract Noun যখন Common Noun হিসেবে ব্যবহূত হয় তখন, এদের আগে a/an বসে যেমন: She is a beauty.
  11. Exclamation বোঝাতে what এর পর a/an বসে যেমন: What a nice bird! What an awful remark! What a pity!
  12. সংক্ষিপ্ত শব্দ বা শব্দের প্রথম অক্ষরটির উচ্চারণ শুরুতে vowel-এর মতো হলে তাদের আগে an বসে কিন্তু অক্ষরটির উচ্চারণ শুরুতে consonant-এর মতো হলে তাদের আগে a বসে যেমন: He is an MA. Rana is a BA. Mr. Rina is an SP.
  13. Plural Noun-এর আগে ইত্যাদি ব্যবহূত হলে তাদের আগে a বসে যেমন:
  14. Many এবং such এর পরে singular common noun ব্যবহূত হলে তার আগে a/an বসে যেমন: Many a man was present in the meeting. I have not seen such a long queue! I have never seen such a tall figure.
  15. কতগুলো Phrase যেমন a few, a little, a good many, a lot of, a great many, a good deal –এর আগে স্বাভাবিক গঠনগতভাবেই a/an বসে

যেমন: I have a headache. He had a bad cold. I am in a hurry. He earns a lot of money. There is a little water in the pond. There are a few pomegranates on the table. He lived a great many years.

 

9.3.2 Omission of a/an:

  1. সাধারণত খাবারের (meals) আগে a/an বসে না তবে খাবারের আগে adjective থাকলে a/an বসে

যেমন: Usually we have breakfast at 7 am.

  1. Plural noun-এর আগে a/an বসে না যেমন: Gardenias are beautiful and flagrant. Horses are strong animal.
  2. Generally uncountable হিসেবে গণ্য advice, information, news, baggage, luggage ইত্যাদির আগে a/an বসে না যেমন: Shahid always gives good advice. The Rab can collect correct information.
  3. Water, milk, oil, ink, hydrogen, tea, paper ইত্যাদির আগে a/an বসে না যেমন: Paper is made of wood.

তবে Uncountable noun-এর সঙ্গে measure words যোগ করা হলে তাদের আগে a/an বসে

যেমন: Give me a glass of water, please.

  1. Abstract-এর আগে a/an বসে না যেমন: Kindness is a great virtue.
Vowel (a, e, i, o, u)                Consonant (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y and z) 
1.–noun 2.–mile 3.–kilometer 4.–foot 5.–meter 6.–hamburger 7.–mistake 8.–passport 9.–flower 10.–pencil 11.–vitamin 12.–violence13.–table 14.–computer 15.–book 16.– cat  17.–dog  18.–hen 19.–pair 20.–dozen 21.–hundred 22.–pound 23.–kilo24.–day 25.–week 26.–half 27.–few 28. .–day 29.–cow 30.–dog 31.–lion 32.–horse 33.–cat  34.–rose 35.–banyan 36.–ant 37.–little 38.–lot of.
1.Don’t tell–lie. 2. My mother is–doctor. 3. A lion lives in– forest. 4. I saw–bird sitting on the wall. 5. We phoned for–taxi to take us. 6. There lived–king in a village. 7. There are five components in–computer. 8. He is–Kalidas in literature. 9. Nahid is–Nelson Mendela in the Maldives. 10. You are–Nazrul I see! 11. The king went–hunting. 12. She is–beauty. 13. Many–man was present in the meeting. I have not seen such– long queue! 14. –Mr. Khan came to see me. 15. Let’s go see–movie. 16. I have–headache. 17. Does anyone have–cell phone? 18. I am in–hurry. 19. Not–person was present there. 20.–Mr. Biswas called at my office. 21. I see–cat. 22. I saw–monkey. 23. You need to buy–dictionary. 24. Would you prefer–banana? 25. Mehenaj has–diary like Anna. 26. He doesn’t own–car. 27. We decided to go on– picnic. 28. The score is written by– boy in the class. 29. Nina picked up–pen to write–letter. 30. Let me have–chance. 31. I am a builder. 32. Give me–glass of water. 33. Lion is–king of beasts. 34. He earns–lot of money.
Her mother presented her–blue skirt. 2. Her dad gave her–gold bracelet. 3. There is–little water in the pond. 4. There are–few pomegranates on the table. 5. What–nice bird it is! 6. He had–bad cold. 7. I have never seen such–tall figure. 8. Kindness is–great virtue. 9. Alexander the great was–famous warrior. 10. That’s not exactly–healthy diet. 11. What–lovely sight!   12. What–hot day! 13. Rina borrowed–pearl necklace from Sunita. 14. The boy lost–few books he had. 15. Yours is–bad habit. 16. It is not–difficult work. 17. It is not easy to learn– foreign language. 18. The Padma is–sacred river. 19. He bought–new camera.

               

1.–hour 2. –hotel 3. I spent–hour there. 4. He will be paid by–our. 5. He is–heir to his father’s property. 6. He is–heir. 7.–honorable person 8. He is–honest man. 9.–hungry man 10.–heavy suitcase11. It’s–very beautiful mountain. 12. It takes about–hour.

–ant 2.–apple 3.–ass 4.–egg 5.–eye 6.–elephant. 7.–insect 8.–island 9.–inkpot 10.–inch 11.–orange 12.–orphan 13.–owl 14.–ox 15.–umbrella 16.–idea 17.–elephant 18.–article 19.–axe 20.–object 21.–adverb 22.–adjective 23.–inch 24.–ugly boy 25.–unhappy person 26.–underground garage 27.– experienced teacher 28.–educated man 29. You should take–umbrella. 30. Would you like–orange? 31. My father is–author. 32. What–idiot masud is! 33. I saw–elephant at the zoo. 34. He had–owl named Hedwig. 35. I ate a banana for lunch. 36. Jahir bought –umbrella last night. 37. I saw– Englishman riding on–elephant. 38. He went for–interview at the law firm. 39. What–awful remark! 40. I bought–ox and– horse. 41. Children found–egg in the nest. 42. Sri Lanka is– island in the Indian Ocean. 43. We saw– ostrich at the farm. 44. He put–onion in the stew. 45. Juel picked up—umbrella from the stand. 46. He bought–shop in Park Street. 47. I need to make–emergency phone call. 48. Sabbir is– innocent man. 49. There’s –adventure film. 50. An ant is–industrious insect. 51. Mr. Masud is–unfortunate man. 52. I need to send–important email. 53. Priyonti took–amazing vacation last year. 54. I am–English teacher. 55. She baked–enormous chicken.

 

1.–unit 2.–university 3.–useful thing 4.–union 5.–usage 6.–uniform 7.–unique picture 8.–ear 9.–European 10.—ewe 11.–one taka note 12.–one eyed man 13.–one act play. 14.–university student 15.– soldier wears –uniform. 16.–European called at my office. 17. He was not wearing– uniform. 18. That was–ewe. 19. Swapno is–university student. 20. Iron is–useful metal. 21. Yesterday I met –European. 22. We enjoyed –one-act drama. 23. Shila saw–one-eyed man yesterday. 24. A cow is–useful animal. 25. A sewing machine is–useful invention. 26. He is–good student.

–BA 2.–PSC 3.–LLB 4.–HSC candidate 5. My friend is–MBBS. 6. Mr. Ataur Rahman is–BA. Mr. 7. Kamrul Islam is–SP. 8. He is–UNESCO Official.

I have–shirt. I have bought–shirt from Satkhira. –shirt is navy blue in colour.

Give me–book. I shall read–book.                We have–cat.  –cat is black              That is–library. Go to–library.

 

–weather 2. flour 3.–advice 4.–furniture 5.–milk 6.–trouble7.–magazine 8.–Information 9.–Biology 10. Teacher is–sick. 11. We have–breakfast at 7 am. 12. Roses are–beautiful. 13. Horses are–strong. 14. Mr. Mashrur Shahid always gives–good advice. 15. The Rab can collect correct–information. 16. I have–two sisters and brother. 17. My brother has–son. 18. That makes me–uncle. 19. Key is in my–pocket. 20. Where does–Barbara live? 21. This is my–book. 22. The book is–his. 23. This is Tuna’s–book. 24. Give me that–pen. 25. Mim presented Sami this–mobile. 26. He is at–home. 27. He has–amiable –character. 28. We drink water to quench our–thirst. 29. The water of the Padma is still–pure. 30. We went–home. 31. He speaks–English like the English. 32. We use–Bangla as our mother language. 33. We live in–Bangladesh. 34. We play– football. 35.–Cricket is my favourite game. 36. He died of–cholera. 37. He is suffering from–headache. 38. He was born on last Friday in–December. 39.–Man is mortal. 40. Coffee is–bad for you. 41. My son plays–football. 42. Tennis is –expensive. 43. Mr. Main lived–Khagrachhary. 44. He is–honest. 45. He goes to–bed at 11 pm.

 

9.4.1 Definite article (The)এর ব্যবহার:

  1. একটি passage- কোনো শব্দ দ্বিতীয়বার ব্যবহূত হলে প্রথমবার ছাড়া পরবর্তী প্রতিবারের আগে Theবসে তবে নির্দিষ্ট করে বোঝানোর জন্য প্রথমবারেও The বসতে পারে

যেমন: I have a shirt. I bought the shirt from Dhaka. The shirt is navy blue in colour.

  1. পৃথিবীতে একটিই আছে, এমন জিনিসের নামের আগে The বসে যেমন: The moon, The sun, The earth
  2. কোন জাতি বা সম্প্রদায়ের নামের আগে The বসে

যেমন: The English, The Muslims, The Pathans, the poor, The rich, The pious

  1. Morning, noon, afternoon, night, evening, প্রভৃতি Noun-এর আগে in বসলে এসব শব্দের আগে The বসে, কিন্তু এদের আগে at বসলে The বসে না যেমন: in the morning, in the evening, in the night, in the afternoon
  2. Majority, minority, people, public, police, first, second, third ইত্যাদি শব্দ sentence-এর শুরুতে বসলে এদের আগে The বসে যেমন: The majority of the young supported the demand. Sumon is the first boy in class eight.
  3. কোনো তুলনা করা হলে যার সঙ্গে তুলনা করা হয়, তার আগে The বসে যেমন: Nazrul Islam is the Byron of Bangladesh.
  4. দুইয়ের মাঝে তুলনা বোঝাতে comparative degree-এর ক্ষেত্রে adjective-এর আগে The বসে যেমন: Karia is the taller of the two sisters. Rifat is the more handsome of the two brothers.
  5. ধর্মগ্রন্থ (the holy Quran, The Bible, The Gita, The Tripithak) পত্রিকার নাম (the daily Prothom Alo, the Daily Star, The Bangladesh Observer) , বিখ্যাত গ্রন্থ (The Agnibina, The Mother, The Gitanjoli), ট্রেন (The Mahanagar, The Turna, The Mohanagar) জাহাজ (The Bangabandhu, The Titanic, The Carpanthia), মহাকাশ যান (The Apollo-11), বিখ্যাত অট্টালিকা (The Tajmahal), নদী (The Padma, The Meghna, The Jamuna), সাগর, মহাসাগর (The Atlantic, The Pacific), উপসাগর (The Bay of Bengal), পর্বতমালা (The Himalayas), দ্বীপপুঞ্জ (The Hawaii), মরুভূমি (The Shahara), ঋতু (The Autumn, The Summer, ক্ষেত্রে অবশ্য The ব্যবহার না করলেও হবে), দিক (The East, The west), তারিখ (যদি শেষে ‘th/st/nd/rd’ থাকে) the 10th December ইত্যাদি নামের আগে The বসে
  6. Adjective-এর Superlative degree-এর আগে The বসে যেমন: the worst, the best, the most beautiful.
  7. সাধারণত Adjective-এর comparative degree-এর আগে The বসে না কিন্তু যততত Comparative degree বোঝাতে এর আগে the বসে যেমন: Rina is more beautiful than Lina. Tania was more intelligent than Sadia. The more you read, the more you learn. The sooner, the better.
  8. 1 যে Noun দ্বারা পেশা বা বৃত্তি বোঝায়, তার আগে The বসে যেমন: The army, The police

13.কোনো Common Noun দ্বারা Superlative-এর গুরুত্ব বোঝালে a/an না বসে বরং The বসে 

যেমন: Biplob is the singer of the day.

  1. 1 কোনো কিছুর অংশ বোঝাতে Adjective-এর আগে The বসে যেমন: He entered into the thick of the forest.
  2. 1 কোনো Common noun দ্বারা Abstract বা গুণগত আদর্শ বোঝাতে তার আগে The বসে

যেমন: The mother rose in her. Everybody loves the brave of the country.

16.. Material Noun-এর আগে The বসে না কিন্তু কোনো নির্দিষ্ট স্থানের বা নির্দিষ্ট প্রকারের পদার্থ বোঝালে Material Noun-এর আগে The বসে যেমন: The water of this glass is pure. The gold of South Africa is precious. The perfume of France is praiseworthy.

  1. কতিপয় collective noun আছে, যারা স্বভাবতই plural. এদের আগে The বসে যেমন: The elite, The audience
  2. Musical instrument যখন বাজানো অর্থে ব্যবহূত হয়, তখন এর আগে the বসে যেমন: the piano, the guiter

 

 

9.4.2 Omission of Article:

  1. Proper Noun-এর আগে Article বসে না যেমন: X Rana lived in x Dhaka.
  2. মনে রাখতে হবে Article কেবল Noun-এর আগেই বসে অন্য কোনো Parts of speech-এর আগে বসে না যদি বসে, তবে বুঝবে যে ওই শব্দটির পর অবশ্যই একটি Noun আছে যেমন: He is a short man. He is x honest. He is a good student.
  3. কোনো Noun-এর আগে Possessive adjective (my, our, their, your, his, her, its, Rafi’s, Shanto’s, and Farid’s) থাকলে এদের আগে বা পরে কোথাও Article বসে না যেমন: This is my x book. The book is x his. This is Tofayel’s x book.
  4. Demonstrative pronoun [this, that, these, those, such]-এর আগে বা পরে যেদিকেই খালিঘর থাকুক কোনো article বসে না কারণ, এরা প্রত্যেকেই article-এর কাজ করে যেমন: Give me that x book. I presented her this x mobile.
  5. কোনো Noun-এর আগে Adjective থাকলে Article-টি Adjective-এর আগে বসে যদি Adjective পরে বসে এবং Noun-এর আগে আবার খালিঘর থাকে, তবে ওই খালিঘরে Article বসে না যেমন: He is an honest man. He has x amiable x character.
  6. Uncountable Noun বা Abstract Noun-এর আগে Article বসে না তবে নির্দিষ্ট করে বোঝালে বা Sentence- Noun-টি দ্বিতীয়বার ব্যবহূত হলে এর আগে The বসে যেমন: We drink water to quench our x thirst. The water of the Padma is still pure. There was a little water in the jar but the water was at bottom of the jar.
  7. ভাষার নামের আগে Article বসে না, কিন্তু ভাষার নামের পরে Language শব্দটি উল্লেখ থাকলে এর আগে The বসে যেমন:

I can speak x English like the English. We use x Bangla as our mother language. The Bangla language is now familiar all over the world.

  1. খেলার নামের আগে Article বসে না যেমন: I like x basketball. x Cricket is a thrilling game.
  2. রোগের নামের আগে Article বসে না যেমন: He died of x cholera. He is suffering from x headache.
  3. দিন বা মাসের নামের আগে Article বসে না যেমন: He was born on x last Friday in x December.
  4. মানবজাতি বোঝাতে Man/woman-এর আগে Article বসে নাযেমন: x Man is mortal.
  5. কোনো দেশ বা স্থানের নামের আগে Article বসে না তবে ভৌগোলিকভাবে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ স্থানের নামের আগে The বসে the USA, the UK, the KSA, the Philippines, the West Indies, the Punjab, the USSR
  6. Bed, mosque, church, hospital, prison, school, college, university, court ইত্যাদি স্থানগুলো যদি সাধারণ অর্থে ব্যবহূত হয়, তবে এদের আগে Article বসে না কিন্তু বিশেষ অর্থে এদের আগে The বসে যেমন: He goes to x bed at 11 pm. I went to x hospital to look after a patient who has nobody to look after.
  7. রাস্তা, অ্যাভিনিউ, স্কয়ার, পার্কের নামের আগে Article বসে না কিন্তু এদের নামের পর road শব্দটি উল্লেখ থাকলে The বসে যেমন: He bought a shop in Park Street. He bought a shop in the Mirpur Road.
  8. Allah বা God-এর আগে Article বসে না যেমন: Only Allah helps me. Man poses but God disposes.
  9. বিখ্যাত গ্রন্থের নামের আগে লেখকের নাম থাকলে তার আগে Article বসে না যেমন: Nazrul’s Agnibina was published in 1922.
  10. কোনো auxiliary এবং principal verb-এর মাঝে article বসে না যেমন: He was disturbed by his classmates.
  11. যদি adjective-এর পর কোনো noun না থাকে তাহলে to be এবং adjective-এর মাঝে article বসে না যেমন: These are the tips for him who is careless. But it is for him who is a careless person.
  12. Proper Noun-এর আগে Common Noun বসে যদি Adjective-এর কাজ করে, তবে Proper Noun-টির আগে বা পরে article বসে না যেমন: Lecturer Rana received his MSc in Physics from Dhaka University.
  13. Home-এর আগে বা পরে descriptive word বা phrase না থাকলে article বসে না যেমন: We went home. He is at home.

কিন্তু home-এর আগে বা পরে descriptive word বা phrase থাকলে the বসে যেমন: We arrived at the bride’s home. For some four or five hours this was the home for the queen.

 

1.–Padma 2.–Nile 3.–Jamuna 4.–Panama 5.–Suez 6.–Black sea 7.–Arabian sea 8.–Bay of Bengal 9.–Persian Gulf 10.–Indian Ocean 11.–Pacific Ocean 12.–Caspian 13.–Baikal 14.–Gibraltar 15.–Kumarika 16.–Andaman 17.–West Indies 18.–Phelippines 19.–Alps 20.–Himalayas 21.–U.S.A. 22.–U.K. 23.–Punjab 24.–Netherlands 25. –East 26.–West 27.–North 28.–South 29.–Sun 30.–moon 31.–Earth 32.–Sky 33.–Muslim34.–Indian 35. English 36.–Mughals 37.–Khans 38.–Victory Day 39.–Shaheed Day 40.–Panipath 41.–Plassey 42.–Baldha Garden 43.–Quran 44.–Bible 45.–Geeta 46.–Tripitak 47.–Titanic 48.–Elizabeth 49.–Banglar Doot 50.–Santamaria 51.–Ittefaq 52.–Bangladesh Observer 53.–New  York Times 54.–Khulna Express 55.–Ulka 56.–Biman 57.–Saudia 58.–Sputnik 59.–Apollo-11 60.–Balaka 61.–Ruposi Bangla Hotel 62.–Bar 63.–Press 64.–violin 65.–Piano 66.–Geetanjali 67.–Shahnama 68.–rainy season 69.–10th December 70.–Irish Republic 71.–Netherlands 72. –English channel 73.–British Isles the North Pole 74.– equator 75.–Nill

–rich 2.–poor 3.–wise 4.–idle 5.–sick 6.–pious 7.–virtuous 8.–people

–best boy 2.–worst man 3.–highest building 4.–tallest tree 5.–largest city 6.–greatest man  7.–biggest mosque 8.–lowest temperature 9.–most important question 10.–most expensive/attractive/interesting/ exciting things. 11. Books are–greatest friends. 12. Honesty is–best policy. 13. Nadia is–most dutiful girl. 14. Dhaka is–largest city. 15. It is–most significant event. 16. Chittagong is–biggest port in Bangladesh. 17. –more, the merrier 18.–sooner, the better. 19.–more you read, the more you learn.

He struck me on–head. 2. The dog bit the boy on–right leg. 3. He stared me in–face.

Nazrul was–Shelley of Bangladesh. 2. Tokyo is–Manchester of Japan. 3.–gold of this ring is pure. 4.–water of this pond is muddy. 5.–rice of Barisal is very fine. 6. Narayanganj is–Dundee of Bangladesh. 7. Zuleka was– beauty of Palashpur.

Dated, Dhaka–15th July. 2. Today is–10th of April. 3. The school closes on–7th instant.

–person who came yesterday is my friend. 2.–moon shines at night. 3.–earth moves round the sun. 4.– English are a brave nation. 5.–Muslims are pious. 6.–Pathans live in Pakistan. 7.–birds start singing in the morning. 8. Dr. Afroz visited us in–evening. 9.–majority of the young supported the demand. 10. Shabid is–first boy in class eight. 11. Nazrul Islam is–Byron of Bangladesh. 12. Mamun is–more intelligent of the two brothers. 13. Rifa is–more beautiful of the two sisters. 14. I read–daily Prothom Alo every day. 15. Mr. Shaheen Kabir reads–Daily Star every day. 16.–Bangladesh Observer is English daily. 17. My mother recites–holy Quran every day. 18.–Bible is a holy book to the Christians. 19.–Gita is read by the Hindus. 20.–Tripithak is the holy book to–Buddist. 21.–Khans of India are dominating the Indian film industry. 22. Ripa was the–student in the department of English. 23. She is–most beautiful girl I have ever seen. 24. –sun sets in the west.25. Hilarie and Tenjing conquered–Everest. 26. The Quran is a holy book of–Muslims. 27 Tongi is–Place where I staying. Shakira is– singer of the day. 28. Md. Mintu joined–army in 1993.29. We should not look down upon–poor. 30.–rich are not always happy. 31.–pious are blessed. 32. He entered into–thick of the forest. 33. Everybody loves–brave of the country. 34. Nazmul can play–piano sonorously. 35.–elite enjoy the privilege of the state. 36.–water of this glass is pure. 37.–perfume of France is praiseworthy. 38. Speak–truth. 39. That is–boy who loves books. 40.–gold of South Africa is precious. 41. This is–house that Jack built. 42.–Taj Mahal is one of–wonders of–world. 43. Alexander– great was a famous warrior. 44.–moon looks like a lamp in–sky. 45. Shakira is–singer of the day. 46. 47. We should not look down upon– poor. 48.–rich are not always happy. 49.–pious are blessed. 50.–Padma is a sacred river. 51.–Germans defeated–French in–second world war. 52. The audience applauded the singer. 53. Sri Lanka is an island in–Indian Ocean. 54.–Himalayas are–highest mountains in–world. 55. February is–shortest month of a year. 56.–earth moves around–sun.57.–USA is the most powerful country in the world. . 58.–Fort of Lalbagh is a place of historical interest in Bangladesh. 59. Tasnima Akter has been studying in–UK since 2012. 60.–KSA is called the land of pilgrimage. 61.–head quarter of ADB is in–Philippines. 62. Bryan Lara was born in–West Indies. 63. 64. Ariful Abed went to–hospital to look after a patient. 65. 66. He bought a shop in–Mirpur Road. 67. Who is to bell–cat? 68. I met him on–way. 69. Check–beast in you. 70. Salim likes to join–bar today. 71. Let us sattle–matter. 72. How exciting–first day of Italy is! 73.–honest man will speak–truth.