Class 9-10, Seen Passage 1

Seen Passage 1

    1. Lake Baikal
    2. Meherjan lives in slum
    3. Mother Teresa
    4. Pahela baishakh
    5. Steven Paul Jobs
    6. The Statue of Liberty
    7. To be a good citizen
    8. Zahir Raihan
    9. 21 February
    10. 26 March, our Independence Day
    11. Joynul Abedin
    12. London Olympics
    13. Long ago, a young man
    14. Man can neither change
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Schedule

Schedule

  1. Here is a holiday schedule of some holiday spots. Write 5 sentences using months of the year when you will enjoy your holidays there. January is the first month of the year.

Schedule of Holidays

Months of the year Holiday spots Title
1st January Ramsagor, Dinajpur
2nd February  Cox’s Bazar
3rd March Srimongal
11th November  Rangamati
12th December  Kuakata

Answer :
On 1st January we shall go to Ramsagor, Dinajpur. On 2nd day of February we shall go to enjoy the sea-beach called Cox’s Bazar. On March 3 we shall go to Srimongal. On November 11 we shall go to Rangamati. On December 12, we shall go to Kuakata.

 

2. Here is an academic transcript of Mim of her half yearly examination. Write 5 sentences using it.
         Academic Transcript of Mim

Subjects  Grade
Bangla  A
English A+
Mathematics A
Bangladesh and Global Studie  A+
Science  A
Religion B

 

Answer :
Mim got A+ in English and Bangladesh and Global Studies. She got A in Bangla and Science. She got A in Mathematics. She got grade B in Religion. 
She got A in Bangla and Science. 

 

3. Here is a TV schedule of programs on cartoons. Write 5 sentences using days of the week when your friend watch these programs. Saturday is the first day of the week.

TV schedule of programs on cartoons

Days of the week  Program Title
1st day Tom and Jerry
2nd day  Harry Potter
3rd day Mr. Bean
4th day Angry Birds
5th day  Motu Patlu

Answer :
My friend Sanzan enjoys Tom and Jerry on Saturday. He attends Harry Potter on Sunday. He enjoys Mr. Bean on Monday. He watches Angry Birds on Tuesday. He enjoys Motu Patlu on Wednesday.

 

4. Here is a table of schedule of a picnic. Write five sentences using time of a day when you do these activities.       5×1=5

Time Activities
8:00 AM Starting for the picnic
10:00 AM Reaching the place
2:00 PM Taking launch
3:00 PM Cultural programme
5:30 pm Returning journey

Answer : Last Friday we went to Comilla, Coatbari for a picnic. We started for the picnic at 8 AM. We reached there at 10 AM. Then we move here and there. We took our lunch at 2 PM. A cultural programme was arranged at 3 PM. We started our return journey at 5:30 PM.

 

5. Look at the chart of Tanim’s father. He usually does the activities showing in the chart in the mentioned time. Write five sentences for Tanim’s father. 

Activity Time
Get up 6:00 am
Go for walking 6:15 am
Have a shower 7:45 am
Have breakfast 8:00 am
Get dressed for school 9:00 am

4. Write five sentences, about your daily morning activity considering the following points.

[Write the time in numbers and period sequence in ordinal numbers in your writing]

– When do you get up from bed?

– How many things do you do in the morning?

– What time does each activity begin?

 

5. Write five sentences about your weekend activity considering the following points. [Write the time in numbers and activity sequence in ordinal numbers in your writing]

– How do you start your weekend?

– What different things you do on this day?

– What do you do in the evening on the day?

Answer : Friday is my weekend which is different from other days. I start my days with reading newspapers at 7.00 AM. In the afternoon, I visit some of my friends till 6.00 PM.  After Magrib prayer I do my homework, watch TV for sometime and go to bed at 11.00 PM.

 

6. Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes a sense. (With answers)

Yesterday I passed a very exciting day. There was a football match between our school and Rahamatpur School. The match started sharp at (a) 4 PM. Both the teams played well and there was no goal in the first half. However, at the beginning of the second half the first goal was scored by our team at (b) 5 PM. Our opposition team tried their level best but could not score any goal. There was another chance of scoring another goal by our team at (c) 5.20 PM but it did not happen. The game came to an end on at (d) 5.45 PM. I came home at (e) 6.15 PM with a smiling face.

 

7. Write five sentences about your leisure activities in your school considering the following points.

-When does your leisure hour start?

-How long does it continue?

– What special things you do during this period?

Answer : My leisure starts at 11.00 AM. It continues till 11.30 AM. During this period students take their tiffin and I also do it. Just after having my tiffin, I go to the library. I read story books and newspapers in the library till 12.10 PM. Our class starts at 12.15 PM after the leisure.

 

8. Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes a sense. (With answers)

I celebrate my birthday on 12 September every year. On this day I invite all of my friends to my house. My friends reach my home by (a) 7.00 PM. I start the part at (b) 7.30 PM. Usually, my friends arrange a cultural programme at (c) 8.00 PM. We have our dinner together at (d) 8.30 PM. The party comes to end at (c) 9.00 PM.

 

9. Write five sentences about your daily afternoon activity considering the following points.

[Write the time in numbers and activity sequence in ordinal numbers in our writing]

l When do you come back from school?

l What do you do in the afternoon?

l What times does each activity begin?

Answer :

I come back from school at around 2:00 PM. After coming back from school I have my lunch first. Secondly, I take rest till 4.00 PM. Thirdly, I go to the field to play and enjoy open air. I play with my friends for one hour and start for home at 5.15 PM.

 

10. Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes sense (With Answer) :

My father works in a government office. He is very much particular in maintaining his time duties. He gets up very early in the morning at 5:00 PM every day. He says his morning prayer, have morning, have bath and then take his breakfast at 6.30 AM. He starts for office at 7:00 AM. He comes back home after Magrib. We have our dinner together at 8.30 PM. He watches some programmes on TV and goes to bed at 11:00 PM.

 

11. Write 5 sentences about your daily morning activity considering the following points.

[Write the time in numbers and activity sequence in ordinal numbers in our writing]

– When do you get up from bed?

– What things do you do in the morning?

-What time does each activity begin?

Answer :

I am an early riser and gets up from at 5 am. First, I wash my hands and face at 5.15am. Secondly, I go out for a walk at 6.00 am after saying my prayer. Returning home I sit to study at 6.30 am. Lastly, I start for school at 7.45 am after taking my breakfast.

 

12. Fill in the gaps writing the time so that they story makes sense (With Answer) :

Like other I take three main meals a day. First I take my breakfast at (a) 7.00 AM. I have my lunch at (b) 2.00 PM. In our family we all take dinner at (c) 8.00 PM together. I study for one hour and then watch TV till (d) 10.45 PM. Lastly, I go to be at  (e) 11.00 PM.

Short questions/fill in the blanks using information related to days, months, time, cardinal and ordinal numbers in tables/columns or words for figures, students will answer short questions/fill in the gaps.

 

13. Write 5 sentences about Zakir’s daily school activity considering the following points.

[Write the time in numbers and period sequence in ordinal numbers in your writing]

– What time does Zakir’s school begin?

– How may periods are there in the school every day?

– What time does the school break up?

Answer : Zakir is a student of class five. He goes to school every day at around 7.45 AM as his school starts at 8.00 AM. Six periods take place in his school every day except on Thursday.  He attends in all the classes. His schools breaks up at 1.00 pm

 

14.  Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes a sense. (With answers)

My mother is a housewife. She gets up from sleep at (a) 5.00 AM. She completes preparing our breakfast by (b) 6.30 PM. She starts for school with me at (c) 7.15 AM. She comes back home keeping me in the school. My schools breaks up at (d) 1.00 PM. After the break up she takes me from school and we reach home together at (e) 1.30 PM.

 

15. Write five sentences about your holiday activities till lunch following the questions.

– What time do you get up from bed?

– What do you do first?

– What do you do before going to sleep?

Answer : I get up from bed at 6.30 AM.  I go out for a walk after washing my hands and face. I come back home at 7.00 AM, have shower and have my breakfast. Then I watch TV, read newspapers. I take my lunch at 1.00 PM and have a short sleep.

 

16.  Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes sense.

Abdul Alim is a teacher. Usually, he get up from sleep at (a) 5 AM. He says his morning prayer and takes morning walk. He gets back home at (b) 6.30 AM. have bath and takes his breakfast. He then studies till (c) 8.00 AM. He starts from school at (d) 8.30 AM. He conducts five periods a day. The school breaks up at 2 PM. But he starts for home at (e) 3.30 PM

 

17. Write 5 sentences about  your activity in your garden considering the following points.

[Write the time in numbers and activity sequence in ordinal numbers in your writing]

– When do you work in your garden?

– What do you do there?

-How much time do you spend each activity?

Answer : I have a small garden beside my home. After coming back from my school I start working in my garden at about 5 pm. First I weed out the grass and remove the unnecessary things from the garden. Secondly I water the garden. Finally, I pluck some flowers and fruits and leave the garden at 5.30 PM.

 

18. Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes sense. (With answers)

My mother is a teacher. Usually, she gets up from bed early in the morning at (a) 5 AM. After her morning prayer she prepares breakfast for us all at (b) 5.30 AM. She takes her breakfast and serves us breakfast at (c) 6.30 AM. She starts for school at (d) 7.15 AM. She returns home at (e) 6 AM and then starts doing household works.

 

19. Fill in the blanks by writing times to make sense.  1×5=5

Adnan takes snakes and tea at (a) ——-. He sits to learn his lessons at (b) ——-. It contains till (c) ——- He watches TV cartoons from (d) ——-. He eats dinner at (e) ——-.

Answers : a) 5:30 pm. b) 6:00pm. c) 9:00 pm. d) 9:00 pm. e) 10:00 pm

 

20. Write 5 sentences about Jahir’s library work considering the following points.

[Write the time in numbers and period sequence in ordinal numbers in your writing]

* What time does Jahir reach school on working days?

* When does he first visit the school library?

* How long does he stay in the library after the school breaks up?

Answer : Jahir visits his school library regularly. He reaches school at 8.15 am every working day. Then he spends his time in the school library till 9.00 am. His school breaks up at 1.30 pm. He again visits his school library at 1.40 pm and reads there till 3.30 pm.

 

21.  Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes a sense. (With answers)

Our headmaster is a very sincere person. He comes to school at (a) 7.30 am. Then he moves around the school campus. He sees whether the school compound is clean or not. He moves around the campus till (b) 8.00 am. He attends the assembly at (c) 8.45 pm. Our classes start at (d) 9.00 am. Then he again visits all the classes to see whether all the classes have started timely. Till (e) 9.15 pm he moves around the classes. He remains in the school more than one hour after the school breaks up.

 

22. Write 5 sentences about how you spent the last Friday considering the following points.

[Write the time in numbers and period sequence in ordinal numbers in your writing]

* When did you get up from bed?

* When did you go to mosque?

* What did you do in the afternoon?

Ans. My Friday’s routine is a little bit different from other days of the week. I got up from bed at 7.00 am on last Friday. I went to mosque for offering jumma prayer at 12.30 pm. I came back from mosque at 1.40 pm. In the afternoon I played with my friends till 6.00 pm.

 

23. Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes a sense.

Our next door neighbor is a very good person. He gets up from sleep at (a) 5.00 am. He says his prayers and starts morning walk. He continues morning walk till (b) 6.00 am. After returning home he takes breakfast at (c) 6.30 am. He starts for his working place at (d) 7.00 am. He comes back from his office at around (e) 5.00 pm. He then works in his garden till magrib prayer.

 

24. Write 5 sentences about how you are planning to spend the Thursday afternoon with your friend considering the following points.

[Write the time in numbers and period sequence in ordinal numbers in your writing]

* When will friend come to you?

* When do you hope to reach home?

* What will you do in the afternoon?

Answer : Our school is half on Thursday. So, my friend Rima will come to our house after the break up at 12.00 am. We hope to reach home by 12.30 pm. We will have lunch together. In the afternoon we will move around the garden to see birds and know the trees of different kinds till 5.30 pm.

 

25. Write five sentences about your attending the birthday party of your friend considering the following points.

 [Write the time in numbers and activity sequence in ordinal numbers in our writing]

            -When did you reach your friend’s house?

            -What did the party start?

            – When did you reach your home?

            Answer : I attended my friend Shima’s birthday party was on last Saturday. I reached their house at 5.00 pm. Our other friends reached around 5.30 pm. The party started at 6.00 pm. I reached my home at around 8.00 pm.

 

 26. Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes sense. (With answers)

My uncle works in a non-government organization. He is very sincere and dedicated officer. He gets up very early in the morning at 5:00 PM everyday. He regularly takes physical exercise. He takes his breakfast at 6.30 AM. Then he starts for office at 7:00 AM. He remains in the office till 7.00 PM. almost all the working days he returns home at around 9.00 PM.

 

27. Write five sentences about your learning English considering the following points.

            [Write the time in numbers and activity sequence in ordinal numbers in our writing]

            – Who teaches you English?

            – What time do you practice speaking?

            – What time do you practice writing?

            Answer : My father teaches me English besides my English teacher in the school. Every Thursday and Saturday evening I practice English speaking with him at 8.00 PM. usually, we talk about what we did all day long and it continues till 8.20 PM. Then he asks me to write down the activities I did in the school and at home at 8.30 PM. I do writing practice till 9.00 PM.

 

28. Fill in the gaps by writing the time so that the story makes sense. (With answers)

            Walking in the morning and evening is good for health. My father regularly starts his morning walk at (a) 6.00 AM . He continues walking till (b) 7.00 AM. Then he comes back home and have bath at (c) 7.30 AM. At (d) 7.45 AM he takes his breakfast. He again takes a walk in the afternoon at (e) 6.00 PM. My father is quite good in health.

29. Fill in the blanks by using time to make a meaningful sense :                          5×1=5

My name is Pritom. Last week I went to my village with my parents. I woke up at (a) ____. I took my breakfast at about (b) ____. We went to the Kamlapur Railway Station at about (c) ____. The train started at (d) ____. It took us three hours to reach Comilla. We reached there at about (e) ____.

Answers : (a) 8 AM, (b) 8.30 AM, (c) 9.30 AM, (d) 10 AM  (e) 1 PM

Letter

Letter

  1. Suppose, you are Sami/Sushan. Fawzan/Farhan is your friend. Write a letter to him/her about your daily life

Answer to the question no-9

8 October, 2015

Azimpur Govt. Colony, 

Dhaka-1205

Dear Fawzan,

I have received your letter in time. You wanted to know about my daily life in your last letter. Now, I am writing to inform that. 

I get up at 5 O’clock and say my Fazar prayer at 5.30 am. After brushing and freshening up I take breakfast and read my text till then 8 a.m. Then being ready I start for school at 9 a.m. In tiffin period or after returning from school I go to play at 5 pm. Again I read till then 10 pm. After taking supper and watching TV, I go to bed at 11 pm.

I am well. No more today. More when we meet next. 

Your loving friend,

Sami.

  1. Suppose, you are Sami/Anika. Fawzan/Fahmida is your friend. He/She wants to know about Dhaka. Now, write a letter to him/her describing Dhaka.

Answer to the question no-9

9 October, 2015

Azimpur Govt. Colony, Dhaka-1205

Dear Fawzan,

I have received your letter in time. You wanted to know about Dhaka. Now, I am going to tell you about Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. 

You will be highly glad to learn that Dhaka is a very ancient city and this city has a rich historical background. It was found during the Mughal Empire. A lot of people live there. You can see here a lot of things like the Ahsan Manzil, the Lalbag Fort, the National Zoo, the National Museum and so on. If you come to our house, we will see all the things.

I am well. No more today. More when we meet next. 

Your loving friend,

Sami.

  1. Suppose you are Sadia/Saheb. Write a letter to your Indian friend, Anika/Anil about the activities of

your mother.

Answer to the question no-9

October 10, 2015

Ganaktuli, Hazaribagh,

Dhaka-1205

Dear Anika,
How are you? I hope you are fine. In your letter you wrote about your mother. I am going to write about my mother. My mother teaches in a primary school in Hazaribagh, Dhaka. She works in morning shift. After school hours, she works at home. She cooks our food. She also looks after my old grandparents and my siblings.. She takes care of our health and studies. On holidays she cooks special dishes for us like biriyani, korma, kabab, firni, jarda etc. She washes the clothes. She keeps the house clean. Sometimes she goes to the market. She also visits relatives. She helps the sick people. In the evening, she watches TV. She spends her free time with us. She remains busy the whole week.
This is all about my mother’s activities.

Convey my regards to your parents.

Your loving friend,

Sadia.

  1. Suppose, you are Altaf/Asma. Asad/Ayesha is your friend. He wanted to know about the proverb ‘All that glitters is not gold’. Now, write a letter to your friend telling her about it. Use the following cues:

gold glitters — glossy — story of Sheikh Saadi– the rich man — an ordinary man — simple dress – a

gorgeous dress –outward charm — true beauty

Answer to the question no. 9

College Road, Bhola

Dear Asad,

Accept my warm love. Hope you are well. You wanted me to tell you something about the proverb ‘All that glitters is not gold’. Now, I am telling you something about it.

We know that gold glitters in sunlight. But everything glossy is not necessarily gold. You must know the story of Sheikh Saadi.

The rich man took the poet as an ordinary man. Because he was wearing simple dress. The poet went

to the rich man’s house again wearing a gorgeous dress.

He taught him a great lesson. So dress or any outward charm of anything or anybody cannot be a standard of measuring inner worth. True beauty always lies within.

Your friend,

Altaf.

  1. Suppose you are Shahil/Seemla of Nur Mohammad College. Write a letter to your friend, Fahim/Dipti about your good teacher.

Answer to the question no. 9

October 13, 2015

33 Baddanagar Water Tank,

Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1205

Dear Fahim,

How are you? How have you enjoyed during Eid-ul-Azha? I am fine. I am going to write to you about my favourite teacher.

Mr. Kaisar is my favourite teacher. He hailed from Barishal. He is a good teacher. He always gives us

good notes, learning materials and suggestions. He is very caring. He is truly a professional. He is not a by-chance teacher. I am proud of him.

What about you? Who is your favourite teacher? Please write me back.

Your loving friend,

Shahil.

 

  1. Suppose you are Sanjid/Sahida. You live in Arambagh, Dhaka. Write a letter to your friend, Faisal/Asma about mother’s love and obedience to mother.

Answer to the question no. 9

October 14, 2015

Arambagh, Dhaka

Dear Faisal,

How are you? I came to know about the kindness of your mother from your letter. Mother is the greatest person in the world. There is none like mother. Mother’s love is unique in this world. A mother can die for a child. So we should be obedient to our mother. All the great persons in the world were obedient to mother. They followed their mother’s order at any cost. If we read the pages of history books, we will see such evidence. So we should respect our mother and carry out their order in any way.
What about your feeling regarding this point? Please let me know.

Your loving friend,

Sanjid.

Write to your friend about your evening activities

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

Dear Dia,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my evening activities. Now I am writing about it.

I have a daily routine. I always do my duties according to this routine. In the evening, I usually wash my face and hands and say my evening prayer. Then I take some light foods. After that I sit to read and prepare my lesson till 9 pm. I watch TV from 9 pm to 10 pm. I have my dinner with my parents at 10. Then I brush my teeth. I go to bed  at 10.30.

No more today. Write to me soon about your evening activities.

Your loving friend

Sanjida

 

  1. Write a letter to your friend about how you spend/pass your leisure time.

 

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Adrey,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about how I spend my leisure time. Now I am writing about it.

In my leisure time, I read story books. Sometimes I read English newspaper. It makes me strong in English.  I also go to the playground and play football and cricket.

No more today. Write to me soon about how you spend/pass your leisure time.

 

Your loving friend

Sanjida

 

  1. Write to your friend about your favourite food.

 

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Adrey,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my favourite foods. Now I am writing about it.

I eat what I get. But I also have some favourite foods. I like to have Ruti and vegetables in my breakfast, rice fish at lunch and dinner. I also like to have meat and dal. Tea is my favourite drink.

No more today. Write to me soon  about your favourite food.

 

Your loving friend

Sanjida

 

 

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your home town.

 

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Sanjida,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about  my home town. Now I am writing about it.

The name of my home town is Kishoregonj. It is a district town. It is only 145 kilometers north-east of Dhaka. There are many important places in and around this town. They are Solakia Eid ground, Pagla Mosque etc. It is also famous for great personalities like Syed Nazrul Islam, the first acting president of Bangladesh. Sukumar Roy and the great master of painting, Zainul Abedin.

No more today. Write to me soon about your home town.

 

 

Your loving friend

Adrey

 

  1. Write letter to your friend about your native village.

 

 

November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Sanjida,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about  my native village. Now I am writing about it.

The name of my village is Doleshwar. It is a small village but densely populated. Though it is village, all modern facilities are available here. There are a college, a high school, a primary school and a market in our village. We all live here in peace and amity. I love my village very much.

No more today. Write to me soon about your native village.

 

 

Your loving friend

Adrey

 

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your visit to St. Martin’s island.

 

 November 27, 2013

Doleshwar, Dhaka

 

Dear Sanjida,

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my visit to the  St. Martin’s island. Now I am writing about it.

Last summer vacation, I and some of my friends visited the St. Martin’s island. It is the only coral island in Bangladesh. We saw there beautiful corals of different shapes and colours, the turtles that nest on the island and variety of sea fishes. We also went sailing in the sea. We enjoyed the visit very much.

No more today. More when we meet.

 

Your loving friend

Adrey  

 

 

 

 

Write a letter to your friend describing your visit to St. Martin’s Island.

March 15, 2013

Mirpur, Dhaka

Dear Dia,

I have just received your letter. In your letter you wanted to know about my visit to the Martin’s Island. Now I am telling you about it. 

Last summer vacation I went to visit the St. Martin’s Island with my parents. It is a small island. The local name of the island is “Narikel Jinjira” which means Coconut Island. We saw beautiful coral of different shapes and colours in the blue waters of the Bay of Bengal. We also saw coral reef, turtles and variety of sea fishes. The natural scenery of the Island is really enjoyable and it attracted me much. 

No more today, convey my salam to your parents and love to your younger.

Your loving friend

Sima

  1. Write a letter to your friend about how you spend/ pass your leisure time.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about how I spend my leisure time. Now I am writing about it.

In my leisure time, I read story books. Sometimes I read English newspaper. It makes me strong in English. I also go to the playground and play football and cricket.

No more today. Write to me soon about how you spend/ pass your leisure time.

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your favourite food.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my favourite foods. Now I am writing about it.

I eat what I get. But I also have some favourite foods. I like to have ruti and vegetables in my breakfast, rice and fish at lunch and dinner. I also like to have meat and dal.Tea is my favourite drink.

No more today. Write to me soon about your favourite food.

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your home town.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my home town. Now I am writing about it.

The name of my home town is Kishoregonj. It is a district town. It is only 145 kilometers north-east of Dhaka. There are many important places in and around this town. They are Solakia Eid ground, Pagla Mosque etc. It is also famous for great personalities like Syed Nazrul Islam, the first acting president of Bangladesh. Sukumar Roy and the great master of painting, Zainul Abedin.

No more today. Write to me soon about your home town.

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your visit to the liberation war museum.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my visit to the liberation war museum. Now I am writing about it.

On 14 December our class went on a field trip to the liberation war museum with the guidance of our headmaster.There were six galleries that exhibited rare photographs, documents, news-paper clippings and objects used by the freedom fighters and martyrs of our liberation war. We spent there for two hours. Before leaving, we watched a video film on our liberation war and our independence. It was an experience we never forget.

No more today. More when we meet.

  1. Write a letter to your friend about your favourite sports.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about my favourite sports. Now I am writing about it.

My favourite game is Cricket. You will be very happy to know that in last Bangabadhu Gold Cup Cricket Tournament, our school became champion and I was selected ‘Man of the Match’. I also love to play football and badminton.

No more today. Write to me soon about your favourite sports.

  1. Write a letter to your pen friend about main tourist spots of Bangladesh.

At first take my love. I hope you are fine. I am also fine. In your last letter, you wanted to know about main tourist spots of Bangladesh. Now I am writing about it.

Bangladesh is a beautiful country. There are many interesting places here. They are Cox’s bazaar,Chittagong hill track, Sundarban, Bagerhat Mahasthangar, Moynamoti, St. Martin’s island etc. Among them Cox’s bazar is the most populous tourist spot here. It is the longest sea beach in the world. So I will invite you to visit our country.

No more today. Write to me soon about main tourist spots of your country.

SEEN PASSAGE (3)

Seen passage 3

Set-1
2. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

Anne Frank is perhaps the most well-known victim of the Nazi Holocaust of World War II. Anne, born on 12 June 1929, was given a diary at the age of 13, in which she chronicled her life from 1942 to 1944. During this time, Anne spent two years in hiding with her family in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam in a secret annex with four other Jews. Betrayed and discovered in 1944, Anne was sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she died of typhus in 1945. Anne’s father, Otto Frank, was the only occupant of the secret annex to survive the war. In 1947, he published Anne’s diary as The Diary of a Young Girl. Anne’s account of her internment, as well as her deep belief in humanity has become one of the world’s most widely read books.

 

What/Who Source What/Who When

Anne Frank (i)… Well-known victim of (ii) …

Nazi– Holocaust

Anne and diary living in a (iv) … 1943–1944

(iii) …

The world reading (v) … about (vi) … 1947

Her (vii) … diary humanity after reading (viii) …

(ix) … has become world’s most (x) … after being published

Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing different events in Anne’s life. 10

Born in 1929 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-1

  1. Ans. (i) Germany, (ii) after World War II, (iii) her family, (iv) secret annex, (v) ‘The diary of a Young Girl’, (vi) her interment, (vii) deep belief, (viii) the book, (ix) The Diary of a Young Girl’, (x) widely read books.
    2. Ans. Or. (1) Born in 1929 (2) given a diary in 1942 (3) spent from 1942 to 1944 in hiding (4) wrote diary (5) died in 1945 of typhus (6) the diary being published in 1947

Set-2
2. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

Alexandra Alex Scott was born in Connecticut in 1996, and was diagnosed with neuroblastoma, a type of childhood cancer, shortly before she turned one. In 2000, just after turning four, she informed her mother that she wanted to start a lemonade stand to raise money for doctors to help children. Her first lemonade stand raised 2,000 dollars and led to the creation of the Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation. Alex continued her lemonade stands throughout her life, ultimately raising over one million dollars toward cancer research. She passed away in August 2004 at the age of eight. Today, Alex’s Lemonade Stand sponsors a national fundraising weekend in the United States which is popularly known as Lemonade Days. Each year, as many as 10,000 volunteers at more than 2,000 Alex’s Lemonade Stands make a difference for children with cancer.

What/Who Information What/Who When

Alex Scott (i) … birth (ii) …

(iii) … to help wanted to start a (iv)… in 2000

She (v) … lemonade stands throughout her (vi) …

(vii) … United States (viii) … every year

10,000 volunteers (ix) … doing something for each (x) …

of 2,000 Alex’s children with cancer

Lemonade Stands

Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the activities of Alex. 10

  1. Starting a lemonade stand 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-2

  1. Ans. (i) Connecticut, (ii) 1996, (iii) Alex, (iv) lemonade stand, (v) continued, (vi) life, (vii) Alex’s Lemonade Stand, (viii) national fundraising weekend, (ix) America, (x) year.
  2. Ans. Or. (1) Starting a lemonade stand (2) raised money for doctors to help children (3) raised 2000 dollars her first lemonade stand (4) inspired her to build the Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation (5) continued her lemonade stands throughout her life (6) making a difference for children with cancer.

 

Set-3
2. Read the passage and complete the table. 10

I am in a tiny steel cage attached to a motorcycle, stuttering through traffic in Dhaka, Bangladesh. In the last ten minutes, we have moved forward maybe three feet, inch by inch, the driver wrenching the wheel left and right, wriggling deeper into the wedge between delivery truck and a rickshaw in front of us. Up ahead, the traffic is jammed so close together that pedestrians are climbing over pickup trucks and through empty rickshaws to cross the street. Two rows to my left is an ambulance, blue light spinning uselessly. This is what the streets here look like from seven o’clock in the morning until ten o’clock at night. If you’re rich, you experience it from the back seat of a car. If you’re poor, you’re in a rickshaw, breathing in the exhaust. 

I’m sitting in the back of a CNG, a three- wheeled motorcycle shaped like a slice of pie and covered with scrap metal. I’m here working on a human rights project, but whenever I ask people in Dhaka what they think international organizations should really be working on, they tell me about the traffic. Alleviating traffic congestion is one of the major development challenges of our time. Half the world’s population already lives in cities, and the United Nations (UN) estimates that the proportion will rise to nearly 70 percent by 2050. Dhaka, the world’s densest and fastest growing city, is a case study in how this problem got so bad and why it’s so difficult to solve. Dhaka’s infrastructure doesn’t match the scale of its population. Just 7 percent of the city is covered by roads, compared with around 25 percent of Paris and Vienna. Dhaka also suffers from the absence of a planned road network. There are 650 major intersections, but only 60 traffic lights, many of which don’t work. That means the police force isn’t enforcing driving or parking rules; they’re in the intersections, directing traffic. 
The cost of Dhaka’s traffic congestion is estimated at $3.8 billion a year, and that’s just the delays and air pollution, not the less-tangible losses in quality of life. Paradoxically, the poor infrastructure is one of the reasons why the city is growing so fast. Without roads or trains to whisk them to the suburbs, Dhaka residents have no choice but to crowd into the middle, set up slums between high-rises, and walk to work.

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When/How long

The CNG/The writer moved forward by three feet (i) …. (ii) ….

One of the major development challenges (iii) …. at present 

(iv) …. lives in cities (v) ….

7 percent area (vi) ….. in Dhaka at present.

About 25 percent is covered by roads (vii) …. 

The police directs traffic (viii) …. 

(ix) …. costs $3.8 billion in Dhaka (x) ….

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart

showing the causes for traffic congestions in Dhaka. 

  1. The world’s densest and fastest growing city 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-3

  1. Ans. (i) In the street of Dhaka, Bangladesh (ii) ten minutes (iii) alleviating traffic congestion (iv) Half the world’s population (v) at present (vi) is covered by roads (vii) in Paris and Vienna (viii) in the intersections (ix) Traffic congestion (x) a year.
  2. Ans. Or. 1. The world’s densest and fastest growing city 2. Inadequate infrastructure in terms of population 3. Just 7 percent of the city covered by roads 4. The absence of a planned road network 5. 650 major intersections with only 60 traffic lights 6. No strict enforcement of driving or parking rules.

 

Set-5
2. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

Children’s right to education also implies that the school they go to will have a pleasant and learning-friendly environment where everyone will have an enjoyable time. Teachers will be kind, caring and supportive and children will feel relaxed. No harsh words will be spoken to them and special care will be taken of children with learning disabilities. That unfortunately is not the general picture in our schools. The system of education in our part of the world does not allow children much freedom, and classrooms look more like cages where they are pent up for hours. Rabindranath Tagore (read his ‘An Eastern University’ in Unit Six) found it unacceptable; so did William Blake (1757-1857), an English poet and painter, whose favorite subjects included children. In his poem ‘The School Boy’ Blake writes about a young boy who is unhappy with his school where dour-faced teachers give joyless lessons. He would rather like to be outdoors and enjoy the summer day. He pleads with his parents to rescue him from the drudgery of school.

What/Who Source/Information What/Where When

Our (i) … existing at present not allowing (ii) … during school time

A young boy (iii) … unhappy (iv) …

The (v) … according to Tagore’s essay (vi) … during the classes

The boy (vii) … enjoying time in (viii) …

(ix) … of The School Boy requesting for (x) … school time

  1. Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the problems of school in our part of

the world. 10

  1. Having no learning friendly environment 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-5

  1. Ans.(i) education system, (ii) much freedom, (iii) The School Boy, (iv) during showering joyless lessons, (v) students, (vi) penting up, (vii) in Blake’s poem, (viii) summer days, (ix) The boy, (x) rescue.
    2. Ans.Or. (1) Having no learning friendly environment (2) play no caring and supportive role by the teacher (3) taken no care of the students with low caliber (4) not enjoying enough freedom by the students (5) crowded classroom (6) dour-faced teachers.

Set-6

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

The tests indicated that poultry feed in the country had also been contaminated, as samples of chicken and fish contained traces of antibiotics. High microbial populations were found in several samples of pasteurized milk, indicating poor processing procedures by the manufacturers. Samples of cucumber and street foods also showed high microbial populations, suggesting widespread contamination in the water supply. The Director of Institute of Public Health (IPH), told the Dhaka Tribune that the survey report has been submitted to the Health Ministry. Further tests of different products were being carried out at the Food Safety Lab. A former Director General of the Health Service and senior national adviser of the FAO, said the findings were shocking for the whole nation. He added that instead of focusing only on the end products, the issue should be addressed at the root level. Pointing out that there were four steps in the production process-farmer, transport, wholesale, and retail trader. He said better monitoring and supervision were mandatory for stopping food adulteration.
Adulterated food products are reportedly the cause behind thousands of people suffering from fatal diseases like cancer, kidney failure and heart problems. Health specialists told the Dhaka Tribute that the Ministry of Food had enacted a Food Safety Act, but was yet to prepare the necessary rules. As the issue of food safety was also linked to 14 other ministries, a coordinated agency should take responsibility of ensuring safety in food products, they added.

What/Who Source/Information What/Where When

Samples of (i) … poultry feed in the country (ii) … after testing

The manufactures in several (iii) … high microbial (iv) … after testing

Better monitoring and (v) … mandatory for stoping adulteration (vi) … always

Samples of (vii) … water supply (viii) … survey

(ix) … being carried out (x) … after the first test

Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the steps of preventing food adulteration. 10

  1. Monitoring the food level of production 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-6

  1. Ans.(i) chicken and fish, (ii) traces of antibiotics, (iii) samples of pasteurized milk, (iv) populations, (v) supervision, (vi) in Dhaka, (vii) cucumber and street foods, (viii) high microbial populations, (ix) Further tests of different products, (x) the Food Safety Lab.
  2. Ans.Or. (1) Monitoring the food level of production (2) ensuring proper food processing (3) regular supervision (4) applying rules strictly (5) inflicting heavy punishment (6) forming a coordinated agency.


Set-7
2. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

I caught sight of her at the play, and in answer to her beckoning, I went over during the interval and sat down beside her. It was long since I had last seen her, and if someone had not mentioned her name I hardly think I would have recognized her. She addressed me brightly. ‘Well, it’s many years since we first met. How time does fly! We’re none of us getting any younger. Do you remember the first time I saw you? You asked me to luncheon.’

Did I remember?

It was twenty years ago and I was living in Paris. I had a tiny apartment in the Latin quarter overlooking a cemetery, and I was earning barely enough money to keep body and soul together. She had read a book of mine and had written to me about it. I answered, thanking her, and presently I received from her another letter saying that she was passing through Paris and would like to have a chat with me; but her time was limited, and the only free moment she had was on the following Thursday; she was spending the morning at the Luxembourg and would I give her a little luncheon at Foyot’s afterwards? Foyot’s is a restaurant at which the French senators eat, and it was so far beyond my means that I had never even thought of going there. But I was flattered, and I was too young to have learned to say no to a woman…. I had eighty francs (gold francs) to last me the rest of the month, and a modest luncheon should not cost more than fifteen. If I cut out coffee for the next two weeks I could manage well enough. 

I answered that I would meet my friend-by correspondence at Foyot’s Thursday at half-past twelve. She was not so young as I expected and in appearance imposing rather than attractive. She was, in fact, a woman of forty… and she gave me the impression of having more teeth, white and large and even, than were necessary for any practical purpose. She was talkative, but since she seemed inclined to talk about me I was prepared to be an attentive listener.

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When/How long

The writer caught sight of the lady guest (i) .… 20 years after the lunch at Foyot’s.

(ii) .… sat down beside her (iii) .…

The writer (iv) .… in Paris (v) .…

The Lady requested the writer to give her a lunch (vi) .… on Thursday,

(vii) .… usually cat at Foyot’s often.

The writer (viii) .… in his pocket. 

The writer wanted to meet the lady at Foyot’s (ix) .…

(x) .… was a woman of forty.

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the information about the lady entertained by the writer. 10
  2. Not so young as expected by the writer 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-7

  1. Ans. (i) at the play (ii) The writer (iii) during the interval (iv) was living (v) 20 years ago (vi) at Foyot’s (vii) French senators (viii) had eighty francs (ix) on Thursday at half-past twelve (x) The lady.
    2. Ans. Or. 1. Not so young as expected by the writer 2. Imposing rather than attractive in appearance 3. A woman of forty 4. Gave the impression of having more teeth than were necessary for any practical purpose 5. Talkative 6. Seemed inclined to talk about the writer.

  2. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

I was startled when the bill of fare was brought, for the prices were a great deal higher than I had anticipated. But she reassured me. ‘I never eat anything for luncheon,’ she said. ‘Oh, don’t say that!’ I answered generously. ‘I never eat more than one thing. I think people eat far too much nowadays. A little fish, perhaps. I wonder if they have any salmon.’ Well, it was early in the year for salmon and it was not on the bill of fare, but I asked the waiter if there was any. Yes, a beautiful salmon had just come in, it was the first they had had. I ordered it for my guest.

The waiter asked her if she would have something while it was being cooked. ‘No,’ she answered, ‘I never eat more than one thing unless you have a little caviare, I never mind caviare.’ My heart sank a little. I knew I could not afford caviare, but I could not very well tell her that. I told the waiter by all means to bring caviare. For myself I chose the cheapest dish on the menu and that was a mutton chop.
‘I think you are unwise to eat meat,’ she said. ‘I don’t know how you can expect to work after eating heavy things chops. I don’t believe in overloading my stomach.’

Then came the question of drink. ‘I never drink anything for luncheon,’ she said. ‘Neither do I,’ I answered promptly. ‘Except white wine,’ she proceeded as though I had not spoken. ‘These French white wines are so light. They’re wonderful for the digestion.’ ‘What would you like?’ I asked, hospitable still, but not exactly emotional.

She gave me a bright and amicable flash of her white teeth. ‘My doctor won’t let me drink anything but champagne.’ I imagine I turned a little pale. I ordered half a bottle. I mentioned casually that my doctor had absolutely forbidden me to drink champagne. ‘What are you going to drink, then?’ ‘Water.’

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When/How long

The writer (i) …. at Foyot’s when the bill of fare was brought

(ii) …. never eats more than one thing at lunch

The lady guest thinks people eat far too much (iii) ….

Salmon was not shown (iv) …. Early in the season

(v) …. had come In the restaurant Just then

The lady guest (vi) …. while the salmon being cooked

(vii) …. was the cheapest dish on the menu

The lady guest took champagne (viii) ….

The writer (ix) …. at Foyot’s (x) ….

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the names of food and drinks taken by the lady guest and the writer. 10
  2. Salmon fish 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-8

  1. Ans: (i) was startled (ii) The lady guest (iii) nowadays (iv) on the bill of fare (v) a beautiful salmon (vi) wanted to have caviare (vii) Mutton chop (viii) at Foyot’s (ix) took water (x) at lunch.
    2. Or. Ans: (1) Salmon fish (2) caviare (3) mutton chop (4) French white wine (5) champagne (6) water.

Set-9

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

I was past caring now. So I ordered coffee for myself and an ice cream and coffee for her. ‘You know, there’s one thing I thoroughly believe in,’ she said, as she ate the ice cream, ‘One should always get up from a meal feeling one could eat a little more.’ ‘Are you still hungry?’ I asked faintly. ‘Oh, no, I’m not hungry; you see , I don’t eat luncheon. I have a cup of coffee in the morning and then dinner, but I never eat more than one thing for luncheon. I was speaking for you.’ ‘Oh, I see!’ Then a terrible thing happened. While we were waiting for the coffee, the head waiter, with an ingratiating smile on his false face, came up to us bearing a large basket full of huge peaches. They had the blush of an innocent girl; they had the rich tone of an Italian landscape. But surely peaches were not in season then? Lord knew what they cost. ‘You see, you’ve filled your stomach with a lot of meat’ – my one miserable little chop- ‘and you can’t eat any more. But I’ve just had a snack and I shall enjoy a peach’.
The bill came and when I paid it I found that I had only enough for a quite inadequate tip. Her eyes rested for an instant on the three francs I left for the waiter, and I knew that she thought me mean. But when I walked out of the restaurant I had the whole month before me and not a penny in my pocket. ‘Follow my example,’ she said as we shook hand, and never eat more than one thing for luncheon. ‘I’ll do better than that’, I retorted. ‘I’ll eat nothing for dinner to-night.’ ‘Humorist!’ she cried gaily, jumping into a cab, ‘you’re quite a humorist!’ But I have had my revenge at last. I do not believe that I am a vindictive man, but when the immortal gods take a hand in the matter it is pardonable to observe the result with complacency. Today she weighs twenty-one stone.

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When/How long

One should get up feeling one could eat a little more from a meal (i)…………………..

(ii)……………. would have a coffee in the morning.

The head waiter (iii)…………………………… while they were waiting for coffee.

The head waiter Had an ingratiating smile (iv)………….

(v)… had the blush of an innocent girl.

The eyes of the lady guest (vi)… on the three francs for an instant.

The waiter (vii)… in his pocket when he walked out of the restaurant.

(viii)… would eat nothing for dinner that night.

The writer has had his revenge (ix)…

The lady guest (x)… today.

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the information about the peaches. 10
  2. The head waiter came up to them with the peaches 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-9

  1. Ans. (i) always (ii) The lady guest (iii) came with a basket of peach (iv) on his false face (v) The peaches (vi) rested (vii) did not have a penny (viii) The writer (ix) at last (x) weighs twenty-one stone.
    2. Ans. Or. 1. The head waiter came up to them with the peaches. 2. The peaches were huge. 3. They had the blush of an innocent girl. 4. They had the rich tone of an Italian landscape. 5. Peaches were not in season then. 6. The writer wondered about their cost.

Set-10

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

Shilpi was only 15 years old when she married Rashid in 2008. Marrying off daughters at an early age is a standard practice for many families living in rural Bangladesh. After her wedding, Shilpi joined a local empowerment group that provides adolescent girls with the tools needed to gradually change cultural practices, particularly those pertaining to early marriage and pregnancy. The group’s activities include discussions on how to most effectively change behaviour related to reproductive health as well as one-on- one counseling. It also offers peer-to-peer support and life skills training that help adolescents say no to early marriage. The empowerment group is one of more then 10,000 groups supported by some local Non Government Organizations (NGOs) working all over Bangladesh. These NGOs work through Canada’s Adolescent Reproductive Health Project which also aims to increase access to quality health services for adolescents. During one of the group sessions, Shilpi came to understand the potentially harmful effects of early marriage and pregnancy.
While maternal mortality in Bangladesh has declined by nearly 40 percent since 2001, the rate remains high with 194 maternal deaths per 100,000, live births in 2010- dropping from 322 in 2001 with a projected decrease to 143 by 2015. Girls who get pregnant are at risk of serious health complications. These include dangerous hemorrhage and fistula, a painful internal injury caused by obstructed childbirth that commonly leads to serious maternal morbidities and social exclusion. When Shilpi heard about those risks, she invited her husband, Rashid, to discuss pregnancy with a counselor. After hearing about the risks, Rashid agreed to delay having children for five years despite pressures from his parents and neighbors to produce an offspring. Together, the couple met with a female health care provider, who informed them about the various family planning options available.
Shilpi’s mother-in-law and neighbors continued to pressurize the newlyweds. Deeply rooted cultural practices and traditions caused a rift between Shilpi and Rashid and their extended family, some of whose members insulted and criticized the couple. Unable to convince their close relatives of the risks, Shilpi and Rashid returned to the counselor. They took the help of a parent peer who has been trained to speak to other parents about adolescent issues. Shilpi’s mother-in-law and neighbors eventually came to understand the harmful effects of early pregnancy on mother and child. Today, the village no longer pressurizes the couple; their parents and neighbors now support them and speak out against early marriage and pregnancy.

What/Who Source/Event What/Where When/Information

Shilpi (i) … Rashid 15 years old (ii) …

(iii) … come to know group session (iv) … about early marriage

and pregnancy

The (v) … supported by Canada’s peer-to-peer support during

Adolescent Reproductive

Health Project

The NGO’s (vii) … is providing girls quality health services during (viii) …

The adolescent girls are provided by local (ix) … tools needed to one-on-one counseling.

gradually change (x) …

Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the reasons of early marriage in Bangladesh.

10

  1. To establish cultural practice 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-10

  1. Ans. (i) married, (ii) 2008 (iii) She, (iv) harmful effects, (v) empowerment group, (vi) adolescence, (vii) aim, (viii) adolescence, (ix) empowerment group, (x) cultural practice.
  2. Ans.Or. (1) To establish cultural practice (2) considering daughter as burden (3) unconscious about the bad effect of early marriage

(4) unhealthy cultural practice (5) lack of standard education

(6) superstitious beliefs.

Set-11

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below: 10

Universities should never be made into mechanical organizations for collecting and distributing knowledge. Through them the people should offer their intellectual hospitality, their wealth of mind to others, and earn their proud right in return to receive gifts from the rest of the world. But in the whole length and breadth of India there is not a single University established in the modern time where a foreign or an Indian student can properly be acquainted with the best products of the Indian mind. For that we have to cross the sea, and knock at the doors of France and Germany. 

Educational institutions in our country are India’s alms-bowl of knowledge; they lower our intellectual self-respect; they encourage us to make a foolish display of decorations composed of borrowed feathers….Man’s intellect has a natural pride in its own aristocracy, which is the pride of its culture. Culture only acknowledges the excellence whose criticism is in its inner perfection, not in any external success. 
When this pride succumbs to some compulsion of necessity or lure of material advantage, it brings humiliation to the intellectual man. Modern India, through her very education, has been made to suffer this humiliation. Once she herself provided her children with a culture which was the product of her own ages of thought and creation. But it has been thrust aside, and we are made to tread the mill of passing examinations, not for learning anything, but for notifying that we are qualified for employments under organizations conducted in English. Our educated community is not a cultured community, but a community of qualified candidates.
 

Meanwhile the proportion of possible employments to the number of claimants has gradually been growing narrower, and the consequent disaffection has been widespread. At last the very authorities who are responsible for this are blaming their victims. Such is the perversity of human nature. It bears its worst grudge against those it has injured…

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When

A single University upholding the Indian mind. (i)… in India (ii)…

(iii)… are our alms-bowl of knowledge (iv)… 

Man’s intellect (v)… in its own aristocracy. 

(vi)… provided her children with a culture (vii)…

We are educated only to qualify to work (viii)… 

Our educated community (ix)… 

(x)… is increasing in proportion to employments in India day by day.

Or, Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the information about an Eastern University. 10

  1. Mechanical organization for collecting and distributing knowledge 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-11

  1. Ans. (i) is not established (ii) in the modern time (iii) Educational institutions (iv) in India (v) has a natural pride (vi) India herself (vii) once (viii) in organizations conducted in English (ix) is not a cultured community (x) The number of claimants.
  2. Ans. Or. 1. Mechanical organization for collecting and distributing knowledge 2. Does not offer the intellectual hospitality to other 3. Cannot show the best products of the Indian mind 4. Alms-bowl of knowledge 5. Lowers our intellectual self-respect 6. Encourages a foolish display of decorations composed of borrowed feathers.


Set-12
2. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

In the Bengali language there is a modern maxim which can be translated, ‘He who learns to read and write rides in a carriage and pair.’ In English there is a similar proverb, ‘Knowledge is power.’ It is an offer of a prospective bribe to the student, a promise of an ulterior reward which is more important than knowledge itself… Unfortunately, our very educational has been successful in depriving us of our real initiative and our courage of thought. The training we get in our schools has the constant implication in it that it is not for us to produce but to borrow. And we are casting about to borrow our educational plans from European institutions. The trampled plants of Indian corn are dreaming of recouping their harvest from the neighboring wheat fields. To change the figure, we forget that, for proficiency in walking, it is better to train the muscles of our own legs than to strut upon wooden ones of foreign make, although they clatter and cause more surprise at our skill in using them than if they were living and real.

But when we go to borrow help from a foreign neighborhood we overlook the fact…that among the Europeans the living spirit of the University is widely spread in their society, their parliament, their literature, and the numerous activities of their corporate life. In all these functions they are in perpetual touch with the great personality of the land which is creative and heroic in its constant acts of self-expression and self-sacrifice. They have their thoughts

published in their books as well as through the medium of living men who think those thoughts, and who criticize, compare and disseminate them. Some at least of the drawbacks of their academic education are redeemed by the living energy of the intellectual personality pervading their social organism. It is like the stagnant reservoir of water which finds its purification in the showers of rain to which it keeps itself open. But, to our misfortune, we have in India all the furniture of the European University except the human teacher…

Who/what Event/Activity Where/Place when

He who learns to read and write rides (i)…

(ii)… has been successful in depriving us of our real initiative and our courage of thought.
‘It is not for us to produce but to borrow’ is what we learn (iii)…

(iv)… borrow our educational plans (v)…

Among the Europeans the living spirit of the University (vi)… in their society their parliament, their literature, and the numerous activities of their corporate life.

(vii)… have their thoughts published (viii)…

(ix)… have all the furniture of the European University except the human teacher (x)…

2.Or, Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the lacking of our education. 10

  1. Depriving us of our real initiative 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-12

  1. Ans.(i) in a carriage (ii) Our education (iii) in our schools (iv) We (v) from European institutions (vi) is widely spread (vii) The Europeans (viii) in their books (ix) We (x) in India.
    2.Ans. Or. 1. Depriving us of our real initiative 2. Depriving us of our courage of thought 3. The constant implication of our inability to produce something 4. We cannot but borrow from others 5. Our educational plans are borrowed from European institutions 6. Lack of the human teacher.

 

Part-1Set-13

  1. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

Tertiary education in Bangladesh comprises two categories of institutions : degree awarding universities and colleges affiliated with the National University (NU). There were only 4 universities in Bangladesh at the time of independence in 1971. All of those universities were publicly financed autonomous entities. At present, there are 35 such universities. Private universities are a relatively new phenomenon in this country. In the early 1990s, the private sector came forward to establish universities. Since then the country has experienced a spectacular growth in private universities–mostly in and around Dhaka and couple of other large cities. At present, there are 79 private universities. The number of colleges providing tertiary level education is around 1,400. Most of them offer BA (pass) education of three year duration; only one-third of them offer BA (Honors) courses and some offer MA degrees as well. All of these colleges are affiliated with the National University.
Accessibility to higher education implies that students get the opportunity to get university education and sufficient support from educational institutions. Increasing enrolment at the secondary and higher secondary level puts pressure on higher educational institutions. But due to limited capacity, only a small number of students may be enrolled in universities. Thus, each year a large number of students are denied access to higher

education. Also, due to poverty and increase in educational

expenses, students of the lower middle class do not get easy access to higher education. Moreover, those who get places in the universities have limited access to avail all kinds of diversified educational facilities relating to their study fields. Only about 12 percent of graduates enter higher educational institutions. More than 80 Percent of these students are admitted to NU affiliated colleges. Others are absorbed by the public and private universities. In the last two decades, there has been a substantial rise in the number of students in private universities. According to the UGC Annual Report 2010, the number rose from 88,669 in 2005 to 2,00,752 in 2010.

Who/What Event/Activity Where/Place When

(i)… comprises two categories of institutions in Bangladesh

Four universities were (ii)… at the time of independence in 1971.

35 public universities are in Bangladesh (iii)…

Private universities (iv)… in this country

(v)… came forward to establish universities in the early 1990s.

The country has experienced a growth in private universities. (vi)…

Only about 12 percent of graduates (vii)… higher educational institutions.

More than 80 percent of these students are admitted to (viii)…

(ix)… is 2,00,752 in private universities (x)…

  1. Or. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow-chart showing the characteristics of public universities. 10
  2. Scope of studying on a wide range of subjects 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-13

  1. Ans. (i) Tertiary education (ii) in Bangladesh (iii) at present (iv) are a relatively new phenomenon (v) The private sector (vi) in and around Dhaka (vii) enter (viii) NU affiliated colleges (ix) The number of students (x) in 2010.
  2. Or. Ans. 1. Scope of studying on a wide range of subjects. 2. Attracting the best minds for teaching. 3. Better library, laboratory, Internet and research facilities. 4. Regular seminars, symposiums, lectures, workshops, debates and exhibitions. 5. Ample scope for national and international exposure. 6. Residential and boarding facilities at low cost/subsidized rates.

 

Set-14
2. Read the passage and complete the table below. 10

My name is Amerigo. I am 13 years old and I live on the street, alone. My mother, who is separated from my father, doesn’t want me. She told me to go away…Now she is married to another man. My father lives very far away. I want to go to him, but he won’t take me either. I begged him to send me some money so that I could buy a bus ticket. I am still waiting. He hasn’t answered.
The streets are now my home. Sometimes I find work. I used to collect trash and sell it to a vendor. I stopped doing that after I had a serious infection and a doctor told me to stay away from the trash dump. Once I worked for an ice cream shop owner and sold ice cream on the beach. But I got no money in return. The owner of the shop gave me something to eat, and let me sleep in his hut at night. The work was difficult and painful. The ice cream box is quite heavy when it is full. I had to walk for hours, offering my ice cream to whoever wanted to buy. There were days when I could not even sell one ice cream. In a way, I am lucky because I am alive. My friends who work sorting rubbish in dumps often suffer from serious diseases. One of them was recently killed after he fell into a hole that opened up in the pile of trash. Many of us work for 10 to 12 hours, and get so little in return that we can’t even buy food.
Shoe-shining is very popular among the street kids. A few of my friends also work in factories and workshops. A boy I know lost one of his eyes after a piece of hot glass flew into his eye at the glass factory where he worked. The owner refused to pay for medical help and fired him. For me, like all other children on the street, it is very hard. I am always hungry, and I don’t know where I will sleep the next night. I would like to live in my own home and sleep there in peace. The nights are very cold in the winter. You can die of cold in the street.

What/Who Event/Information What/Where When

Amerigo, 13 years old boy live (i) …

(ii) …
lives very far away since the separation with his mother

Amerigo’s home The street (iii) …

Amerigo sold ice cream (iv) …

(v) … let Amerigo sleep in his hut At night

Amerigo’s friends who work sorting rubbish (vi) … In dumps (vii) …

Amerigo would like to live (viii) …

The nights (ix) … in the winter

(x) … can die of cold In the street

  1. Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing the problems the street children usually face.

No. 1 has been done for you. 10

  1. serious diseases as a result of working with trash 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-14

Ans. 2. (i) on the street (ii) Amerigo’s father (iii) now (iv) on the beach (v) The owner of the ice cream shop (vi) suffer from serious diseases (vii) often (viii) in his own home (ix) are very cold (x) the street children.
Ans. 2. Or. (1) serious diseases as a result of working with trash (2) working 10 to 12 hours a day (3) earning very little, even not enough to buy food (4) hazardous working environment in factories and workshops (5) no specific place for passing the night (6) no protection from cold winter nights.

 

  1. Read the passage below and complete the table. 10

Water, water, everywhere,

And all the boards did shrink;

Water, water, everywhere,

Nor any drop to drink.

Coleridge’s poem, a ballad, narrates the harrowing sea-voyage of an old mariner who at one point of his journey didn’t have any water to drink because of a curse. Cursed or not, we know how important drinking water is in our life. We know we cannot survive without it. In fact two-thirds of our body is made up of water. Not for nothing is it said that the other name of water is life. Is there a crisis in our time with regard to access to clean drinking water? The United Nations in a meeting on the eve of the new millennium identified the drinking water problem as one of the challenges for the future. But do we need to worry about the problem as ours is a land of rivers and we have plenty of rainfall? Besides, we have a sea in our backyard too.

One of the sources of water in our country is the rivers. Rivers are everywhere in our life, literature, economy and culture. But are the rivers in good shape? Unfortunately, they are not. A few are already dead and several are going through the pangs of death. The river Buriganga is an example of a dying river. A report published in the Daily Sun describes what has happened to the river Buriganga and why. It’s water is polluted and a perpetual stench fills the air around it. But that is not what it was like before. The report says that the river had a glorious past. Once it was a tributary of the mighty Ganges and flowed into the Bay of Bengal through the river Dhaleshwari. Gradually, it lost its link with the Ganges and got the name Buriganga. The Mughals marveled at the tide level of the Buriganga and founded their capital Jahangirnagar on its banks in 1610. The river supplied drinking water and supported trade and commerce. Jahangirnagar was renamed Dhaka which grew into a heavily populated city with a chronic shortage of space. The city paid back the bounty of the river by sucking life out of it! According to newspaper report, the Buriganga is dying because of pollution. Huge quantities of toxic chemicals and wastes from mills and factories, hospitals and clinics and household and other establishments are dumped into the river everyday. The city of Dhaka discharges about 4500 tons of solid waste every day and most of it is directly released into the Buriganga. According to the Department of the Environment (DoE), 20,000 tons of tannery waste, including some highly toxic materials, are released into the river every day. Experts identified nine industrial areas in and around the capital city as the primary sources of river pollution: Tongi, Tejgaon, Hazaribagh, Tarabo, Narayanganj, Savar, Gazipur, Dhaka, Export Processing Zone and Ghorashal.

The river would need a monster’s stomach to digest all the wastes mentioned above. There is a limit up to which it can put up with its cruel and thoughtless treatment. We the humans have successfully killed one of our rivers. There are other rivers in the country that are being subjected to similar thoughtless treatment. Unless we take care of our rivers there may come a time when we will cry ‘water’ and find it nowhere.

What/Who Event / Information What / Where When

(i).………. marveled at the tide (ii).….. before 1610

The Mughals founded (iii).………. Jahangirnagar on its banks (iv).….

(v).……….. supplied (vi).…………

It’s water being polluted and (vii).……… the air around it (viii)….

(ix).………. was a tributary of (x).…………. once

  1. Or. Read the above text and make a flow chart showing why the river Buriganga was important in the past. 10
  2. Having a glorious past 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Answer to the ques. no. set-15

Ans. 2. (i) The Mughals, (ii) level of the Bauriganga, (iii) their capital, (iv) in 1610, (v) The Buriganga, (vi) drinking water, (vii) a filling, (viii) at present, (ix) The Buriganga, (x) the mighty Ganges.
Ans. 2. Or. (1) Having a glorious past (2) discharging tannery wastes (3) discharging medical wastes (4) discharging hospital wastes (5) discharging household wastes (6) encroachment of the river.

Class 9-10, First Paper, MATCHING, Model Questipns

Matching

Question No # 6 is matching parts of sentences in Column A and Column B. Primary grammatical knowledge and understanding the meaning of the parts of sentences help greatly to master over this item. Here are some examples worked out.

 1. Match the parts of sentences given in column ‘A’ and column  ‘B’ to write five complete sentences. There are more parts of sentences in column ‘B’ than required

Column A Column B Column C
a) We should i) persons are not only dishonest i) but also harmful for our society
b) Corrupt ii) high time we ii) we do not think of the welfare of our country
c) Now it is iii) so self-centered that iii) did something against corruption
d) We should iv) say ‘no’ to corruption iv) because it is a serious social crime
e) But we are v) work together if v) we want to control corruption

2. Match the parts of sentences given in column ‘A’ and column ‘B’ to write five complete sentences. There are more parts of sentences in column ‘B’ than required.                                1×5=5

Column A Column B Column C
a) Bangladesh is blessed i) an ecologically critical area i) and Kulaura railway to the west
b) Hakaluki haor is ii) the Khshiara river to the north ii) open water resources
c) With a vast land area it iii) one of the major iii) in April 1999 by the govt.
d) This haor was declared iv) with huge inland iv) hand livelihood to many people
e) It is bounded by v) supports a rich biodiversity v) wetlands of Bangladesh

 

Match the phrases in the substitution table to make sensible sentences .Write out the sentences in full.

A B C
(i)Farmers have to in india and cyclone about 2,500 years ago
(ii)Irrigation is easy irrigate their fields for dry seasons
(iii)Canals carry enough if there is a great when there is very littke rain
(iv)Dams have been built the river water river near the fields
(v)A dam across a river is built to store water to the fields when necessary

 

 

 

A B C
(i)The arsenic problem

    of Bangladesh

usually suffer slow and agonizing deaths
(ii)In chemistry arsenic has become acute causing them trouble
(iii)The element is detected refferered to as in recent years
(iv)Victims do not even to be present in large quantities a white compound of brittle elements
(v)Suffering people of arsenic know what is in the underground water

 

A B C
(i)English has

   become an

English make them competent for the competitive world
(ii)People learn English international language that aims at having development for every nation
(iv)People adopt different exactly can reach makes a man successful
(v)Those who learn policies to make their the culmination of success
(vi)English is essential for globalization that English outstanding

 

 

A B C
(i)Socrates was two charges against socrates
(ii)He wanted to a great philosopher his popularity
(iii)The young

      men began

spread knowledge of ancient Greece
(iv)The rulers of

     Athens grew

to gather among the people
(v)They brought jealous of round him

     

A B C
(i)Khan Jahan Ali found as one of the artchitechual beauties of the country
(ii)He built Bagerhat beset with and a court of khan jhan ali
(iii)The Shat

   Gambuj Mosque

numerous mosques various problems
(iv)It was used is the most magnificent in Bagerhat
(v)The Mosque is regarded both as a prayer hall of them

 

A B C
(i)Humans,animals

    and plants

we cannot protect our environment from being spoilt
(ii)But humans are carefully are all equally important elements in the last few decades
(iii)Various plants

      and animals

destroying of our environment
(iv)Many wild

    animals and birds

are faced with the threat plants and animals
(v)If we do not care for our wild life have vanished from the earth of extinction today

 

A B C
(i)The Sundarbans with its 6,000 sq km of the number of preys felling of trees in the forest areas
(ii)The tigers hunt on canals and creeks is are responsible for the diminishing of tigers.
(iii)This noctournal their own located in the south of Bangladesh
(vi)The main reason for their extinction hunts only when it is and not in a pack
(v)Illegal poaching and the decrease in is the uncontrolled hungry or feels threatend

 

 

 

2. Match the parts of sentences given in Column A and Column B to write five complete sentences. There are more parts of sentences in column ‘B’ than required.

 

Column A Column B
(a) Women constitute (i) half of the work force.
(b) Women labour do not get (ii) at proper age
(c) Islam is dead against (iii) tender age
(d) Fifty percent of the girls have never (iv) attended school
(e) Girls of our country are married of (v) one-third of the work force
(vi) their due wage
(vii) gender discrimination.

 

Ans: a + v ; Women constitute half of the work force.

  b + vi ; Women labour do not get their due wage.

  c + vii ; Islam is dead against gender discrimination.

  d + iv ; Fifty percent of the girls have never attended school.

  e + iii ; Girls of our country are married of at tender age.

 

2.

Column A Column B
(a) Our success in life (i) by working hard
(b) Ability, determination and hard work (ii) by working continuously
(c) We can perform any difficult work (iii) depends on some good qualities in us.
(d) Determination without hard work (iv) can hardly bring success in life
(e) To execute any scheme of life (v) are some of these good qualities
(vi) we need money
(vii) we need education

 

Ans: a + iii ; Our success in life depends on some good qualities in us.

    b + v ; Ability, determination and hard work are some of these good qualities.

    c + i ; We can perform any difficult work by working hard.

    d + iv ; Determination without hard work can hardly bring success in life.

    e + vi ; To execute any scheme of life we need money.

 

3.

Column A Column B
(a) Stephen Hawking was one of (i) converts his message into sounds.
(b) Unfortunately, his fate did not permit him to (ii) over the muscles of his body and fell a victim to Gehrig’s disease.
(c) He underwent gradual loss of control (iii) the age of thirty.
(d) He has been confined to a wheelchair since  (iv) enjoy the great rewarding things.
(e) But such a tremendous physical handicap (v) reputation soared higher and higher.
(vi) is not able to dishearten or slow him down.
(vii) the greatest scientists in the world.

 

Ans: a + vii ; Stephen Hawking was one of the greatest scientists in the world.

    b + iv ; Unfortunately, his fate did not permit him to enjoy the great rewarding things.

   c + ii ; He underwent gradual loss of control over the muscles of his body and fell a victim

   d + iii ; He has been confined to a wheelchair since the age of thirty.

   e + iv ; But such a tremendous physical handicap is not able to dishearten or slow him down.

 

4.

Column A Column B
(a) The culture of a society can easily give (i) we need to study different patterns of it.
(b) To know the culture of a society (ii) always remain similar in all societies.
(c) The modes of behaviour in one society (iii) different from those in Britain.
(d) Language, eating habits etc in Bangladesh are (iv) are considered cultural differences.
(e) The existing differences between different cultures (v) differ from those in other societies.
(vi) a complete picture of life and living of that society.
(vii) not to be avoided at any cost.

 

Ans: a + vi ; The culture of a society can easily give a complete picture of life and living of that society.

    b + i ; To know the culture of a society we need to study different patterns of it. 

    c + v ; The modes of behaviour in one society differ from those in other societies.

    d + iii ; Language, eating habits etc in Bangladesh are different from those in Britain.

    e + iv ; The existing differences between different cultures are considered cultural differences.

 

5.

Column A Column B
(a) Truthfulness is the greatest of (i) it comes to light.
(b) We must cultivate the habit   (ii) win the respect of others.
(c) Other wise we will never (iii) of the liar is revealed.
(d) A lie never lies (iv) all human virtues.
(e) Today or tomorrow (v) hidden for long.
(vi) of speaking the truth.
(vii) the real character.

 

Ans : a + iv ; Truthfulness is the greatest of all human virtues.

     b + vi ; We must cultivate the habit of of speaking the truth.

     c + ii ; Other wise we will never win the respect of others.

     d + v ; A lie never lies hidden for long.

     e + i ; Today or tomorrow it comes to light.

 

6.

Column A Column B
(a) We should say ‘no’ to corruption. (i) but also harmful for our society.
(b) Corrupt persons are not only dishonest (ii) we do not think for the welfare of our country.
(c) Now , it is high time we (iii) but it causes serious troubles in us.
(d) We should work together if (iv) did something against corruption.
(e) But we are so self-centered that (v) because it is a serious social crime.
(vi) corruption should be controlled
(vii)we want to control corruption

 

Ans : a + v ; We should say ‘no’ to corruption because it is a serious social crime.

     b + i ; Corrupt persons are not only dishonest but also harmful for our society.

     c + iv ; Now , it is high time we did something against corruption.

     d + vii ; We should work together if we want to control corruption.

     e + ii ; But we are so self-centered that we do not think for the welfare of our country.

 

7.

Column A Column B
(a) Education in our country (i) becomes almost a daily affairs.
(b) Campus violence has (ii) can hardly be ignored.
(c) It appears that (iii) Bangladesh is already educationally challenging position.
(d) The impact of such violence (iv) is passing through a stage of crisis.
(e) It may easily be said (v) have been facing a great crisis.
(vi) students are in colleges and universities only to be engaged in violence.
(vii) after the academic career of our students.

 

Ans. a + iv ; Education in our country is passing through a stage of crisis.

    b + i ; Campus violence has becomes almost a daily affairs.

    c + vi ; It appears that students are in colleges and universities only to be engaged in violence.

    d + vii ; The impact of such violence after the academic career of our students.

    e + iii ; It may easily be said Bangladesh is already educationally challenging position.

 

8.

Column A Column B
(a) Tolerance is not only an abstract virtue but also (i) a necessary capacity for compromise.
(b) Man, being a social being, has to live in spirit, (ii) at the same time ready to be persuaded by practising reasonableness.
(c) In such a process, give and take (iii) considerable influence in the current affairs of life
(d) He cannot persuade (iv) simple affairs of life
(e) It is thus seen that tolerance is social virtue (v) of harmony and co-operation with others in society
(vi) which is opposed to dogmatism and dictatorship.
(vii) full of prejudices.

 

Ans: a + iii ; Tolerance is not only an abstract virtue but also considerable influence in the current affairs of life

    b + v ; Man, being a social being, has to live in spirit, of harmony and co-operation with others in society

    c + i ; In such a process, give and take a necessary capacity for compromise.

    d + ii ; He cannot persuade at the same time ready to be persuaded by practising reasonableness.

    e + vi ; It is thus seen that tolerence is social virtue which is opposed to dogmatism and dictatorship

 

9.

Column A Column B
(a) Unemployment means (i) on the government for their jobs.
(b) The educated youth remain (ii) for the opportunities of self-employment.
(c) But they should not depend (iii) the state of being unemployed.
(d) Rather they should seek (iv) one of the biggest problems in our country.
(e) It is said that self-help (v) unemployed after completing their education.
(vi) is the best help.
(vii) create self-employment.

 

Ans ; a + iii ; Unemployment means the state of being unemployed.

     b + v ; The educated youth remain unemployed after completing their education.

     c + i ; But they should not depend on the government for their jobs.

     d + ii ; Rather they should seek for the opportunities of self-employment.

     e + vi ; It is said that self-help is the best help.



  1. 11.
Column A Column B
(a) Smoking is one of the worst (i) the nose and unsettles the mind.
(b) It irritates the eyes, offends (ii) other people too.
(c) Smoking causes cough in old age (iii) habits of man.
(d) The young workers sometimes (iv) social evils and problems.
(e) Moreover, it is merely a (v) and diminishes the longevity of life.
(vi) creates social evils.
(vii) cause of wastage of money.

 

Ans: a + iii ; Smoking is one of the worst habits of man.

    b + i ; It irritates the eyes, offends the nose and unsettles the mind.

    c + v ; Smoking causes cough in old age and diminishes the longevity of life.

    d + vi ; The young workers sometimes creates social evils.

    e + vii ; Moreover, it is merely a cause of wastage of money.

 

 

12.

Column A Column B
(a) A national flag is the symbol (i) stands for everlasting youth, freshness and vigour of the nation.
(b) As we are a free nation (ii) of independence of a nation.
(c) It is the symbol of our national (iii) we have to uphold its dignity.
(d) The green colour of our national flag (iv) the greenery of Bangladesh.
(e) It also symbolizes (v) integrity, solidarity and sovereignty.
(vi) our existence as a free nation.
(vii) we have a national flag of our own.

 

Ans:   a + ii ; A national flag is the symbol of independence of a nation.

      b + vii ; As we are a free nation we have a national flag of our own.

      c + v ; It is the symbol of our national integrity, solidarity and sovereignty.

      d + i ; The green colour of our national flag stands for everlasting youth, freshness and vigour of the nation.

      e + iv ; It also symbolizes the greenery of Bangladesh.

 

 

13.

Column A Column B
(a) Friction between teenagers and parents are (i) certainly occur in all homes.
(b) It can (ii) common features of the teenagers.
(c) One obvious reason is (iii) the frustration from dependence to independence.
(d) Another source of friction is (iv) very common.
(e) Moreover, moody and sulky behaviours are (v) the difficult behaviour of the adolescents.
(vi) rebel against the thought and ideas of older generation.
(vii) unruly and audacious.

 

Ans ;  a + iv ; Friction between teenagers and parents are very common.

      b + i : It can certainly occur in all homes.

      c + iii ; One obvious reason is the frustration from dependence to independence.

      d + v ; Another source of friction is the difficult behaviour of the adolescents.

      e + ii ; Moreover, moody and sulky behaviours are common features of the teenagers.

 

 

14.

Column A Column B
(a) Television which is a modern means of communication (i) if they watch educational programmes.
(b) Nowadays, it has become (ii) in our day-to-day life in many ways.
(c) We are benefited by television (iii) by watching regular programme.
(d) In the modern world, it is the easiest (iv) is a wonderful invention of science.
(e) Students can be greatly benefited by television (v) and most popular means of recreation and amusement.
(vi) a part and parcel of life.
(vii) a very popular means of communication.

 

Ans; a + iv ; Television which is a modern means of communication is a wonderful invention of science.

    b + vi ; Nowadays, it has become a part and parcel of life.

    c + ii ; We are benefited by television in our day-to-day life in many ways.

    d + v ; In the modern world, it is the easiest and most popular means of recreation and amusement.

    e + i ; Students can be greatly benefited by television if they watch educational programmes.

 

 

15.

Column A Column B
(a) A really educated mother plays a vital role (i) her children will be educated.
(b) A child grows up always (ii) largely indebted to its educated mothers.
(c) An educated mother knows well how to bring up (iii) what she says and does.
(d) So, if the mother is educated, naturally (iv) to build up an educated nation.
(e) An educated mother is therefore (v) he/she develops his/her talent.
(vi) in contact with its mother.
(vii) and nurture her children to make then worthy citizens of the country.

 

Ans ;  a + iv ; A really educated mother plays a vital role to build up an educated nation.

      b + vi ; A child grows up always in contact with its mother.

      c + vii ; An educated mother knows well how to bring up and nurture her children to make then worthy citizens of the country.

      d + i ; So, if the mother is educated, naturally her children will be educated.

      e + ii ; An educated mother is therefore largely indebted to its educated mothers.

 

 

16.

Column A Column B
(a) We all ought to be indebted and grateful (i) to make us happy by doing their best for us.
(b) It is universally recognised that (ii) unhappy at our failure.
(c) While bringing us up they try (iii) we are altogether helpless in our childhood.
(d) They spend money for food, cloth, education etc. and (iv) them and try to make them happy.
(e) They become happy at our success and (v) to our parents for our lives on earth.
(vi) are brought up by them.
(vii) teach us how to acquire human qualities.

 

Ans : a + v ; We all ought to be indebted and grateful to our parents for our lives on earth.

     b + iii ; It is universally recognised that we are altogether helpless in our childhood.

     c + i ; While bringing us up they try to make us happy by doing their best for us.

     d + vii ; They spend money for food, cloth, education etc. and teach us how to acquire human qualities.

     e + ii ; They become happy at our success and unhappy at our failure.

 

 

17.

Column A Column B
(a) Rabindranath Tagore was one of the (i) sent to London to study law.
(b) The poet was born into the (ii) revealed through his poetic novel ‘Banaphul’.
(c) Initially he was educated (iii) Tagore family in March 1861.
(d) But he was not able to accustom (iv) timelessly in all branches of Bangali literature.
(e) At the age of fifteen, his poetic genius got (v) informally at home.
(vi) himself to formal education.
(vii) most famous poet of world literature.

 

Ans ; a + vii ; Rabindranath Tagore was one of the most famous poet of world literature. 

     b + iii ; The poet was born into the Tagore family in March 1861.

     c + v ; Initially he was educated informally at home.

     d + vi ; But he was not able to accustom himself to formal education.

     e + ii ; At the age of fifteen, his poetic genius got revealed through his poetic novel ‘Banaphul’.

 

 

18.

Column A Column B
(a) We observe the 21st February (i) people going to the Shaheed Minar.
(b) On this important day, our national flag (ii) attend the morning procession singing ‘Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano Ekushey February’.
(c) We also offer flowers at the (iii) as the Shaheed day with due respect and solemnity.
(d) The day was declared as the (iv) was covered with flowers.
(e) People of all walks of life spontaneously (v) is kept at half mast in all public and private buildings.
(vi) International mother language Day by UNESCO.
(vii) foot of the Shaheed Minar bare-footed to pay respect to the martyrs.

 

Ans ;  a + iii ; We observe the 21st February as the Shaheed day with due respect and solemnity.

      b + v ; On this important day, our national flag is kept at half mast in all public and private buildings.

      c + vii ; We also offer flowers at the foot of the Shaheed Minar bare-footed to pay respect to the martyrs.

      d + vi ; The day was declared as the International mother language Day by UNESCO.

      e + ii ; People of all walks of life spontaneously attend the morning procession singing ‘Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano Ekushey February’.

 

 

19.

Column A Column B
(a) Drug addiction means strong attraction for some (i) frequent taking of these drugs leads a man to death.
(b) It is now not only a national (ii) and are bound to commit crimes to arrange money.
(c) In fact, drugs are used basically for (iii) but also a global problem.
(d) It is observed with great concern that (iv) have grasped the young generation of our country.
(e) These boys, being unemployed, cannot buy these drugs (v) intoxicating and stimulating effects which tremendously tell upon our body and mind alike.
(vi) particular sorts of drugs which are harmful to our body and mind.
(vii) especially the young boys are taking heroin, opium, phensidyle ans so on.

 

Ans :  a + vi ; Drug addiction means strong attraction for some particular sorts of drugs which are harmful to our body and mind.

      b + iii ; It is now not only a national but also a global problem.

      c + v ; In fact, drugs are used basically for intoxicating and stimulating effects which tremendously tell upon our body and mind alike.

      d + vii ; It is observed with great concern that especially the young boys are taking heroin, opium, phensidyle ans so on.

      e + ii ; These boys, being unemployed, cannot buy these drugs and are bound to commit crimes to arrange money.

 

 

20.

Column A Column B
(a) Penicillin is (i) of the eight brothers and sisters.
(b) It was discovered by Dr. Alexander Fleming who (ii) and he went there on foot.
(c) He was the seventh (iii) passed his boyhood with his parents.
(d) The school was four miles away from his house (iv) never absent from school.
(e) He was sent to London (v) a life-saving medicine.
(vi) at the age of fourteen.
(vii) was born in a poor family in Scotland.

 

Ans ; a + ii ; Penicillin is and he went there on foot.

     b + v ; It was discovered by Dr. Alexander Fleming who a life-saving medicine.

     c + i ; He was the seventh of the eight brothers and sisters.

     d + ii ; The school was four miles away from his house and he went there on foot.

     e + vi ; He was sent to London at the age of fourteen.

Class 9-10, First Paper, Model Questipns, Unseen Passage

Unseen passage

 

  1. Jibananda Das
  2. Kazi Nazrul Islam
  3. Hazrat Muhammad (SM.)
  4. Nelson Mandela
  5. Pathok Club aims
  6. Sher-E-Bangla is one of the most
  7. Hobbies are activities that
  8. It was the eve of World War 2
  9. Neil A. Armstrong
  10. Feroza’s childhood
  11. The DC-10
  12. Abraham Lincoln
  13. Jasimuddin was a famous
  14. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
  15. Florence Nightingale
  16. Bangladesh is an independent country
  17. Robert Browning
  18. Shawkat Osman
  19. Suchitra Sen
  20. William Shakespeare
  21. Louise Pasteur
  22. Dr. Mohammad Shahidullah
  23. William Wordsworth
  24. Mohammad-bin-Tughlak
  25. APJ Abdul Kalam
  26. The Olympic Games
  27. May 1st, International Workers Day
  28. Humayun Ahmed
Class 11-12, First Paper, Model Questipns, SUMMARY and THEME

Summary and theme

Download

  1. From September 1, 1939
  2. Dreams
  3. She Walks in Beauty
  4. Blow, Blow, Thou Winter Wind
  5. Out, Out
  6. Time, You Old Gipsy Man
  7. I Have Seen Bengal’s Face
  8. The Traffic Police
  9. I Died for Beauty, but was Scarce
  10. The School Boy
  11. From September 1, 1939
  12. The Lake Isle of Innisfree
  13. The Charge of the Light Brigade

 

  1. Summarise the following poem.                                            10

 I will arise and go now, and go to Innisfree,

And a small cabin build there, of clay and wattles made;

Nine bean rows will I have there, a hive for the honey bee

And live alone in the bee loud glade.

 

 And I shall have some peace there, for peace comes dropping slow

Dropping from the veils of the moing to where the cricket sings;

There midnight’s all a glimmer, and noon a purple glow,

And evening full of the linnet’s wings.

 

 I will arise and go now, for always night and day

I hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore;

While I stand on the roadway, or on the pavements grey,

I hear it in the deep heart’s core.

 

 Theme:  

“The Lake Isle of Innisfree” expresses a set of desires familiar in the modern world: to escape, to achieve peace and solitude, to be at one with nature. Yeats says almost nothing in the poem about what he would like to escape from, but his reader can easily imagine the stressful conditions of modern, especially urban, life. Such desires have been common themes in Romantic literature since the beginning of the nineteenth century, and “Innisfree” is a good example of late nineteenth century Romanticism.

This poem is about a man who dreams of going back to nature with a view to finding some peace. The man will build a small cabin there. He’ll have a little bean garden and a honeybee hive. He wants to live alone in peace with nature and the slow pace of country living sounds and with sparkle and violet blaze. In the last stanza, the man again states and explains that every night he hears the water lapping sound of the lake by the shore. Even though he lives in an urban place with roads and pavements, he can hear the rural sounds of the Lake Isle of Innisfree.

 

2. Summarize the following poem.          10

            All people dream, but not equally.      

            Those who dream by night in the dusty recesses of their mind,

            Wake in the morning to find that it was vanity.

            But the dreamers of the day are dangerous people,

            For they dream their dreams with open eyes.

            And make them come true.

Theme:

From David Herbert Lawrence’s perspective, all people on Earth usually dream though not equally. There are two kinds of dreamers. One dreams at night and other dreams in the day. The people who dream at night in the pensive mood, treat the dream to be a total emptiness, and never act upon them, they don’t struggle to achieve their dreams; they look at them with a closed mind. On the other hand those who dream by day with their eyes keeping open, are dangerous because they prefer their dream to be materialized.

The ones who dream at night while they’re sleeping, wake up to find that their dream was only fantasy and filled with vanity.The ones, who dream in the day, make their dreams turn into reality. His use of the word “Dreamers” in the second stanza is seen differently than in the first stanza. His approach suggests that the dreamers in the second stanza are going after their inner dreams to make it reality. The people who dream in the first stanza and his use of the word dream is taken at a more literal approach, suggesting that the only dream to just dream. It separates the two different types of dreamers; the ones who simply dream of vanity and the ones who go after their dreams.

 

3. ‘Out, Out-‘ by Robert Frost

The buzz saw snarled and rattled in the yard

And made dust and dropped stove-length sticks of wood,

Sweet-scented stuff when the breeze drew across it.

And from there those that lifted eves could count

Five mountain ranges one behind the other

Under the sunset far into Vermont

And the saw snarled and rattled, snarled and rattled,

As it ran light. or had to bear a load.

And nothing happened : day was all but done.

Call it a day. I wish they might have said

To please the boy by giving him the half hour

That a boy counts so much when saved from work.

His sister stood beside him in her apron

To tell them ‘Supper’. At the word, the saw.

As if to prove saws knew what supper meant.

Leaped out at the boy’s hand, or seemed to leap

He must have given the hand. However it was,

Neither refused the meeting. But the hand!

Theme: 

Shifting from enthusiastic to a more depressing mood in “Out, Out”, Robert Frost uses direct personification, graphic imagery, accidental repetition, prospective to one’s feelings, irony, moral standards and time-period diction in order to criticize the social acceptance of the dangers of such an industrialized society.

A young man is cutting firewood with a buzz saw in New England. Near the end of the day, the boy’s sister announces that it is time for dinner and, out of excitement, the boy accidentally cuts his hand with the saw. He begs his sister not to allow the doctor to amputate the hand but inwardly realizes that he has already lost too much blood to survive. The boy dies while under anesthesia, and everyone goes back to work.

 

4. Time, You Old Gipsy Man  by Ralph Hodgson

TIME, you old gipsy man,

Will you not stay,

Put up your caravan

Just for one day?

All things I’ll give you

Will you be my guest,

Bells for your jennet

Of silver the best,

Goldsmiths shall beat you

A great golden ring,

Peacocks shall bow to you,

Little boys sing,

Oh, and sweet girls will

Festoon you with may.

Time, you old gipsy,

Why hasten away?

Last week in Babylon,

Last night in Rome,

Morning, and in the crush

Under Paul’s dome;

Under Paul’s dial

You tighten your rein—

Only a moment,

And off once again;

Off to some city

Now blind in the womb,

Off to another

Ere that’s in the tomb.

Time, you old gipsy man,

Will you not stay,

Put up your caravan

Just for one day?

Summary: In this poem, ‘Time, You Old Gipsy Man’, the poet Ralph Hodgson told about time. He said that time never stays. It always runs and runs. For this, he names the time “Old gipsy man”. To stop the time, he offered the time things such as belts for its jennet of the best silver, a big golden ring etc. He told time that peacocks will bow, little boys will sing songs, sweet girls will festoon the time with may. He requested the time to put up its caravan just for one day, but the time never stays.  It passes and passes. Nobody can stop its ever-busy frigate even for a second. We know how precious thing is time for us. If we don’t use it properly, it will run away and never come back. So, we need to use the time properly.

 

5.

“I Died for Beauty, but was Scarce” by Emily Dickinson

I died for beauty, but was scarce
Adjusted in the tomb,
When one who died for truth was lain
In an adjoining room.

He questioned softly why I failed?
“For beauty,” I replied.
“And I for truth, -the two are one;
We brethren are,” he said.

And so, as kinsmen met a night,
We talked between the rooms,
Until the moss had reached our lips,
And covered up our names.

 

 

The poem begins with a paradoxical tone of a dead person speaking. Here the dead comprises the beauty. The first stanza speaks about the burial of beauty in a proper manner. She is being adjusted in the tomb carefully and lovingly. As she is laid, a company arrives beside her tomb. “Truth” is her new neighbour.

The second stanza is a discourse between the one who died for beauty and the one who died for truth. Sensing the presence of beauty beside his tomb, truth enquires about her cause of death. He addresses her slowly and genuinely, understanding that he was touching on a sore topic. He speaks softly to Her. Then “beauty” gives her reply, listening to which “truth” connects himself to the cause. He calls them “brethren” as both of them had given up their life for the fundamental they believed in.

The bond formed between the duos is discussed in the final stanza. Though they had only met, they began to share a relation of kinsmen immediately. Like a long lost sibling, they continue talking for a long time. But finally they had to stop as their mortal body starts decaying and gets covered with moss.

6.

I Have Seen Bengal’s Face

Because I have seen Bengal’s face I will seek no more;

The world has not anything more beautiful to show me.

Waking up in darkness, gazing at the fig-tree, I behold

Dawn’s swallows roosting under huge umbrella-like leaves. I look around me

And discover a leafy dome-Jam, Kanthal, Bat, Hijol and Aswatha trees-

All in a hush, shadowing clumps of cactus and zedoary bushes.

When long, long ago, Chand came in his honeycombed boat

To a blue Hijal, Bat and Tamal shade near the Champa, he too sighted

Bengal’s incomparable beauty. One day, alas. In the Ganguri,

On a raft, as the waning moon sank on the river’s sandbanks,

Behula too saw countless aswaths bats besides golden rice fields

And heard the thrush’s soft song. One day, arriving in Amara,

Where gods held court, when she danced like a desolate wagtail,

Bengal’s rivers, fields, flowers, wailed like strings of bells on her feet.

 

Theme
This poem ‘I Have Seen Bengal’s Face’ written by Jibananda Das is one of the masterpieces in the Bengali Literature. This poem depicts the façade of Bengal with the myriad images and mystiques forms. The central theme of the poem is to admire the beauty of nature of Bengal which is full of cultural and natural elements. He connects the inanimate with the living as well. The poem opens with the dawn time when the morning bird is sitting beneath a big leaf. The poet can see a lot of other trees and herbs. He names some of the least looked upon shrubs. Then he makes us remember of the heritage of the area. He says that this beauty of the Bengal shall be forever. This is eternal.

 

7.

She Walks in Beauty by Lord Byron

 

She walks in beauty, like the night

Of cloudless climes and starry skies;

And all that’s best of dark and bright

Meet in her aspect and her eyes:

Thus mellowed to that tender light

Which heaven to gaudy day denies.

One shade the more, one ray the less,

Had half impaired the nameless grace

Which waves in every raven tress,

Or softly lightens o’er her face;

Where thoughts serenely sweet express,

How pure, how dear their dwelling-place.

And on that cheek, and o’er that brow,

So soft, so calm, yet eloquent,

The smiles that win, the tints that glow,

But tell of days in goodness spent,

A mind at peace with all below,

A heart whose love is innocent!

 Theme

“She Walks in Beauty” is a love poem written by Lord Byron in 1814. In this poem, Byron describes a woman’s extraordinary beauty. Throughout the poem, he explains the woman’s physical beauty as well as her spiritual and intellectual beauty. It was clear that Lord Byron was writing about a woman whom he thought very highly of. Lord Byron’s first verse had convinced that the woman in his poem was one whom he’d merely caught a glimpse of. The poem is about an unnamed woman. She’s really quite striking, and the speaker compares her to lots of beautiful, but dark, things, like “night” and “starry skies.” The second stanza continues to use the contrast between light and dark, day and night, to describe her beauty. We also learn that her face is really “pure” and “sweet.” The third stanza wraps it all up – she’s not just beautiful, she’s “good” and “innocent,” to boot. The mention of her sweet, pure thoughts and her innocent heart provided the possibility that Lord Byron loved this beautiful woman. 

 

“The Charge of the Light Brigade”

Lord Alfred Tennyson

 

Half a league, half a league,
Half a league onward,
All in the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.
‘Forward, the Light Brigade!
Charge for the guns!’ he said:
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.
‘Forward, the Light Brigade!’
Was there a man dismay’d?
Not tho’ the soldier knew
Someone had blunder’d:
Their’s not to make reply,
Their’s not to reason why,
Their’s but to do and die:
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.
Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon in front of them
Volley’d and thunder’d;

Storm’d at with shot and shell,
Boldly they rode and well,
Into the jaws of Death,
Into the mouth of Hell
Rode the six hundred.
Flash’d all their sabres bare,
Flash’d as they turn’d in air
Sabring the gunners there,
Charging an army, while
All the world wonder’d:
Plunged in the battery-smoke
Right thro’ the line they broke;
Cossack and Russian
Reel’d from the sabre-stroke
Shatter’d and sunder’d.
Then they rode back, but not
Not the six hundred.
Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon behind them
Volley’d and thunder’d;
Storm’d at with shot and shell,
While horse and hero fell,
They that had fought so well
Came thro’ the jaws of Death,
Back from the mouth of Hell,
All that was left of them,
Left of six hundred.
When can their glory fade ?
O the wild charge they made!
All the world wonder’d.
Honour the charge they made!
Honour the Light Brigade,
Noble six hundred!

Summary

The poem tells the story of a brigade consisting of 600 soldiers who rode on horseback into the valley of death for half a league (about one and a half miles). They were obeying a command to charge the enemy forces that had been seizing their guns. Not a single soldier was discouraged or distressed by the command to charge forward, even though all the soldiers realized that their commander had made a terrible mistake. The role of the soldier is to obey and not to make reply, not to reason why. The 600 soldiers were assaulted by the shots of shells of canons in front and on both sides of them. Still, they rode courageously forward toward their own deaths. The soldiers struck the enemy gunners with their unsheathed swords and charged at the enemy army while the rest of the world looked on in wonder. They rode into the artillery smoke and broke through the enemy line, destroying their Cossack and Russian opponents. Then they rode back from the offensive, but they had lost many men. Canons behind and on both sides of the soldiers now assaulted them with shots and shells. Soldiers and horses collapsed but few remained to make the journey back. The world marvelled at the courage of the soldiers. Indeed, their glory is undying. The poem states these noble 600 men remain worthy of honor and tribute today.

 

8.

From September 1, 1939 by W. H. Auden

 

I sit on one of the dives

On Fifty-second Street

Uncertain and afraid

As the clever hopes expire.

Of a low dishonest decade:

Waves of anger and fear

Circulate over the bright

And darkened lands of the earth,

Obsessing our private lives;

The unmentionable odour of death

Offends the September night.

 Summary

“September 1, 1939” is a poem by W. H. Auden written on the occasion of the outbreak of World War IIThe day that Adolf Hitler invaded Poland. W. H. Auden uses the occasion to write a farewell to the 1930’s and to meditate on the social and psychological causes of war.

The poem is written in the first person, with the poet addressing the reader directly. Auden claims to be writing the poem in a bar in midtown Manhattan. While the setting may seem, at first, inappropriate for a serious subject, it is typical of Auden, as well as of many other modern poets, to take a detached point of view—even when their subjects are profoundly important to them. The mood or tone of the entire poem is established in the first stanza. The poet reports directly his feelings of uncertainty and fear for the future, as well as his distrust of the socialist schemes of the 1930’s that failed to prevent the recurrence of war.

 

The School Boy
by William Blake

I love to rise in a summer morn,
When the birds sing on every tree;
The distant huntsman winds his horn,
And the sky-lark sings with me.
O! what sweet company.

But to go to school in a summer morn,
O! it drives all joy away;
Under a cruel eye outworn.
The little ones spend the day,
In sighing and dismay.

Ah! then at times I drooping sit,
And spend many an anxious hour,
Nor in my book can I take delight,
Nor sit in learnings bower,
Worn thro’ with the dreary shower.
How can the bird that is born for joy,
Sit in a cage and sing.
How can a child when fears annoy.
But droop his tender wing.
And forget his youthful spring.

O! father & mother. if buds are nip’d,
And blossoms blown away,
And if the tender plants are strip’d
Of their joy in the springing day,
By sorrow and care’s dismay.

How shall the summer arise in joy.
Or the summer fruits appear.
Or how shall we gather what griefs destroy
Or bless the mellowing year.
When the blasts of winter appear.

 

The theme of the poem

The poem “ The School Boy” was written by William Blake, it is part of his “ Songs of  Innocence” published in 1789. In the poem the poet talks about a child that wakes up in the morning and all the hapiness he feels disapears when he realizes that he has to go to school. The main theme is the sorrow that the boy feels having to go to school, when he wants to enjoy summer. He has the obligation to go to a close space, but he wants to go outside. Another theme is nature, the freedom that it represents for the boy and the opression of the class. This repression is also represented by the boy´s parents who force him to go there. It is written in first person, the word “I” is quite present in the poem and refers to Blake himself.

William Blake, when he wrote the poem as an adult, he still remembered an experience of his childhood. He wrote the poem from a child´s viewpoint. He wrote his child feelings in a summer morning and in a way, he complaint to his parents. Maybe, now he as an adult has voice and he uses it, because if you are a child everybody ignores you.

 

Blow, blow, thou winter wind,

Thou art not so unkind

As man’s ingratitude ;

Thy tooth is not so keen,

Because thou art not seen,

Although thy breath be rude.

Heigh-ho! sing heigh-ho! unto the green holly:

Most friendship is feigning, most loving mere folly:

Then heigh-ho, the holly!

This life is most jolly.

Freeze, freeze, thou bitter sky,

That dost not bite so nigh

As benefits forgot:

Though thou the waters warp,

Thy sting is not so sharp

As friend remembered not.

High-ho! sing heigh-ho! unto the green holly…

 

Vocabulary  checkpoint

Unkind -Cruel
Tooth- biting cold of winter
Rude- rough, coarse
High-ho- An expression of joy
The green holly- An evergreen bush or tree which is a symbol of the everlasting friendliness of nature.
Feigning- Pretending, deceiving
Bite so nigh- Bite sharply or deeply (to the bone)
Nigh- near
Waters warp- Referring to the wind curling and ruffling the sea. Water turns to ice.
As benefits forgot- as the attitude of those who, after receiving favours, prove thankless.
As friend remember’d not- as is a man’s ungrateful behaviour in forgetting a friend.

 

 

This poem is mingled with personification, anaphora and copulet. The contrast between nature and human nature is nicely described in this poem. The ingratitude of human being is harsher and crueler than winter wind. Again, the breath of trust and betrayal of friends and relatives are shown to be harsher and crueler than the forces of nature.

 

 

 

 

Critical appreciation

The winter wind can blow as much hard as it likes because it is not so harsh and rude like man’s nature of being ungrateful. The attack of the winter wind is not so sharp because it is not visible although it is bitingly cold. The poet here says that the friendship is only a pretence and loving is nothing but absurdity and foolery. The poet asks the frosty sky to freeze because it won’t cause him deep pain as caused by his friends who forget his favours instead of being thankful.

The main idea of the poem is that the poet keenly observed the shrewdness, hypocrisy, treachery, betrayal and sinfulness of human beings. Here the poet thinks that human friendship is also feigning and hypocritical. It has no depth or significance. So he glorifies winter wind and invites it to blow. He thinks that winter wind is not as unkind as man’s ingratitude. That’s why, he prefers winter wind, which has no sensation, to human beings.

The first stanza of this poem affirms that the effect of man’s ingratitude is more unkind than the biting effect of the winter wind, because the wind remains unseen, whereas the man guilty of ingratitude stands before us in all his repulsive humanity as a permanent focus for our bitter feelings. The second stanza compares man’s ingratitude to freezing temperatures, which, though able to ‘warp water’, ie freeze water, do not ‘bite so nigh’ as a man who forgets favours done. The first six lines in each stanza are followed by the same jolly six line refrain which make the generalisation from these particular observations ‘most friendship is feigning, most loving mere folly’.

 

Ode On Solitude

By Alexander Pope 

Happy the man whose wish and care

A few paternal acres bound,

Content to breathe his native air

In his own ground. 

Whose herds with milk, whose fields with bread,

Whose flocks supply him with attire,

Whose trees in summer yield him shade,

In winter fire. 

Bless’d who can unconcern’dly find

Hours, days, and years slide soft away,

In health of body, peace of mind,

Quiet by day; 

Sound sleep by night: study and ease

Together mix’d; sweet recreation;

And innocence, which most does please,

With meditation. 

Thus let me live, unseen, unknown,

Thus unlamented let me die;

Steal from the world, and not a stone

Tell where I lie.

 

Theme: To be in a state of solitude means that one has withdrawn from the world and has taken up a life of seclusion. This could be for various reasons, as one may have been born this way, one may have lost care for the world’s troubles, or one may just want to have a quieter life. This poem talks about how a life of isolation is still a happy and quiet life, and to maintain this peace, one must not only remain out of the world, but also remain so secluded that others cannot pester with the world’s problems. This poem has an overall happy, content, and peaceful, yet a bit hopeful, mood. The happy mood is seen mostly in the first stanza. The content mood is seen in the first three stanzas. In the first, third, and fourth stanzas, one can see the peaceful mood, and the hopeful mood can be seen in the fifth stanza. This poem also has an air of self-sufficency or accomplishment about it.

 

I Died for Beauty

The general moral of this poem is that one should not waste their entire life trying to reach a goal that the ultimate failure of a long sought-after goal is death. The other person mentioned in the poem died searching for some truth while the speaker died searching for lost beauty. The speaker of the poem has died and explains that they have died for beauty. The speaker died for a purpose but failed in their objective. They both conclude that death is a form of failure. The other supposes he also dies for truth and that truth and beauty are one in the same. The two believe that since they have failed in life, they are almost like brothers. They spend the rest of eternity conversing about their failure. Finally they had to stop as their mortal body starts decaying and gets covered with moss.

 

Home They Brought Her Warrior Dead – Alfred, Lord Tennyson

The poem relates that grief must be expressed, or it will do terrible damage. Tears must be shed to provide closure so that life can go on without the person you lost. This is evidenced by the wife’s realization that she must continue on: her child depends on her. This poem by Tennyson can be considered as one of the war poems written during the period in which pessimism and anti-war mood is apparent. The father of the family was killed leaving after him a widow and a little child. His family, neighbours and friends all cry his death. But unexpectedly his wife never cried and kept stoic. Till the last moment when his wife was solid but suddenly she broke into tears when she was given her child over lap. She never wept nor died as was expected. First the dead warrior is praised to be noble and brave. But then praise was given to the wife who first never cried her dead warrior and then she saw the warrior in the child whom she will live for. She is totally loyal. And the poem ends with words of the widow announcing her devotion to her child’s life.

 

From September 1, 1939 by W. H. Auden

“September 1, 1939” is a poem by W. H. Auden written on the occasion of the outbreak of World War II. The day that Adolf Hitler invaded Poland. W. H. Auden uses the occasion to write a farewell to the 1930’s and to meditate on the social and psychological causes of war.

The poem is written in the first person, with the poet addressing the reader directly. Auden claims to be writing the poem in a bar in midtown Manhattan. While the setting may seem, at first, inappropriate for a serious subject, it is typical of Auden, as well as of many other modern poets, to take a detached point of view—even when their subjects are profoundly important to them. The mood or tone of the entire poem is established in the first stanza. The poet reports directly his feelings of uncertainty and fear for the future, as well as his distrust of the socialist schemes of the 1930’s that failed to prevent the recurrence of war.

 

Ode On Solitude By Alexander Pope

Theme: To be in a state of solitude means that one has withdrawn from the world and has taken up a life of seclusion. This could be for various reasons, as one may have been born this way, one may have lost care for the world’s troubles, or one may just want to have a quieter life. This poem talks about how a life of isolation is still a happy and quiet life, and to maintain this peace, one must not only remain out of the world, but also remain so secluded that others cannot pester with the world’s problems. This poem has an overall happy, content, and peaceful, yet a bit hopeful, mood. The happy mood is seen mostly in the first stanza. The content mood is seen in the first three stanzas. In the first, third, and fourth stanzas, one can see the peaceful mood, and the hopeful mood can be seen in the fifth stanza. This poem also has an air of self-sufficency or accomplishment about it.

 

Time, You Old Gipsy Man

The central idea of Time, You Old Gipsy Man of Ralph Hodson is that time waits for none. This poem has been written to make the readers realize the importance of time. A person can only be successful in life if he/she will value time. He said that time never stays. It always runs and runs. For this, he names the time “Old gipsy man”. To stop the time, he offered the time things such as belts for its jennet of the best silver, a big golden ring etc. He told time that peacocks will bow, little boys will sing songs, sweet girls will festoon the time with may. He requested the time to put up its caravan just for one day, but the time never stays.  It passes and passes. Nobody can stop its ever-busy frigate even for a second. We know how precious thing is time for us. If we don’t use it properly, it will run away and never come back. So, we need to use the time properly.

 

William Davies’ “Leisure” Main Theme

Williams Davies’ ‘Leisure’ unveils the richness of life as embodied in nature and wants us to avoid falseness of life as exemplified in our daily pursuits. The poem has an important theme that is to change our attitude to nature; from that of indifference to seriousness. The main theme is that we should abandon our material pursuits and establish a firm contact with nature to lead a rich and diverse life. He reminds us that even animals have time to look at things; then moves on to looking at animals and then to broader pictures like the wonders of the night sky and finally Beauty itself – personified as a dancing girl. So by the end of the poem we’ve realized that if we don’t forget our pursuits, we miss everything – all the beauty, joy and movement of life. Thus the writer has criticized modern man for his leisureless material life devoid of natural beauty. Man should be less dependent on machines and technology and start appreciating and involve natural things to surround his life. And he should turn to natural things to give him pleasure…only then it is LIFE well lived!

Class 5, First Paper, Model Questipns, Short Composition

Short Composition

1. Write a short composition about ‘Healthy Food’ Answering the following questions?

a.What is healthy food? b. Why does our body need a good mix of foods? c. Which food items should we take regularly? d. What are the food items to be eaten moderately? e. What should we eat very little?

Ans : Healthy Food

Healthy foods mean a good mix of foods. Good food contains the four groups of foods. We eat healthy food we will be healthy. We should eat each group of food everyday. We should eat plenty of these foods like breads, cereals, rice, noodles, potatoes etc. We must eat some fresh fruits and vegetables regularly. Milk, cheese, yogurt, meat, fish beans eggs house food should be eaten moderately they are important for health but we don’t need much of them. We also eat very little of these foods like fats, oil sweets etc. We must eat all kind of foods to keep us healthy, more strong and more active the whole day.

 

or, Write a paragraph on Good Food. In at least five sentences answering the following questions.               10

            (a) What is food?

            (b) What good food?

            (c) Why should we eat food?

2. Write a short composition about Fever by answering the following questions.

(a) What is fever? (b) What is symptom attack with fever? (c) What is doctor’s advice? (d) Hwo can we prevent our fever? (e) What kind of food we can take for fever time?

Fever

When we feel very warm. Then we knwo fever attacks our body. Sometimes cough and a sore throat attacks with fever. The doctor’s advice to eat food that gives us bodyenergy. Rest and stay at home. we have to drink a lot of water or juice. We have to cover our mouth and nose. Use a tissue and wash hands regularly. Use own plate, glass and cup. If try to obey doctors advice, we will free from fever and other diseases.

 

3. Write at least five sentences about Sima’s getting ill and her doctor’s advice by answering the given set of questions related to the text. (Remember to use capital letters, full stops and correct spelling.)

What has happened to Sima?

What does the doctor advises her to eat?

What more suggestions does the doctor give Sima?

What does the doctor ask her to drink?

What she should use while coughing and sneezing

Or, Write at least five sentences about Sima’s getting ill and her doctor’s advice.

Answers :

Sima has a cough and sore throat. She also feels very warm because of fever. She has the flu. The doctor advises her to eat energetic food. He also suggests her to stay at home and not to go to school or work. She needs to drink a lot of water or juice. She must cover her mouth and nose using a tissue while coughing or sneezing.

 

4. Write at least five sentences about the important places in around Kishorgonj related to the text.

Answer : The largest Eid Ground known as Solakia Eid Ground and the well-known Government Gurudayal College are situated in the town of Kishorgonj. People  from many districts come to this place to celebrate Eid. We can visit the fort of Isah Khan at Jangal Bari, Kishorgonj. The Shah Muhammad Mosque at Eagroshindhur can also be seen here. The Shiva Temple of Chandrabati can be seen near the Fuleshwari River in Kishorgonj.

 

 

5. Write at least five sentences about how Sima and Biju spend their leisure time by answering the given set of questions related to the text. (Remember to use capital letters, full stops and correct spelling.)

 

          (a) What does Sima like to do as her leisure activity?

          (b) What other things she does as leisure activities?

          (c ) How does Biju spend his leisure time

          (d) What does Biju often read?

          (e) What does Sima love reading?

 

Or,       Write down at least five sentences about how the — . (Remember to use capital letters, full stops and correct spelling.)

 

 Sima likes walking in the park as her leisure activity. She also sings and talk to her cousin and her friends on the internet. Biju spends his leisure time swimming as it keeps him fit. Biju often reads magazines about sports especially football and cricket. Sima loves reading funny stories especially stories of Nasiruddin Hojja.

 

6. Write at least five sentences about the conversation between a hare and a tortoise  by answering the given set of questions related to the text. (Remember to use capital letters, full stops and correct spelling.)

What kind of animals were the hare and the tortoise in the forest?

What did the hare call out to the tortoise?

How did the tortoise react at this?

What did they agree to do?

What were their positions when did the race begin?

Or, Write at least five sentences about the conversation between a hare and a tortoise related to the text. (Remember to use capital letters, full stops and correct spelling)

Answers : The hare was the fastest and the tortoise was the slowest animal in the forest. The hare called out to the tortoise to hurry up and walk faster or run. The tortoise felt angry at this and proposed to have a race. He also expressed his confidence to win the race. Finally, they agreed to start the race next to a big tree and finish at the river. The hare stood beside the tortoise and the race began.        

7. Write a short composition on Your Family answering the following questions :          10

            (a) How many members are there in your family?

            (b) Where does your family live?

            (c) What are your father and mother?

            (d) Do you have any brothers and sisters?

 

8. Write a short composition on ‘Tree Plantation’ by answering the following questions :

(a) What is tree plantation?

(b) How do trees help us?

(c) How do they maintain ecological balance?

(d) What do we get from trees?

(e) What may happen in absence of trees?

Answer :          Tree Plantation

Tree plantation means planting trees more and more. In order to live we need oxygen. Trees gives us oxygen. They give us food and fruits. We get vitamins from fruits. They also give us shelter, we get timber from trees without timber, we cannot make our houses furniture, boats, lunches, ships etc. Without trees land becomes a desert. Many kinds of medicines are prepared from leaves, roots and barks of trees. But our trees and forests are not sufficient in proportion to our total land area. To preserve our environment we should plant more and more trees.

 

9. Write a short composition about Fever by answering the following questions.

(a) What is fever? (b) What is symptom attack with fever? (c) What is doctor’s advice? (d) Hwo can we prevent our fever? (e) What kind of food we can take for fever time?

Fever

When we feel very warm. Then we knwo fever attacks our body. Sometimes cough and a sore throat attacks with fever. The doctor’s advice to eat food that gives us body energy. Rest and stay at home. we have to drink a lot of water or juice. We have to cover our mouth and nose. Use a tissue and wash hands regularly. Use own plate, glass and cup. If try to obey doctors advice, we will free from fever and other diseases.

 

10. Write a short composition about “Food Pyramid” answering the following questions.

-How does a Food Pyramid look?

-How many levels are there in the Food Pyramid?

-Which foods give us energy?

-What make the food delicious?

-Why should you follow the Food Pyramid?

“Food Pyramid”

A Food Pyramid looks like a triangular. There are four levels in the Food Pyramid. Foods made of grain give us energy. Fat and oil make the food delicious. We need to eat different types of food to be fit. Food Pyramid Shows it. So I should follow the Food Pyramid.

 

11.   Liberation War Museum

The word ‘museum’ means the place where the things old times are kept to display in front of future generation. The Liberation War Museum is situated at Segunbagicha in Dhaka. There are six galleries in the museum. The Galleries exhibit rare photographs, documents, newspaper clippings, and the objects used by freedom fighters and the martyrs of our liberation war. At Gallery 3, a copy of the Declaration of Independence is kept. The personal belongings of some of our martyred intellectuals and freedom fighters are kept in Gallery 6. The museum reminds us the valiant struggle and supreme sacrifice of the heroic sons of our country.

 

12.  Write a short composition on ‘Your Home Town.’ [Remember to use capital letters, punctuation and correct spelling.]        10

My Home Town

The name of my home town is Narsingdi. It is located 50 Kilometers north-east of Dhaka. This district is in Dhaka division. Its total land area is about 1141 square Kilometers. There are six upazilla or sub-divisions in this district. They are Belabo, Monohardi, Narsingdi Sadar, Palash, Raipura and Shibpur. The Meghna, the Shitalakshya, the old Brahmaputra, Arial Kha, Haridhoa and Paharea are some of the main rivers that flow through this district. A number of famous persons hails from this district. They are Birsreshtha Matiur Rahman, poet Samsur Rahman, author Alauddin Al Azad, mathematician Narayan Chandra Ghosh etc. it is one of the most beautiful district in Bangladesh. I love my home town very much.

 

13. Write a short composition on ‘The Olympic Games’ by answering the following question.         10
a) What is the Olympic Games?
b) How many nations do participate in the Olympic Games?
c) Who introduced the Olympic Games?
d) How many events are there in the Olympic Games?
e) How many athletes participate in Olympic Games now-a-days?
Answers :

The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games is the biggest sports competition of the world. More than 200 nations participate in this game. It takes place after every four years. It’s origination took place almost 3000 years ago in Greece at the foot of mount Olympia. Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a French man, is the father of the modern Olympic Games. Now over 13000 athletes compete in 30 different sports in Olympic Games.

 

14. Write a short composition on ‘A Visually Impaired Person’             10

Answer
A Visually Impaired Person

The person who is a born blind is called a visually impaired person. This person cannot lead a simple life like others. We should be very co-operative towards him. He can go a long way for the helping hands of others. None should underestimate such persons. They can lead a happy life if they get enough support from all of us.

15. Write a composition on the ‘Liberation War Museum’. [Remember to use capital letters, punctuation and correct spelling.]    10        

Answer :
Liberation War Museum

The Liberation War Museum is situated Segunbagicha in Dhaka. There are six galleries in the museum. The Galleries exhibit rare Photographs, documents, newspaper clippings and the objects used by freedom fighters and the martyrs of our liberation war. At Gallery 3, a copy of the Declaration of Independence is kept. The personal belongings of some of our martyred intellectuals and freedom fighters are kept in Gallery 6. The museum reminds us the valiant struggle and supreme sacrifice of the heroic sons of our country.

16. Write a short composition on ‘Birthday’.         10

Answer :   

Birthday

Birthday is a special day for all. I celebrate the day with great enjoyment. Usually, I invite my friends and relatives on that day. All of them attend the party with a joyous mood. Candles are lit on the birthday cake relying on my age each year. The guests of birthday party bring lots of gifts for me. It’s a great day for me in a word.