Grammar, Subjunctive Mood

Subjunctive Mood

Subjunctive Mood

The subjunctive mood is the verb form used to express a wish, a suggestion, a command, or a condition that is contrary to fact. In Subjunctive mood, verb does not show agreement with its subject.
Structure:

1.Sub+verb+that+sub+base form of verb+ext (not added s/es/ing/ed/modal with verb)

2.Sub + verb+ext + to + verb1+ ext

advice, advise, ask, demand, desire, desirable, essential, imperative, importance, important, insist, insistence, necessary, prefer, preferable, preference, propose, proposal, recommend, recommendation, request, require, requirement, suggest, suggestion, urge, vital

Example

  1. I was in your position two years ago. (not in the subjunctive mood)
  2. If I were in your position, I would do the same. (subjunctive mood)
  3. If I were ordered, I’d go.
  4. If music be the food of love, play on.
  5. It is essential to solve the problem.
  6. If I were a cat, I would lie in the sun all day.

Look at the following box

  subject base form of verb ext
  God save the King/Queen.
  God bless you.
I wish that he cook.  
It is essential he  be allowed  
The doctor suggested that she not smoke.  
It will be essential that they be heard.  
She refused the request that the prerequisite be waved.  
I wish that it  were still in use.
It is essential that every child have the same facilities.
It was important that he write to me soon.
Our advice is that the company invest in new equipment.
It is important that she be present that time.
She suggests that work  full time from Sunday.
The board recommended that the motion  be passed  immediately.
It was essential that he guard the box.
His requirement is that everyone be computer literate. 
It is imperative that the game   begin at once.
She will demand that he leave the hospital premises.
He recommended that each driver report his tips.
I suggested that he implement a budget cut in March.
It is recommended that she  prepare  a short speech.
It’s necessary that  she be  in the room with you.
We asked that he  listen  carefully
It is important that   she agree to these terms.
Maya insisted that the student  seek  the aid of a tutor.
Sally wishes that she were taller.
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