Sentence

Sentence

Sentence

 Definition: A sentence is a group of words, usually containing a verb which expresses a complete thought in the form of a statementquestioninstruction, or exclamationIt is started with a capital letter and ends with a punctuation mark (./?/!)

Characteristics of a sentence: To form a sentence, three characteristics are needed. Such as

  1. Completeness of Sentence (অর্থের পূর্ণতা )
  2. Correct Order (যথাযথ শৃঙ্খলা )
  3. Combination of Words (শব্দ সমষ্টি )

Elements of a sentence: To make a sentence we need some elements like  Subject, Objcet, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, Complement  etc.

Classification of Sentence:

As per of kind, Sentence is divided into two groups – 1.Formative  2.Structural.

Formative Sentence : Formative means the formation of sentence. It is divided into five kinds and they are – a. Assertive , b.Interrogative , c.Imperative , d. Optative and e. Exclamatory.

According to meaning/function Identification
1 Assertive (বিবৃতি সূচক)

makes a statement or assertion

Subject + verb
2 Interrogative (প্রশ্ন সূচক)

asks a question

(?)
3 Imperative (অনুজ্ঞা সূচক)

expresses a order, request, command or advice

 Starts with verb, let, please, kindly, always, never
4 Optative (ইচ্ছা প্রকাশক)

expresses strong feelings or emotions

Starts with may (wish/pray/hope/desire)
5 Exclamatory (বিস্ময় সূচক)

expresses surprise, joy, sorrow, appreciation, love excitement, frustration, anger

(!)

 Definition

a. Assertive : The sentence which narrates or explain something is called an Assertive sentence. Example : I eat rice. (In this sentence the subject ‘I’ is explaining that he is eating rice.)

b.Interrogative: The sentence which interrogates or asks question is called an Interrogative sentence. Example: Where is my pen ? (In this sentence the subject ‘my’ is asking where his pen is) * Note of Interrogation is a must at the end of an Interrogative sentence.

c.Imperative: The sentence which gives an order or request or advise or forbid or instruction and vice versa is called an Imperative sentence. Example : Never tell a lie . (In this sentence the person is being advised not to tell a lie.) * In an Imperative sentence ‘subject’ is always unmentioned and in most of the case the sentence starts with ‘Verb to do’ expressing order/ request/ advise/ forbid and vice versa

d.Optative: The sentence which indicates prayer or wish is called an Optative sentence. Example: May you be blessed.( In this sentence the speaker is blessing to the person spoken to.)

e.Exclamatory: The sentence which expresses sudden happiness, surprise, shock, sadness and vice versa is called an Exclamatory sentence. Example: How beautiful the bird is ! ( In this sentence the speaker is expressing it’s happiness saying the bird is very beautiful)

* exclamatory sentence starts with how/what an ends with the Note of Exclamation. In an exclamatory sentence the word ‘very’ is expressed with how/ what and it stands before the subject and the verb stands at the end.

Identify Sentences from the following words
1. Look at the picture. 2. May you live long. 3. Is he an honest man? 4. Never tell a lie. 5. Monika is a student. 6. He is reading a book. 7. Aren’t they happy? 8. Let us go out for a walk. 9. They were playing football. 10. Is she not a beautiful girl? 11. I will swim in the river. 12. Kindly help me. 13. Did they play cricket? 14. Forgive me. 15. It has been raining for two hours. 16. Is Mitu teaching in the class?  17. Do the sum. 18. Shut the door. 19. Do not go there. 20. Do not tell a lie. 20. Did she write a letter? 21. Always speak the truth. 22. Let us go there. 23. Let him play. 24. The rising sun is the symbol of birth. 25. Is Monir a B.A.? 26. The rose is a symbol of beauty. 27. We are happy. 28. He is not an honest man. 29. What a beautiful country it is! 30. Monika is not boiling an egg. 31. It is raining now. 32. They are not playing. 33. May Allah help you. 34. You are not a good man. 35. Sejuti is my sister. 36. You will be happy. 37. You will not pass in the exam. 38. Is he not an honest man? 39. The white colour is the symbol of purity. 40. Does he read the Quran? 41. Does he not go to school? 42. Write a letter. 43. Eat rice. 44. Please give me your pen. 45. Let us discuss the matter. 46. Pray for me. 47. Draw a mango. 48. Be attentive. 49. Read your lessons. 50. Open the door. 51. Help the poor. 52. Lend me your eraser, please. 53. Give me your pen. 54. Tell me the story. 55. Tell me when your birthday is. 56. May Allah bless you. 57. Hurrah! We have won the game. 58. The pious are happy. 59. Let him sing a song. 60. May you succeed in life. 61. March forward. 62. Had I the wings of a dove! 63. May you pass in the first division. 64. Shall I ever forget those happy days? 65. Don’t kill your time. 66. May his soul rest in peace. 67. Has he a cat? 68. May you succeed in life. 69. How long did you wait for me? 70. He has a car.

Put a tick mark on the correct answer.
1. The sentences which make statements or assertions – affirmative or negative are called ___
a. Imperative sentence b. Interrogative sentence    c. Assertive sentence   d. Optative sentence
2.    An assertive sentence makes a –
a. desire b. statement    c. feeling    d. command
3.    Which sentences express command, order, request?
a. Assertive     b. Interrogative c. Optative     d. Imperative
4.    Which sentences ask questions?
a. Imperative        b. Interrogative    c. Assertive        d. Optative
5.    Exclamatory sentences express-
a. desire        b. statement    c. command        d. emotions
6.    Which sentences express wishes or prayers?

7.    Imperative sentence denotes –
a. statements        b. orders    c. requests    d. both b and c
8.    Which sentences start with may?
a. Assertive    b. Imperative      c. Optative    d. Exclamatory
9.    Person or thing about which something is said is called the –
a. predicate        b. subject    c. both a and b        d. none
10.    What is said about the subject is called the –
a. subject    b. predicate    c. both a and b    d. none
11.    When did you come?
a. Imperative    b. Interrogative      c. Optative    d. Assertive
12.    What a fine bird it is!
a. Imperative    b. Exclamatory      c. Assertive    d. Optative
13.    The pious are happy.
a. Affirmative        b. Optative    c. Negative        d. Imperative
14.    He has a nice car.
a. Optative     b. Negative  c. Imperative    d. Affirmative
15.    Do the work at once.
a. Assertive    b. Interrogative     c. Optative    d. Imperative
16.    May Allah bless you.

Assertive    b. Imperative    c. Optative    d. Exclamatory
17.    Do you like to play cricket?
c. Imperative    d. Exclamatory  a. Affirmative    b. Optative
18.    English is an international language.
c. Exclamatory    d. Optative  a. Imperative    b. Interrogative
19.    How long did you wait for me?
c. Exclamatory    d. Assertive a. Imperative    b. Interrogative    

20. He does not like to read at all.
c. Exclamatory    d. Optative  a. Imperative    b. Interrogative    

21. Shakespeare is a great dramatist.
c. Assertive         d. Imperative  a. Interrogative        b. Optative
22.    Let him sing a song.
c. Assertive        d. Imperative a. Interrogative        b. Optative    

23. Has he a cat?
c. Assertive    d. Imperative a. Interrogative    b. Optative    

24. May you succeed in life.
c. Assertive    d. Imperative a. Interrogative    b. Optative    

25. What a dangerous thing a little learning is!
c. Imperative    d. Optative a. Assertive    b. Interrogative
26.    March forward.
c. Imperative    d. Exclamatory a. Assertive    b. Interrogative    

  27. Don’t kill your time.
a. Assertive    b. Interrogative     c. Imperative    d. Exclamatory
28.    May his soul rest in peace.

Optative     b. Assertive     c. Imperative    d. Exclamatory     

29.  Alas! I have failed.
c. Optative    d. Exclamatory a. Assertive    b. Imperative
30.    All’s well that ends well.
c. Optative    d. Exclamatory   a. Assertive    b. Imperative    

31. The poor are born to suffer.
a. Assertive    b. Imperative    c. Optative    d. Exclamatory
32.    Moni dances well.
a. Imperative    b. Interrogative    c. Optative    d. Assertive
33.    When did you start the work?
a. Imperative    b. Interrogative     c. Optative    d. Exclamatory
34.    Had I the wings of a dove!
a. Imperative    b. Interrogative     c. Optative    d. Exclamatory
35.    Only the graduates should apply.
a. Imperative    b. Interrogative    c. Assertive    d. Exclamatory
36.    None but the brave deserve the fair.
a. Imperative    b. Interrogative     c. Optative    d. Assertive
37.    If I knew this before!
a. Optative    b. Imperative    c. Exclamatory    d. Assertive
38.    May you pass in the first division.
a. Optative    b. Imperative      c. Exclamatory    d. Assertive
39.    Let the dog bark.
a. Optative    b. Imperative     c. Exclamatory    d. Assertive
40.    What though I fail?
a. Imperative    b. Exclamatory     c. Optative    d. Interrogative
41.    Friendship is nothing but a name.
a. Imperative    b. Exclamatory      c. Optative    d. Assertive
42.    Oh that I were young again!
a. Imperative    b. Exclamatory    c. Optative    d. Assertive
43.    He is too dishonest to speak the truth.
a. Imperative    b. Exclamatory    c. Optative    d. Assertive
44.    What an unhappy life he leads!
a. Imperative    b. Exclamatory    c. Optative    d. Assertive
45.    Shall I ever forget those happy days?
a. Interrogative    b. Assertive     c. Imperative    d. Optative

 

Advertisements