Correct form of verbs
Look at the following chart
Always, often, sometimes, regularly, usually, normally, occasinally, generally, daily, everyday, universal truth, habitual fact
As soon as, previous, once, ago, long ago, long since, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last night, last month, last week, last year
Coming, ensuing, tomorrow, next, next day/ next week/ next month/ next year, the day/ week/ month/ year to come
Now, now a days, at this time, at this moment, day by day, still
Then, at that time, at this moment, while
Already, recently, lately, just , just now, yet, ever
After, before, no sooner had, scarcely had, hardly had
By+time, by this time, by that time, in the mean time
|Present Perfect Continuous
Since(+time), for (+number), how long
|Past Perfect Continuous||Future Perfect Continuous
Rules on Correct uses of verbs
|1. Rules on voice||4. Preposition|
|2. Rules on tense||5. Relative pronoun|
|3. Conditional sentences||6. Sentence–Simple/complex/compound|
What you should remember before starting to right form of verbs
- Sentence — Active/Passive
- Which tense
- Subject — Singular/Plural
1. Rules on voices
|To be verb + verb3|
|A book fair (hold) some months ago. It (need) in our country. Shovon has (expel) from the examination hall. The bird (kill) on the ship last week. Cricket (play) all over the world. English (speak) all over the world. This pen (give) to me yesterday. The book (steal) yesterday. The school was (close) for sine die. It (introduce) first in Germany. A Bonsai tree (shape) carefully to remain small. The plant (take) out for its’ original pot. One-third of its root (take) cut off. Bonsai (classify) in two ways. Skate boarding (do) on concrete. Wires (use) to force the plant to grow. A lot of soil is (need) for Bonsai. Outdoor and household works (do) by both husbands and wives. Their food chain is also (affect) by the use of chemicals. Acquiring a language (believe) to be more lasting. English (use) as a first language. The name of our country (change) from Burma to Myanmar. The boys (send) to school yesterday. Women were (segregate) from society. Carbon di-oxide (produce) by the burning of fossil fuels and forests. A wide disintegration has (find) large kin-groups. The sky (overcast) with cloud. A Bonsai plant (not allow) to grow too high. Snowboarding (do) on snow.
The work could (finish). The device may (use). It may (call) implicit learning. Recreational activities can (divide) into two types. Woody plants can (grow) as bonsai. Kinship is going to (decline) from developing countries. It might (develop) in two ways. It will (stop). Parents ought to (respect). The shop is going to (close). Walking should (form) as a habit. It should (remember). It can (regard) as the most useful thing. The programme will (start) soon. He must (take) to a hospital. The thief may (arrest).
2. Rules on Tense
A. Simple Present Tense
a. Sub + main verb + s/es + ext ( if subject 3rd person singular number)
Person: I/We=1st person, You=2nd person, Rest of all=3rd person
Singular subject: unseen/uncountable/distance/money/time/weight/volume
verb+o/x/z/ss/sh/ch + es Otherwise verb+s
verb+y =verb+ies but vowel+y =verb+s
b. Generally, normally, regularly, usually, occasionally, daily, everyday, often, sometimes, always (if no time is mentioned)
c. Modal auxiliary + verb1 (Active voice)
d. universal truth (চিরন্তন সত্য), habitual fact (অভ্যাসগত কর্ম)
e. Feel, love, hear, like, hate, see, forget, consist, seem, sound, smell, believe, know, wish, doubt, prefer, imagine, fear, taste, astonish, please, understand are normally used in Simple present tense.
|The moon (shine) at night. Ice (float) on water. He (carry) an umbrella with him. She (sing) a song. He always (disturb) the class. Rahim normally (take) his meal at 9 am. A good boy (prepare) his lesson regularly. Rana (go) to school daily. She often (sing) Tagore song. It (dew) in winter. A good boy (prepare) his lessons regularly. Nazim (speak) English well. Lila (play) ludu. The sun (rise) in the east. We (play) Ha-du-du. She (write) a letter. The baby (cry). Man (try) curious to know different things. He (want) to discover the things. It (develop) our body. It (refresh) our mind. Your friend (talk-talks) too much. The man with the roses (look) like your brother. The women in the pool (swims) well. Billal (drive) a cab. The football players (runs) five miles every day. That red-haired lady in the hat (live) across the street. He (cook) dinner for his family. The boys (walks) to school every day. The weather on the coast (appear) to be good this weekend.
Rumi may (came) tomorrow. Sojib could (done) the sum. Rajib should (taken) care of you. Robin ought to (loved) his youngers. Asif dare to (said) so. You had better (go) home. You must (did) the work. Kakoli could (playing) football well. I can (played) it. Everybody should (respected) his parents. It may (rained) today. We should not (led) a lazy life. We should (built) up our country. Students must not (neglected) time. We should (following) them. You can (to differ) their patterns and designs. Regular practices can (ensured) your better performance. The government should (encouraged) people to donate blood. Students should (minimized) the period of using a computer.
B. Simple Past Tense
a. Yesterday, ago, last, once, long since, previous, one day
b. It is time/high time + Simple Past
d. If/I wish/I fancy/Would that (unreal past) ………….. Sub + could/would + Main verb
If/I wish/I fancy/Would that (unreal past) ………….. Sub + were (to be verb)
e. Main Clause টি Simple Past হলে এবং পরের অংশে next day, next week, next month, next year ইত্যাদি উল্লেখ থাকলে Subject + would/should + verb 1
|Adnan (play) computer games yesterday. Sajin (see) her once. I (make) a century last week. I (take) it to him ago. I (meet) her long since. I (get) the parcel last month. He (die) last night. Esa (go) to college yesterday. Once he (fought) with the British forces. I (see) a movie yesterday. I (not see) a play yesterday. Last year, I (travel) to Japan. Last year, I (not travel) to Korea. Did you (to have) dinner last night? She (wash) her car long since. He (not wash) his car long since.|
|It is high time I (give) up my bad habits. It is time the authority (take) necessary steps. It is high time we (meet) in a secure place. It is time we (discuss) about our problems. It is high time you (leave) the place. It is time we (change) bad habits. It is time you (finish) a course on English language. It is high time we (start) from the place. It’s high time Mizan (get) a real job. It’s high time you (start) looking after your body. It is high time he (pay) her money for rent. It’s high time you (get) the car repaired. It’s high time we (buy) a new car. It’s high time you (think) about it.|
|Read attentively lest you (fail) in the final examination. He went away lest you (see) him. He will return fast lest he (fall) in danger. The officer was sympathetic to the boy lest he (go) away. The housewives are very conscious about the maid-servants lest they (leave) them. Hurry up lest you (miss) the train. She started saving money lest she (fall) in danger. Walk fast lest you (miss) the class. Study hard lest you (fail) in the final examination. They build a house lest they (live) under the open sky. The old man walks slowly lest he (fall) down. They ran hurriedly lest they (miss) the class. Go to the bank with the cheque lest you (fail) to cash your cheque. He walked fast lest you (get) drenched. He walks slowly lest he (miss) the natural beauty. Read diligently lest you (fail) to materialize your dream. Read attentively lest you. Sumi reads attentively lest she (fail) in the exam. The old man is walking carefully lest he (stumble).|
|I wish I (visit) them. I wish I (visit) this place. I wish I (stand) first. I wish I (enter) the palace. I wish I (visit) the place. I wish I (meet) you once again. I wish I (see) her once. I wish I (know) this before. Would that I (have) the power of the superman!
I wish I (be) a child again. I wish I (be) a minister. I wish I (be) a bird. I wish I (be) a child again. I wish I (be) a philosopher like Socrates. I wish I (be) a bird. I wish I (be) a child. If I (be) a bird! If I (be) a child again! If I (be) the President of Bangladesh! I wish I (be) rich.
|He said that he (go) home the next day. He told that he (come) here the next year. He said that he (buy) a new TV the next day. She said that she (sell) her land the next month. The man said that he (go) to London the next day. I thought that I (inform) you the next day. I expected that I (play) the next day. She hoped that she (join) the function the next day. They supposed that they (complain) the next day. I knew that she (fail) the nex exam. He imagined that I (left) the place the next year.|
C. Present Continuous Tense
a. Now, day by day, at this moment, at present
|He (sing) a song now. They (watch) TV at this moment. We (develop) day by day. You (do) now. Nipa (play) ludu at this moment. Mother (cook) food now. The farmer (cultivate) his land now. They (work) in the garden at this moment. Now the students (sing) the national anthem. At this moment they (read). You (learn) English now. You (not swim) now. Are you (sleep) at this moment? I (sit) here now. I (not stand). Is he (sit) or standing? They are (read) their books. They (not watch) television. What are you (do)? Why aren’t you (do) your homework?|
D. Past Continuous Tense
a. While + Past continuous tense
b. While + verb1 + ing
|While (read), I was called. While (walk), she tripped over a stone. While (do) the sum, he faced some problems. While (talk), you are feeling nervous. While (come) from there, I met with Badhon. While (walk) in the garden, a snake bit him. While (sleep) in his room, he dreamt a nice dream. To stand further away from each other while (talk) seems unfriendly, to them.
While I (read), I was called. While she (walk), she tripped over a stone. While he (do) the sum, he faced some problems. While you (talk), you are feeling nervous. While I (come) from there, I met with Badhon. While it (rain), I was going to college. My uncle arrived while she (cook) the dinner.
E. Present Perfect Tense
a. Already, recently, lately, just, just now, ever, yet
b. have/ has/ had/ to be/ having/ being + verb3
|Ruble has (do) the job. We have (make) Rifat captain. I had (see) him. Mim has (show) some documents. Shejuti had (sleep) a lot today. Having (finish) my meal, I went out. Anne wanted the picture to be (hang) on the wall. Being (depress), he came to me at last. The sun having (rise), we started for Dhaka. It is being (continue). The work is to be (do) immediately. Alamin has (do) his home work. The war had (bring) great misery. Computer has (bring) about a revolutionary change. He has (appreciation) her beauty. Life in Kenya is going to be (modernize). If the sea level rises abnormally, we have reason to be (worry). Alim doesn’t seem to be (bother). The Space Station is expected to be (completion) by the year 2006.|
|I (meet) him recently. You already (complete) your work. He (go) out just now. I just (receive) your mail. I (see) her yet. Siam (see) him recently. Efty (go) out just now. 8. Anne already (reach) home. I have ever (be) to Dhaka. She just (start) a business. They already (shift) their furniture. Anis lately (marry) his daughter off. I (see) that movie twenty times. I have (meet) him once before. There have (to be) many earthquakes in California. People have (travel) to the Moon. People (not travel) to Mars. Have you (read) the book yet? Nobody has ever (climb) that mountain. Has there ever (be) a war in the United States?|
F. Present perfect continuous Tense= Since (point of time)/for (period of time)
= reference of time
|I (study) in this school for five years. Borna (watch) the movie since morning. I (try) this sum for two hours. Wasim (operate) facebook since noon. You (write) a letter for the last half an hour. Shimu (work) for two hours. Shamima (read) since morning. We (live) in Dhaka since 1986. It (rain) since morning. They (talk) for the last hour. She (work) at that company for three years. What have you been (do) for the last 30 minutes? James has been (teach) at the university since June. We (wait) here for over two hours. Why has Nantu not been (take) her medicine for the last three days?|
G. Past Perfect Tense
a. Past Perfect tense + before + Simple past
Simple past + after + Past Perfect tense
b. Simple Present + since/as if/as though +Simple Past
Present Perfect+ since/as if/as though +Simple Past
Simple Past+ since/as if/as though +Past perfect tense
c. No sooner had+ sub+ verb3+ext+than+ sub+verb2
Hardly had+ sub+ verb3+ext+when/before+sub+verb2
Scarcely had+ sub+ verb3+ext+when+sub+verb2
|It (rained) before I took shelter under a tree. I (reach) there before he phoned me. I (break) a glass before he entered the room. I had memorized the rules before he (call) me. The patient (died) before I called a doctor. The patient (die) before the doctor came. The doctor (come) before the patient came. We (reach) our school before the bell rang. The patient had died before the doctor (come).
The patient died after the doctor (come). I called her after I (take) my breakfast. I arrived after the sun (set). He slapped me after he (asked) me saying a fool. He revealed the truth after people (gather) there. The police came to the sport after the accident (took) place. The train (left) after they had reached the station. Ripa went there after I (return) home. They arrived the station after the train (leave).
|It is long time since we (talk). It has been long time since we (meet). He acted as if I (suggested). I behaved as if I (know) everything. He treated me as if he (be) the Prime-Minister. He speaks as if he (be) the owner of the farm. Rani speaks as if she (know) everything. He speaks as if he (be) the owner of the farm. The man speaks as though he (be) a leader. The man spoke as if he (be) a landlord. The man speaks as though he (be) a rich man. He speaks as if he (be) the President of Bangladesh. The man spoke as though he (be) a leader. The man speaks as if he (be) a landlord. Wasim speaks as if he (be) the President. It is many years since he (go) abroad. It is twenty years since I (see) him last. Two years have passed since I (see) him last. It is many years since I (come) to Dhaka. Many years have passed since I (come) to Dhaka. It was twenty years since he first (meet) her. It was many years since he (go) abroad. Two years passed since I (see) him last. It was many years since I (come) to Dhaka. Many years passed since his mother (die).|
3. Conditional sentences: The sentence that begins with if known as conditional sentence.
Remember, had, were, in case, unless, provided, provided that, providing that can be used instead of If.
|Zero conditional||If + Simple present + Simple present|
|First conditional||It is possible and very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.
If + Simple present , sub + shall/will/can/may + verb1 + ext.
|Second conditional||It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.
If + Simple past , sub + would/could/might+ verb1 + ext.
Or, Were I a bird, I would fly at large.
Or, Had I enough money, I would start a business.
|Third conditional||It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled.
If +past perfect, sub + would/could/might+have+verb3+ext.
Or, Had I seen her before, I would have disclosed the truth.
|If I invite you, you (come). If it rains, I (not go) to school. If I want, he (give) me. If they ask, he (disclose). If I (see) him, I will call him. If you run in the rain, you (catch) cold. If you work hard, you (prosper) in life. Memory will not go out if it (rain). If you finish the work in time, you (get) a prize. If they come, I (be) happy. If you write the letter, I (post) it. If it (rain), I will not go to play. If he reads attentively, he (pass). If it rains, I (go) to the park. If I study today, I (go) to the party tonight. If I have enough money, I(buy) some new shoes. She (be) late if the train is delayed. She (miss) the bus if she doesn’t leave soon. If I see her, I (tell) her.
If her uncle (arrives), I would meet him. If I (know) her phone number, I would call her. If I got a student visa, I (get) a great chance to study abroad. If I (am) a king, I would help the poor. If you (come) here, I would give you the news. If he studied regularly and seriously, he (do) well in the examination. If I were a king, I (help) the poor. If he requested me, I (go) there. If they tried, they (succeed). If I were a bird, I (fly). If he came, I (go). If I had enough money, I (set) up a hospital. If you tried, you (do) it. If I had extra books, I (lend) him. If I had the wings of a Dove, I (fly) to you.
If he had studied very seriously, he (make) a bright result. If she had not missed the interview, she (get) the job. If I had had your number, I (call) you but I had forgotten it. I (order) a taxi if you had told me. I would not have said that if I (have) there. Had I the wings of a bird, I (fly) like a bird. If I had been a rich man, I (help) the poor. Had I been a rich man, I (help) the poor. We would have come, if he (invite) us.
a. preposition + verb1 + ing
b. to + verb1
c. with a view to/look forward to/get used to/addicted to/habituated to/cannot help/could not help + verb1 + ing
|He is capable of (do) so. Mukti refrained me from (go). Ritu is bent upon (do) the work. Imon was selected for (perform) the drama. Israk opposed the idea without (hear). Tahani had never thought of (go) there. After (do) the work I will go out. Rina is busy in (do) her home work. He is now engaged in (read). He plays an important role in (build) up an educated nation. By (take) higher education, they are becoming genius. I can understand Nazneen’s problems about (live) in a large family. There are two ways of (develop) competence in a language. They feel more comfortable in following people instead of (take) the lead. Learning a language is like (ride) a cycle. You learn to communicate effectively by (use) a language. You can learn to speak only by (speak). You can learn to speak only by (listen). They are so interested in (spent) their free time effectively. Bonsai is the art of (grow) trees and other plants. The power of (use) language is important. This is useful for (study) magnetic and electrical fields. Sports are a popular form of (spend) leisure. It made his family think again about the wisdom of (let) him loose in England alone. It goes without (say) that courtesy costs nothing but gives a lot.
He wants to (sold) his property. Farmers work hard to (grew) crops. I tried hard to (solved) the problem. She expected me to (coming). You selected me to (performed). We have come here to (see) his ailing mother. He is able to (held) the attention. It is not wise to (wasted) time. Sakib might (late). He wanted to (narration) the fact. English helps to (communicative) across national borders. They wanted to (learnt) how to ride a bicycle. Women began to (contribution) family income. Women started to (influence) family affairs. Women started to (joining) the workforce. In order to (material) your dream, you need determine and efforts.
He went to London with a view to (earn) money. I always look forward to (receive) letter from you. I am get used to (recite) the Quran every day. Once I was addicted to (drink) wine. He came to my house with a view to (meet) me. Farhana is looking forward to (get) your reply. They become addicted to (take) drugs. We went there with a view to (see) the sea shore. We adopt unfair means with a view to (achieve) their objectives.
5. Relative pronoun
Re = back
|Relative pronoun (who, which, that, what, whom, whose) placed before an adjective clause connects a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun.|
|Relative Pronoun + verb (according to the noun/pronoun before Relative Pronoun)|
|He is the man who (avoid) me. This is the dog which (bite) me yesterday. It is you who (be) a doctor. My brother who (study) in university, is so meritorious. I know her who (sing) so sweetly. Patriotism implies those qualities which (make) a man noble. Student life is that part of life which (spend) in receiving education. It is I who (comparison) you to an ass. Maria, who (loves) gardening, can’t grow anything. There is even an association that (conduct) research on leisure activities. Patriotism implies those qualities which (make) a man noble. He is the man who (give) shape to the concept and design of the Shaheed Minar. Rokeya is a Bangladeshi girl who (be) about to finish school. A society which (enslave) its women is sure to lag behind. It is education which (help) to adopt a rational attitude.|
A. Simple sentences with two or more verbs
|Simple sentence||One clause (One Principal clause)|
|Sub + finite verb (nonfinite verb)|
|Without FANBOYS and subordinating conjunction|
a. If it expresses purpose, use to+ verb1 as nonfinite verb
b. If subject does the action of verb , use verb+ing as nonfinite verb
c. If subject does not do the action of verb , use verb3 as nonfinite verb
d. If the first verb of a sentence are get, make, want, become, use verb3 as nonfinite verb
e. If the first verb of a sentence are let or help, use verb1 as nonfinite verb
|We study hard (made) excellent results. They come here (enjoyed) themselves. He wants to be a doctor (served) people. The farmers work hard (supported) themselves. We work hard (attained) success. I sow good seeds (got) good crops. He works hard (improve) his result. We work hard (earned) money. He lent some money from the bank (bought) a car. She hoped (won) the first prize.
I observed him (write) an essay. He saw me (play) cricket. They reached the place (run) after the thief. I noticed him (play) Ludu. The saw me (watch) TV. Mitu could not help (help) the poor. Toma saw him (go). He saw the boy (play) in the field. I heard him (speak). He helps me (make) the house. We cannot help (learn) English. It helps a man (build) up a pure character. The girl came to me (dance). We heard them (cry). The old sailor saw the water snake (swim) round the ship. The police noticed the thief (steal) the money. I heard my mother (call) me. The children came to me (run). Jerry saw the authoress (write) something. Size doesn’t matter (chop) wood. She likes (travel). My teacher stopped me (say) so.
A good teacher discovers the treasure (hide) inside each student. The book (write) by me is informative. People (affect) with arsenicosis die ultimately. People (addict) to gambling lose everything. Education (impart) to students is high standard. The answer (write) by him was not correct. The cars (make) in Japan last long. The tea (import) from Srilanka is qualitative. The pen (present) to you is fantastic. The house (decorat) with lights looks beautiful.
I wanted the article (publish) in the newspaper. Even the oceans are getting (pollute). I wanted my supper (cook). I got it (do) by Arman. Watching the movie, Nishu became (bore). It makes me so (frustrate). I wanted the article (publish) in the newspaper. Joti got the house (paint). Adnan got the work (do). Rumi got the chair (break). You often get (annoy) at their ways and shout at them. The entertainment business is getting (westernize) day by day.
B. Compound sentences
|Two clauses of Compound sentences follow the same tense|
|I went to market and (buy) some DVD. You received an email and (make) a quick reply. She will join the function and (deliver) her lecture. They made a cricket team and (play) with others team. I have met with him and (ask) his whereabouts. It ennobles one’s character and (give) one high position in society. We (to stand) in front of the graves and bow down our head. He (fill) the pitcher and went out. Eva lost her balance and (fall) into the river. He (find) a mad dog and injected some weak germs. Fatima was slender and (master) the art. Many women were present there and all of them (weep) to hear the news. There (be) many students and they all shouted. I bought some interesting novels and I (present) them to my sister. Smoking (cause) cancer and this is well known. He (to be) a thief and we suspect it. The matter (to be) easy and I understood it. The man saw the tiger and (go) away. The dog lay close to him and (find) comfort there. I (take) a cabin and asked for man to chop wood. The door was opened and Jims (step) in. He (speak) very fast and we could not follow him.|