Completing sentences

5.n 

(a) The beauty of a moon-lit night cannot —.
(b) It is —.
(c) It dazzles —.
(d) Everybody enjoys —.
(e) even little insects —.
Answer- 5:
(a) The beauty of a moon-lit night cannot be described in words.
(b) It is very charming.
(c) It dazzles our eyes.
(d) Everybody enjoys a moon-lit night.
(e) Even little insects fly here and there.
 6.n
(a) There is nobody who —.
(b) Now-a-days flowers are used —.
(c) It is flowers which —.
(d) Now many people —.
(e) This will better the living condition —.
Answer- 6:
(a) There is nobody who doesn’t love flowers.
(b) Now-a-days flowers are used on various occasions.
(c) It is flowers which provide the opportunity to greet the respected guests.
(d) Now many people cultivate flowers.
(e) This will better the living condition of the poor flower sellers.
 7.n
(a) Asif Ahmed is a student who is trying to —.
(b) He thinks he will complete —.
(c) His parents are —.
(d) They feel —.
(e) He should not —.
Answer- 7:
(a) Asif Ahmed is a student who is trying to make a good result.
(b) He thinks he will complete all the subjects before march.
(c) His parents are also careful.
(d) They feel his absence.
(e) He should not miss the classes.
 8.n
(a) Mujibnagar is a place which—.
(b) It is such a place where—
(c) There is a memorial which—
(d) There is a large Mosque where—.
(e) Let’s visit this place—.
Answer-8:
8. (a) Mujibnagar is a place which is nice to look at.
(b) It is such a place where many people come.
(c) There is a memorial which has some pillars.
(d) There is a large Mosque where people say their prayers.
(e) Let’s visit this place as soon as possible.
 9.n
(a) It is Asif Ahmed who —.
(b) I do not know what—.
(c) But I know the place where—.
(d) Though he is poor,—.
(e) It is he who—.
Answer-9:
(a) It is Asif Ahmed who is a good boy.
(b) I do not know what his father’s name is.
(c) But I know the place where he has born.
(d) Though he is poor, he is honest.
(e) It is he who is the best player.
 10.n
(a) A library is a place—.
(b) They help us—.
(c) A library is a source—.
(d) People gather knowledge—.
(e) It is we who—.
Answer-10:
(a) A library is place where people go to gather knowledge.
(b) They help us in many ways.
(c) A library is a source that gives us knowledge.
(d) People gather knowledge from a library.
(e) It is we who should visit the library.
 11.n
(a) It is spring which—.
(b) It is the time when—.
(c) The cuckoo sings sitting—.
(d) It is the song which—.
Answer-11:
(a) It is Spring which is the best of all seasons.
(b) It is the time when the cuckoo sings.
(c) The cuckoo sings sitting on the branch of a tree.
(d) It is the song which is liked by all
 12.n
(a) It is water which—.
(b) But is is polluted—.
(c) It is people who—.
(d) Men pollute—.
(e) So we should minimize—.
Answer-12 :
(a) It is water which is essential for life.
(b) But is polluted in many ways.
(c) It is people who are responsible for water pollution.
(d) Men pollute water.
(e) so we should minimize water pollution.
 13.n
(a) It is health which—.
(b) A healthy poor man is happier than —.
(c) Though a healthy man is an asset, —.
(d) It is he who—.
(e) There is nobody who—.
Answer-13 :
(a) It is health which is wealth.
(b) A healthy poor man is happier than an unhealthy man.
(c) Though a healthy man is an asset, an unhealthy man is burden.
(d) It is he who can shine in life.
(e) There is nobody who must not be conscious of health.
 14n
(a) It is money which—.
(b) It is a must for—.
(c) It does not bring—.
(d) It is happiness which—.
(e) It is only moral and spiritual development that—.
Answer-14 :
(a) It is money which cannot buy happiness.
(b) It is a mus for our life.
(c) It does not bring our happiness.
(d) Is is happiness which is a mental thing.
(e) It is only moral and spiritral development that gives us happiness.
 15.n
(a) An intellectual is one who—.
(b) he has to give light to others who—.
(c) He should—.
(d) An intellectual has the duty of—.
(e) The perception of the truth is—.
Answer-15 :
(a) An intellectual is one who is an enlightened person.
(b) He has to give light to others who are in need of it.
(c) He should come out of his ivory tower.
(d) An intellectual has the duty of seeing the truth and teaching it to others.
(e) The perception of the truth is almost the same as the perception of beauty.

  1. (a) We should `no’ to corruption because corruption is disgraceful.
    (b) Corruption persons are not only dishonest but also criminals.
    (c) Now, it is high time we removed corruption from the society.
    (d) We should work together if we want to establish a corruption free society.
    (e) But we are so self-centred that we always think of self-interest.
  2. (a) AIDS is a fatal disease which is incurable/is very dangerous.
    (b) It is such a disease that leads the patient to death.
    (c) The first AIDS patient was a man who worked in the Royal Navy.
    (d) The doctors suggest that prevention is the only solution so far.
    (e) There is no further remedy that can cure the patient.
  3. (a) United we stand divided we fall.

(b) Don’t you know this wise saying?
(c) Unless you are united, you will not prosper.
(d) The story of the old man and his sons teaches us that unity is strength.
e) It is high time we learnt the lesson.

  1. (a) As flower is a symbol of love, beauty and purity, it is liked by all.
    (b)There is hardly and person who does not hate a liar.
    (c) We can turn our enemies into friends if we love them.
    (d) It is said that those who do not love flowers are cruel.
    (e) Many people cultivate flowers because they love flowers.
  2. (a) Since Bangladesh is an agricultural country her economy depends largely on

agriculture.
(b) As her economy depends on agriculture, she needs to put emphasis on it.
(c) We have to develop cultivation scientifically so that we can grow more

crops.
(d)Though our farmers work hard, they do not get what they need.
(e) They cannot improve their condition because they are poor and uneducated.

 

  1. (a) We should be sincere because sincerity brings success.
    (b)All great men are sincere and they become successful.
    (c) If any work is not done properly, it will not result in success.
    (d) But sincerity does not mean only to do any work properly; it also means to  do any work honestly.e) Everybody must remember that without sincerity none can attain success.

 

  1. (a) If we drink arsenic polluted water, we are sure to fall sick.
    (b) Surface water is safe when it is boiled.
    (c) Pond water is not safe as different types of filthy things are mixed with it.
    (d)The illiterate people pf our country fall a prey to various diseases because they are not  conscious of their health.

(e) Since there is scarcity of pure water, everybody living there fetches

drinking water from the tubewell of the neighboring village.

 

  1. (a) A proverb goes that time and tide wait for none.
    (b) If he makes the best use of his time, he will shine in life.
    (c) But if he does otherwise, he is sure to lag behind in the race of life.
    (d) If he once falls behind, he will not be able to compete with others.
    (e) So he should make the use of his time so that he can be successful.
  2. (a) There goes a proverb that time tide wait for none.
    (b) Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work, lost time can’t be regained.
    c)  Time is so valuable that we should not waste it.
    (d) Those who have become great in life utilised their time properly.
    (e) If we make the best use of time, we’ll shine in life.

 

  1. (a) I purchase books whenever I get the opportunity.
    (b) On the 21st February I went to Ekushey Boi Mela which was organized at Bangla  Academy.

(c) I went to the book fair so that I could buy books.
(d) There I found hundreds of book stalls where so many books ere nicely arranged.
(e) I was delighted that I could come close to renowned novelist Humayun Ahmed .

 

  1. (a) The sky is cloudy and the weather is gloomy.
    (b) I think that it may rain.

(c) If it rains, I shall not go out.
(d)There are some boys who like to play in the rain.
(e) I don’t like to play in the rain because I may become sick.

 

  1. (a) A college is a seat of learning, so it should be calm and peaceful.

(b) It should be a clam and peaceful place where the students would be able to

study attentively.
(c) But nowadays peaceful atmosphere is absent from the college because there

are political violence’s and students clashes.
(d) The students who live in a noisy environment will face noise pollution.
(e) The sooner it can be controlled, the better the life will be.

 

  1. (a) I do not like people who tell lies.

(b) I believe that everybody can shine in  life.
c) I prefer wearing clean, ironed clothes and polished shoes.
d) People who are not punctual cannot shine in life.
e) I think those who are untidy in their lifestyle will lag behind.

 
14.(a) Television serials are getting so popular that the children become addicted to them.
(b) Despite the widespread popularity, television serials have some demerits also.
(c) Those television programmes are affecting not only the attitudes of our youths but also

their dress style.

(d) Television programmes have to be entertaining as well as educative.
(e) By telecasting good programme, television can play a great role in respect of

entertainment.

  1. (a) Since Bangladesh is an over populated country, unemployment problem is acute here.
    (b) Instead of being an asset, population has become a burden.
    (c) Though some steps have been taken, population is still increasing.
    (d) If people had been conscious, population problem would have been controlled.
    (e) It is time we controlled the growth of our population.

 

  1. (a) He was competent enough to get a scholarship.
    (b) Getting a scholarship is so competitive that only the brilliant/best students can get it.
  2. c) Studying abroad is too expensive for an ordinary student to afford.
    (d) Navid is applying for a scholarship in order that he can go abroad to study.
    (e) Studying abroad will not only upgrade his qualifications but also promote his intellectual

development.

 

17.(a) Truthfulness is a great virtue because it makes a great.

(b)One cannot command the respect of others unless he is truthful.

(c)One may succeed once or twice by telling a lie but he can’t continue it for a long time.

(d)You will not be trusted if you are a liar.

(e)So it is a wise decision to speak the truth always.

 

18.(a) This is Bangladesh where we live.

(b)The people of Bangladesh are friendly though they are poor.

(c)When anyone falls in danger, others help him.

(d)We love and help one another as if we were brothers and sisters.

(e)We work unitedly so that Bangladesh can prosper day by day.

 

19.(a)Water is so vital of all natural resources that it is called life.

(b)It is water which we need to live.

(c)Our agriculture which is our main source of economy depends on fainfall.

(d)Though Bangladesh is blessed with rivers our farmers do not get water during dry season.

(e)If the rainfall is timely crops grow well.

 

20.(a)If we invest in education for girls they will be self-reliant.

(b)It is education which is the backbone of a nation.

(c)Education women have higher income potential than those who have had not education.

(d)Those mothers who are educated can take care both male and female children.

(e)It is important to realize that girls can contribute to the society like boys.

 

 

21.(a) The two friends were traveling through a forest which was full of wild animals.

(b)They were frightened when they saw a bear.

(c)One of them knew how to climb a tree but the other did not.

(d)The friend who knew how to climb left his friend.

(e)He climbed up a tree so that he could save his life.

 

 

  1. (a)The term “Health” means soundness of both body and mind.

(b)Without a sound physique you can’t enjoy a sound mind.

(c)An unhealthy rich man can’t enjoy a sound mind.

(d)So, it is called one of the greatest gifts.

(e)A proverb goes that health is wealth.

 

23.(a) There goes a proverb that time and tide wait for none.

(b)Though lost wealth can regained by hard work, lost time can never be got back.

(c)Time is so valuable that we should not waste a single moment.

(d)Those who have become great in life have made the best use of time.

(e)If we make the best use of time we can shine in life.

 

 

24.(a) You cannot find others to love you unless you love them.

(b) It is love that unites all.   (c)Love is divine which ensures peace in the world.

(d)Your friends cannot help loving you if you love them.

(e)If you are not loved, it is good evidence that you don’t love others.

 

 

25.(a)Many dishonest person cut trees so that they can get quick benefit.

(b)But if we cut trees at random, our country will turn into a desert.

(c)Besides, trees bring rainfall which is essential for agriculture.

(d)Trees supply oxygen without which we can’t think of our existence.

(e)Since trees help us in many ways we should plant more trees.

 

 

  1. (a) I have a garden and it is in front of my reading room.

(b)When I get time, I go into my garden.(c)I water the plants so that they can grow well.

(d)I have put a fence around the garden which protects the garden.

(e) When I see the garden full of flowers, I forget the sufferings of daily life.

 

27.(a) Once there was a king who was fond of knowing his future.

(b)It is so happened that a famous astrologer stopped at his capital.

(c)The king called on him and wanted to know his future.

(d)The astrologer told him something which was quite unpleasant.

(e)At this the king grew so furious that he ordered his men to kill him.

 

 

28.(a)Once there was hungry fox and was searching for food.

(b)He removed here and there and came to a vineyard.

(c)He saw fine bunches of ripe grapes and felt tempted.

(d)He felt so tempted that his mouth watered at the sight of them.

(e)The grapes were hanging so high that he could not reach them.

 

 

29.(a)Once there lived a maiden whose name was Cinderella.

(b)Cinderella’s mother was dead and she had to work hard in the kitchen.

(c)She had two elder sisters who were unkind to her.

(d) They made her stay in the kitchen and do all the hard work.

(e)She was so shocked that she always remembered her dead mother.

 

30.(a)It is true that man is the architect of his own fate.

(b)He can achieve what he desires.

(c)It is a wrong idea that man’s life is decided by fate.

(d)It is not fate but sincere efforts make him successful.

(e)There may ups and downs but he should not lose heart.

 

 

31.(a) Once there were two friend who were very intimate.

(b) One day when they were passing through a forest they saw a bear coming to them

(c) One of the friends knew that a bear does not touch a dead body.

(d) One friend climbed up a tree and did not think of the fate of the other friend.

(e) The friend who could not climb up tree pretended to be dead.

 

  1. (a) A farmer who produces foods for others lives in village.

(b) He cultivates others land because he has no land of his own.

(c) He is illiterate and so he can not apply scientific method of cultivation.

(d)If he can cultivate scientifically he can produce more crops.

(e) His face smiles when crops grow in plenty.

 

  1. (a) Traffic jam is a common affair which occurs in the big cities and towns.

(b) Most of this problem occurs in the areas where roads are very narrow.

(c) It kills our valuable time and hampers our work.

(d) It causes great suffering to the ambulances which carry patients.

(e) This problem can be solved if spacious roads are constructed.

 

  1. (a) It was a hot summer day when a crow was very thirsty.

(b) It wanted to drink but there was no wanted to drink.

(c) He flew on and on in search of water, but failed. (d) Then it took a rest as it was tired.

(e) When it woke, it began to search water again.

 

  1. (a) Robert Bruce fought against the British soldiers so that he could free his country.

(b) He fought six battles one after another, but he was defeated each time.

(c) But at last he lost heart and gave up the hope of success.

(d) When he was dethroned he took a shelter in a cave.

(e) One day he found a spider who was trying to reach the ceiling.

 

  1. (a) Once there was a woodcutter who used to cut wood in the jungle.

(b)Though he was poor he was honest.(c) He worked hard, but could not earn enough.

(d) One day while he was cutting wood, all on a sudden the axe fell into the river.

(e) The woodcutter tried his best to find out his axe but failed.

 

37.(a)Once there was a cobbler who was poor. (b)But he had a neighbour who was rich.

(c)One day the neigbour came to the cobbler and wanted to know his condition.

(d)The cobbler told him that he had no problem.

(e)The cobbler also said that he was happy.

 

 

38.(a)It is known that gold is a precious metal.

(b)It glitters and looks very beautiful.

(c)There are many worthless things that also glitter.

(d)This means that all that glitters is not gold.

(e)So the proverb teaches us that we should not judge a thing on its outward appearance.

 

39.(a)We work hard so that we can prosper in life.

(b) If we are not industrious, we can not be great in life.

(c)A man who leads an idle life, always remains poor.

(d)An idle man can never help people and so he can not change his own fate.

(e)We know the proverb that man is the maker of his own fate.

 

40.(a) Though Bangladesh is a small country, she is burdened with huge population.

(b)But her over population can be turned into asset.

(c)It is high time we did something for the country.

(d) Women who constitute half of the total population can contribute much in this regard.

(e)It is our duty to do something for the country.

 

41.(a) It is true that opportunity does not come always.

(b)So if we miss any opportunity, we have to suffer a lot.

(c)We are not sure that another chance will come.

(d)So it is our duty that we should make the best use of any opportunity.

(e)Those who are prudent do not miss any opportunity.

 

42.(a)Since man is a social being, he can not live alone.

(b) He cannot do whatever he likes.

(c)If he wants to enjoy peace, he is to abide by social rules.

(d)If he does not follow the social rules, there will be chaos and conflict.

(e)If he respects others, they will also respect him.

 

43.(a)We eat so that we can preserve our health.

(b) So we should bear in mind that we do not eat just to satisfy hunger.

(c)If we want good health, we should eat a balanced diet.

(d)People who live in the midst of plenty do not always eat a balanced diet.

(e)The fact is that they have no knowledge about food value.

 

44.(a)Once there was a greedy farmer who had a goose.

(b)He was not happy though the goose would lay a golden egg daily.

(c)He became so greedy that he wanted to have all the eggs at a time.

(d)So he took a knife and cut the belly of the goose.

(e)But it was an irony of fate that he found nothing in the belly of the goose.

 

45.(a)Man is not satisfied with what he has seen and known.

(b)Since he is curious, he wants to know about the historical places.

(c)When he visits a historical place, he knows many things.

(d)So when we get free time, we should visit a historical place.

(e)We should pay a visit to a historical place because it will enrich our domain of knowledge.

 

 

46.(a)There was an old farmer who had four sons.

(b) Though the sons were grown up, they had no good relation with one another.

(c)They were so disobedient that they always qurrelled among themselves.

(d)The old man tried to make them united but they didn’t pay any heed to him.

(e)As he was getting old, he became very anxious about their future.

 

 

47.(a) Honest is the best policy that is known to all.

(b)An honest man is loved by all.

(c)He may not be rich but he is respected everywhere.

(d)Only honest way can lead the country to the progress.

(e)Everybody should try to cultivate honesty.

 

 

 

 

48.(a)Mobile phones have brought a revolution in the field of communincation.

(b)Owing to the latest technology, Bangladesh has made a great leap in the world of  communication.

(c)Bangladesh still has a long way to go to make this facility further available to all and very easily.

(d)Mobile phone operators are trying to reduce the call rate.

(e)Mobile phone users have the right to enjoy the lower call rate.

 

 

  1. (a)When we eat food, we should bear in mind that only right kind of food can preserve our health.

(b)We eat so that we may live.

(c)If we want to enjoy a good health we must take a balanced diet.

(d)Sometimes it so happens that living in plenty we fail to choose the right kind of food.

(e)As a result they suffer from various diseases which may cause death.

 

  1. (a) Poverty is curse which makes our life miserable.

(b)Many people who live below the poverty level cannot fullfil their daily needs.

(c)They blame their own lot for their misfortune.

(d)It is true that idle inactive person suffers in the long run.

(e)But many active and energetic persons idle away their time for nothing.

 

51.(a)We learn English because  it is an international language.

(b)Our students are afraid of English they don’t learn it in a proper way.

(c)Unless we learn English we will lag behind in the race of globalization.

(d)Without learning English we cannot expect good jobs.

(e)It is time we gave emphasis on learning English.

 

 

  1. (a)It is hope that helps us to live.

(b) Life would be intolerable if there is no hope.

(c)It cheers our mind and delights our soul.

(d)There is no end of hope, when hope is gone life becomes meaningless.

(e)Life without hope is meaningless. Where there is life.

 

 

  1. (a) We earn money so that we can live well.

(b)But we should not hanker after money as money cannot bring real happiness.

(c)Some people earn money in any unfair way though they are not in need of it.

(d)Although money is needed for our living we should not commit any crime for earning it.

(e)Unless we are honest in earning money we cannot be happy.

 

54.(a)We take food so that  we can live.

(b) We cannot keep good health unless we eat balanced diet.

(c)Some people become sick though they have a plenty of food.

(d)This is because they eat a lot of fatty foods.

(e)We can make our food balanced if we eat a lot of vegetables.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (a)Time which is very valuable should be maintained properly.

(b)The person who idles away if suffers a lot/cannot succeed in life.

(c)The prosperous nation always uses time properly.

(d)But we as a nation do not realize the value of time.

(e)So, to become an idle nation we must be punctual.

 

  1. (a) There is a proverb that time and tide waits for none.

(b)One cannot get his lost money and health back but one cannot get back one’s lost time.

(c)Time once lost is lost forever.

(d)If we leave our work for tomorrow we will lag behind.

(e) Man who wastes time idly suffers in the long run.

 

 

  1. (a)Those who are honest are respected by all.

(b) It is honesty that makes a man great.

(c) If one’s desire is honest he may shine in life for the time being.

(d)Their destruction is bound to happen a serious havoc.

(e)If you meditate, you can feel heavenly bliss.

 

 

58.(a)We are the citizens of a country which new dolna is best with various acute problems.

(b) Independence is the bright right of a man, but in most cases people have to struggle to gain it.

(c)Again, people of an independent country must preserve it, because it holds our head up among all the nations.

(d)If we are not careful there is chance to lose our independence.

(e)We can take instance from our valiant sons who sacrificed their lives for their

motherland.

 

 

59.(a)It is known to all that industry is the key to success.

(b)Unless a man works hard he will not succeed in life.

(c)The man who touched the highest peak success is praised by all.

(d)Nothing is possible for a man who is sincere.

(e)So, we must be industrious so that we can attain success.

 

 

60.(a)One can prosper in life if one tries heart and soul

(b)We have to work hard to prosper in life

(c)Those who are idle cannot prosper in life

(d)Idle people are nothing but liabilities to the country

(e)They give nothing to the socity as  well as to the family.

 

61.(a)We learn English because  we need it in almost every sphere of our life.

(b) Our students are afraid of learning English it is a foreign language.

(c) Unless we learn English we will not be able to get handsome jobs.

(d)For higher education English is a must because almost all books essential for this level are written in English.

(e)It is time we learn English.

 

 

 

62.(a)Time which is lost once is lost forever. (b)There is a proverb that time and tide wait for none.

(c)It is time which never stops its journey. (d) It does not wait for anyone and marches on.

(e) One must suffer in the long run if one does not make the best use of time.

 

 

63.(a)It is said that  God helps those help themselves.

(b)In youth the mind is soft and we can shape it as we want.

(c)If we lose the morning hours of lie we are sure to suffer in the long run.

(d)If we sow good seeds in youth we shall reap a good harvest in old age.

(e)If we remain lazy we must suffer the pangs of poverty.

 

 

64.(a)Sumi reads attentively lest she should fail in the long run.

(b) She could not come out successful, Though he worked hard.

(c)If she were serious from the beginning she would be successful.

(d)After the result she pretended as though she had known everything.

(e)But she started reading with a view to becoming successful.

 

65.(a)A proverb goes that  time and tide waits for none.

(b)If he makes the best use of his time he is sure to prosper in life.

(c)But if he does otherwise he is sure to suffer in the long run.

(d)If once he fails behind he will not be able to keep pace with time.

(e)So he should make the best use of his time so that he can prosper in life.

 

 

66.(a)Dowry means property or money that is determined by the bridegroom.

(b)Those who are greedy demand it.

(c)If the guardians fail to fulfill the demand of the bridegroom the brides may be tortured.

(d) The helpless parents of the bride are compelled to provide dowry even if have no ability.

(e) As dowry is a social curse it must be removed from the society.

 

  1. (a)We work hard so that we can prosper in life.

(b)Peace and prosperity are not possible if ‘we do not work hard.

(c)A man who—brings misery for him is lazy

(d)There is nobody who does not hate a liar

(e)Since he is unsuccessful in his life he will suffer in the long run.

 

68.(a)Every year many tourists visit Cox’s Bazer with a view to enjoying their holidays.

(b)On the sea beach, they feel like playing like children.

(c)The Bay is so vast and eye catching that tourists come here frequently.

(d)But the beauty and serenity of Cox’s Bazer is being spoilt.

(e)If we cannot preserve the beauty and serenity of Cox’s Bazer we will lose the best tourist attraction of the country.

 

69.(a)Computer is one of the greatest wonders of modern science.

(b)It renders great service to mankind.

(c) A computer is a blessing to human beings.

(d)Though it is a blessing it has some demerits.

(e)We cannot help going a single moment without computers.

 

 

70.(a) Everyman has a great desire for wealth but  very few can achieve it.

(b) Some people hanker after riches while others desire for fame.

(c) In fact, true happiness lies in contentment, so we should be contented with what we have.

(d)Those who hanker after riches cannot be happy.

(e)It is high time we met him.

 

  1. (a)There goes a proverb that time and tide waits for none.

(b) Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work, lost time can never be regained.

(c)Time is so valuable that we cannot waste it.

(d)Those who have become great in life have made the best use of time.

(e) If we make the best use of time we can prosper in life.

 

72(a) 1971 is the year when  our Liberation war broke out.

(b) Brave sons sacrificed their lives to free the homeland.

(c) In the night of 14 December, the Pakistani Army and the ‘Rajakar  killed the intellectuals mercilessly.

(d) But the enemies could not repress our sprit although we were weaker in arms.

(e)Therefore we salute the freedom fighters and hate them who were against the Liberation War.

 

 

73.(a) Though a student’s main duty is to study he must take part in extra curricular activities.

(b) He should read newspaper and other books which are the sources of general knowledge.

(c) A student must take care of his health because health is the root  of all happiness.

(d) He must observe the rules of health so that he can keep his body fit.

(e) If there is any natural calamity he should take part in humanitarian work.

 

 

  1. (a)Bangladesh is our homeland where we live peacefully.

(b)Though it is a small country it has a huge population.

(c) Bangladesh is a country of natural scenery which is beautiful.

(d)Most of the people who live in villages work in the field.

(e)They are poor because they are illiterate.

 

 

75.(a)Bangladesh has three World Heritage Sites, though  she is a small country.

(b)The Shat Gambuj Mosque is a 15th century Islamic edifice which is one of the three world heritage sits.

(c)Khan Jahan Ali came to Bagerhat so that he could spread the light of Islam.

(d)The mosque was used not only as a prayer hall but also a court.

(e)Since it is one of the greatest tourist attractions. it should be maintained properly.

 

  1. (a) If we lose the morning hours of our life, we shall sufer in the long run.

(b)As a student, you should read properly so that you can shine in life.

(c)Students should read text book again and again with a view to understanding their lessons properly.

(d) Unless lies the head that wears a crown.

(e)When the students stood up the teacher entered the classroom.

 

 

 

 

77.(a) Since Bangladesh is an over populated country unemployment problem is acute.

(b)Instead of being an asset, population has become a burden.

(c)Though some steps have been taken, population is still increasing.

(d)If people had been conscious, population problem would have been controlled.

(e)It is time we controlled the growth of our population.

 

 

78.(a)A wise man is one who has wisdom

(b)Knowledge is very useful but wisdom cannot  be neglected

(c)We need a special kind of education which helps us to gain wisdom.

(d)Wisdom guides us to make the best use of our knowledge and become successful

(e)Without wisdom we cannot took him to the nearest hospital.

 

 

  1. (a)It is true that most of the parents in our country are not interested enough to send their children to school.

(b)Parents think that spending money for the children’s education is unwise especially when  the child is a girl.

(c)They think female children need no education because they cannot help their parents in their old age.

(d)To lesson discrimination in children’s educational statues the government gives subsidy for female children so that parents can send their female children to school.

(e)It is a good sign that nowadays people are seen more serious about their children’s education.

 

 

80.(a) We should be sincere because sincerity brings success.

(b) All great men are sincere and they become successful.

(c)If any work is not done properly it will not result in success.

(d)But sincerity does not mean only to do any work properly, it also means to do any work honestly.

(e) Everybody must remember that without sincerity none can attain success.

 

 

 

81.(a)The national Memorial which is situated at Savar is a symbol of nation’s respect for the martyrs.

(b)It is built concrete, but made of blood.(c)It is an achievement which is immeasurable.

(d)But it stands for an achievement of martyrs who are immortal.

(e)It stands upright for the millions of martyrs who laid down their lives for the freedom of their motherland.

 

 

82.(a)One can prosper in life if one tries heart and soul

(b) We have to work hard to prosper in life.

(c)Those who are idle cannot prosper in life.

(d)Idle people are nothing but liabilities to the country.

(e)They give nothing to the society as well as to the family.

 

 

  1. (a)It is youth that is the prime time of our life.

(b)When there is not only physical strength but also viogur of mind.   

(c)This is the period of time when we have much courage among us.

(d)The youth can struggle a lot so that they can make their mission successful.

(e)A youth can have the confidence in order he can face any situation on the way of his goal.

 

 

84.(a)Sincerity is indispensable in our life.

(b)It is sincerity which helps to do any work properly.

(c)If we are sincere we can reach our goal.

(d) Those who have become sincere are sincere in their way of life.

(e)A student must be sincere to his studies so that he can do well in the examination.

 

 

85.(a)Education is the only way which can accelerate all our development work.

(b)It paves the way so that we can ensure development of our country.

(c) If we make all the illiterate masses educated we can make them skilled workers.

(d)We can make them skilled workers in order that they can contribute to the country.

(e)The conscious people should play a vital role to make our country developed.

 

 

86.(a)Books are men’s best companions in life.

(b) You may not get good friends as long as when you need them.

(c)But it is books always ready to be by your side.

(d)They are your real friends as long as  you are  alive.

(e) To satisfy our thirst for knowledge, we have to read more and more books.

 

87.(a)It is cricket that is a very exciting game.

(b) At present it is the most popular game in our country.

(c) Though cricket is a costly game, people of all classes enjoy playing it.

(d)Bangladesh is a test playing country but its standard is not high.

(e) It is better we took effective measure to upgrade the standard.

 

 

88.(a)It is happiness that is a relative term.

(b) A person with a crown who lives in a palace may not be happy.

(c) Rather a day labourer may have happiness living in a shabby hut.

(d)Again, it is happiness that various from person to person.

(e) A beggar can be happy if he has a coin.

 

 

89.(a)Unemployment is a state when a man has no work to earn money.

(b) It is a social evil which hampers the progress of social life.

(c) If the income of the people increases the development of the country will be accelerated.

(d)It is reasonable income that increases the per capita income.

(e)Unemployment is a social evil which must be eradicated at any cost.

 

 

 

 

 

 

90.(a)Truthful is one of the greatest virtues of a man.

(b) The person who is truthful is trusted everywhere.

(c) Unless we are truthful we cannot shine in life.

(d)It is better to avoid telling lies.

(e)A truthful person is so bold in his sprit that nothing  can daunt him.

 

 

 

91.(a)It is character which is one of the greatest assets of a man.

(b) Those who are bestowed with good character, earns respect from all.

(c)A person may be of blue blood but he may not have good character.

(d)It is in the childhood when we should build up good character.

(e) It is high time we built up character.

 

 

 

92.(a)Contentment is the key to success in life.

(b)The person, who is content with his honest means, is a happy man.

(c)An honest man does not care anybody.

(d) Though he has to suffer for the time being, he will win in the long run.

(e) It is high time we tried our best to be honest in our way of life.

 

 

 

93.(a)We should make the habit of reading books so that we can acquire knowledge.

(b) The books which are written by famous writers are a great source of knowledge.

(c)Nobody gets perfection in life if he does not try to remove ignorance.

(d) If we read books, we can remove ignorance.

(e)We want to make society civilized and there is no alternative to reading books.

 

 

 

94.(a)Independence is our birthright.

(b)Though we are now independence, we had to achieve it at the cost of a sea of blood.

(c) Our heroic sons sacrificed their lives to liberate our land.

(d)The national Memorial signifies the supreme sacrifice of our valiant fighters.

(e)We should take some positive steps so that we can upgrade the status of our freedom fighters.

 

 

 

95 (a) There is no doubt that computer is a boon to human civilization.

(b) Computer is an electronic device which performs mathematical calculation.

(c)Computer is used in all sectors of life so that it is widely used in the field of space, administration, treatment etc.

(d) If we are sincere enough, we can learn the use of computer.

(e)Despite its multilateral uses computer is not without any bad impact.

 

 

 

 

 

 

96.(a)Illiteracy is a great problem in Bangladesh.

(b)There are many reasons responsible for our illiteracy.

(c)Our people are now trying sincerely so that this problem can be uprooted from the country.

(d) Though our government has taken some bold steps, still the rate of illiteracy is on the increase.

(e) It is high time we reduced the rate of illiteracy beyond imagination.

 

 

 

97.(a) Patriotism is a noble virtue.

(b)Though it an inherent instinct in human nature the Muslims regard it as a part of their faith.

(c)Unless we can sacrifice ourselves for our nation we shall not be termed as patriots.

(d)A true patriot speaks as if we were ready to come forward for the security of the country.

(e)We should be motivated so that all of us strongly feel for the national issues.

 

 

98.(a) Ratan is a boy who is very industrious.

(b) Since he wants to do well in the examination, he never neglects his studies.

(c) Though he comes of a poor family, he wants to continue to his studies.

(d) He knows that he has to earn knowledge to change his condition.

(e) He is confident that he will cut a good figure in the examination.

 

 

 

99.(a) It is punctuality that is one of the qualities of a man.

(b) Those who are punctual can reach the summit of success.

(c) As he is punctual, he never leaves any work for the next day.

(d) Though he has to do a lot of works, he does not show any excuse.

(e) We should be punctual so that we can succeed in life.

 

 

100.(a) Books are men’s best companions in life.

(b) You may not get good friends when you need them.

(c) But it is books that are always ready to be by your side.

(d) They are your real friends as long as you are alive.

(e) To satisfy our thirst of knowledge, we have to read more and more books.

 

 

 

101.(a) It is happiness that is a relative term.

(b) A person with a crown who lives in a palace may not be happy.

(c) Rather a day labourer may have happiness living in a shabby hut.

(d) Again, it is happiness that varies from person to person.

(e) A beggar can be happy if he has a coin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMPLETING THE SENTENCES                                                                                                     Contributor: Istiaque Hasan

ALL BOARDS 2012

 

Complete the following sentences.                                                                                                                                1×5=5

DHAKA BOARD 2012

(a) United we stand, divided we fall.

(একতায় উত্থান, বিভাজনে পতন।)

(b) Rupa talks as if she knew everything.

(রুপা এমনভাবে কথা বলে যে সে সব জানে)।

(c) Since the body and mind go together, we cannot do anything without them.

(যেহেতু শরীর ও মন এক সাথে যায়, সেহেতু আমরা তাদের ছাড়া কিছু করতে পারি না।)

(d) Zinia is so tired that he cannot study.

(e) As I had forgotten her, I went away.

(যেহেতু তাকে আমি ভুলে গেলাম সেহেতু আমি বাইরে গেলাম।)

 

COMILLA BOARD 2012

(a) As the poor man was hungry, he could not walk anymore.

(যেহেতু লোকটি ক্ষুধার্ত তাই সে হাটতে পারলো না।)

(b) The weather was so cold that we could not go outside.

(আবহাওয়া এতো ঠাণ্ডা ছিল যে, আমরা বাইরে যেতে পারলাম না।)

(c) Hasib behaves as if,  he knew everything.

(হাসিব এমন আচরণ করে যে সে সব জানে)।

(d) It is high time we  changed our bad habit.

(এটাই সঠিক সময় খারাপ অভ্যাস পরিবর্তন করার।)

(e) A patriot is respected because  he works his country.

 

RAJSHAHI BOARD 2012

(a) The weather is so cold that  we cannot go outside.

(আবহাওয়া এতো ঠাণ্ডা যে আমরা বাইরে যেতে পারি না।)

(b) He was strong enough to defend the enemy.

(শত্রু মোকাবেলায় তিনি যথেষ্ট শক্তিশালী ছিলেন।)

(c) He came here with a view to meeting his friend.

(সে এখানে এসেছিল তার বন্ধুর সাথে দেখা করতে।)

(d) Hasib behaves as if,  he knew everything.

(হাসিব এমন আচরণ করে যে সে সব জানে)।

(e) You had better go home.

( তোমার এখন বাড়ি যাওয়াই ভালো)।

JESSORE BOARD-2012

(a) A college is a seat of learning, so everyone should keep the place free from politics.

(b) It should be a peaceful place where every student can study well.

(c) But now a days peaceful atmosphere is absent from the college because of politics.

(d) The students who take part in politics do not do well in the examination.

(e) The sooner it can be controlled, the  better it will be.

 

SYLHET BOARD 2012

(a) I wish I were a child again.

(b) He works hard so that    he can earn his livelihood.

(c) There is hardly any person who believes a liar.

(d) Man is born free but  everywhere he is in chain.

(e) It is our sacred duty to love our country.

 

 

BARISAL BOARD 2012

(a) He hurried to the station lest, he should miss the train.

(b) People are advised to take oral-saline since it will keep the body fit

(c) Where there is a will, there is a way.

(d) The weather was so unbearable that  we could not go outside.

(e) When the final hour of departure came, we became depressed.

 

CHITTAGONG BOARD-2012

(a) We want that we will see good days.

(b) Man dies but  his works live.

(c) People work with a view to earning money.

(d) I wish I were a child again.

(e) A patriot is a person whom we respect.

 

DINAJPUR BOARD-2012

(a) Since Bangladesh is a disaster-prone country we should take necessary measures to save the country.

(b) Though Bangladesh is a small country, she is burdened with a huge population.

  1. c) Women who comprise half of our population are ignored in the society.

(d) Moreover, our country is beset with lots of problems.

(e) We all should come forward with a view to solving the problems of our country.

COMPLETING THE SENTENCES

ALL BOARDS 2011

DHAKA BOARD-2011

(a) We should say ‘no’ to corruption because it destroys everything.

(b) Corrupt persons are not only dishonest but also greedy.

(c) Now, it is high time we left corrupted people.

(d) We should work together if  we want to keep the country free from corruption.

(e) But we are so self-centred that we do not want to change our habit.

 

COMILLA BOARD-2011

(a) No sooner had he reached the station, than the train left.

(b) She ran fast lest  she should reach the station.

(c) He could not avail himself of the opportunity.

(d) I prevented him from going there.

(e) All should do something to develop the country.

 

RAJSHAHI BOARD-2011

(a) AIDS is a fatal disease which has no cure.

(b) It is such a disease that can be transmitted in different ways.

(c) The first AIDS patient was a man who led a miserable life.

(d) The doctors suggest that  every one be aware of this disease.

(e) There is no further remedy that can cure a patient.

 

CHITTAGONG BOARD-2011

(a) Arif studies attentively so that he can do well in the examination.

(b) Hardly had the leader finished his speech when the people stood up.

(c) I walked fast lest I should miss the class.

(d) A fish market is the place where people go for buying fish.

(e) It is disappointing to note that the price of  necessary things is going up.

 

 

SYLHET BOARD-2011

(a) Walk fast lest you should miss the train.

(b) It is high time we changed our bad habit.

(c) Modern husbands are conscious of their duties.

(d) For good health we need to walk regularly.

(e) If I help him in danger ­I will also get help in my problem.

 

BARISAL BOARD-2011

(a) We work hard so that, we could earn well.

(b) There is nobody who, does not know the value of time.

(c) As he is devoted to studies, he will do a better result in the examination.

(d) He left the place after, I had reached there.

(e) As soon as the police came, the criminals went away.

 

DINAJPUR BOARD-2011

(a) I don’t like people who are idle.

(b) Do you know where he lives?

(c) It was long since  I had last seen him.

(d) You will not prosper unless you work hard.

(e) Had I been proposed to go I would have gone with them.

 

 

COMPLETING THE SENTENCES

ALL BOARDS 2010

 

DHAKA BOARD 20I0

(a) You cannot find others to love you unless you love them.

(b) It is love that has no limitation.

(c) Love is divine which   is expected.

(d) Your friends cannot help loving you if you love them.

(e) If you are not loved, it is a good evidence that  you are not  a good person .

 

COMILLA BOARD 2010

(a) He has a lot of money but no happiness.

(b) My father gave me taka 500 so that I could buy a shirt.

(c) She has been suffering from fever for seven days.

(d) Though it rained yesterday the weather was not cool.

(e) The train had left the station before I reached there.

 

RAJSHAHI BOARD-2010

(a) Walk fast lest you should miss the train.

(b) Our students are so meritorious they will do well in the examination. 

(c) Scarcely had the teacher gone out of the room when the students stood up.

(d) If I knew his mobile number I would call him.

(e) It is time we gave up bad habit.

 

JESSORE BOARD- 2010

(a) A graveyard is a place where the dead are buried.

(b) I am not sure whether he will come or not.

(c) The old man is walking carefully lest he should fall down.

(d) Do you mind if   I talk to you?

(e) Unless you work hard you will fail in life.

 

SYLHET BOARD-2010

(a) It is easy to say but difficult to do.

(b) Five years passed since I  had met you.

(c) A graveyard is a place where the dead are buried.

(d) She insisted that she must do the job.

(e) Unless you work hard, you will fail in life.

 

BARISAL BOARD-2010

(a) He could not attend the meeting because he was ill.

(b) We went to his residence as soon as we received the phone.

(c) He was so ill that  he could not talk.

(d) We immediately decided to shift him to a hospital where  he could get treatment.

(e) No sooner had we reached the hospital, than he died.

 

CHITTAGONG BQARD-2010

(a) They went to college after they had finished their breakfast.

(b) This poem is too difficult for  me to understand.

(c) No sooner had she seen me than he left away.

(d) He speaks as if  he knew everything.

(e) It is high time we   changed our bad habit.

 

DINAJPUR BOARD-2010

(a) As you sow, so you reap.

(b) Although Bangladesh is a populous country, it is full of natural beauty.

(c) He is my teacher who is a learned man.

(d) I wish I were a child again.

(e) He took up a part-time job so that he could earn his livelihood.

 

COMPLETING THE SENTENCES

ALL BOARDS 2009

DHAKA BOARD-2009

 

(a) Since Bangladesh is an agricultural country, timely rainfall is very necessary.

(b) As her economy depends on agriculture, we have to improve our agriculture.

(c) We have to develop cultivation scientifically so that we can increase our production.

(d) Though our farmers work hard, they do not get what they need.

(e) They cannot improve their condition because they are illiterate.

 

COMILLA BOARD-2009

(a) Water is so vital of all natural resources that  we are greatly dependent on it.

(b) It is water which  keeps us alive.

(c) Our agriculture which depends on water, cannot produce anything without it.

(d) Though Bangladesh is blessed with rivers we do not get required water during dry season.

(e) If the rainfall is timely, we will get the good production of crops.

 

RAJSHAHI BOARD-2009

(a) The poor man is too hungry to talk.

(b) I came here with a view to meeting my friend.

(c) The weather was so cold that we could not go outside.

(d) Hasib behaves as if he knew everything.

(e) The higher we fly, the harder we feel.

 

JESSORE ROARD-2009

(a) My father is a teacher who is a learned man.

(b) Unless he gets up early in the morning, he will miss the first bus.

(c) It is high time we  changed our bad habit.

(d) Though it’s raining,  people are moving.

(e) A patriot is respected because he thinks for the country.

 

CHITTAGONG BOARD-2009

(a) Acid rain is harmful because it burns everything.

(b) The wind was so strong that we could not stand there_.

(c) Had he been a little careful the accident would not have happened.

(d) They were frightened when they were crossing the road.

(e) Take your umbrella lest you should fall in the rain.

 

 

SYLHET BOARD-2009

(a) It is true that most of the parents in our country are not interested enough to send their female children to school.

(b) Parents think that spending money for the children’s education is unwise specially when they are female children.

(c) They think female children need no education because they will be married off.

(d) To lessen discrimination in children’s educational status the government gives subsidy for female children so that they could they could be educated.

(e) It is a good sign that now a days women are coming out of their homes.

 

BARISAL BOARD-2009

(a) Yesterday Mita had an accident while she was crossing the road.

(b) No sooner had we heard the news than we rushed to the place.

(c) We took her to a hospital which was near the road.

(d) We took her to a hospital which was a public hospital.

(e) As it was a public hospital, there was huge rush.

(e) But our patient was so serious that  we shifted the patient to a private clinic.

 

DINAJPUR BOARD-2009

(a) There goes a proverb that time and tide wait for none.

(b) Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work, lost time  lost time can never be got back.

(c) Time is so valuable that we should not waste it.

(d) Those who have become great in life have utilised their time.

(e) If we make the best use of time we will shine in life.

 

Completing Sentence for SSC Exam

 

 

  1. 1971 is the years when we got our independence.
  2. All that glitters is not gold.
  3. A Patriot is he who loves his country.
  4. A man who is drowning in water catches at a straw.
  5. As soon as we saw him he ran away.
  6. As she was ill, she could not attend the meeting.
  7. As I have not enough time, I cannot talk to you.
  8. As it rained, he could not attend the meeting.
  9. A man is known by the company he keeps.

10.As soon as he got the telegrame he left for home.

11.Be truthful if you like to be honoured by all and sundry.

  1. But for your help I could not have succeeded.
  2. Choose the career that you like.
  3. Crops did not grow well, as it did not rain in time.
  4. Danger comes where night falls.(‡hLv‡b ev‡Ni fq †mLv‡b ivZ nq)
  5. God helps those who help themselves.
  6. Had I been a rich man I would have established a college.
  7. Had I been there I would have protested.
  8. Had I seen him I would have saluted him.
  9. Had I seen him once more, I would have seen him.
  10. Had I the wings of a bird, I would fly.
  11. Had I wing of a dove I would have flown in the sky.
  12. Hardly had he reached the college when the rain started.
  13. Hardly had I reached the station when the train left.
  14. Have you seen the house where he lives.
  15. He fails in the examination because he is not attentive to study.
  16. He has enough but he wants more.
  17. He is such a man that one can trust. 
  18. He opened a bank account so that he could easily draw and deposit money.
  19. He studies seriously enough to come out successful in the examination.
  20. He was given the job after he had done well in the interview.
  21. He was praised because he was honest and efficient.
  22. He was punished because he stole a book.
  23. He worked hard so that he could pass in the examination.
  24. He is sure that he will pass pass this year.
  25. His silence proves that he was guilty.
  26. He pretends as if he were a mad.
  27. He can lend you the money provided you will return it in time.
  28. I am so busy that I cannot talk with you.
  29. I am sure that he will pass.
  30. I became so tired that I could not walk.
  31. If I I had a degree I would have got the job.
  32. I had written the letter before you came.
  33. I have not so much time that I can spare to wait here.
  34. I is he who is to blame.
  35. I like to see the boy who stood first last year.
  36. If he comes I shall support him.
  37. If he gets more,he wants more.
  38. If he had obtained Golden GPA A+,he could have got the chance into a medical college.
  39. If her uncles arrives she will start for school.
  40. If I had a car I would go on a long drive.
  41. If I went there, we would /might/could see it.
  42. If I were a king, I would help the poor.
  43. If you told me the news I would be benefited.
  44. If you do not waste your time you will do better in the examination.
  45. If I had met met him before,I would have recognized him.
  46. If I were a rich man I would have established a charitable dispensary.
  47. If I were you.I would have helped the poor.
  48. If we went there, we could meet her.
  49. If you came I would help him.
  50. If you get up early, you will enough time to study.
  51. If you do not study regularly, you cannot prosper in life.
  52. If you had finished the work, I would have paid your wages.
  53. If you run fast,you can catch the train.
  54. In case you fail in the examination,You must try again to pass.
  55. In spite of his riches, he is unhappy.
  56. It is called station where trains stop.
  57. It is certain that he will succeed in the examination.
  58. It is I who am to blame.
  59. It was many years since he had left his village.
  60. It is high time we started the work.
  61. It is not known who is the owner of this house.
  62. It is true, that we were progressing day.
  63. It matters little to me whether you study or not.
  64. No one knows the date when death will come.
  65. No one knows what awaits ahead of him. 
  66. No sooner had he come than he went away.
  67. No sooner had he reached the station than the train left.
  68. No sooner had he reached the school than the bell rang.
  69. No sooner had the doctor gone than the patient died.
  70. Read attentively lest you should fail in the examination.
  71. Read diligently lest you should should fail in the examiantion.
  72. Read the book attentively if you want to understand the story well.
  73. Ripa hopes that she wil pass in the examination.
  74. Saturday is the day when we enjoy a holiday.
  75. Scarcely had I entered the examination hall when the bell rang.
  76. Scarcely had we reached school when it began to rain.
  77. Sadnan is one of the students who has done good in the S.S.C Examination.
  78. Scarcely had we reached the stadium when the game started.
  79. Selected people are allowed to come here as it is the Royal Palace.
  80. Shima tells the matter as if he knew everything.
  81. She tells the matter as if he knew everything.
  82. She was punished despite her innocence.
  83. Since the weather was bad I did not go outside.
  84. The man who loves his country is called a patriot.
  85. The old man walks slowly lest he should stumble on the way.
  86. The teachers are helpful that the results of our school will be good.
  87. The load is so heavy that the old man cannot lift it.
  88. The water that we drink ,must be pure.
  89. They came here in order that they might meet her.
  90. They walked fast lest they should miss the class.
  91. They will not go out until I permit.
  92. This is the house that we purchased last year.
  93. Though the boy is intelligent, he cannot pass in the exam.
  94. Thouh he is needy he is honest.
  95. Unless you assist him,he will not go on with his studies.
  96. Unless you study hard, you cannot do well in the examination.
  97. Unless you work hard you cannot prosper in life.
  98. We cannot keep our body fit unless we take a balanced diet.
  99. We close the doors when we go to bed.
  100. We hope to fare well in the examiantion since we are regular in studies.
  101. We must succeded so long our purpose is honest.
  102. When he arrived I completed my home work.
  103. We should put out the lamp when we go to bed.
  104. When the rain stopped we went out.
  105. We walked fast lest we should miss the train.
  106. When he came to the school building, everybody saluted him.
  107. When the rain stopped, we started for school.
  108. Wait here till I come back.
  109. We eat so that we may live.
  110. Where there is a will, there is a way.
  111. Would that I would see him again.
  112. Would you mind taking a cup of tea.
  113. You can not take a good book as if it were a medicine.
  114. You can rise early after you have gone to bed early.
  115. You can stay here as long as it does not stop rains.
  116. You will wait here until I return.
  117. Though Bangladesh has limited natural resources,she has a large population.
  118. Since the boy broke the discipline he was punished severely.
  119. Since they played well, they won the match.
  120. Strike the iron when it is hot.
  121. Tell me what you know about the matter.
  122. That is honest he is respected by all. 

100.Ten years have passed since his faher died.

  1. The dress you gave was very attractive.
  2. Phone me if you need something.
  3. United we stand divided we fall.
  4. The more you read the more you learn.
  5. What is lotted cannot be blotted.
  6. I don’t know what he wants.
  7. You will fail unless you work hard.
  8. Walk fast lest you should fail the train.
  9. Go quickly lest you should fail to cash your cheque.

Completing Sentence

Completing Sentence

Completing sentence means completing the incomplete sentence parts.

 

One clause Principal clause
One subject+ one finite verb (nonfinite verb)
Simple sentence
Too…to/enough to/in order to/in spite of/despite/owing to/due to/because of/by+gerund/without + gerund/would you mind/instead of/in lieu of                              

 

Two clauses Two Principal clauses
Connected with FANBOYS (for/and/nor/but/or/otherwise/yet/so)
Compound sentence
Two clauses will follow the same tense

 

Two clauses Principal clause and Subordinate clause added with Subordinating Conjunction
Complex sentence
Principal clause + Subordinating conjunction + Subordinate clause
Subordinating conjunction + Subordinate clause+ Principal clause
Subordinating conjunction: how, who, which, what, whom, whose, why, where, wherever, when, whenever, if, had, in case, unless, provided, provided that, providing that, than, that, so that, in order that, though, although, since, when, as, as if, as though, as long as, as much as, as soon as, even if, even though, , before, after, till, until, because, while, lest

 

Too…to (GZB . . . h), enough to( যথেষ্ট), so…that(GZB . . . †h), such…that (Ggb †h), so that/in order that (hvZ Ki/hvZ), lest (cvQ) , Would you mind (আপনি কি কিছু মনে করবেন), It is time/high time (এখনই উপযুক্ত সময়), before (Av M/ পূর্বে), after (ci), Until/till/as long as (hZ¶b bv  ch©šÍ), unless (hw` bv), if/ had/ in case (hw`), While যখন, provided/provided that/providing that (এই শর্তে যে ), Since (hLb/ KviY/‡h‡nZz), as if/as though (যেন), Since/as(hnZz), because (KviY), as much as (যত বেশি সম্ভব), as soon as (যেইমাত্র)

Look at the following structures

  1. Subject (person) + verb+ too + adj/adv + to + verb1 + ext.

Subject (thing) + verb+ too + adj/adv + for + obj + to + verb1 + ext.

  1. Subject + verb+ adj + enough + to + verb1 + ext.

Subject + verb+ enough + noun + to + verb1 + ext.

  1. Subject (person) + verb+so+adj/adv +that + sub + can/could (not) + verb1 + ext.

Subject (thing)+verb+ so+ adj/adv +for+obj+that+sub+can/could(not)+verb1+ ext .

  1. Subject + verb + such (a/an) + adjective + noun + that + subject + verb + ext.
  2. Subject + verb + so that/ in order that + sub + can/could (not) + verb1 + ext.
  3. Subject + verb + lest + sub + should/might + verb1 + ext.

Verb+ ext + lest + you + should/might + verb1 + ext.

  1. Would you mind + verb1 + ing + ext?
  2. It is time/high time + Simple past

It is time/high time +to+ verb1

  1. Past Perfect + before + Simple Past

Simple Past + after + Past perfect

  1. No sooner had + sub + verb3 + ext + than + Simple past

Hardly had + sub + verb3 + ext + when/before + Simple past

Scarcely had + sub + verb3 + ext + when + Simple past

  1. Until/unless + affirmative sentence + another sentence

        Another sentence+ until/unless + affirmative sentence

  1. While +Past continuous+ another sentence

While +verb1+ing

Conditional sentences: The sentence that begins with if, is known as conditional sentence.  Remember, had, in case, were, unless, provided, provided that, providing that can be used instead of If.

Zero conditional If + Simple present + Simple present
First conditional It is possible and very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

If + Simple present + sub + shall/will/can/may + verb1 + ext

Second conditional It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.

If + Simple past + sub + would/could/might+ verb1 + ext

Or, Were I a bird, I would fly at large.

Or, Had I enough money, I would start a business.

Third conditional It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled.

If +past perfect+sub+would/could/might+have+verb3+ext

Or, Had I seen her before, I would have disclosed the truth.

 

  1. Provided/provided that/providing that/in case/unless/had follow the structures of conditional sentences.
  2. Noun/pronoun + relative pronoun + verb (according to the word before Relative Pronoun)

verb + (how/what/when/which)+to

W/h clause: “W/h”-clause is a subordinate clause that is introduced by one of the w/h-words (what, who, which, when, where, why, how). It can function as subjectsobjects, or complements

  1. Present tense/Future tense+when/after+ present perfect tense
  2. Since/as if /as though

Simple Present …………… Simple Past

Present Perfect …………… Simple Past

Past Indefinite ………………… Past perfect

  1. Since/as/because+KviY hy³ evK¨+djvdj evK¨ (KviY/ hnZz)

djvdj evK¨+since/as/because  +KviY hy³ evK¨|

Exercises on completing sentences

too + adj/adv + (for + obj) + to + verb1 + ext
He is too old —. She is too weak —. The writer was too poor —. The boy was too clever —. John is too upset—.  We are too sad—. The old man was too honest —. I am too confused —. He is too dull —. He was too short —. The box is too small —. John is too poor to —. We are too late to —. The old man was too —. Studying abroad is too expensive for an ordinary student —. The poor man is too hungry —. He is too stupid —. She was too distressed —. You are too young —. She is too shy —. We arrived too late —. It is too heavy for her —. This poem is too difficult for me —. The water is too salty —. The box was too heavy for him —. The girl is intelligent enough to —.  He is not strong enough to  —.

 

so+ adj /adv + (for + obj) + that + sub + can/could (not) + verb1 + ext
Zinnia is so tired —. The weather was so cold —. The old man was so tired —. The old man was so thirsty —. The box is so heavy —. The baby was so little —. The box is so old —. The problem is so difficult for me —.The fog was so thick —. Time is so valuable that —. He ate so many mangoes —. The patient is so weak that —. The boy was so clever —. John is so poor that —. We are so late that —. The old man was so tired —. The old man is so weak —. He was so foolish —.  Musa was so determined —. He is so weak —. He is so dishonest —. The dinner was so delicious —. The load was so heavy —. But we are so self-centred that —. I was so delighted that —.  It is so happened that a famous astrologer —. At this the king grew so furious —. He felt so tempted that —. The grapes were hanging so high that —. She was so shocked—. I am so busy that —. I became so tired—. But our patient was so serious that —. He was so ill that —. He became so greedy —. They were so disobedient —. Sometimes it so happens —.

 

so that/in order that + sub + can/could + verb1 + ext.
He should make the best use of his time so that —. We earn money so that —. He studied sincerely in order that —. The writer wanted mountain air so that —. He speaks loudly in the meeting so that —. He opened a bank account so that —. He reads attentively so that —. He read attentively so that —. He worked hard in order that —. He will learn computer in order that —. He saved some money in order that —. We take exercise so that —. We eat so that —. He worked hard so that —. He always flatters his boss so that —. He went to London so that —. He opened a bank account so that —. They come here in order that —. We have to develop cultivation scientifically so that —. He should make the use of his time so that —. I went to the book fair so that —. We work unitedly so that —. He climbed up a tree so that —. Many dishonest person cut trees so that —. Navid is applying for a scholarship in order that —. They came here in order that —. He opened a bank account so that —. He took up a part-time job so that —. We should be punctual so that —. We should be motivated so that —. We should make the habit of reading books so that —. We must be industrious so that —. We take food so that —. We eat so that —. Robert Bruce fought against the British soldiers so that —. Man eats in order that —.

 

lest + sub + should/might + verb1 + ext
Hurry up lest —. Walk fast lest —. Study hard —. — lest they should fall behind. They ran hurriedly lest —. Read attentively lest —. Avoid mistakes lest —. The old man walks slowly lest —. They ran hurriedly lest —. Go to the bank with the cheque lest —. Read diligently lest —. Never disturb a girl lest —.

Sumi reads attentively lest —.  The old man is walking carefully lest —. She started saving money lest —. She keeps silent lest —. They build a house lest —.  We said so lest —. He went away lest —. He will return fast lest —. The officer was sympathetic to the boy lest —. She is conscious about her lest —. He walked fast lest —. He changed his voice lest —. He wore musk lest —. I kept silent lest —. I lifted the baby from water lest it should be drowned. I disclosed the truth lest anything be misinterpreted. He quickly closed his eyes lest —. I whispered her lest —. I told lie lest —. She hid herself lest —. He closed his eyes lest —. I let them go lest —.

 

Would you mind + verb+ ing+…….?

It is a good way to politely ask for something that isn’t too much trouble for the other person.

Would you mind speaking in English? Would you mind lending me you bike? Would you mind sharing your experience? Would you mind sending that mail for me? Would you mind passing me that bottle over there? Would you mind closing that window? Would you mind watching my bag for a few minutes? Would you mind explaining to your colleague?  Would you mind sending me a list of everyone who’s coming? Would you mind taking this book back for me? Would you mind reading this, please? Would you mind helping me with these boxes, please?

 

It is time/high time + to + verb1

It is time/high time + Simple past

It is already late for something to happen, you can use the expression It is past the time when something should have happened or been done.

It is time we —. It’s high time you —. It is high time the Committee —. It is time they —. It is high time the government —. It is high time the child —. It is time the students —. Now, it is high time we removed —.  It is high time we learnt —.  It is time we controlled —.  It is high time we started—. It is high time we changed —. It is high time we reduced —. It is high time we tried our best to —. It is high time we met —.   It is time we learnt —. It is time we gave emphasis —.  It is high time we did —. It was high time that she faced facts It’s high time you got that car repaired. It’s time you got that car repaired.  It’s about time you got that car repaired. It’s high time we bought a new car. It’s time we bought a new car. It’s about time we bought a new car. It’s time you went to bed. It’s high time you mended this shelf. It’s high time we got a pay rise. It’s high time I bought a new pair of jeans. It’s high time you started thinking about saving for your old age.

 

Past Perfect+before+Simple Past (an action that happened before another action in the past)
Simple Past + after + Past perfect (an action that happened after another action in the past)
a.       He had come home before —. — before the patient died.  — before the train left the station. — before the bell rang. — before he got it. I had written the letter before —. The train had left the station before —.  She had lived in Dhaka before —.  You had studied English before —. Before Keya had run to me —. She had lived in Dhaka before —. Before the students started to write —.  We had left the stadium before —. You had studied English before —. You had studied German before—. He hadn’t studied Italian before he—. He had been given the job bofore —. I had saved my document

b.       She entered the classroom after —. It rained after —. I finished my meal after —. He was given the job after —. They went to college after —. After we had eaten firni, —. After Mina had finished his breakfast, —.  After she had read the letter —. The film started after —. After I had eaten five apples, —.  I arrived at the cinema after —. After she had read the letter, —. She gave after—. After I had washed my car —. The students came to college after—. The patient died after—. After he had passed his MA, —. His father died after—. We reached the station after—.

 

No sooner had + sub + verb3 + ext + than + Simple past
Hardly had + sub + verb3 + ext + when/before + Simple past
Scarcely had + sub + verb3 + ext + when + Simple past
a.       No sooner had I gone out —.  No sooner had I reached the station —. No sooner had the thief run out of the jail —. No sooner had the doctor gone —. No sooner had I entered the room —. No sooner had the rain stopped —. No sooner had we attended the function —. No sooner had the sun risen—. No sooner had I finished my studies –. No sooner had the police left the scene —. No sooner had we heard the noise —. No sooner had she finished one project —. No sooner had the man seen —. No sooner had the thief seen the police —. No sooner had we reached the college —. No sooner had the police came —. No sooner had he come —. No sooner had we heard the news —. No sooner had she seen me —. No sooner had we reached the hospital —.

b.       Hardly had the child started crying —. Hardly had I gone to bed when —. Hardly had I taken a dose of medicine —. Hardly had he reached the bus station —. No Hardly had the driver seen the signal when —. Hardly had I reached the station —. Hardly — all the teachers stood up.  Hardly had he reached the market —. Hardly had I come to my residence —.  Hardly had I reached the station —. Hardly had I reached the college —. Hardly had I reached the station —.

c.       Scarcely had the thief run out of the jail —. Scarcely had I entered the room —. Scarcely had the boy arrived at home —. Scarcely had I shot the bird —.  — when the pet came near dog. Scarcely had he reached the station —. Scarcely had the assembly begun —. Scarcely had I reached the station —. Scarcely had we reached school —. Scarcely had we reached the stadium —. Scarcely had I entered the examination hall —. Scarcely had the teacher gone out of the room —.

 

Until/unless + affirmative sentence + another sentence         
a.       You cannot pass unless —. You’ll not shine in life unless —. Unless he works hard —.  — you will fail. Unless you work hard —. He could not obtain a unless—. Unless you study attentively —. Unless you study work hard —. Unless you hurry up —. Unless you study hard —. Unless you study well —. Unless you are united, —. One cannot command the respect of others unless —.  Unless we can sacrifice ourselves for our nation —. Unless we are honest in earning money —. We cannot keep good health unless —. Unless we learn English —. Unless a man works hard —.

b.       We walked until we became tired We shall stay in this room —. They will not go out until —. He will be waiting for me until —. They will be working until —. He does not go to bed until —. He will be waiting for me until —. Allah is with us till —.  — until you know it. They will not go out until —. He will be waiting for me until —. Work hard until —. We walked until —. We shall stay in this room until —. Wait here until —.

c.       She made no joke till —.They continued working till —. We waited there till —. I shall nurse my mother till —. We waited there till —. Wait here till —. Work hard —. You will be writing it till —. You will be writing it till —. Waited there till —. I shall nurse my mother till —. We waited there till —. Wait here till —.

 

If + present indefinite + sub + will/can/may + verb1 + ext
If you leave the car unlocked —. If we make the best use of time —.  — if it snow in the evening. If he calls me —. If you feel unwell —. If you do not work hard —. If you inform me earlier —. If you neglect your study —. If you are hungry —. If you study hard —. If you walk slowly —. If you help me —. If you do not waste your time —. If you write me —. If you invite me —. If you study more —. If her uncle arrives —. Be truthful if —. If you do not study regularly, —. If you get up early, —. If you run fast, —. If we cut trees at random, —. We should work together if —. If any work is not done properly, —. If we drink arsenic polluted water —. If he makes the best use of his time, —. If he does otherwise, —. If he once falls behind, —. If we make the best use of time, —. If it rains, —. If you do not waste your time —. If we invest in education for girls —. If the rainfall is timely —. If he comes —. If he gets more, —. If her uncles arrives —. If we make the best use of time —. If we are sincere enough, —. If we read books, —. If the guardians fail to fulfill the demand of the bridegroom —. If he makes the best use of his time —. If once he fails behind —. If she were serious from the beginning —. If we remain lazy —. If we lose the morning hours of life —. If we sow good seeds in youth —. If one’s desire is honest —. If you meditate, —. If we are not careful —. If we leave our work for tomorrow —. If we want to enjoy a good health —. If we are not industrious, —. If we miss any opportunity, —. If he wants to enjoy peace, —. If he does not follow the social rules, —.

I shall go out if —. You will not be punished if —. We can turn our enemies into friends if —. You will not be trusted if —. Read the book attentively if —. He may shine in life for the time being —.

 

If + past indefinite + sub + would/could/might+ verb1 + ext
He could get the prize if —. If —, I would tell him the matter. If I were a bird, —. If I had enough money, —. If I saw Mary —. If I went there —. If they wanted —. If I found him —. If I knew his phone number —. If I were rich —. If I were you —. If I were a king —. If you told me the news —. If I were a king, —. If you told me the news —. If I were a rich man —. If I were you —. If we went there, —. If you came —. If I had a degree —.  If I had a car —. If I went there, —. Had I the wings of a bird, —. Had I wing of a dove —. If I knew his mobile number —.  If we did not preserve the beauty and serenity of Cox’s Bazar —. If he respected others, —. If he cultivated scientifically —. If we wanted good health, —. We could make our food balanced if —. This problem could be solved if —.

 

If + past perfect + sub + would/could/might + have + verb3 + ext
Had you told me before —. Had I the —. If—, I could have purchased a new car. If Jim had possessed a lot of wealth, —. I If he had asked me, —. If I had the time, —. If I had seen you before, —. Had I seen him —. Had I seen him once more, —. Had I been a rich —. If I had got student visa —. If I had met him before —. If I had seen him —. If I had found you —. Had he been here yesterday, —. If you had finished the work —. If I had met him before, —. If people had been conscious, —. If he had obtained Golden GPA A+, —. Had I been a rich man —. Had I been there —. Had I seen him —. If he had made the best use of his time, —. If he had done otherwise, —. If he had once fallen behind, —. If it had rained, —. If you had not wasted your time —. If we had invested in education for girls —. You would not have been trusted if —. If the rainfall had been timely —. If he had come —. If he had got more, —. If her uncle had arrived —.

 

Provided/provided that/providing that/in case/until/had follow the structures of conditional sentences.
I’ll help you provided —. They will go to market provided that —. He will shine in life provided —. He can lend you the money provided —. This problem can be solved provided —. You will not be trusted provided that—.  You will not be punished providing that —.  We should work together provided —.  We can make our food balanced provided that—.  I shall go out providing that—. You can go out to play football —. He will pass his test tomorrow, —. We will go to the beach, —. I will buy my son a new car, —. We’ll be there at about 7.30, —. Provided that there are enough seats, —. Provided that the boat leaves on time, —. He’s welcome to come along, provided that —. He will come provided that —. I will call you up, provided that —.  I will go provided that —. I was allowed to go off by myself provided that —. I will go provided that —.  She will help me provided that —. Providing that you went to the party, —.Provided you study hard, —. Providing no one has any more questions, —. I can afford to have a holiday providing that—. You can borrow the car provided that—. We’ll be there at about 7.30 provided that —.

 

noun/pronoun + relative pronoun + verb (according to the word before Relative Pronoun)
It is he who—. An intellectual is one who—. It is he who—. There is nobody who—. It is Asif Ahmed who—. I do not know what—. It is he who—. It is we who—. There is nobody who—. It is such a place where—. There is a memorial which—. A patriot is he who—. Sadnan is one of the students who—. The man who loves his country—. There are some boys—. The students who live—. I do not like people who—. People who are not punctual—. Those mothers who are educated—. The man who loves his country—. Sadnan is one of the students who—. It is not known who—. It is they who—. Once there lived a maiden whose—. She had two elder sisters who—. Once there were two friend who—. The friend who could not climb up tree—. A farmer who produces foods for others—. One day he found a spider who—. Once there was a cobbler—. But he had a neighbour who—. A man who leads an idle life,—. Those who are prudent—. This is Bangladesh where—. There was an old farmer who—. Once there was a king who—. The man who touched the highest peak success—. Those who have become great in life—. He is my teacher who—. Ratan is a boy who—.  A man who brings misery for—. Once there was a woodcutter who—. People who live in the midst of plenty—. Once there was a greedy farmer who—. Many people who live below the poverty level—. The books which are written by famous writers—. Those who are greedy—. Those who are honest—. Time which is very valuable—. The person who idles away—. Man who wastes time idly—. I’ll show you how—. He knows how—. The man whom I saw—. Those who have become great in life—. It is sure that—. He came here when—. Singapore is the place—. A man who is drowning—. It is money which—. Trees bring rainfall which—. It is happiness which—.  It is health which—. It is spring which—. It is the song which—. It is water which—. It is flowers which—. Mujibnagar is a place which—. It is education which—. The two friends were traveling through a forest which—. Trees supply oxygen without which—. I have put a fence around the garden which—. Traffic jam is a common affair which—. Most of this problem occurs in the areas where—. 

 w/h+infinitive  (except ‘why’) 

Somebody should teach you how to behave. We didn’t know what to do. We will ask when to set off. I don’t understand what to do. She calculated how much to pay on the back of an envelope. I don’t know what to do. We must find out what to do next. I don’t know where to turn for help. Let us decide when to start. We will have to find out how to reach the place. We must remember where to turn off the main road. Do you know what to look for? I will show you how to manage it. Could you tell me where to find a good hotel? Nobody told me what to do. Can anyone suggest where to go for lunch?

 

The two clauses after as soon as will be followed the same tense
As soon as the thief ran out of the jail, —. As soon as I entered the room, —. As soon as we saw him,—. As soon as he got the telegram —. As soon as he saw me, —. As soon as I reached the station, —. As soon as he teacher came, —. As soon as she heard the news, —. As soon as he saw, —. As soon as she arrived home, —. As soon as we reached the station, —. As soon as the students came to college, —. As soon as we started for college, —. As soon as he saw me, —. As soon as the police marked the thief, —. As soon as the thief saw the police, —. As soon as I put the phone down, —. As soon as they met, —. As soon as the sun disappeared below the horizon, —. As soon as he fired the gun, —. As soon as the police left the scene, —. As soon as he saw the police, —.

 

Since trees help us in many ways, —. Since man is a social being, —. Since the body and mind go together, —. Since he is curious, —. Since the autumn has set in, —. Since he wants to do well in the examination, —. Since he got relieved of, —. Since Bangladesh is an agricultural country, —. Since there is scarcity of pure water, —. Since it is one of the greatest tourist attractions, —. Since he is unsuccessful in his life, —. Since Bangladesh is an over populated country, —. They were frightened when —. When I see the garden full of flowers, —. It was a hot summer day when —. When it woke, —. When he visits a historical place, —. When we get free time, —. As she was ill, —. As I have not enough time, —. As it rained, —. As they finished writing in time, —. As flower is a symbol of love, beauty and purity —. As the albatross came, —. As her economy depends on agriculture, —. As he is punctual, —. As you sow, —. As I had forgotten her, —. As the poor man was hungry, —. As dowry is a social curse, —. As he was getting old, —.

 

She behaves as if —. He orders me as though —.  — since his father died.  He spoke as though —. She behaved as if —. He informed one of the matters as if —. She teaches the students as though —. The woman cried as though —. Feroza became happy as if —.  — as though he had known everything. He acted as if —. He talked as if —. He donates money as if —. He speaks as though —. He speaks as if —. Hasib behaves as if —. A true patriot speaks as if —. The man speaks as though he (be) a rich man. He speaks as if—. The man speaks as though —. The man speaks as if —. Wasim speaks as if —.  —since he (go) abroad. —since I (see) him last.

 

Many people cultivate flowers because —. We should `no’ to corruption because —. They cannot improve their condition because —. We should be sincere because —. I don’t like to play in the rain because —. But nowadays peaceful atmosphere is absent from the college because —. He cultivates others land because —. The illiterate people of our country fall a prey to various diseases because —. Truthfulness is a great virtue because —. He was praised because —. He was punished because He fails in the examination because —. He could not attend the meeting because —. A patriot is respected because —. We should pay a visit to a historical place because —. We learn English because —. This is because —.

 

Though our farmers work hard—. Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work,—. Though some steps have been taken,—. The people of Bangladesh are friendly though—. Though Bangladesh is blessed with rivers—. Though he is needy—. Though the boy is intelligent,—. Though he was poor,—. Though the sons were grown up,—. Though Bangladesh is a small country,—. Though it rained yesterday—. Although Bangladesh is a populous country,—. Though he comes of a poor family,—. Though he has to do a lot of works,—. Though it an inherent instinct in human nature—. Though we are now independence,—. Though our government has taken some bold steps,—. Though it is a blessing it has some demerits. Though he has to suffer for the time being,—. Some people earn money in any unfair way though—. Though he worked hard—. He was not happy though—. Some people become sick though—. Though money is needed for our living—.

 

a.       It is known that gold is –.

b.       It glitters and looks –.

c.       There are many worthless things that –.

d.       This means that all that glitters –.

e.       So the proverb teaches us that –.

a.       Though Bangladesh is a small country, –.

b.       But her over population –.

c.       It is high time we did –.

d.       Women who constitute half of the total population –

e.       It is our duty to –.

a.       We work hard so that –.

b.       If we are not industrious, –.

c.       A man who leads an idle life, –.

d.       An idle man can never help people and so –.

e.       We know the proverb that –.

a.       It is true that opportunity –.

b.       So if we miss any opportunity, –.

c.       We are not sure that –.

d.       So it is our duty that we should –.

e.       Those who are prudent do not –.

a.       It is hope that–.

b.       Life would be intolerable if –.

c.       It cheers our mind and –.

d.       When hope is gone –.

e.       Where there is life –.

a.       We take food so that–.

b.       We cannot keep good health unless –.

c.       Some people become sick though –.

d.       This is because they eat –.

e.       We can make our food balanced if –.

 

Some necessary English proverb

  1. A drowning man catches at a straw. ডুবন্ত লোক খড়কুটোর সাহায্যেও বাঁচতে চায়
  2. A man is known by the company he keeps.সংঙ্গ দোষে লৌহ ভাসে
  3. All that glitters is not gold. চকচক করলেই সোনা হয় না
  4. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread. হাতি ঘোড়া গেল তল, ভেড়া বলে কত জল
  5. God helps those who help themselves. স্বাবলম্বী পরিশ্রমী লোকদের ঈশ্বর সাহায্য করেন;
  6. Faults are thick where love is thin. যারে দেখতে নারি, তার চলন বাঁকা;
  7. Strike the iron while it is hot. সুবিধা হারালে আর পাবেনা;
  8. Spare the rod, spoil the child.শাস্তি না দিলে ছেলে শাসন হয় না
  9. Make hay while the sun shines. সুবিধা হারালে আর পাবেনা;
  10. United we stand, divided we fall. একতায় উত্থান, বিভেদে পতন
  11. What is lotted cannot be blotted. fvM¨i wjLb bv hvq LÛb|
  12. While there is a life, there is hope. তক্ষন শ্বাস ততক্ষন আঁশ
  13. Where there is a will, there is a way. ইচ্ছা থাকলে উপায় হয়
  14. A stitch in time saves nine. সময়ের এক ফোঁড় অসময়ের দশ ফোঁড়;
  15. What is done is done. যা হবার হয়েছে
  16. Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown. মুকুট না আগুনের ডানা
  17. Things done by halves are never done right. অর্ধেক কাজ কোন কিছুই ভাল না
  18. A rolling stone gathers no moss. স্থিরমস্তিষ্ক না হইলে উন্নতি হয় না/ অস্থির ব্যক্তির প্রতিষ্ঠা বা অর্থসঞ্চয় হয় না;
  19. Danger often comes where danger is feared.যেখানে বাঘের ভয় সেখানে সন্ধ্যা হয়
  20. Let by gones be by gones গতস্য শোচনা নাস্তি
  21. The wearer best knows where the shoe pinches. যার জ্বালা সেই জানে
  22. When the dander is gone, God is forgotten কাজের সময় কাজী, কাজ ফুরালে পাজী;
  23. What cannot be cured must be endured. প্রতিকারের উপায় না থাকলে সহ্য করতেই হবে/

                                                                            কপালের ভোগ ভুগতেই হবে;

 

 

Completing sentences

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5

Set-1:
a) Rangamati is very busy. But don’t worry. If I find any good hotel, —
b) I couldn’t understand the chemistry lesson today. I would understand the lecture better if the teacher —.
c) My cousin, Mohua is going to Cox’s bazaar on vacation. If I were she, I —
d) Bangladesh is one of the worse victims of climate change. The climate is getting hotter because of —.
e) Whenever I go out for a walk, —. I know many people don’t like this.
f) I shall stay here until —. I do not want to take any rest.
g) The shoes were so expensive that —. I didn’t have sufficient money with me.
h) Her voice was too low for the people at the back to —. The organizers should have arranged sound system.
i) London was a new city for us. We hired a bus so that —.
j) As I’ve already completed my studies, —. I need money.
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-1:
a) Rangamati is very busy. But don’t worry. If I find any good hotel, I’ll contact you immediately.
b) I couldn’t understand the chemistry lesson today. I would understand the lecture better if the teacher explained the points with more examples..
c) My cousin, Mohua is going to Cox’s bazaar on vacation. If I were she, I would go to Srimongal.
d) Bangladesh is one of the worse victims of climate change. The climate is getting hotter because of the greenhouse effect.
e) Whenever I go out for a walk, I take my umbrella with me. I know many people don’t like this.
f) I shall stay here until you come back. I do not want to take any rest.
g) The shoes were so expensive that I could not buy them. I didn’t have sufficient money with me.
h) Her voice was too low for the people at the back to hear. The organizers should have arranged sound system.
i) London was a new city for us. We hired a bus so that we could enjoy a hassle free tour round the city.
j) As I’ve already completed my studies, I’m thinking of applying for a full time position. I need money.

 

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5

Set-2:
a) This is not the time —. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. — I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. — we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, — we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused —. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man: — was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise —. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe —.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. — is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka —.
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-2:
a) This is not the time to gossip in a body. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. Having taken rest for some time, I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. As the river was smooth, we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, when it is winter, we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused to do so. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man. Your doing such a thing was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise, we must keep it. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe what he says.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. How I can help him is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka in order to attend an important meeting.

 

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5

Set-2:
a) This is not the time —. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. — I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. — we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, — we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused —. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man: — was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise —. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe —.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. — is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka —.
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-2:
a) This is not the time to gossip in a body. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. Having taken rest for some time, I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. As the river was smooth, we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, when it is winter, we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused to do so. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man. Your doing such a thing was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise, we must keep it. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe what he says.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. How I can help him is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka in order to attend an important meeting.

 

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.        5

 

Set-3

  1. a) Whenever my uncle comes to our house —. I have never seen him coming to our house empty –handed.
  2. b) I entered the house keeping Karim standing outside. I told him to wait until —.
  3. c) In society people say many things. We should not give importance on —. Rather we should think everything sensibly on our own.
  4. d) He always chatters. — bears no sense. It’s very boring.
  5. e) Yesterday I saw Shimul —. The river was violent then. This shows that he is very courageous.
  6. f) My HSC examination s over. I could not do well in it. — is uncertain.
  7. g) You say Karim has failed. I don’t believe it. I know him — student.
  8. h) Karim, come here. I have many things —.
  9. i) When the crime was committed —. So undoubtedly he is not involved in it.
  10. j) Some people say that Jamil set fire to house of the widow. But just this morning he has given her one thousand taka and some food. This proves —.

 

Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-3:

  1. a) Whenever my uncle comes to our house, he brings some sweets. I have never seen him coming to our house empty–handed.
  2. b) I entered the house keeping Karim standing outside. I told him to wait until I came.
  3. c) In society people say many things. We should not give importance on meaningless talks. Rather we should think everything sensibly on our own.
  4. d) He always chatters. What he says bears no sense. It’s very boring.
  5. e) Yesterday I saw Shimul swimming in the river. The river was violent then. This shows that he is very courageous.
  6. f) My HSC examination s over. I could not do well in it. Whether I shall get GPA 5 is uncertain.
  7. g) You say Karim has failed. I don’t believe it. I know him to be a meritorious student.
  8. h) Karim, come here. I have many things to tell you.
  9. i) When the crime was committed, Karim was in Dhaka. So undoubtedly he is not involved in it.
  10. j) Some people say that Jamil set fire to house of the widow. But just this morning he has given her one thousand taka and some food. This proves that he is innocent.

 

Set-1
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) Rangamati is very busy. But don’t worry. If I find any good hotel, —
b) I couldn’t understand the chemistry lesson today. I would understand the lecture better if the teacher —.
c) My cousin, Mohua is going to Cox’s bazar on vacation. If I were she, I —

  1. d) Bangladesh is one of the worse victims of climate change. The climate is getting hotter because of —.
    e) Whenever I go out for a walk, —. I know many people don’t like this.
    f) I shall stay here until —. I do not want to take any rest.
    g) The shoes were so expensive that —. I didn’t have sufficient money with me.
    h) Her voice was too low for the people at the back to —. The organizers should have arranged sound system.
    i) London was a new city for us. We hired a bus so that —.
    j) As I’ve already completed my studies, —. I need money.
    to the question. no. 1
    a) Rangamati is very busy. But don’t worry. If I find any good hotel, I’ll contact you immediately.
    b) I couldn’t understand the chemistry lesson today. I would understand the lecture better if the teacher explained the points with more examples..
    c) My cousin, Mohua is going to Cox’s bazar on vacation. If I were she, I would go to Srimongal.
    d) Bangladesh is one of the worse victims of climate change. The climate is getting hotter because of the greenhouse effect.
    e) Whenever I go out for a walk, I take my umbrella with me. I know many people don’t like this.
    f) I shall stay here until you come back. I do not want to take any rest.
    g) The shoes were so expensive that I could not buy them. I didn’t have sufficient money with me.
    h) Her voice was too low for the people at the back to hear. The organizers should have arranged sound system.
    i) London was a new city for us. We hired a bus so that we could enjoy a hassle free tour round the city.
    j) As I’ve already completed my studies, I’m thinking of applying for a full time position. I need money.

Set-2
a) This is not the time —. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. — I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. — we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, — we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused —. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man: — was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise —. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe —.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. — is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka —.

Ans. to the question. no. 2
a) This is not the time to gossip in a body. Rather we should render our respective duties.
b) I worked at a stretch for four hours. I got tired. Having taken rest for some time, I resumed the work.
c) We went on a journey by boat. As the river was smooth, we set sail. We had a very pleasant journey.
d) With the coming of different seasons we can enjoy various things. For example, when it is winter, we can eat various types of vegetables.
e) I told him to accompany me to Rajshahi. But he refused to do so. I went alone.
f) I know you are a wise man. Your doing such a thing was unexpected.
g) We should be true to our word. If we make any promise, we must keep it. Otherwise we can not be trustworthy to people.
h) You know Rafiq is a great liar. We should not believe what he says.
i) Shimul is now in great danger. How I can help him is now my present concern.
j) Tapan has invited me to his birthday party. But I can not go. I have to go to Dhaka in order to attend an important meeting.

 

Completing sentences with clauses/phrases

Set-3
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) Whenever my uncle comes to our house —. I have never seen him coming to our house empty — handed.
b) I entered the house keeping Karim standing outside. I told him to wait until—.
c) In society people say many things. We should not give importance on —. Rather we should think everything sensibly on our own.
d) He always chatters. — bears no sense. It’s very boring.
e) Yesterday I saw Shimul —. The river was violent then. This shows that he is very courageous.
f) My HSC examination is over. I could not do well in it. — is uncertain.
g) You say Karim has failed. I don’t believe it. I know him — student.
h) Karim, come here. I have many things —.
i) When the crime was committed —. So undoubtedly he is not involved in it.
j) Some people say that Jamil set fire to house of the widow. But just this morning he has given her one thousand taka and some food. This proves —.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-3.
a) Whenever my uncle comes to our house, he brings some sweets. I have never seen him coming to our house empty-handed.
b) I entered the house keeping Karim standing outside. I told him to wait until I came.
c) In society people say many things. We should not give importance on meaningless talks. Rather we should think everything sensibly on our own.
d) He always chatters. What he says bears no sense. It’s very boring.
e) Yesterday I saw Shimul swimming in the river. The river was violent then. This shows that he is very courageous.
f) My HSC examination s over. I could not do well in it. Whether I shall get GPA 5 is uncertain.
g) You say Karim has failed. I don’t believe it. I know him to be a meritorious student.
h) Karim, come here. I have many things to tell you.
i) When the crime was committed, Karim was in Dhaka. So undoubtedly he is not involved in it.
j) Some people say that Jamil set fire to house of the widow. But just this morning he has given her one thousand taka and some food. This proves that he is innocent.

 

Set-4
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) Yesterday a boy came to me. He said that —. So I gave him a shirt and some money.
b) A match will be played between our college and Dhaka College. But the time when the match will start is yet—.
c) Sometimes we fail to answer the questions—. Only Rana hardly fail to do so. He is the best boy in the class.
d) A thief entered Sumon’s room —. Sumon caught hold of the thief.
e) — is known to all. Still many people lead dishonest life.
f) You say you are late due to your failure to get a rickshaw —. You could start earlier.
g) We should work and speak sensibly. — often invite difficulties in our life.
h) This place is memorable in my life. It is the place —.
i) Swimming is a good exercise. Everyday I swim —.
j) You have failed in the exam. You could pass—.
Ans. to the ques. no. 4
a) Yesterday a boy came to me. He said that he had no shirt to wear. So I gave him a shirt and some money.
b) A match will be played between our college and Dhaka College. But the time when the match will start is yet to be fixed.
c) Sometimes we fail to answer the questions asked by our teachers. Only Rana hardly fail to do so. He is the best boy in the class.
d) A thief entered Sumon’s room while he was praying. Sumon caught hold of the thief.
e) That honesty is the best policy is known to all. Still many people lead dishonest life.
f) You say you are late due to your failure to get a rickshaw. The reason you put up is not acceptable. You could start earlier.
g) We should work and speak sensibly. Because working and speaking insensibly often invite difficulties in our life.
h) This place is memorable in my life. It is the place where I met you first.
i) Swimming is a good exercise. Everyday I swim until I feel tired.
j) You have failed in the exam. You could pass if you obey your parents’ advice.

Set-5
a) I can’t spend much time with you. I have an important work —.
b) Last night a beggar took shelter in our home. We gave him —. He was very pleased with us.
c) Rana has left just a few minutes ago. If you arrived a little earlier, —.
d) Rini is a good singer. She sings so beautifully that —.
e) The departure time of the train was approaching. So he walked fast —.
f) I need a reliable and a dutiful person. Since —, I will give you the task.
g) My elder brother was going to London. My parents burst into tears — departure. I also could not control myself.
h) In this world some people live longer than others. Those — gathers best experience.
i) You should not gossip at this moment. A little later you are going to sit for the examination. I can’t think —.
j) Ranu informed me that she was in danger. I went —.
Ans. to the ques. no. 5
a) I can’t spend much time with you. I have an important work that father has imposed on me.
b) Last night a beggar took shelter in our home. We gave him food and other necessary things. He was very pleased with us.
c) Rana has left just a few minutes ago. If you arrived a little earlier, you would see him.
d) Rini is a good singer. She sings so beautifully that people are amused.
e) The departure time of the train was approaching. So he walked fast to catch the train.
f) I need a reliable and a dutiful person. Since you promise to work carefully, I will give you the task.
g) My elder brother was going to London. My parents burst into tears at the time of his departure. I also could not control myself.
h) In this world some people live longer than others. Those who live the longest gather best experience.
i) You should not gossip at this moment. A little later you are going to sit for the examination. I can’t think how you can be so insincere.
j) Ranu informed me that she was in danger. I went to help her immediately.

 Set-6
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) The drivers — have an overtaking tendency. They are responsible for road accidents.
b) Earthquake can visit Dhaka at any time. We have to be alert —.
c) People consider Stephen Hawking — after Einstein. He is now confined in a wheel chair.
d) My father bought a car yesterday. He allowed me—.
e) It has started —. We had better not to go outside.
f) We should lock our doors —. The thieves can enter our house.
g) I don’t want to —. I have decided to make a business.
h) He became very tired —. He needs to have some rest.
i) The boy — is my brother. He gets up early in the morning.
j) He used to work here in part time. But now he is—.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-6
a) The drivers who are ignorant have an overtaking tendency. They are responsible for road accidents.
b) Earthquake can visit Dhaka at any time. We have to be alert in the event of earthquake.
c) People consider Stephen Hawking the greatest physicist after Einstein. He is now confined in a wheel chair.
d) My father bought a car yesterday. He allowed me to use his car.
e) It has started to rain heavily. We had better not to go outside.
f) We should lock our doors when we go out. The thieves can enter our house.
g) I don’t want to apply for any job. I have decided to make a business.
h) He became very tired because he worked hard. He needs to have some rest.
i) The boy who is reading attentively is my brother. He gets up early in the morning.
j) He used to work here in part time. But now he is a full time worker.
Set-7
a) In the present global village, skill and competence are essential —.
b) In this situation, women education is such a thing—.
c) Women comprise —.
d) We can not think of our prosperity or development —.
e) If we want development and prosperity of our country —.
f) Education is an intellectual training —.
g) Moreover, an educated mother plays a vital role—.
h) An educated mother knows —.
i) An educated woman can discharge —.
j) So we must educate our womenfolk —.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-7
a) In the present global village, skill and competence are essential to keep pace with others.
b) In this situation, women education is such a thing which we can in no way ignore.
c) Women comprise half of the total population of our country.
d) We can not think of our prosperity or development keeping this vast population uneducated and unskilled.
e) If we want development and prosperity of our country we must utilize this vast population.
f) Education is an intellectual training which enhances our skill.
g) Moreover, an educated mother plays a vital role in making her children an ideal citizen.
h) An educated mother knows how to rear up her children.
i) An educated woman can discharge social responsibilities and contribute to the overall development of the country.
j) So we must educate our womenfolk so that we can stand as a developed country in the world.
Set-8
a) There are some people —. Such people can not succeed in life.
b) Shafiq left hostel all on a sudden. — still remains unknown to me.
c) Some students of the class told that Rafiq had broken the bench. But he denied —.
d) Dear students, please get silent. Listen to —.
e) Karim had been studying since early in the morning. — he started for college.
f) Rekha is often seen deeply absorbed in her study. Actually she is —.
g) I was studying —. When her cooking was completed, she called me to eat rice.
h) Yesterday Salma came to me. She came —.
i) You have failed in the exam. It is sad. But if you get depressed and do not study, you —.
j) All of my friends attended my birthday party. Only you were absent. — shocked me.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-8
a) There are some people who never stick to anything. Such people can not succeed in life.
b) Kamal left hostel all on a sudden. Why he did so still remains unknown to me.
c) Some students of the class told that Rafiq had broken the bench. But he denied to have done it.
d) Dear students, please get silent. Listen to what I say.
e) Karim had been studying since early in the morning. Having completed his lessons he started for college.
f) Rekha is often seen deeply absorbed in her study. Actually she is a very studious student.
g) I was studying while mother was cooking. When her cooking was completed, she called me to eat rice.
h) Yesterday Salma came to me. She came to borrow a book from me.
i) You have failed in the exam. It is sad. But if you get depressed and do not study, you are sure to fail again.
j) All of my friends attended my birthday party. Only you were absent. Your being absent shocked me.


Set-9
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) — is a good habit. People love those who speak frankly.
b) We have invited him to the meeting. But I don’t know —.
c) Tisa is a brilliant student. She is working hard —.
d) Going to hospital we found you senseless. Can you remember the place —?
e) I went to your garden to pluck some flowers. I saw your grandfather —.
f) Alcohol is not good for health. If you take alcohol —.
g) Foujia is certainly brilliant. She could have made a glorious result —.
h) Mathematics is no doubt a hard subject. But you can find it interesting —.
i) The girl — was my cousin. She is also a very brilliant student.
j) He is very famous in our locality. His generosity — his huge property has brought him to this state.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-9
a) Speaking frankly is a good habit. People love those who speak frankly.
b) We have invited him to the meeting. But I don’t know when he will arrive.
c) Tisa is a brilliant student. She is working hard to make a glorious result.
d) Going to hospital we found you senseless. Can you remember the place where the accident took place?
e) I went to your garden to pluck some flowers. I saw your grandfather walking in the garden.
f) Alcohol is not good for health. If you take alcohol you will be sick.
g) Foujia is certainly brilliant. She could have made a glorious result if she had studied attentively.
h) Mathematics is no doubt a hard subject. But you can find it interesting if you practice it regularly.
i) The girl who stood first in the debate competition was my cousin. She is also a very brilliant student.
j) He is very famous in our locality. His generosity as well as his huge property has brought him to this state.
Set-10
a) As human beings we want — in peace.
b) To have — we should live with others in amity.
c) Allah has blessed us with conscience —.
d) If we do not use our conscience, —.
e) —, we should always act rationally.
f) — may bring a lot of suffering for us and for those whom we deal with.
g) We are also blessed with intellectual power—.
h) Present civilization is the product or contribution of —.
i) At present people — the world is suffering greatly.
j) — activities are greatly responsible for this suffering.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-10
a) As human beings we want to live in peace.
b) To have a peaceful life we should live with others in amity.
c) Allah has blessed us with conscience which makes us kind to others.
d) If we do not use our conscience, we can not claim ourselves to be the best creation of Allah.
e) As we are rational beings, we should always act rationally.
f) Our irrational activities may bring a lot of suffering for us and for those whom we deal with.
g) We are also blessed with intellectual power which can change the world greatly.
h) Present civilization is the product or contribution of the extraordinary intelligent people.
i) At present people all over the world is suffering greatly.
j) Our irrational and inconsiderate activities are greatly responsible for this suffering.

Set-11
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) English — , we should learn it.
b) But — are indifferent to this language.
c) As it is a foreign language, —
d) — it is an interesting language.
e) — , they can certainly learn it.
f) — they should practice it greatly.
g) The students — , cannot acquire command over this language.
h) In the present context of globalization — is increasing day by day.
i) So it is essential for us to — .
j) Our government is also trying — to make our students skilled in this language.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-11
a) English being an international language, we should learn it.
b) But most of our students are indifferent to this language.
c) As it is a foreign language, most of the students find it difficult.
d) In fact, it is an interesting language.
e) If the students become sincere, they can certainly learn it.
f) At the same time, they should practice it greatly.
g) The students who are idle and insincere, cannot acquire command over this language.
h) In the present context of globalization the importance of learning English is increasing day by day.
i) So it is essential for us to learn English.
j) Our government is also trying heart and soul to make our students skilled in this language.

Set-12
a) A good student must posses — .
b) The student — is a good student.
c) We must be honest in thought, active in habit and obedient to — .
d) — health is another quality of an ideal student.
e) He — makes glorious result in the examination.
f) — being active and prompt, he is also sociable.
g) He does not know — .
h) A good student knows that — .
i) So — of life he gains knowledge.
j) An ideal student cultivates the right virtues in — .
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-12
a) A good student must posses some special qualities.
b) The student who is brilliant, sincere to studies, good in nature is a good student.
c) We must be honest in thought, active in habit and obedient to parents and teachers.
d) To maintain the rules of health is another quality of an ideal student.
e) He who is sincere to his studies makes glorious result in the examination.
f) Apart from being active and prompt, he is also sociable.
g) He does not know what is rude behaviour.
h) A good student knows that student life is the time for preparation for the struggle of life.
i) So to make him well-fitted for the struggle of life he gains knowledge.
j) An ideal student cultivates the right virtues in every sphere of life.

 

Set-13
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) A storm is —.
b) Though it is uncertain —.
c) It creates a scene —.
d) In a storm, the wind — wrecks great havoc upon our life and property.
e) Peals of thunder and — frighten the people.
f) After the storm, people come out —.
g) They get terrified to see the havoc —.
h) It is known that storm is such a natural disaster —.
i) But we can minimize the loss — it.
j) We can save life and property to a great extent —.

Ans. to the Oues. No. Set-13
a) A storm is a natural disaster.
b) Though it is uncertain, it generally happens in summer.
c) It creates a scene which is very terrible and fearful.
d) In a storm, the wind blowing violently wrecks great havoc upon our life and property.
e) Peals of thunder and flashes of lighting frighten the people.
f) After the storm, people come out to see the effect of it.
g) They get terrified to see the havoc wrecked by the storm.
h) It is known that storm is such a natural disaster that we can not get rid of it.
i) But we can minimize the loss owing to it.
j) We can save life and property to a great extent if we take precautionary measures against it.

 


Set-14
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) A railway station is a place where —.
b) It is —.
c) — are seen here.
d) A kind of eagerness can be noticed in their eyes and face —.
e) Moreover, train journey creates a kind of thrill and excitement in the passengers especially in—.
f) Some come out of the station —.
g) Some are busy —.
h) They push one another —.
i) The total place becomes lively by the hue and cry of the passengers and above all by the peculiar voices of the hawkers —.
j) In the rest room, the passengers are found —.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-14
a) A railway station is a place where trains stop and start from.
b) It is one of the busiest and crowded places.
c) People of all ages and all walks of life are seen here.
d) A kind of eagerness can be noticed in their eyes and face as they are on the way to their respective destination.
e) Moreover, train journey creates a kind of thrill and excitement in the passengers especially in the young ones.
f) Some come out of the station followed by coolies with luggage on their heads.
g) Some are busy buying tickets.
h) They push one another to go ahead.
i) The total place becomes lively by the hue and cry of the passengers and above all by the peculiar voices of the hawkers who try to attract the attention of the passengers.
j) In the rest room, the passengers are found waiting for the train.

Set-15
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5
a) A fair — is called a book fair.
b) A book fair is — in our country on the premises of Bangla Academy.
c) It is organized — the martyrs to the causes of defending our mother tongue Bangla in 1952.
d) Moreover, it is held —, creating enthusiasm of reading in the general people.
e) In the fair — are seen.
f) These stalls display and sell various books —.
g) Some days ago I went to the book fair —.
h) I bought —.
i) I also met —.
j) Going to the fair was —.
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-15:
a) A fair which is organized to display and sell books is called a book fair.
b) A book fair is an annual phenomenon in our country on the premises of Bangla Academy.
c) It is organized in memory of the martyrs to the causes of defending our mother tongue Bangla in 1952.
d) Moreover, it is held to promote our language. literature and culture, creating enthusiasm of reading in the general people.
e) In the fair many beautifully decorated stalls are seen.
f) These stalls display and sell various books which are cheaper in comparison to other times.
g) Some days ago I went to the book fair accompanied by my friends.
h) I bought some science fictions and some books of poetry.
i) I also met some renowned writers and poets of our country.
j) Going to the fair was an excellent experience for me.

Set-16
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5
a) If you are good at others —. So, you should behave with others well.
b) — brings sufferings. We should avoid their company.
c) He is only 4 feet in height. He is not tall enough —.
d) Scarcely had I reached the college —. I entered the class in a hurry.
e) We can not keep pace with the rich countries —. So, poverty should be removed from our country first.
f) Greenhouse effect is a dangerous reactive type of effect —. It is dangerous for living creatures on earth.
g) Since my final exam was going on —. I must attend the next part.
h) — duty of a student is to study attentively. But some students forget it.
i) He paused for a moment and then went —. The audience felt boring.
j) I got a scholarship —. Everybody was happy.

Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-16:
a) If you are good at others, others will also be good to you. So, you should behave with others well.
b) Since depending on a fair weather friends bring sufferings. We should avoid their company.
c) He is only 4 feet in height. He is not tall enough to touch the roof of the room.
d) Scarcely had I reached the college when the bell rang. I entered the class in a hurry.
e) We can not keep pace with the rich countries because of poverty. So, poverty should be removed from our country first.
f) Greenhouse effect is a dangerous reactive type of effect that causes natural imbalance. It is dangerous for living creatures on earth.
g) Since my final exam was going on, I could not attend the party. I must attend the next party.
h) The first and foremost duty of a student is to study attentively. But some students forget it.
i) He paused for a moment and then went on speaking on the same subject. The audience felt bored
j) I got a scholarship when I was in class eight. Everybody was happy.

 Completing sentences with

Set-17.
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) — were present in the meeting. But I was absent in the meeting.
b) He felt tired. He wanted —.
c) I saw the mother —. The baby was crying then.
d) She looks older —. She had better not wear glass.
e) It is beyond his means — in Dhaka. So, he has hired a flat.
f) The workload is so big —. I need others’ help.
g) He likes to talk much. Don’t bother about —.
h) All parents want —. My parents want me to be an engineer.
i) City life is expensive. You have to earn more — the city life.
j) Lazy people suffer —. We should not follow them.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-17
a) The elites of the town were present in the meeting. But I was absent in the meeting.
b) He felt tired. He wanted to have a cup of tea.
c) I saw the mother working in the kitchen. The baby was crying then.
d) She looks older when she wears glass. She had better not wear glass.
e) It is beyond his means to buy a flat in Dhaka. So, he has hired a flat.
f) The workload is so big that I can not cope with it. I need others’ help.
g) He likes to talk much. Don’t bother about what he said.
h) All parents want to see their children established. My parents want me to be an engineer.
i) City life is expensive. You have to earn more to cope with the city life.
j) Lazy people suffer in the long run. We should not follow them.
Set-18.
Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 5
a) I completed the work successfully. This is the method how —.
b) Mr. Himel left the place suddenly. Do you know —?
c) We walked —. Then we took rest for sometime.
d) The patient will feel better —. The doctor has said so.
e) The cat has eaten all —. I will punish the cat.
f) Go on writing till —. You have one hour left.
g) I would like —. My mother also wants to join me.
h) He is very late today. Do you know —?
i) The old man saw some snakes. Their colour was so beautiful that—.
j) I hate —. They harm the people.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-18
a) I completed the work successfully. This is the method how I did the work.
b) Mr. Himel left the place suddenly. Do you know why he left ?
c) We walked until we became tired. Then we took rest for sometime.
d) The patient will feel better after he has taken medicine. The doctor has said so.
e) The cat has eaten all that my mother cooked. I will punish the cat.
f) Go on writing till I tell you to stop. You have one hour left.
g) I would like to have lunch at the restaurant. My mother also wants to join me.
h) He is very late today. Do you know why he is late ?
i) The old man saw some snakes. Their colour was so beautiful that he was filled with a strange wonder.
j) I hate cunning people. They harm the people.

 

Set-19

Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.        5

  1. a) The National Memorial which is situated at Savar —. It is built with concrete, but made of blood.
  2. b) — can not be blotted. Everything is predestined by God.
  3. c) I support you because —. You should be always honest.
  4. d) If I had the wings of a bird —. But man can not fly in the sky as bird flies.
  5. e) We can not stop natural disasters. But reducing the loss of wealth and lives is possible —.
  6. f) The door ball rang —. I felt disturbed of it.
  7. g) Today is Friday. — all the shops are closed.
  8. h) I do not like people —. Such kind of people are hated everywhere.
  9. i) As an HSC candidate, you should read properly so —. You must make proper use of time.
  10. j) Though Bangladesh is a small country —. But her population can be used as human resource.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-19

  1. a) The National Memorial which is situated at Savar is a symbol of nation’s respect for martyrs. It is built with concrete, but made of blood.
  2. b) What is lotted can not be blotted. Everything is predestined by God.
  3. c) I support you because your intention is honest. You should be always honest.
  4. d) If I had the wings of a bird I could fly in the sky. But man can not fly in the sky as bird flies.
  5. e) We can not stop natural disasters. But reducing the loss of wealth and lives is possible when we take precautionary measures.
  6. f) The door ball rang while I was reading. I felt disturbed of it.
  7. g) Today is Friday. As it is a public holiday all the shops are closed.
  8. h) I do not like people who are dishonest. Such kind of people are hated everywhere.
  9. i) As an HSC candidate, you should read properly so that you can make a brilliant result. You must make proper use of time.
  10. j) Though Bangladesh is a small country, she is burdened with overpopulation. But her population can be used as human resource.

Set-20

  1. a) Women who — should be ignored. It is also our duty to respect them.
  2. b) — is known to me. I have helped him correct it.
  3. c) I have studied a lot. I am optimistic that —.
  4. d) Had Kamal been my brother —. But he was not my brother.
  5. e) As flower is a symbol of love —. It is also a symbol of beauty and purity.
  6. f) A college should be a calm and peaceful place —. But nowadays the congenial atmosphere does not prevail in the colleges.
  7. g) There goes a proverb that —. We should make the best use of time.
  8. h) We will not pardon you —. So, you have to confess your guilt first.
  9. i) For higher education. We should learn English. So, it is high time —.
  10. j) We should stop environment population. If we fail to control environment pollution —.

Ans. to the ques. no. Set-20

  1. a) Women who constitute half of the total population should be ignored. It is also our duty to respect them.
  2. b) That he has made a mistake is known to me. I have helped him correct it.
  3. c) I have studied a lot. I am optimistic that I will do well in the examination.
  4. d) Had Kamal been my brother I would have helped him. But he was not my brother.
  5. e) As flower is a symbol of love, it is liked by all. It is also a symbol of beauty and purity.
  6. f) A college should be a calm and peaceful place where the students can study attentively. But nowadays the congenial atmosphere does not prevail in the colleges.
  7. g) There goes a proverb that ‘Time and tide wait for none’. We should make the best use of time.
  8. h) We will not pardon you unless you confess your guilt. So, you have to confess your guilt first.
  9. i) For higher education. We should learn English. So, it is high time we learnt English well.
  10. j) We should stop environment pollution. If we fail to control environment pollution we will face natural disasters.

 

 

# Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 5
Set-1
a) — is a good habit. People love those who speak frankly.
b) We have invited him to the meeting. But I don’t know —.
c) Tisa is a brilliant student. She is working hard —.
d) Going to hospital we found you senseless. Can you remember the place —?
e) I went to your garden to pluck some flowers. I saw your grandfather —.
f) Alcohol is not good for health. If you take alcohol —.
g) Kana is certainly brilliant. She could have made a glorious result —.
h) Mathematics is no doubt a hard subject. But you can find it interesting —.
i) The girl — was my cousin. She is also a very brilliant student.
j) He is very famous in our locality. His generosity — his huge property has brought him to this state.
Ans.
a) Speaking frankly is a good habit. People love those who speak frankly.
b) We have invited him to the meeting. But I don’t know when he will arrive.
c) Tisa is a brilliant student. She is working hard to make a glorious result.
d) Going to hospital we found you senseless. Can you remember the place where the accident took place ?
e) I went to your garden to pluck some flowers. I saw your grandfather walking in the garden.
f) Alcohol is not good for health. If you take alcohol you will be ill.
g) Kana is certainly brilliant. She could have made a glorious result if she had studied attentively.
h) Mathematics is no doubt a hard subject. But you can find it interesting if you practice it regularly.
i) The girl who stood first in the dance competition was my cousin. She is also a very brilliant student.
j) He is very famous in our locality. His generosity as well as his huge property has brought him to this state.

Set-2
a) As human beings we want — in peace.
b) To have — we should live with others in amity.
c) Allah has blessed us with conscience —.
d) If we do not use our conscience, —.
e) —, we should always act rationally.
f) — may bring a lot of suffering for us and for those whom we deal with.
g) We are also blessed with intellectual power —.
h) Present civilization is the product or contribution of —
i) At present people — the world is suffering greatly.
j) — activities are greatly responsible for this suffering
Ans.
a) As human beings we want to live in peace.
b) To have a peaceful life we should live with others in amity.
c) Allah has blessed us with conscience which makes a considerate and kind to others.
d) If we do not use our conscience, we can not claim ourselves to be the best creation of Allah.
e) As we are rational, we should always act rationally.
f) Our irrational activities may bring a lot of suffering for us and for those whom we deal with.
g) We are also blessed with intellectual power which can change the world greatly.
h) Present civilization is the product or contribution of the extraordinary intelligent people.
i) At present people all over the world is suffering greatly.
j) Our irrational and inconsiderate activities are greatly responsible for this suffering

Set-3
a) English —, we should learn it.
b) But — are indifferent to this language.
c) As it is a foreign language, —
d) — it is an interesting language.
e) —, they can certainly learn it.
f) — they should practice it greatly.
g) The students —, cannot acquire command over this language.
h) In the present context of globalization — is increasing day by day.
i) So it is essential for us to —.
j) Our government is also trying — to make our students skilled in this language.
Ans.
a) English being an international language, we should learn it.
b) But most of our students are indifferent to this language.
c) As it is a foreign language, most of the students find it difficult.
d) In fact it is an interesting language.
e) If the students become sincere, they can certainly learn it.
f) At the same time they should practice it greatly.
g) The students who are idle and insincere, cannot acquire command over this language.
h) In the present context of globalization the importance of learning English is increasing day by day.
i) So it is essential for us to learn English.
j) Our government is also trying heart and soul to make our students skilled in this language.

 


Set-4
a) I like —. But my most favourite game is cricket.
b) Children often burst into tantrum. The main reason of their tantrum is —.
c) I have asked him to come to our house. But — is not known to me.
d) Suman is not a good student. He is inattentive to his study. I often see him —.
e) Time is very valuable. Our happiness and prosperity totally depends on —.
f) He failed in the exam. If he studied attentively,—. 

  1. g) You should take some extra money. Because the amount of money — may not enable you to buy a laptop.
    h) Walking is a —. I often walk by the riverside.
    i) Karim is a brilliant boy. Unfortunately he has failed. I don’t know —.
    j) Many people in our country are —. They don’t know that literary is the main reason
    of their poverty.a) I like to play various games. But my most favourite game is cricket.

    b) Children often burst into tantrum. The main reason of their tantrum is their failure to express their demands.
    c) I have asked him to come to our house. But when he will come is not known to me.
    d) Suman is not a good student. He is inattentive to his study. I often see him mixing with bad boys.
    e) Time is very valuable. Our happiness and prosperity totally depends on how we utilize our time.
    f) He failed in the exam. If he studied attentively, he would pass the exam.
    g) You should take some extra money. Because the amount of money that you have taken may not enable you to buy a laptop.
    h) Walking is a good exercise. I often walk by the riverside.
    i) Karim is a brilliant boy. Unfortunately he has failed. I don’t know why he has failed.
    j) Many people in our country are illiterate and poor. They don’t know that literary is the main reason of their poverty.
    Set-5
    a) Health is —.
    b) We can never lead happy life —.
    c) — we should follow the rules of health.
    d) We cannot be healthy —.
    e) — do not mean valuable foods.
    f) We can find nutritious foods —.
    g) We must have knowledge on nutrition so that —
    h) Many rich people cannot lead a healthy life —.
    i) BTV puts up —.
    j) We must remember —.
    Ans.
    a) Health is a great asset.
    b) We can never lead happy life without being healthy.
    c) In order to maintain good health we should follow the rules of health.
    d) We cannot be healthy without taking physical exercise.
    e) Nutritious foods do not mean valuable foods.
    f) We can find nutritious foods in cheap foods.
    g) We must have knowledge on nutrition so that we can remain healthy.
    h) Many rich people cannot lead a healthy life as they have no knowledge of nutrition.
    i) BTV puts up some important programmes which make people conscious of health.
    j) We must remember that health is the root of all happiness.
    Set-6
    a) Industry is the —.
    b) A man can’t succeed in life —.
    c) — of the world were industrious.
    d) The man — can easily maintain a sound health.
    e) We should not like those persons —.
    f) I always —.
    g) I know the story of an industrious person —.
    h) That man always inspires me —.
    i) I have a poor uncle. He could be rich —.
    j) He has become poor — his idleness.
    Ans.
    a) Industry is the key to success.
    b) A man can’t succeed in life without being industrious.
    c) All great men of the world were industrious.
    d) The man who is industrious can easily maintain a sound health.
    e) We should not like those persons who are idle.
    f) I always want to be industrious.
    g) I know the story of an industrious person who became hero from zero.
    h) That man always inspires me to be industrious.
    i) I have a poor uncle. He could be rich if he were industrious.
    j) He has become poor on account of his idleness.

 
Set-7
a) Honesty is the best policy. — if you do not stick to the way of honesty.
b) A glass has been broken. I don’t know —.
c) The pen — has been lost. I am very sorry for it.
d) I got a bad news from my family —. So I had to go home then.
e) I am going to the market to buy some food. You must not move from this place —.
f) Don’t come here. Rather, stay —.

  1. g) My uncle is —. I often go to him for help.
    h) Reza is studying very attentively. He wants—.
    i) Lima danced very nicely. The audience was so charmed with her performance that —.
    j) Rita is my best friend. Whenever she gets spare time, —.a) Honesty is the best policy. You can not expect the respect of people if you do not stick to the way of honesty.
    b) A glass has been broken. I don’t know who has broken it.
    c) The pen that you gave me has been lost. I am very sorry for it.
    d) I got a bad news from my family when the function was going on. So I had to go home then.
    e) I am going to the market to buy some food. You must not move from this place until I come back.
    f) Don’t come here. Rather, stay where you are.
    g) My uncle is a very rich man. I often go to him for help.
    h) Reza is studying very attentively. He wants to make a good result.
    i) Lima danced very nicely. The audience was so charmed with her performance that there was pindrop silence there.
    j) Rita is my best friend. Whenever she gets spare time, she comes to me.
    Set-8
    a) Sumana is —.
    b) She is often invited — on various occasions.
    c) She began — music from her childhood.
    d) She love music so much —.
    e) She is —.
    f) She wants to be a great singer — time.
    g) I get lost —.
    h) I am also —.
    i) So I often go to her — enjoying her song.
    j) Actually we are — to each other.
    Ans.
    a) Sumana is a very good singer.
    b) She is often invited to sing on various occasions.
    c) She began to learn music from her childhood.
    d) She loves music so much that she can not pass a day without it.
    e) She is very ambitious with her music.
    f) She wants to be a great singer in course of time.
    g) I get lost when she sings.
    h) I am also a great lover of music.
    i) So I often go to her in the hope of enjoying her song.
    j) Actually we are the best friends to each other.
    Set-9
    a) After a while, a cricket match between Bangladesh and India is going to be started. So, we —
    b) Only to wear good dresses is not a quality of a gentleman. — is a quality of a gentleman.
    c) I need your help at this moment. I will be benefited —.
    d) Mamun has always secured the third place in the exam. But — is his ambition.
    e) He is now obsessed with a great problem. I tried — but I could not.
    f) I know you are not interested in enjoying any cultural function. But — surprised me.
    g) I am not attentive to my study. That’s why my father desired —.
    h) Smoking is injurious to health. But many of us are in the habit of smoking —.
    i) I tried to meet him for three days. But he was so busy that —.
    j) Shakib-Al-Hasan topping the world’s best all-rounder ranking had made us proud. Though — both in batting and bowing, he failed to bring victory for the team of Bangladesh.
    Ans.
    a) After a while, a cricket match between Bangladesh and India is going to be started. So, we will enjoy the match together.
    b) Only to wear good dresses is not a quality of a gentleman. Honesty as well as good behaviour is a quality of a gentleman.
    c) I need your help at this moment. I will be benefited if you extend your helping hand.
    d) Mamun has always secured the third place in the exam. But to secure the 1st place is his ambition.
    e) He is now obsessed with a great problem. I tried solve his problem but I could not.
    f) I know you are not interested in enjoying any cultural function. But your going to function yesterday surprised me.
    g) I am not attentive to my study. That’s why my father desired to talk to the class teacher.
    h) Smoking is injurious to health. But many of us are in the habit of smoking in spite of knowing the truth.
    i) I tried to meet him for three days. But he was so busy that I could not meet him.
    j) Shakib-Al-Hasan topping the world’s best all-rounder ranking had made us proud. Though he did an all-round performance both in batting and bowing, he failed to bring victory for the team of Bangladesh.

Completing Sentence

Completing Sentence

Completing sentence means completing the incomplete sentence parts.

 

One clause Principal clause
One subject+ one finite verb (nonfinite verb)
Simple sentence
Too…to/enough to/in order to/in spite of/despite/owing to/due to/because of/by+gerund/without + gerund/would you mind/instead of/in lieu of                              

 

Two clauses Two Principal clauses
Connected with FANBOYS (for/and/nor/but/or/otherwise/yet/so)
Compound sentence
Two clauses will follow the same tense

 

Two clauses Principal clause and Subordinate clause added with Subordinating Conjunction
Complex sentence
Principal clause + Subordinating conjunction + Subordinate clause
Subordinating conjunction + Subordinate clause+ Principal clause
Subordinating conjunction: how, who, which, what, whom, whose, why, where, wherever, when, whenever, if, had, in case, unless, provided, provided that, providing that, than, that, so that, in order that, though, although, since, when, as, as if, as though, as long as, as much as, as soon as, even if, even though, , before, after, till, until, because, while, lest

 

Too…to (GZB . . . h), enough to( যথেষ্ট), so…that(GZB . . . †h), such…that (Ggb †h), so that/in order that (hvZ Ki/hvZ), lest (cvQ) , Would you mind (আপনি কি কিছু মনে করবেন), It is time/high time (এখনই উপযুক্ত সময়), before (Av M/ পূর্বে), after (ci), Until/till/as long as (hZ¶b bv  ch©šÍ), unless (hw` bv), if/ had/ in case (hw`), While যখন, provided/provided that/providing that (এই শর্তে যে ), Since (hLb/ KviY/‡h‡nZz), as if/as though (যেন), Since/as(hnZz), because (KviY), as much as (যত বেশি সম্ভব), as soon as (যেইমাত্র)

Look at the following structures

  1. Subject (person) + verb+ too + adj/adv + to + verb1 + ext.

Subject (thing) + verb+ too + adj/adv + for + obj + to + verb1 + ext.

  1. Subject + verb+ adj + enough + to + verb1 + ext.

Subject + verb+ enough + noun + to + verb1 + ext.

  1. Subject (person) + verb+so+adj/adv +that + sub + can/could (not) + verb1 + ext.

Subject (thing)+verb+ so+ adj/adv +for+obj+that+sub+can/could(not)+verb1+ ext .

  1. Subject + verb + such (a/an) + adjective + noun + that + subject + verb + ext.
  2. Subject + verb + so that/ in order that + sub + can/could (not) + verb1 + ext.
  3. Subject + verb + lest + sub + should/might + verb1 + ext.

Verb+ ext + lest + you + should/might + verb1 + ext.

  1. Would you mind + verb1 + ing + ext?
  2. It is time/high time + Simple past

It is time/high time +to+ verb1

  1. Past Perfect + before + Simple Past

Simple Past + after + Past perfect

  1. No sooner had + sub + verb3 + ext + than + Simple past

Hardly had + sub + verb3 + ext + when/before + Simple past

Scarcely had + sub + verb3 + ext + when + Simple past

  1. Until/unless + affirmative sentence + another sentence

        Another sentence+ until/unless + affirmative sentence

  1. While +Past continuous+ another sentence

While +verb1+ing

Conditional sentences: The sentence that begins with if, is known as conditional sentence.  Remember, had, in case, were, unless, provided, provided that, providing that can be used instead of If.

Zero conditional If + Simple present + Simple present
First conditional It is possible and very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

If + Simple present + sub + shall/will/can/may + verb1 + ext

Second conditional It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.

If + Simple past + sub + would/could/might+ verb1 + ext

Or, Were I a bird, I would fly at large.

Or, Had I enough money, I would start a business.

Third conditional It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled.

If +past perfect+sub+would/could/might+have+verb3+ext

Or, Had I seen her before, I would have disclosed the truth.

 

  1. Provided/provided that/providing that/in case/unless/had follow the structures of conditional sentences.
  2. Noun/pronoun + relative pronoun + verb (according to the word before Relative Pronoun)

verb + (how/what/when/which)+to

W/h clause: “W/h”-clause is a subordinate clause that is introduced by one of the w/h-words (what, who, which, when, where, why, how). It can function as subjectsobjects, or complements

  1. Present tense/Future tense+when/after+ present perfect tense
  2. Since/as if /as though

Simple Present …………… Simple Past

Present Perfect …………… Simple Past

Past Indefinite ………………… Past perfect

  1. Since/as/because+KviY hy³ evK¨+djvdj evK¨ (KviY/ hnZz)

djvdj evK¨+since/as/because  +KviY hy³ evK¨|

Exercises on completing sentences

too + adj/adv + (for + obj) + to + verb1 + ext
He is too old —. She is too weak —. The writer was too poor —. The boy was too clever —. John is too upset—.  We are too sad—. The old man was too honest —. I am too confused —. He is too dull —. He was too short —. The box is too small —. John is too poor to —. We are too late to —. The old man was too —. Studying abroad is too expensive for an ordinary student —. The poor man is too hungry —. He is too stupid —. She was too distressed —. You are too young —. She is too shy —. We arrived too late —. It is too heavy for her —. This poem is too difficult for me —. The water is too salty —. The box was too heavy for him —. The girl is intelligent enough to —.  He is not strong enough to  —.

 

so+ adj /adv + (for + obj) + that + sub + can/could (not) + verb1 + ext
Zinnia is so tired —. The weather was so cold —. The old man was so tired —. The old man was so thirsty —. The box is so heavy —. The baby was so little —. The box is so old —. The problem is so difficult for me —.The fog was so thick —. Time is so valuable that —. He ate so many mangoes —. The patient is so weak that —. The boy was so clever —. John is so poor that —. We are so late that —. The old man was so tired —. The old man is so weak —. He was so foolish —.  Musa was so determined —. He is so weak —. He is so dishonest —. The dinner was so delicious —. The load was so heavy —. But we are so self-centred that —. I was so delighted that —.  It is so happened that a famous astrologer —. At this the king grew so furious —. He felt so tempted that —. The grapes were hanging so high that —. She was so shocked—. I am so busy that —. I became so tired—. But our patient was so serious that —. He was so ill that —. He became so greedy —. They were so disobedient —. Sometimes it so happens —.

 

so that/in order that + sub + can/could + verb1 + ext.
He should make the best use of his time so that —. We earn money so that —. He studied sincerely in order that —. The writer wanted mountain air so that —. He speaks loudly in the meeting so that —. He opened a bank account so that —. He reads attentively so that —. He read attentively so that —. He worked hard in order that —. He will learn computer in order that —. He saved some money in order that —. We take exercise so that —. We eat so that —. He worked hard so that —. He always flatters his boss so that —. He went to London so that —. He opened a bank account so that —. They come here in order that —. We have to develop cultivation scientifically so that —. He should make the use of his time so that —. I went to the book fair so that —. We work unitedly so that —. He climbed up a tree so that —. Many dishonest person cut trees so that —. Navid is applying for a scholarship in order that —. They came here in order that —. He opened a bank account so that —. He took up a part-time job so that —. We should be punctual so that —. We should be motivated so that —. We should make the habit of reading books so that —. We must be industrious so that —. We take food so that —. We eat so that —. Robert Bruce fought against the British soldiers so that —. Man eats in order that —.

 

lest + sub + should/might + verb1 + ext
Hurry up lest —. Walk fast lest —. Study hard —. — lest they should fall behind. They ran hurriedly lest —. Read attentively lest —. Avoid mistakes lest —. The old man walks slowly lest —. They ran hurriedly lest —. Go to the bank with the cheque lest —. Read diligently lest —. Never disturb a girl lest —.

Sumi reads attentively lest —.  The old man is walking carefully lest —. She started saving money lest —. She keeps silent lest —. They build a house lest —.  We said so lest —. He went away lest —. He will return fast lest —. The officer was sympathetic to the boy lest —. She is conscious about her lest —. He walked fast lest —. He changed his voice lest —. He wore musk lest —. I kept silent lest —. I lifted the baby from water lest it should be drowned. I disclosed the truth lest anything be misinterpreted. He quickly closed his eyes lest —. I whispered her lest —. I told lie lest —. She hid herself lest —. He closed his eyes lest —. I let them go lest —.

 

Would you mind + verb+ ing+…….?

It is a good way to politely ask for something that isn’t too much trouble for the other person.

Would you mind speaking in English? Would you mind lending me you bike? Would you mind sharing your experience? Would you mind sending that mail for me? Would you mind passing me that bottle over there? Would you mind closing that window? Would you mind watching my bag for a few minutes? Would you mind explaining to your colleague?  Would you mind sending me a list of everyone who’s coming? Would you mind taking this book back for me? Would you mind reading this, please? Would you mind helping me with these boxes, please?

 

It is time/high time + to + verb1

It is time/high time + Simple past

It is already late for something to happen, you can use the expression It is past the time when something should have happened or been done.

It is time we —. It’s high time you —. It is high time the Committee —. It is time they —. It is high time the government —. It is high time the child —. It is time the students —. Now, it is high time we removed —.  It is high time we learnt —.  It is time we controlled —.  It is high time we started—. It is high time we changed —. It is high time we reduced —. It is high time we tried our best to —. It is high time we met —.   It is time we learnt —. It is time we gave emphasis —.  It is high time we did —. It was high time that she faced facts It’s high time you got that car repaired. It’s time you got that car repaired.  It’s about time you got that car repaired. It’s high time we bought a new car. It’s time we bought a new car. It’s about time we bought a new car. It’s time you went to bed. It’s high time you mended this shelf. It’s high time we got a pay rise. It’s high time I bought a new pair of jeans. It’s high time you started thinking about saving for your old age.

 

Past Perfect+before+Simple Past (an action that happened before another action in the past)
Simple Past + after + Past perfect (an action that happened after another action in the past)
a.       He had come home before —. — before the patient died.  — before the train left the station. — before the bell rang. — before he got it. I had written the letter before —. The train had left the station before —.  She had lived in Dhaka before —.  You had studied English before —. Before Keya had run to me —. She had lived in Dhaka before —. Before the students started to write —.  We had left the stadium before —. You had studied English before —. You had studied German before—. He hadn’t studied Italian before he—. He had been given the job bofore —. I had saved my document

b.       She entered the classroom after —. It rained after —. I finished my meal after —. He was given the job after —. They went to college after —. After we had eaten firni, —. After Mina had finished his breakfast, —.  After she had read the letter —. The film started after —. After I had eaten five apples, —.  I arrived at the cinema after —. After she had read the letter, —. She gave after—. After I had washed my car —. The students came to college after—. The patient died after—. After he had passed his MA, —. His father died after—. We reached the station after—.

 

No sooner had + sub + verb3 + ext + than + Simple past
Hardly had + sub + verb3 + ext + when/before + Simple past
Scarcely had + sub + verb3 + ext + when + Simple past
a.       No sooner had I gone out —.  No sooner had I reached the station —. No sooner had the thief run out of the jail —. No sooner had the doctor gone —. No sooner had I entered the room —. No sooner had the rain stopped —. No sooner had we attended the function —. No sooner had the sun risen—. No sooner had I finished my studies –. No sooner had the police left the scene —. No sooner had we heard the noise —. No sooner had she finished one project —. No sooner had the man seen —. No sooner had the thief seen the police —. No sooner had we reached the college —. No sooner had the police came —. No sooner had he come —. No sooner had we heard the news —. No sooner had she seen me —. No sooner had we reached the hospital —.

b.       Hardly had the child started crying —. Hardly had I gone to bed when —. Hardly had I taken a dose of medicine —. Hardly had he reached the bus station —. No Hardly had the driver seen the signal when —. Hardly had I reached the station —. Hardly — all the teachers stood up.  Hardly had he reached the market —. Hardly had I come to my residence —.  Hardly had I reached the station —. Hardly had I reached the college —. Hardly had I reached the station —.

c.       Scarcely had the thief run out of the jail —. Scarcely had I entered the room —. Scarcely had the boy arrived at home —. Scarcely had I shot the bird —.  — when the pet came near dog. Scarcely had he reached the station —. Scarcely had the assembly begun —. Scarcely had I reached the station —. Scarcely had we reached school —. Scarcely had we reached the stadium —. Scarcely had I entered the examination hall —. Scarcely had the teacher gone out of the room —.

 

Until/unless + affirmative sentence + another sentence         
a.       You cannot pass unless —. You’ll not shine in life unless —. Unless he works hard —.  — you will fail. Unless you work hard —. He could not obtain a unless—. Unless you study attentively —. Unless you study work hard —. Unless you hurry up —. Unless you study hard —. Unless you study well —. Unless you are united, —. One cannot command the respect of others unless —.  Unless we can sacrifice ourselves for our nation —. Unless we are honest in earning money —. We cannot keep good health unless —. Unless we learn English —. Unless a man works hard —.

b.       We walked until we became tired We shall stay in this room —. They will not go out until —. He will be waiting for me until —. They will be working until —. He does not go to bed until —. He will be waiting for me until —. Allah is with us till —.  — until you know it. They will not go out until —. He will be waiting for me until —. Work hard until —. We walked until —. We shall stay in this room until —. Wait here until —.

c.       She made no joke till —.They continued working till —. We waited there till —. I shall nurse my mother till —. We waited there till —. Wait here till —. Work hard —. You will be writing it till —. You will be writing it till —. Waited there till —. I shall nurse my mother till —. We waited there till —. Wait here till —.

 

If + present indefinite + sub + will/can/may + verb1 + ext
If you leave the car unlocked —. If we make the best use of time —.  — if it snow in the evening. If he calls me —. If you feel unwell —. If you do not work hard —. If you inform me earlier —. If you neglect your study —. If you are hungry —. If you study hard —. If you walk slowly —. If you help me —. If you do not waste your time —. If you write me —. If you invite me —. If you study more —. If her uncle arrives —. Be truthful if —. If you do not study regularly, —. If you get up early, —. If you run fast, —. If we cut trees at random, —. We should work together if —. If any work is not done properly, —. If we drink arsenic polluted water —. If he makes the best use of his time, —. If he does otherwise, —. If he once falls behind, —. If we make the best use of time, —. If it rains, —. If you do not waste your time —. If we invest in education for girls —. If the rainfall is timely —. If he comes —. If he gets more, —. If her uncles arrives —. If we make the best use of time —. If we are sincere enough, —. If we read books, —. If the guardians fail to fulfill the demand of the bridegroom —. If he makes the best use of his time —. If once he fails behind —. If she were serious from the beginning —. If we remain lazy —. If we lose the morning hours of life —. If we sow good seeds in youth —. If one’s desire is honest —. If you meditate, —. If we are not careful —. If we leave our work for tomorrow —. If we want to enjoy a good health —. If we are not industrious, —. If we miss any opportunity, —. If he wants to enjoy peace, —. If he does not follow the social rules, —.

I shall go out if —. You will not be punished if —. We can turn our enemies into friends if —. You will not be trusted if —. Read the book attentively if —. He may shine in life for the time being —.

 

If + past indefinite + sub + would/could/might+ verb1 + ext
He could get the prize if —. If —, I would tell him the matter. If I were a bird, —. If I had enough money, —. If I saw Mary —. If I went there —. If they wanted —. If I found him —. If I knew his phone number —. If I were rich —. If I were you —. If I were a king —. If you told me the news —. If I were a king, —. If you told me the news —. If I were a rich man —. If I were you —. If we went there, —. If you came —. If I had a degree —.  If I had a car —. If I went there, —. Had I the wings of a bird, —. Had I wing of a dove —. If I knew his mobile number —.  If we did not preserve the beauty and serenity of Cox’s Bazar —. If he respected others, —. If he cultivated scientifically —. If we wanted good health, —. We could make our food balanced if —. This problem could be solved if —.

 

If + past perfect + sub + would/could/might + have + verb3 + ext
Had you told me before —. Had I the —. If—, I could have purchased a new car. If Jim had possessed a lot of wealth, —. I If he had asked me, —. If I had the time, —. If I had seen you before, —. Had I seen him —. Had I seen him once more, —. Had I been a rich —. If I had got student visa —. If I had met him before —. If I had seen him —. If I had found you —. Had he been here yesterday, —. If you had finished the work —. If I had met him before, —. If people had been conscious, —. If he had obtained Golden GPA A+, —. Had I been a rich man —. Had I been there —. Had I seen him —. If he had made the best use of his time, —. If he had done otherwise, —. If he had once fallen behind, —. If it had rained, —. If you had not wasted your time —. If we had invested in education for girls —. You would not have been trusted if —. If the rainfall had been timely —. If he had come —. If he had got more, —. If her uncle had arrived —.

 

Provided/provided that/providing that/in case/until/had follow the structures of conditional sentences.
I’ll help you provided —. They will go to market provided that —. He will shine in life provided —. He can lend you the money provided —. This problem can be solved provided —. You will not be trusted provided that—.  You will not be punished providing that —.  We should work together provided —.  We can make our food balanced provided that—.  I shall go out providing that—. You can go out to play football —. He will pass his test tomorrow, —. We will go to the beach, —. I will buy my son a new car, —. We’ll be there at about 7.30, —. Provided that there are enough seats, —. Provided that the boat leaves on time, —. He’s welcome to come along, provided that —. He will come provided that —. I will call you up, provided that —.  I will go provided that —. I was allowed to go off by myself provided that —. I will go provided that —.  She will help me provided that —. Providing that you went to the party, —.Provided you study hard, —. Providing no one has any more questions, —. I can afford to have a holiday providing that—. You can borrow the car provided that—. We’ll be there at about 7.30 provided that —.

 

noun/pronoun + relative pronoun + verb (according to the word before Relative Pronoun)
It is he who—. An intellectual is one who—. It is he who—. There is nobody who—. It is Asif Ahmed who—. I do not know what—. It is he who—. It is we who—. There is nobody who—. It is such a place where—. There is a memorial which—. A patriot is he who—. Sadnan is one of the students who—. The man who loves his country—. There are some boys—. The students who live—. I do not like people who—. People who are not punctual—. Those mothers who are educated—. The man who loves his country—. Sadnan is one of the students who—. It is not known who—. It is they who—. Once there lived a maiden whose—. She had two elder sisters who—. Once there were two friend who—. The friend who could not climb up tree—. A farmer who produces foods for others—. One day he found a spider who—. Once there was a cobbler—. But he had a neighbour who—. A man who leads an idle life,—. Those who are prudent—. This is Bangladesh where—. There was an old farmer who—. Once there was a king who—. The man who touched the highest peak success—. Those who have become great in life—. He is my teacher who—. Ratan is a boy who—.  A man who brings misery for—. Once there was a woodcutter who—. People who live in the midst of plenty—. Once there was a greedy farmer who—. Many people who live below the poverty level—. The books which are written by famous writers—. Those who are greedy—. Those who are honest—. Time which is very valuable—. The person who idles away—. Man who wastes time idly—. I’ll show you how—. He knows how—. The man whom I saw—. Those who have become great in life—. It is sure that—. He came here when—. Singapore is the place—. A man who is drowning—. It is money which—. Trees bring rainfall which—. It is happiness which—.  It is health which—. It is spring which—. It is the song which—. It is water which—. It is flowers which—. Mujibnagar is a place which—. It is education which—. The two friends were traveling through a forest which—. Trees supply oxygen without which—. I have put a fence around the garden which—. Traffic jam is a common affair which—. Most of this problem occurs in the areas where—. 

 w/h+infinitive  (except ‘why’) 

Somebody should teach you how to behave. We didn’t know what to do. We will ask when to set off. I don’t understand what to do. She calculated how much to pay on the back of an envelope. I don’t know what to do. We must find out what to do next. I don’t know where to turn for help. Let us decide when to start. We will have to find out how to reach the place. We must remember where to turn off the main road. Do you know what to look for? I will show you how to manage it. Could you tell me where to find a good hotel? Nobody told me what to do. Can anyone suggest where to go for lunch?

 

The two clauses after as soon as will be followed the same tense
As soon as the thief ran out of the jail, —. As soon as I entered the room, —. As soon as we saw him,—. As soon as he got the telegram —. As soon as he saw me, —. As soon as I reached the station, —. As soon as he teacher came, —. As soon as she heard the news, —. As soon as he saw, —. As soon as she arrived home, —. As soon as we reached the station, —. As soon as the students came to college, —. As soon as we started for college, —. As soon as he saw me, —. As soon as the police marked the thief, —. As soon as the thief saw the police, —. As soon as I put the phone down, —. As soon as they met, —. As soon as the sun disappeared below the horizon, —. As soon as he fired the gun, —. As soon as the police left the scene, —. As soon as he saw the police, —.

 

Since trees help us in many ways, —. Since man is a social being, —. Since the body and mind go together, —. Since he is curious, —. Since the autumn has set in, —. Since he wants to do well in the examination, —. Since he got relieved of, —. Since Bangladesh is an agricultural country, —. Since there is scarcity of pure water, —. Since it is one of the greatest tourist attractions, —. Since he is unsuccessful in his life, —. Since Bangladesh is an over populated country, —. They were frightened when —. When I see the garden full of flowers, —. It was a hot summer day when —. When it woke, —. When he visits a historical place, —. When we get free time, —. As she was ill, —. As I have not enough time, —. As it rained, —. As they finished writing in time, —. As flower is a symbol of love, beauty and purity —. As the albatross came, —. As her economy depends on agriculture, —. As he is punctual, —. As you sow, —. As I had forgotten her, —. As the poor man was hungry, —. As dowry is a social curse, —. As he was getting old, —.

 

She behaves as if —. He orders me as though —.  — since his father died.  He spoke as though —. She behaved as if —. He informed one of the matters as if —. She teaches the students as though —. The woman cried as though —. Feroza became happy as if —.  — as though he had known everything. He acted as if —. He talked as if —. He donates money as if —. He speaks as though —. He speaks as if —. Hasib behaves as if —. A true patriot speaks as if —. The man speaks as though he (be) a rich man. He speaks as if—. The man speaks as though —. The man speaks as if —. Wasim speaks as if —.  —since he (go) abroad. —since I (see) him last.

 

Many people cultivate flowers because —. We should `no’ to corruption because —. They cannot improve their condition because —. We should be sincere because —. I don’t like to play in the rain because —. But nowadays peaceful atmosphere is absent from the college because —. He cultivates others land because —. The illiterate people of our country fall a prey to various diseases because —. Truthfulness is a great virtue because —. He was praised because —. He was punished because He fails in the examination because —. He could not attend the meeting because —. A patriot is respected because —. We should pay a visit to a historical place because —. We learn English because —. This is because —.

 

Though our farmers work hard—. Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work,—. Though some steps have been taken,—. The people of Bangladesh are friendly though—. Though Bangladesh is blessed with rivers—. Though he is needy—. Though the boy is intelligent,—. Though he was poor,—. Though the sons were grown up,—. Though Bangladesh is a small country,—. Though it rained yesterday—. Although Bangladesh is a populous country,—. Though he comes of a poor family,—. Though he has to do a lot of works,—. Though it an inherent instinct in human nature—. Though we are now independence,—. Though our government has taken some bold steps,—. Though it is a blessing it has some demerits. Though he has to suffer for the time being,—. Some people earn money in any unfair way though—. Though he worked hard—. He was not happy though—. Some people become sick though—. Though money is needed for our living—.

 

a.       It is known that gold is –.

b.       It glitters and looks –.

c.       There are many worthless things that –.

d.       This means that all that glitters –.

e.       So the proverb teaches us that –.

a.       Though Bangladesh is a small country, –.

b.       But her over population –.

c.       It is high time we did –.

d.       Women who constitute half of the total population –

e.       It is our duty to –.

a.       We work hard so that –.

b.       If we are not industrious, –.

c.       A man who leads an idle life, –.

d.       An idle man can never help people and so –.

e.       We know the proverb that –.

a.       It is true that opportunity –.

b.       So if we miss any opportunity, –.

c.       We are not sure that –.

d.       So it is our duty that we should –.

e.       Those who are prudent do not –.

a.       It is hope that–.

b.       Life would be intolerable if –.

c.       It cheers our mind and –.

d.       When hope is gone –.

e.       Where there is life –.

a.       We take food so that–.

b.       We cannot keep good health unless –.

c.       Some people become sick though –.

d.       This is because they eat –.

e.       We can make our food balanced if –.

 

Some necessary English proverb

  1. A drowning man catches at a straw. ডুবন্ত লোক খড়কুটোর সাহায্যেও বাঁচতে চায়
  2. A man is known by the company he keeps.সংঙ্গ দোষে লৌহ ভাসে
  3. All that glitters is not gold. চকচক করলেই সোনা হয় না
  4. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread. হাতি ঘোড়া গেল তল, ভেড়া বলে কত জল
  5. God helps those who help themselves. স্বাবলম্বী পরিশ্রমী লোকদের ঈশ্বর সাহায্য করেন;
  6. Faults are thick where love is thin. যারে দেখতে নারি, তার চলন বাঁকা;
  7. Strike the iron while it is hot. সুবিধা হারালে আর পাবেনা;
  8. Spare the rod, spoil the child.শাস্তি না দিলে ছেলে শাসন হয় না
  9. Make hay while the sun shines. সুবিধা হারালে আর পাবেনা;
  10. United we stand, divided we fall. একতায় উত্থান, বিভেদে পতন
  11. What is lotted cannot be blotted. fvM¨i wjLb bv hvq LÛb|
  12. While there is a life, there is hope. তক্ষন শ্বাস ততক্ষন আঁশ
  13. Where there is a will, there is a way. ইচ্ছা থাকলে উপায় হয়
  14. A stitch in time saves nine. সময়ের এক ফোঁড় অসময়ের দশ ফোঁড়;
  15. What is done is done. যা হবার হয়েছে
  16. Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown. মুকুট না আগুনের ডানা
  17. Things done by halves are never done right. অর্ধেক কাজ কোন কিছুই ভাল না
  18. A rolling stone gathers no moss. স্থিরমস্তিষ্ক না হইলে উন্নতি হয় না/ অস্থির ব্যক্তির প্রতিষ্ঠা বা অর্থসঞ্চয় হয় না;
  19. Danger often comes where danger is feared.যেখানে বাঘের ভয় সেখানে সন্ধ্যা হয়
  20. Let by gones be by gones গতস্য শোচনা নাস্তি
  21. The wearer best knows where the shoe pinches. যার জ্বালা সেই জানে
  22. When the dander is gone, God is forgotten কাজের সময় কাজী, কাজ ফুরালে পাজী;
  23. What cannot be cured must be endured. প্রতিকারের উপায় না থাকলে সহ্য করতেই হবে/

                                                                            কপালের ভোগ ভুগতেই হবে;