Comparison of Adjectives

Transformation of Degree

Degree deals with adjectives and adverbs. It can be classified into three kinds.

Positive Comparative Superlative
Noun/pronounএর দোষ, গুন, অবস্থা দুটি Noun/pronounএর দোষ, গুন, অবস্থা অনেকের মধ্যে তুলনা
as/so…as than the + superlative form

 Look at the box below (Given rules)

Positive Comparative Superlative
1.       No other than any other the + Superlative form
2.       Very few than most other/Than many other one of the
3.       No other than all other the……of all
4.       As soon as No sooner had…verb3….than *
5.       as/so…as not less….than *
6.       not + as/so…as less….than *
7.       not + as/so…as

(change both the subjects)

than *

 Structures

Positive             : No other/very few + ext + verb + as/so + positive form + as + sub.
Comparative  : Sub + verb + comparative form + given rules + ext.
Superlative     : Sub + verb + given rules + superlative form + ext.

 

 Some rules of interchanging degrees

By using more and most   By adding ‘er’ and ‘est’
Positive Comparative Superlative   Positive Comparative Superlative
Useful More useful Most useful   Black Blacker Blackest
Intelligent More Intelligent Most Intelligent   Fair Fairer Fairest
Attentive More attentive Most attentive   Clever Cleverer Cleverest
Difficult More difficult Most difficult   Poor Poorer Poorest

 

By adding ‘r’ and ‘st’   By doubling the final consonats
Positive Comparative Superlative   Positive Comparative Superlative
Fine Finer Finest   Big Bigger Biggest
Nice Nicer Nicest   Fat Fatter Fat test
Late Later Latest   Hot Hotter Hottest
Brave Braver Bravest   Wet Wetter Wettest

 

Deleting the final ‘y’ and adding ‘ier’ and ‘iest’   Exceptional
Positive Comparative Superlative   Positive Comparative Superlative
Happy Happier Happiest   Good/well Better Best
Prettier Prettier Prettiest   Bad/evil/ill Worse Worst
Busy Busier Busiest   Much/Many More Most
Lazy Lazier Laziest   Little Less Least

 

 Reminder:            

  1. Positive starts with no other/very few+ ext and ends with subject
  2. Comparative and Superlative start with sub + verb and ends with ext
  3. If a sentence starts with very few, verb will be plural.

 Steps to be followed

  1. Try to understand the given sentence—-Positive/comparative/superlative
  2. Follow the structures of Positive/comparative/superlative
  3. Look at the given rules chart

Examples of Comparison of Adjectives

  1. Positive : No other man in the village is as good as he.

Comparative : He is better than any other man in the village.

Superlative : He is the best man in the village.

  1. Positive : No other dish on the menu is as cheap as mutton chop.

Comparative : Mutton chop is cheaper than any other dish on the menu.

Superlative :  Mutton chop is the cheapest dish on the menu.

  1. Positive : No other wood burns as pretty as it.

Comparative : It burns prettier than any other wood.

Superlative : It burns the prettiest of any wood.

  1. Positive : Very few countries of the world are as small as Bangladesh.

Comparative : Bangladesh is smaller than most other countries of the world.

Superlative : Bangladesh is one of the smallest countries of the world.

  1. Positive : No other pen writes as fine as it.

Comparative : It writes finer than any other pen.

Superlative : It writes the finest of any pen.

  1. Positive : Very few restaurants in Bangladesh are as expensive as Sonargoan.

Comparative : Sonargoan is more expensive than most other restaurants in Bangladesh.

Superlative : Sonargoan is one of the most expensive restaurants in Bangladesh.

  1. Positive : No other dramatist is as great as Shakespeare.

Comparative : Shakespeare is greater than any other dramatist.

Superlative : Shakespeare is the greatest of all dramatists.

  1. Positive : No other kind of food is as nutritious as milk.

Comparative : Milk is more nutritious than all other kinds of food.

Superlative : Milk is the most nutritious of all kinds of foods.

  1. Positive : No other language in the world is as rich as English.

Comparative : English is richer than any other language in the world.

Superlative : English is the richest language in the world.

  1. Positive : No other sea-beach in the world is as large as Cox’s Bazar.

Comparative : Cox’s Bazar is larger than any other sea-beach in the world.

Superlative : Cox’s Bazar is the largest sea-beach in the world.

  1. Positive : No other drama I have ever watched is as pathetic as this.

Comparative : This is more pathetic than any other drama I have ever watched.

Superlative : This is the most pathetic drama I have ever watched.

  1. Positive : Very few metals are as precious as gold.

Comparative : Gold is more precious than most other metals.

Superlative : Gold is one of the most precious metals.

  1. Positive : No other city in Bangladesh is as crowded as Dhaka.

Comparative : Dhaka is more crowded than any other city in Bangladesh.

Superlative : Dhaka is the most crowded city in Bangladesh.

  1. Positive : No other commercial area of Bangladesh is as busy as Motijheel.

Comparative : Motijheel is busier any other commercial area of Bangladesh.

Superlative : Motijheel is the busiest of all commercial areas of Bangladesh.

  1. Positive : Nowadays very few games are as interesting as cricket.

Comparative : Nowadays cricket is more interesting than most other games.

Superlative : Nowadays cricket is one of the most interesting games.

  1. Positive : No other king of India is as great as Akbar.

Comparative : Akbar is greater than all other kings of India.

Superlative : Akbar is the greatest of all kings of India.

  1. Positive : No other boy in the class is as young as Rubel.

Comparative : Rubel is younger than all other boys in the class.

Superlative : Rubel is the youngest of all boys in the class.

  1. Positive : Very few dramas are as popular as Hamlet.

Comparative : Hamlet is more popular than most other dramas.

Superlative : Hamlet is one of the most popular dramas.

  1. Positive : As soon as he reached the station, the bus began to run.

Comparative : No sooner had he reached the station than the bus began to run.

  1. Positive : He is as strong as a lion.

Comparative : A lion is not stronger than he.

  1. Positive : He is as dull as an ass.

Comparative : An ass is not duller than he.

  1. Positive : Sumi was not as witty as we expected.

Comparative : Sumi was less witty than we expected.

  1. Positive : He does not get as much as he wishes.

Comparative : He gets more than he wishes.

24. Positive : Very few restaurants in Bangladesh are as expensive as Sonargoan.

Comparative : Sonargoan is more expensive than most other restaurants in Bangladesh.

Superlative : Sonargoan is one of the most expensive restaurants in Bangladesh.

25. Positive : No other dramatist is as great as Shakespeare.

Comparative : Shakespeare is greater than any other dramatist.

Superlative : Shakespeare is the greatest of all dramatists.

26. Positive : No other kind of food is as nutritious as milk.

  Comparative : Milk is more nutritious than all other kinds of food.

Superlative : Milk is the most nutritious of all kinds of foods.

27. Positive : No other language in the world is as rich as English.

Comparative : English is richer than any other language in the world.

Superlative : English is the richest language in the world.

28. Positive : No other man in the village is as good as he.

Comparative : He is better than any other man in the village.

Superlative : He is the best man in the village.

29. Positive : No other dish on the menu is as cheap as mutton chop.

Comparative : Mutton chop is cheaper than any other dish on the menu.

Superlative :  Mutton chop is the cheapest dish on the menu.

30.  Positive : No other wood burns as pretty as it.

Comparative : It burns prettier than any other wood.

Superlative : It burns the prettiest of any wood.

31. Positive : No other king of India is as great as Akbar.

Comparative : Akbar is greater than all other kings of India.

Superlative : Akbar is the greatest of all kings of India.

32. Positive : No other boy in the class is as young as Rubel.

Comparative : Rubel is younger than all other boys in the class.

 Superlative : Rubel is the youngest of all boys in the class.

33. Positive : Very few dramas are as popular as Hamlet.

Comparative : Hamlet is more popular than most other dramas.

Superlative : Hamlet is one of the most popular dramas.

 Transform from Superlative to Comparative and Positive
A.      Kazi Nazrul Islam is the best writer.  Cox Bazar is the longest sea beach on the world. Swimming is the best exercise. Sundarban is the largest Mangrove forest. Dhaka is the largest city in Bangladesh. Poverty is the greatest problem in our country. It is the largest river in the world.  Corruption is the most dangerous weapons to destroy a society. Their sacrifice is the greatest thing. Illiteracy is the greatest problem in Bangladesh. Books are the greatest friends. Kazi Nazrul Islam was the greatest poet. Nadia is the most dutiful girl in her office. It is the most significant event in the history of Bangladesh. Dhaka is the largest city in Bangladesh. He is the worst boy in the class. Chittagong is the biggest port in Bangladesh. My friend Paul is the best boy in the class. Greenland is the largest island. Kochi is the best port in Kerala. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world. She is the richest woman in the country. At present cricket is the most popular game in our country. It was the happiest animal in the world. He is the noblest person I have ever found.

B.      A bee is one of the busiest insects. It is one of the most important elements. It is one of the most beautiful sea-beaches in the world. He is one of the greatest scientists in the present world. Price hike is one of the biggest problems for them. Toronto is one of the most expensive cities of the world. The Jamuna is one of the biggest rivers in Bangladesh. Mango is one of the sweetest fruits in the world. It is one of the famous schools in our district. It was one of the most memorable journeys in my life. The Padma is one of the biggest rivers in Bangladesh. Price hike is one of the biggest problems for them. It is one of the most beautiful sea beaches in the world. Torento is one of the most expensive cities of the world. The Padma is one of the largest rivers in Bangladesh. River erosion is one of the important causes of diminishing agricultural land. He is one of the happiest men in his locality. It is one of the biggest mangrove forests in the world. Akbar was one of the greatest kings of India. Dhaka is one of the biggest cities in Bangladesh. Gold is one of the most precious metals. Cricket is one of the most popular games in our country. Calcutta is one of the largest cities in India. Satin Tendulkar is one of the best batsmen in the world. This is one of the best solution to the problem. 

C.       The Everest is the highest of all peaks in the world. Milk is the most nutritious of all kinds of food. The Rose is the best of all flowers. Truthfulness is the greatest of all virtues in a man. Actually at that time he was the wisest of all men. Iron is the most useful of all metals. Imran khan is the greatest of all cricketers. Keats was one of the greatest romantic poets in the world. Keo karadong is one of the hightest peaks in Bangladesh. Maradona is the most famous of all footballers in the world. Bhutan is the smallest of all states in Asia. He is the most intelligent of all students in the class. Rabindranath Tagore is the greatest of all poets in the world. Arabian Nights is the best of all story books. Tashin is the best of all boys in the class. Sami is the smallest of all students in the class. London is the most famous of all cities of the world.

 

 Transform from Comparative to Positive and Superlative
A.      This shirt is prettier than any other shirt. Rafiq is more perfect than any other spinner in Bangladesh. Dhaka is bigger than any other city in Bangladesh. Chittagong is bigger than any other port in Bangladesh. He is wiser than any other man in the village. Bangladesh is more populous than any other country. Cox’s Bazar is longer than any other sea beach in the world. Corruption is more dangerous than any other weapon to destroy a society. Truthfulness is greater than any other virtue in a man. The Padma is bigger than any other river in Bangladesh. Their sacrifice is greater than any other thing. Illiteracy is greater than any other problem in Bangladesh. Poverty is greater than any other problem. The rose is better than any other flowers. Book is greater than any other thing. At present cricket is more popular than any other games in our country. Nadia is more dutiful than any other girl in her office. Kazi Nazrul was greater than any other poet. Mount Everest is higher than any other peak in the world. This house is bigger than any other house in this street. Unemployment is more serious than any other problem facing our country.

B.      Mango is sweeter than most other fruits in the world. It is more famous than most other schools in our district. At present cricket is more popular than most others games in our country. It was more memorable than most other journeys in my life. It is more populous than most other countries in the world. Price hike is bigger than most other problems for them.  It is more beautiful than most other sea beaches. A bee is busier than most other insects. Torento is more expensive than most other cities of the world. The Jumuna is bigger than most other rivers in Bangladesh. He was happier than most other men in his locality. It is bigger than most other mangrove frosts in the world. Calcutta is bigger than most other cities in India. Imran khan is greater than most other cricketers. Bhutan is smaller than most other states in Asia. He is more intelligent than most other students in the class. The tiger is more ferocious than most other animals. Arabian Nights is better than most other story books. Rabindranath Tagore is greater than most other poets in the world.

C.       Dhaka is bigger than all other cities of Bangladesh. Gold is more precious than all other metals. He is better than all other boys in the class. Keats is greater than all other romantic poets in the world. Keo karadong is higher than all other peaks in Bangladesh. Maradona is more famous than all other footballers in the world. The tiger is more ferocious than all other animals. Tashin is better than all other boys in the class. Sami is smaller than all other students in the class. London is more famous than all other cities of the world. Milk is more nutritious than all other foods. This is more dangerous than all other adventures. It is the most expensive of all hotels. Cancer is deadlier than all other diseases. The Tajmahal is greater than all other wonders of the world. The tiger is more ferocious than all other animals. Strategy is more important than all other things in the examination.

 

 Transform from Positive to Comparative and Superlative
A.      No other writer is as famous as Tagore. No other flowers are as good as the rose. No other problem in our country is so great as poverty. No other hotel is as better as this on in this area. No other thing is so great as their sacrifice. No other virtue in a man life is as great as Truthfulness. No other sea beach in the world is as long as Cox’s Bazer. No other event in the history of Bangladesh is as significant as it. No other girl is as dutiful as Nadi in her office. No other thing is so great as book. No other weapon to destroy a society is so dangerous as corruption. No other problem in Bangladesh is as great as illiteracy. No other poet was as great as Kazi Nazrul Islam. No other city in Bangladesh is so big as Dhaka. No other city in Bangladesh is so large as Dhaka. No other boy in the class is as bad as he. No other man in the village is so wise as he. No other spinner in Bangladesh is as perfect as Rafiq. No other country is as populous as Bangladesh. Actually at that time, no other man is as wise as he. It seemed to the fox that no other animal is as wise as it. At present, no other game is as popular as cricket.

B.      Very few insects are as busy a bee. Very few animals are as ferocious as tiger. Very few pictures of the world are as great as Mona Lisa. Very few cities in India are as large as Calcutta. Very few fruits in the world are as sweet as mango. Very few schools in our district are as famous as it. At present, very few games are as popular as cricket. Very few journeys in my life are so memorable as it.  Very few countries in the world are as populous as it. Very few rivers in Bangladesh are as big as the Padma.  Very few problems are as big as price hike for them. Very few sea beaches are as beautiful as it. Very few insects are as busy as the bee. Very few cities of the world are as expensive as Toronto. Very few rivers in Bangladesh are as big as the Jamuna. Very few elements of all living beings are as important as it. Very few causes of diminishing agricultural land are as important as river erosion. Very few men in his locality are as happy as he. Very few mangrove forests in the world are as big as it. Very few kings of India were as great as Akbar. Very few cities in India are so big as Calcutta. Very few games in Bangladesh are so popular as cricket.

 

 Exercises on exceptional rules

Positive Comparative
1.       As soon as No sooner had…verb3….than
2.       as/so…as not less….than
3.       not + as/so…as less….than
4.       not + as/so…as 

(both the subjects have to be changed)

than

 

a.       As soon as he teacher came, there was silence. As soon as he saw, it she showed me. As soon as she heard the news, she burst into tears. As soon as she arrived home, the telephone rang. As soon as we reached the station, the train left. As soon as I reached the station, the train left. As soon as the students came to college, the bell rang. As soon as the thief saw the police, he ran away. As soon as he saw me, he ran away. As soon as we started for college, the rain started. As soon as he saw me, he ran away swiftly. As soon as the police marked the thief, he ran away.

b.       No sooner had we reached the college than the rain started. No sooner had we reached the station than the train left. No sooner had the man seen than he ran away. No sooner had the rain stopped than they left the shelter. No sooner had the thief seen the police than the thief fled away from the spot.

c.       James is as intelligent as his brother. They were as wise as the Magi. He was as ferocious as a tiger. Your house is as large as mine. James is as good as his brother. Sushmita is as beautiful as Aishwarya. Opu is as tall as Nuru. You are as short as he. They are as stout as we. He is as attentive as Dana. Dana is as smart as Parul. She is as beautiful as her older sister. Jamil is as handsome as Saikat. It is as ugly as a crow. You are as clear as he. You are as sincere as Munna.

d.       She is not less brilliant than Rina. Jim and Rima were not less wise than Mim. He was not less ferocious than a tiger. Opu is not less tall than Nuru. Bela is not less intelligent than Abul. Sorrow is not less strong than hunger. Oranges are not less cheap than apples. It is not less big than the Buriganga. He is not less good than his brother. London is not less big than Oxford. The cow is not less useful than a donkey. He was not less short than she. Riches are not less important than honesty. E-mail is not less cheap than telex. The cuckoo is not less clever than crow. The cuckoo is less clever than a crow.

e.       She is not as beautiful as her older sister. Opu is not as tall as Nuru. You aren’t as short as he. They aren’t as stout as we. He is not as attentive as Dana. Dana is not as smart as Parul. Jamal is not as popular as his brother. They were not as talented as Munni. He was not as ferocious as a Lion. Your hair is not so black as mine. Cure is not so good as prevention. Honesty is not as much as it. A sick moneyed man is not as happy as a healthy poor man. Bela is not as intelligent as Abul. Sorrow is not as strong as hunger. Your watch is not so cheap as mine.  Riches are not so important as honesty. This pen is not as fine as mine. A bird cannot fly so fast as a plane. The rice of Barisal is not as fine as that of Dinajpur.  He is not as ugly as you said. He is not as intelligent as this boy. Rahul is not as good a singer as a writer. Sameer was not as strong before as he is now. It is not as easy to practise as to preach. A foolish friend is not as good as a wise enemy. 

f.         A mobile phone is more useful than a computer. Cancel is more dreadful than cholera. London is bigger than Oxford.  A pen is mightier than a sword. A healthy poor man is happier than a sick moneyed man. Prevention is better than cure. Oranges are cheaper than apples. It is bigger than the Buriganga. E-mail is cheaper than telex. Health is greater than wealth. The cow is more useful than the goat. Peter is cleverer than Rana. Health is more important than wealth. Blood is thicker than water. An ocean is certainly bigger than a sea. Subash balls faster than Ashoke. He is taller than Maruf. He is more intelligent than this boy. His new book is more interesting than his earlier books. I am more interested than Rani in cricket. Nothing is more ferocious than anger. Migratory birds run faster than the dove. A train runs faster than a bus. Television presents more informative news than radio. He speaks more fluently than I speak. A wise enemy is better than a foolish friend.  Sudha sings better than she dances. Rahul is a better writer than a singer. Some people have more money than brains.

g.       This pony is better trained than that one. This sum is more difficult than that one. This dress is as pretty as that one. This flower is more beautiful than that. This house is bigger than that one. This book is longer than that book. This story is more beautiful than that one.This painting is more attractive than that painting. This house is bigger than that one.

h.       My job is worse than yours. His eyes are bluer than mine. My brother’s handwriting is worse than mine. He drives slower than his wife does. The problems seemed easier than yours. The roads of Dhaka are more spacious than that of Satkhira.

 

 Exceptional rules

Superlative     : She is not the best girl in the class.

Positive              : Few other girls are as good as she.

Comparative       : She is not better than many other girls in the class.

Positive Comparative
a.       I would as soon die as injure you. I would die sooner than injure you.
b.       He is as intimate to me as to you. He is not more intimate to you than to me.
c.       There is no mystery as great as misery. Misery is greater than any other mystery.
d.       He is at least as competent as any other man. He is not less competent than any other man.
e.       Your book is as heavy as mine. My book is not heavier than yours.
f.         I have never seen so beautiful a pearl as this. I have never seen a pearl more beautiful than this.
g.       There are as many as fifty boys. There are no fewer than fifty boys.
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