W/h question begins with some specific words like who, which, what, when, where, why, how, whom, how much, how many. These are known as ‘WH’ questions.

Question words are also called wh questions because they include the letters ‘W’ and ‘H’.

Question words Meaning Examples
who person Who’s that? That’s Nantu.
where place Where do you live? In Dhaka.
why reason Why do you sleep early? Because I’ve got to get up early.
when time When do you go to work? At 7:00
how manner How do you go? By car
what object, idea or action What do you do? I am an engineer
which choice Which one do you prefer? The red one.
whose possession Whose is this book? It’s Alam’s.
whom object of the verb Whom did you meet? I met the manager.
what kind description What kind of music do you like? I like quiet songs
what time time What time did you come home?
how many quantity (countable) How many students are there? There are twenty.
how much amount, price (uncountable) How much time have we got? Ten minutes
how long duration, length How long did you stay in that hotel? For two weeks.
how often frequency How often do you go to the gym? Twice a week.
how far distance How far is your school? It’s one mile far.
how old age How old are you? I’m 16.
how come reason How come I didn’t see you at the party?

Formation of Interrogative sentences with W/h question

3.2.1 W/h+ auxiliary verb + sub + verb + ext +?
When did he leave? Why did you choose to keep your child? How did it get so late so soon? Where do you want to go today? Where do you work? When does she wake up? Whom did you see? How does this work? When did Nina sleep well? What did you do then? What would you like to eat? Who/whom/what do you want to see? What will he say? Who/whom/what did you see? About who/whom/what are you speaking? What do you mean? Who do you think is right?

 

3.2.2 W/h + verb+ ext +?
Who wants to save the world? What is the use of a house? Are you a good witch or a bad witch? Why is a raven like a writing-desk? Who is your brother? Where are you from? Who is that man? When is your class? Are you from Canada? Whose are these keys? Who is knocking at the door? What is your phone number? Who came here in the morning? Which/what is better – wisdom or riches? What is a continent? Who knows the answer?

 

3.2.3 W/h+ to be verb + sub + verb3 + ext +?
How was it done well? Why is it shown to him? What is it meant? When has the glass been broken? How is she informed tonight? Why can he be called today? What was he asked for? When have you been seen by me? How am I helped? By who/whom was this book written?

 

3.2.4 W/h + noun + auxiliary verb + sub + verb+ ext +?
Whose turn is it? Which colour do you want? How much wealth do you need? Which book have you lost that you are searching? Which book do you like? Which offer did he choose? What kind of place do you live in? Which painting do you like the best? Whose parents are coming to the meeting tomorrow? What time must we be there? What kind of music do you listen to? How much money do you have?

Make Wh questions from the given sentences (by using Who, What, When, Where, Why, Which and How). Student will make question with the underlined word. (Competency based)

 Examples

Unit 1

  1. Andy is going to the book fair.

Ans. Where is Andy going ?

  1. My grandmother is fine.

Ans. How is your grandmother?

  1. Tamal can meet Andy in an hour.

Ans. When can Tamal meet Andy?

  1. Andy says goodbye to Tamal.

Ans. Who says goodbye to Tamal?

  1. Ms. Smith is a new English teacher.

Ans. Who is a new English Teacher?

  1. Ms. Smith is a new English teacher.

Ans. What is Ms. Smith?

 

  1. The fan is on the van.

Ans. Where is the fan?

  1. I like grapes from the vine.

Ans. What do you like from the vine?

Unit 3.

  1. Saikat’s father’s name is Mr. Rashidul Islam.

Ans. What is Saikat’s father’s name?

  1. He is a banker.

 Ans.What is he?

  1. She is a housewife.

Ans. What is she?

  1. She makes dresses in her free time.

Ans. What does she do in her free time?

  1. She makes dresses in her free time.

Ans. When does she make dresses?

  1. Saikat lives with his parents in a flat.

Ans. Where does Saikat live with his parents?

  1. In his free time he writes stories.

Ans. When does he write stories?

  1. In his free time he writes stories.

Ans. What does he do in his free time?

  1. Saikat is in class 5.

Ans. What class is Saikat in?

  1. Saikat studies at 6 o’clock.

Ans. When does Saikat study?

16. Make WH questions with the underlined words. (Competency based)
a. The hare ran as fast as he could.
Answer: How did the hare run?
b. The hare was furious.
Answer: How was the hare?
c. The hare saw the tortoise.
Answer: What did the hare see?
d. The hare went to sleep.
Answer: What did the hare do?
e. The hare felt very angry.
Answer: How did the hare feel?

Make WH questions with the underlined words. (Competency based)

  1. a. A person’s birthday is a special day.
    Answer: How is a person’s birthday?
    b. This is the date when someone was born.
    Answer: What is this date?
    c. People around the world celebrate birthdays.
    Answer: Who celebrate birthdays?
    d. People around the world celebrate birthdays.
    Answer: What do people around the world do?
    e. There are candles on the cake.
    Answer: What are there on the cake?
  2. Make WH questions with the underlined words. (Competency based)
    a. It is his home town.
    Answer: What is it?
    b. The next day was awful.
    Answer: How was the next day?
    c. He found Nipa in a field.
    Answer: Where did he find Nipa?
    d. They took Nipa at home.
    Answer: Where did they take Nipa?
    e. Babul and his family went to live in the school.
    Answer: Who went to live in the school?
  1. Making five Wh questions from the given statements (By using Who, What, when, Where, Why, Which and How). Student will make question with the underlined word(s) : (Competency based).
    1. Raju was in class 5.
    Ans. What class was Raju in?
    2. Raju is a fire fighter,
    Ans. Who is a fire fighter?
    3. A long time ago there was a fire in Raju’s School.
    Ans. When was there a fire in Raju’s school?
    4. Raju teaches new fire fighters.
    Ans. What does Raju do to the new fire fighters?
    5. There are 13 Upayilas in the district.
    Ans. How many UpazSilas are there in the district?

 

Try yourself

Unit 1

  1. I’m going to Chittagong.
  2. Sima is from Sylhet.
  3. Jessica is from Chittagong.
  4. Sima’s train is leaving in 10 minutes.
  5. Sima and Jessica are at railway station.
  6. Jessica is going there for hoilday.
  7. Sima and Tamal are in the Town Hall Language Club.
  8. Sima and Tamal are in the Town Hall Language Club
  9. They go there for practise speaking English.
  10. Andy is a young man.
  11. He is reading a book about Bangladesh.
  12. He is reading.
  13. I met him yesterday at the bookshop.
  14. I met him yesterday at the bookshop.
  15. Sima wants to meet the new person for practise her English with him.

Unit 2

  1. Andy is going to the book fair.
  2. My grandmother is fine.
  3. Tamal can meet Andy in an hour.
  4. Andy says goodbye to Tamal by see you.
  5. Ms. Smith is a new English teacher.
  6. Ms. Smith is a new English teacher.
  7. The fan is on the van.
  8. I like grapes from the vine.

Unit 3.

  1. Saikat’s father’s name is Mr. Rashidul Islam.
  2. He is a banker.
  3. She is a housewife.
  4. She makes dresses in her free time.
  5. She makes dresses in her free time.
  6. Saikat lives with his parents in a flat.
  7. In his free time he writes stories.
  8. In his free time he writes stories.
  9. Saikat is in class 5.
  10. Saikat studies at 6 o’clock.
  11. He wants to improve her English.
  12. He likes book about animals.
  13. He is a good student.
  14. Saikat was helping his mother at 8 o’clock.
  15. Saikat was helping his mother at 8 o’clock.
  16. I were sitting in my class.
  17. Miss Khan is teaching.

 

Make five W/H (Who, What, When, Where, Why, Which and How) Questions according to underlined words from the given statements. (Competency based)2×5=10

a) Javed is a footballer.

b) My favourite hobby is stamp collecting.

c) Minara Begum is an affectionate

d) The examination will be finished at 4:00 pm.

e) We will go to fieldto play football.

Answers :

a) Who is a footballer?

b) What is your favourite hobby?

c) How is Minara Begum as a woman?

d) When will the examination be finished?

e) Where will we go to play football?

a) Englishlanguagehas its rhythm.

b) Jamila returns from shop by rickshaw.

c) The man walked quickly to catch the train.

d) Every studentshould go to school everyday.

e) My younger brother loves to play badminton.

Answers :

a) Which language has its rhythm?

b) How does Jamila returns from shop?

c) Why did the man walk quickly?

d) Who should go to school everyday?

e) What does my younger brother love to play?

a) Mr. Rakibshows us the way to tea garden.

b) Saikatread in village school.

c) The winter morning is coldand glommy.

d) Our school was established in 1989.

e) Rafia is at school

Answers :

a) Who shows us the way to tea garden?

b) Who read in a village school.

c) How is the winter morning?

d) When was our school established?

e) Where is Rafia now?

a) Chessis their fvourite game.

b) There are twenty four hoursin a day.

c) Laila goes to library in afternoon.

d) Bulbulwas the youngest member of his family.

e) She has gone to gardento pluck some flowers.

Answers :

a) What is their favourite game?

b) How many hours are there in a day?

c) When does Laila go to library?

d) Who was the youngest member of his family?

e) Where has she gone to pluck some flowers?

a) Chittagongis the port city of Bangladesh.

b) There are seven daysin a week.

c) Everybody respects Abdur Rahman for his honesty.

d) The railway station is on the left way.

e) Blusteris lying on rock.

Answers :

a) What is the port city of Bangladesh?

b) How many days are there in a week?

c) Why does everybody respect Abdur Rahman?

d) Which way is the railway station?

e) Who is lying on rock?

a) Shihabwas gossiping  with his friends.

b) The parrots are eating grain.

c) There are thirtygirls in our classroom.

d) Bangladesh became independent in 1971.

e) Sorna is drawing a picture on the table.

Answers :

a) Who was gossiping with his friends?

b) What are the parrots eating?

c) How many students are there in your classroom?

d) When did Bangladesh become independent?

e) Where is Sorna drawing a picture?

a) Laila and Bithiare friends..

b) Mr. Rahman is a teacher.

c) The girls go to school on foot.

d) I am going there for visiting my sister.

e) The small boywas crying in the class.

Answers :

a) Who are friends?

b) What is Mr. Rahman?

c) How do the girls go to school?

d) Why are you going there?

e) Which boy was crying in the class?

Make five W/H (Who, What, When, Where, Why, Which and How) Questions according to underlined words from the given statements. (Competency based) 2×5=10

a) Muhinis a cricketer.

b) My favourite hobby is gardening.

c) My mother is an affectionate

d) The examination will be finished at 4:00 pm.

e) They will go to fieldto play football.

Answers :

a) Who is a cricketer?

b) What is your favourite hobby?

c) How is my mother as a woman?

d) When will the examination be finished?

e) Where will they go

to play football?

a) Mina read in classfive.

b) Motheris preparing food.

c) Summer days are very hotin Bangladesh.

d) The boy is reading attentively to make good result.

e) My brother likes blue

Answers :

a) What class did Mina read in?

b) Who is preparing food?

c) How are summer days in Bangladesh?

d) Why is the boy reading attentively?

e) Which colour does my brother like?

a) He reads in class five.

b) The girl sings very nicely.

c) Saniais my best friend.

d) My school starts at 8:00 am.

e) She was going to Dhaka.

Answers :

a) What class does he read?

b) How does the girl sings?

c) Who is my best friend?

d) When does my school start?

e) Where was she going?

a) English language has its rhythm.

b) Jamila goes to shop by bus.

c) The man walked quickly to catch the train.

d) Theyshould go to school everyday.

e) My grandfather loves to eat mango.

Answers :

a) What does English language have?

b) How does Jamila go to shop?

c) Why did the man walk quickly?

d) Who should go to school everyday?

e) Which fruit does my grandfather love to eat?

a) Mituwas playing with the pet.

b) The sparrows are eating grain.

c) There are fifty fivestudents in our class room.

d) Bangladesh became independent in 1971.

e) The man is drawing a picture on the wall.

Answers :

a) Who was playing with the pet?

b) What are the sparrows eating?

c) How many students are there in your class room?

d) When did Bangladesh become independent?

e) Where is the man drawing a picture?

 

Make five W/H (Who, What, When, Where, Why, Which and How) Questions according to underlined words from the given statements. (Competency based)2×5=10

 

a) My mother is a teacher.

b) The girlsings a nice song.

c) Amrin is a brilliant

d) They love the singer for his voice.

e) They need a red pen.

Answers :

a) What is your mother?

b) Who sings a nice song?

c) How is Amrin as a student?

d) Why do they love the singer?

e) Which pen do they need?

a) Our nationality is Bangladeshi.

b) The Cox’s Bazar sea beach is 120 kilometers long.

c) Fariacan solve the problem.

d) The language movement took place in 1952.

e) The bird was kept in the cage.

Answers :

a) What is our nationality?

b) How long is the Cox’s Bazar sea beach?

c) Who can solve the problem?

d) When did the language movement take place?

e) Where was the bird kept?

a) The peacock looks fine.

b) The old man speaks weakly.

c) My favourite food is vegetable.

d) Hasib wants to go out for playing football.

e) The big hand is the minute hand in a clock.

Answers :

a) How does the peacock look?

b) Who speaks weekly?

c) What is your favourite food?

d) Why does Hasib want to go out?

e) Which hand is the minute hand in a clock?

a) The guideshows us the way to tea garden.

b) My grandfather was a farmer.

c) The winter morning is misty.

d) Our school was established in 1989.

e) Sadia is at school

Answers :

a) Who shows us the way to tea garden?

b) What was your grandfather?

c) How is the winter morning?

d) When was our school established?

e) Where is Sadia now?

a) Aminareads in class five.

b) Mr. Rakib is a teacher.

c) The girls go to school on foot.

d) I am going there for visiting my sister.

e) The small boywas crying in the class.

Answers :

a) Who reads in class five?

b) What is Mr. Rakib?

c) How do the girls go to school?

d) Why are you going there?

e) Which boy was crying in the class?

a) Jamil’s favourite game is Cricket.

b) Nishatlearnt to speak French.

c) Everyone got afraidfor fire in school building.

d) Maria gets up from bed early in the morning.

e) Nadia lives in Chittagong.

Answers :

a) What is Jamil’s favourite game?

b) Who learnt to speak French?

c) How did everyone get for fire in school building? 

d) When does Maria get up from bed?

e) Where does Nadia live in?

a) Maria likes to go to school.

b) I go to school by rickshaw.

c) Moxieis sitting in the grass.

d) I have gone to library to buy a dictionary.

e) I like the cricket

Answers :

a) What does Maria like?

b) How do I go to school?

c) Who is sitting in the grass?

d) Why have you gone to library?

e) Which game do you like most?

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