Direct and Indirect speeches/Narration

Direct and Indirect speeches/Narration (উক্তি)

 Narration: It is the use of a written or spoken commentary to convey a story to an audience.

 Classification: Narration is of two types like Direct Narration and Indirect Narration

  1. Direct Speech or Direct Narration: It is the original speech of the speaker without any change in it.  It is always written within inverted commas.
  2. Indirect Speech or Indirect Narration: It is the transformed speech by someone else who is telling it mixing his/her self-expression within it. 
Narration Direct Speech                 Example: She said to me, “I want the best now.”
Indirect Speech              Example: She told me that she wanted the best then.

Direct Speech or Direct Narration has two parts.

Direct Speech Reporting verb (it is not enclosed in quotation marks)
Reported speech (it is enclosed in quotation marks)

  Changing narration at a glance

  1. Reporting verb
  2. Comma and inverted comma
  3. Person
  4. Tense
  5. Adverb

  Change of reporting verb

Sentence Reporting verb Comma & inverted comma
1. Assertive (Sub+verb) no need to change That
2 .Interrogative (?) asked/inquired if/whether/ w/h
3.Imperative

(starts with verb/let)

told/ordered/advised/requested/forbade/

commanded/begged/proposed/Suggested

to/that
4.Optative (begins with May) wished/prayed (Allah) That
5 .Exclamatory (!) exclaimed with joy/sorrow/wonder/fear/

surprise

That

  Change of Persons

Reported speech Reporting verb
1st person (I, my, me, mine, myself, we, our, us, ours, ourselves) followed by the Subject of Reporting verb
2nd person (you, your, you, yours, yourself, yourselves) followed by the Object of Reporting verb
3rd person (rest of all) No change

  Change of Tense

Reported speech of Direct speech Indirect speech
Nonfinite verb (to+verb1/ verb1+ing/ verb3) Unchanged
Simple Present Simple Past
Present Continuous Past Continuous
Present Prefect Past Perfect
Present Prefect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Past Past Perfect
Past Perfect/Past Perfect Continuous no change
Future tense—-will/shall would
can could
may might
must must/had to
might, could, would, should, ought to, used to, had better, would rather Unchanged

  Change of adverbs

Direct speech Indirect speech   Direct speech Indirect speech
Now Then   This That
Today That day   These Those
To night That night   Hence Thence
Tomorrow The next/following day   Hither Thither
Yesterday The previous day   Thus So
Here There   So That is why
Come Go   Ago Before
Last night/day/week

/month/year

The previous night/day

/week/month/year

 

 

Next day/week/month

/year

The following day/week  /month/year
The day after tomorrow In two days time   The day before yesterday Two days before

 

 

  Exercises on Narration

Assertive Sentence

If reporting verb is present/future tense, tense of reported speech will be unchanged.
He says to me, “I am your teacher.” He says, “I am a student.” Kalam says, “I did not go because I was ill.” He will say, “I shall do the work tomorrow.” I say, “He will pass the examination.” He says to you, “I live here in Chittagong.” My father will say to me, “We are going there tomorrow.” Ali has said to me, “I was ill.” He says to Rahul, “You were mere a boy when I saw you last.” He says, “I have been working since sunrise.” Shama has said to me, “I want to go to college now.”He has said to Harry Potter, “I didn’t understand your cruelty when you show your magic.” They will say to me, “We shall help you for your lacking.” We say Salma, “you went to your house yesterday.” Sumon said to me, `I am busy now. We have said to her, `You have done well in the Examination.’ The lady has said to Rashed, `You are a very good boy’. She says, `Every mother loves her child’. My friend says to me, `You are a good and sincere boy’.

               

Generally 5 changes in a Direct speech.
He said, ’I go to college daily.’ She said, ’My brother will come here tomorrow.’ The man said, ’I do not take tea’. Father said, ’I do not like student-politics’. The boy said, ’I learn my lessons regularly’. Samia said to her mother, “I want the best now.” I said to the girl, “You are right to command them.” The old man said to the girl, “I know you and your brother.” He said to me, “I like Messi as a best player and you.” Nargis said to mother, “I shall go to bed now.” Rejaul said, “I ate my meals.” Sapna said, “I saw Munia near college.” My father said, “We are going there tomorrow.” You said to me, “You do not do your duty.” He said, “I shall go home.” The teacher said to the students, “You were making a noise in the class.” He said to me, “I did the work yesterday.” He said, “That’s a good idea.” He said, “The train reached at nine.” Sakil said to me, “I am drawing a picture for you.” The girl said, “I know the answer of this question.” Nabi said to me, “You are not sincere and therefore I do not trust you.” I said to him, “I am sick.” Mother said to me, “You will go to school.” Rony said to him, “I shall go to Chittagong tomorrow.” He said to me, “You study sincerely and may stand first in the examination.” He said to you, “I live here in Chittagong.” My father said to me, “We are going there tomorrow.” Ali said to me, “I was ill.” He said to Rahul, “You were mere a boy when I saw you last.” He said, “I have been working since sunrise.” Shama said to me, “I want to go to college now.” You said to me, “You do not do your duty.” Abir said to Anwar, “I have passed the examination.” The boy said to me, “You have passed the exam.” My friend said to me, “I have already finished my work.” Shakira said to me, “I went to you home when you are not here.” They said, “We bought the books together yesterday.” He said his mother, “I want a big ship in my 17th birthday from you or my father.” Reza said, “I had a cow and its colour was white.”

 

Universal truth: Something that is unanimously believed no matter what location, perspective, etc you are in. If reported speech is universal truth/habitual fact/constant fact/geographical fact/quotations, use only that instead of comma.
The teacher said, “The moon shines at night.” The teacher said, “All men are equal in the eye of law.” The teacher said, “Time and tide wait for none.” The teacher said to the students, “The more you read, the more you learn.” He said, “Honesty is the best policy.” We said, “Man is mortal.” We said, “Islam is the perfect code of life and Mohammed (Sm.) is his messenger.” She said, “Mohammed (Sm.) was born in Macca in 570 AD.” The teacher said to Raju, “Misfortunes never come alone.” He said to me, “Allah is one.” The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east.” Father said, “The earth is round.” The teacher said, `Sultan Mahmud is a freedom fighter.’ Mother always said, `Freedom fighters are the heroic sons of the soil’. I said, `Man is mortal.’ Mother said to me, `Honesty is the best policy.’ The teacher said, `Cox’s Bazar sea beach is one of the seven wonders in the world.’ He said to the boys, `Where there is a will there is a way’. I said to the boy, `Slow and steady wins the race’.

More examples on Universal truth: The sun rises in the East and Sets in the West. What comes up must come down. Water takes the shape of its container.  Animals need food, water and sleep. The earth turns 360º every day.  The oceans move in circular currents. Antartica is covered with ice. Wind blows across the land. Wind comes from differences in air pressure. The South Pole has strong winds. Rain gives water to life. Rain falls in the winter. Plants grow in soil. People depend on earth’s resources. Time passes quickly. Daylight Savings time begins in spring. People exercise for good health. Plants give us oxygen. The moon orbits the earth. The oceans are deep and cold.  The land moves on plates. Earthquakes occur often.

 

may=might, can=could         
But  might, could, would, should, ought to, used to……..only tense will be unchanged
He said to me, “I can do the work.” The boy said, “I can swim.” He said to Liza, “We may go to your house.” I said to him, “I cannot attend the meeting.” He said to me, “You may stand first in the examination.” Shama said to me, “I can go to college now.” He said to you, “You can’t be serious. He said to you, “I can run a mile in 8 minutes. a. The man said, `I can do this.’ Mother said to me, `You should love your motherland’. My friend said to me, `I can help you.’

She said to me, “I could attend class yesterday.” He said to me, “I could do the work.” He said to me, “I would do the work yesterday.” He said, “The train might reach at nine.” You said to me, “You could do your duty.” Abir said to Anwar, “I might pass the examination.” The boy said to me, “You should leave the place.” My friend said to me, “I would finish my work.” Shanu said to me, “I could go to your home.” He said to you, “He should be here by now. He said to you, “I could swim quite well when I was younger. He said to you, “You mustn’t blame yourself for this.” He said to you, “You might have discussed it with me first.” He said to you, “She had to take her brother along with her.” He said to you, “We ought to be going.”

 

must=had to                                                                           must (obedience) = only must will be unchanged
must সাধারনত “had to” তে রুপান্তরিত হয় কিন্তু চিরকালিন বাধবাধকতা বুঝালে must-এর কোন পরিবর্তন হয় না
Mother said to me, `You must prepare your home works’. The teacher said to the boys, `You must utilize your time’. The master said to the labour, `You must complete the work today’. The police said to the thief, `You must speak the truth’. Father said to his son, `You must build up your career’. He said to me, “I must say my prayers.”Robin said, “Man must die sooner or later.”He said to her, “You must obey your seniors.” The teacher said to Pamela, “You must listen to what your parents say.” Robin said, “Man must submit to destiny.” Fayed said to me, “I must need to pass the exam.” He said, “I must go home.” He said to you, “I must live here in Chittagong.” He said to me, “I must do the work.” He said to you, “I must help you in danger.” He said to you, “You must make so much noise.” He said to me, “You must stop.” He said to me, “He must be very tired.” He said to me, “You must not smoke in the hospital. ‘’ He said to me, “You must clean your plate.’’

 

Interrogative Sentence

Starts  with auxiliary verb 
Father said to his son, ‘Did you not complete the work yesterday?’ I said to the little boy, ‘Have you ever been to Cox’s Bazar?’ He said to me, “Are you going?” He said to me,” Are you ill?” He said to me, “Do you know my friend?” Father said to his son, “Are you interested in Mathematics?”  My mother said to me, “Is not poverty a curse?” Haron said to me, “Do you know me?” The teacher said to me, “Have you learnt your lesson today?’  You said to Rakib, “Have you seen the man who came to visit yesterday?”  She said to Shohel, “ Will you listen to such a fool?” I said to him, “Will you go to college today?” I said to the Headmaster, “Will you grant me a full free studentship?” I said to her, “Will you go to the college tomorrow?” The policeman said to me, “Did you see the accident?” He said to me, “Did you go to college yesterday?” Liza said to me, “Will you visit my home tomorrow?” We said the boy, “Have you eaten rice for lunch?” Sara Jefferson said to Dona, “Will you take me with your sympathy?” The teacher said to us, “Will you summit this assignment?” Rashid said to us, “Am I unable to solve your glitch?” The teacher said to the students, “Do I bit you for your indulgence?” She said to us, “Shall I not inform my feelings?” The man said to me, “Are you passing the river by swimming?” He said to Ron, “Can you bring to mind you magic verse?” Raima said, “Can you conquer my heart?” Mother said to me, “Can you draw a picture of a tree?” They said to Siam, “Can you tell me what’s your name?” The teacher said to students, “Can anyone give the correct answer of this question?” Kamal said, “Can you lend me your books for three days?” Shefali said to Bina, “Can I take your pen?” You said to me, “Would you help me, please?” The teacher said to the students, ‘Have you learnt your lessons today?’ Mother said to me, ‘Did you go to college yesterday?’ The man said to the girl, ‘Will you buy new dress tomorrow?’

 

Starts with W/h question
He said to me, “Where are you going?”  Ruma said to her mother, “Why will you take my pen?” The man said to me, ‘Where do you live? Taufiq said to Rahul, “Why do you always think about the bad side of things?” The man said to the stranger, “What is your name and why did you come here?” The old man said to his sons,“Why do you quarrel always?” The man said to me, “Who are you?” She said to them, “Why are you making a noise?” He said to me, “What are you doing?” Sakib said to Roman, “Where have you come from?” She said to him, “Why have you come here?” Rubel said to his mother, “What did you see when you were in the states?” He said to me, “Where did you go yesterday?” My mother said to me, “Why did you not go to college yesterday?” Salim said to Salam, “Why did you write those letters?”They said to us, “When will you return home?” He said to me. “When will the next letter come?” The passenger said to the porter, “When will the train arrive?”  She said to me, “What’s your mother name and where have you come from?” They said to my mother, “Where did I go in 3.45 pm yesterday?” They said, “How much wealth do you need?” Anika said to them, “Why did their garden destroy?” The astrologer said to the king, “How much long do you live?”  He said to me, “Which book do you want?” I said to the pretty girl, “Which book have you lost that you are searching?” a. The teacher said to the student, ‘Why have you not learnt your lesson?’ b. Rahim said to his friend, ‘Which book do you want?’ c. Mother said to her daughter, ‘Where did you go yesterday?’ The master said to the porter, ‘Why have you not completed the work?’

 

Optative Sentence

Structure: Sub + wished/prayed + obj + that + sub + might + verb1 + ext
Teacher said to him, “May you come round soon.” The president said, “May Bangladesh live long.” The dervish said to me, “May you shine in life.” The woman said to his son, “May you be happy.” Mother said to me, “May you live long.” Father said to his son, “May you pass the exam.” He said to me, “May Allah help you.” Mother said to me, “May Allah bless you.” They said, “Long live our president.” Munia said to Maria, “May you get A+. He said to me,” May Allah bless you.” He said to me, “May you live long.” He said to me,” May you be safe and protected from danger. ” He said to me,” May you be happy and peaceful. ” He said to me,” May you be healthy and strong. ” He said to me,” May you have ease and well-being. ” He said to me,” May all be healthy. ” He said to me,” May all be happy. ” He said to me,” May Allah be kind. ” He said to me,”May the best win. ” a. His mother said, ‘May God bless you.’ 

 

Imperative sentence

অনুরোধ বোঝালে– requested আদেশ বোঝালে– ordered/ commanded উপদেশ বোঝালে– advised
নিষেধ বোঝালে– forbade ক্ষমা বোঝালে– begged কিছু না বুঝালে– told

 

Structure: Sub + (ordered/advised/requested/forbade/proposed/commanded) + obj + to + v1+ ext
He said to me, “Don’t talk”. He said to me, “Please help me.”The teacher said to me, “Always speak the truth. “The commander/ general/ captain said to the soldier, “Fire on.”  Shakira said to me, “Dance with me.” He said, “Do the sums.” He said to Liza, “Don’t show your naughty face.” I said, “Shot the bird silently.” We said, “Dig the soil.” The teacher said to Raju, “Don’t tell a lie for next time.” Bina said “Leave the place at once.” She said to his teacher, “Complete the lesson.” We said, “Keep your mind in relax mood.”My brother said to me, “Go to college or you will be punished.” The teacher said to Toma“, write an essay on punctuality.” The teacher said to the students, “Stop writing.” Arif said to me, “lend me your cars.”The captain said to the soldiers, “March forward.” He said to me, “Please give me some money.” The students said to the Principal, “Please grant me leave of absence.” He said to his friends, “Please wait for me till I return.”  ‘Please listen to me’, said he. Father said to me, “Take care of your health.” Father said to the son, “Don’t quarrel with anybody.” Mother said to me, “Don’t run in the sun.” The teacher said to the student, “Do not tell a lie.” Mrs. Salam said, “Don’t forget about that.” Mother said to her son, “Do not waste your time.” The teacher said, “Always speak the truth.”   He said to me, ‘Please, give me a glass of water.” Mother said to me, ‘Always speak the truth.’ Mr. Kamal said to the boy, ‘Do the sum now’. I said to her, ‘Please, lend me your pen.’ The man said to the porter, ‘Follow me.’ Rini said to Ruby, ‘Do not lament for the post.’ The teacher said to the boy, ‘Do not do as you wish.’ Father said to his son, ‘Don’t smoke any longer.’ Mina said to Dina, ‘Please do not give him your pen.’ Mother said to his child, ‘Do not go there in future.’

 

If imperative sentence starts with let

Changes Let us/ let’s Let us/ let’s Let me/him/her/them
1.       Said to proposed to suggested told
2.       Comma that we should/That they should * that
3.       Person * * follow the normal rules
4.       Tense verb1 verb1 + ing + ext sub + might + verb1
5.       Adverb Follow the normal rules

 

Farid said to Rafi, “Let us learn lessons.” They said to us, “Let us decide the matter.” He said to me, “Let us do it.” The chairman said, “Let us settle the dispute.” Tuna said to Ria, “Let us go out for a walk.” “Let us wait here,” She said.  She said to me, ‘Let us make fun’.  He said to me, “Let us go out for a walk.” He said to me, “let us help the poor”. The teacher said to Amana, “let us read this book.” She said to his teacher, “let us complete the lesson.” He said, ‘Let’s take him to the doctor.’ He said,” Let’s eat something. ” He said,” Let us be happy.” She said, “Let’s go to the restaurant.” He said, “Let’s wait a few minutes and then try again later” He said, “Let’s not blame him till we hear the facts”. “Let’s bake a cake,” said Jessica. “Let’s not,” said Tim. The student said, “Let’s show our teacher that we respect him.” Students said to the teacher, ‘Let us arrange for a study tour.’ He said to me, ‘Let us go out for a long drive.’ They said to us, ‘Let us decide the matter.’ Sumon said to me, ‘Let us open a bank account’. The man said to me, ‘Let us minimize the matter.

The beggar said to her, “Let me have a meal.” The prisoner said, “Let me see my mother.” Father said, “Let him read attentively.” The old man said, “Let me have some milk.” The boy said to me, “Let them play cricket.” Samia said to her mother “Let me drink a glass of water.” I said to the girls, “Let me tell some words with you and about your family.” They said, “Let her go to join the match.” He said, ‘Let me go.’ Let your children clear up their rooms,” he said. She said, “Let them take the camera.”Let them come,” said Tom. “Let him buy this toy,” he said. She said to me, ‘Let me make fun’.  He said to me, “Let her go out for a walk.” He said to me, “let him help the poor”. The teacher said to Amana, “let them read this book.” She said to his teacher, “let me complete the lesson.”

 

Exclamatory Sentence

!sub + verb                                Sub + verb!                            Sub + verb (to/for….)!

a. আনন্দ বুঝালে– exclaimed with joy/delight            c. বিস্ময় বোঝাতে– exclaimed with wonder/surprise

b. দুঃখ বোঝালে– exclaimed with sorrow/grief         d. শপথ বোঝাতে– swearing by Allah

a.      Escape the object of reporting verb

b.      Omit what/how

c.       Add adverb like very, so, great (if sentence starts with what/how}

d.      Use very/so before adjective on the other hand use great before a noun

He said to me, “What a nice garden it is!” He said to Harun, “What a magic you show!” They said to moon, “What an exciting game you play!” I said to Dana, “What a clever girl you are!” I said to you, “What a brave man you are!” I said to him, “What a nice fellow your father is!” I said to her, “What a nice girl you are!” “What an honest man he is!” said Tanvir.  The boy said, “What a terrible storm it is!” I said to him, “What a nice gift I have got for you!” Liza said, “What a miserable life the poor of Bangladesh lead!”

He said, “What cheering report! He said, “What a pity!” He said, “How odd!”

You said to me, “How nice your handwriting is!” They said, “How sweet the mango is!” I said to you, “How obliged are you to me!” The teacher to him, “How funny you are!” The man said to the boy, “How silly you are!”She said, “How sweetly the bird sings!” They said, “How a nice song we sing!” Sara said to Dona, “How sweet baby you have!” The traveler said, “How wicked the boys are!”

The boy said, “Hurrah! My father has come.” He said, “Hurrah! I have gained it. ” He said, “Bravo! You have done very well.” Ruma said, “Hurrah! We beat our against party.” Rashid said, “Yeah! We can hunt the birds.” I said to her, “Alas! He is dead. He said, “Alas! I am undone.” Rima said, “Alas! She has lost her mother.”

 

Exceptional

Direct: He said, “Had I the wings of a bird!”

Indirect: He wished he had the wings of a bird.

 

 

Rules on Passage Narration

Passage narration means a short passage of conversation between two persons in the form of direct speeches. There are some different rules of changing passage narration from direct speeches to indirect speeches. 

  1. After reading the passage attentively, at first you have to identify the speaker, the listener and mode of every sentence.
  2. Always put reporting verb at first place of the sentence and follow the five changes.

Direct: “I am well now”, he said to me.             Indirect: He told me that he was well then.

  1. In case of frequent speech of a speaker
    1. Assertive : told, added, also added, further added
    2. Interrogative : asked, also asked, again asked, further asked
    3. Imperative : and Requested /and ordered to
    4. Optative                 : and prayed/and wished that 
    5. Exclamatory : and exclaimed in joy that/ in grief that 

Direct                   : He said to me, “I am going to school. I will return soon”.

Indirect               : He told me that he was going to school and added that he would return soon.

Direct                   : He said to me, “How are you? Have you brought the book with you?

Indirect               : He asked me how I was and also asked if I had brought the book with me.   

a.Jerry said, ‘I can chop some wood today. I shall come again tomorrow’. b. She said to me, ‘What is your name. Where do you live?’ c. He said to us, ‘I came here yesterday. I will go to Satkhira tomorrow.’ d. Rahim said to me, ‘I shall go to your house tomorrow. We will go to my teacher’s house then.’ e. The man said to me, ‘I will come here tomorrow. I will finish this work as soon as possible.’ f. The man said to me, ‘Please, lend me some money. I shall return it to you tomorrow’. g. I said to the little girl, ‘What is your name? What class do you read in?’ h. She said to me, ‘I sent the parcel to my mother yesterday. She will get it most probably tomorrow.’ i. Jamal said to Mitu, ‘Are you going to Dhaka tomorrow? How long will you stay there? ’ j. The poor man said, ‘Sir, I have completed the work. I need 2 days leave.’
  1. Yes …………………replied in the affirmative that/agreed

No …………………. replied in the negative that/disagreed/denied

Direct: I said, “Yes, I will help”.            Indirect: I replied in the affirmative that I would help.

Direct: I said, “No, I can do this”.        Indirect: I replied in the negative and said that I could do that.

a.‘Yes, I have finished reading the book,’ I said to Sarmin. b. She said, ‘No, I have not seen him today.’ c. No, I have changed my decision,’ said Mitu to Sadia. d. ‘No, I am not ill,’ said the son. e. Yes, we will learn our lessons tomorrow,’ the students said to the teacher. f. Rahim said to me, ‘Yes, I shall go to your house tomorrow. g. Father said to the villagers, ‘Yes, I shall establish a college in this village next year.’  h. The man said to his son, ‘Are you ill.’ i. ‘No, I am not ill,’ replied the son. j . The man said, ‘Yes, I have completed the work.’ k. ‘No, I did not come here yesterday,’ the beggar said to the police.
  1. Sir/Madam …………………..with respect/respectfully/politely

                                                    Addressing as Sir/Madam

Direct: I said, “Sir, I should follow”.                        Indirect: I told politely that I should follow.

a.‘Yes, sir,’ she replied, ‘I have done my duty.’ b. The beggar said, ‘Madam, please give me your cardigan.’ c. The student said to me, ‘I have not learnt my lessons today, Sir.’ d. The man said, ‘Sir, I have completed the work.’ e. ‘Sir, I came here yesterday,’ the labour said to his master. f. ‘Sir, I made a mistake today,’ the student said to the teacher. g. Satabdi said to the teacher, ‘Sir, I was ill yesterday.’ h. ‘Madam, I will go to market tomorrow,’ the maid said to the mistress of the house.
  1. By Allah/ by God/ by Jove……sentence will start with…..Swearing by Allah/God/Jove

Direct: “By Allah, he replied, “I have left it”.

Indirect: Swearing by Allah, he replied that he had left it.

a. ‘By Allah,’ he said to Shifa, ‘I will not leave this house.’ b. ‘By God,’ she said to Shezan, ‘I will not go to London.’ c. The boys said, ‘By Allah, we will play in this field,’d. She said, ‘By Allah, I will come here tomorrow.’ e. She said, ‘By Allah, I will inform you in detail about this matter.’
  1. Sorry …………………apologized

Direct   : I said to him, “Sorry, I cannot agree”.         Indirect: I apologized him that I could not agree.

Direct   : I said to him, “Sorry, I can’t agree”.     Indirect: I told him that I was sorry and I couldn’t agree.

  1. Hello/excuse ……… sentence will start with………….. Drawing attention

Direct: I said, “Hello Rahim, how are you?        Indirect: Drawing attention, I asked Rahim how he was.

Direct: I said to Ram, “Excuse me, how are you?  Indirect: Drawing attention, I asked Ram how he was.

  1. But……………………with disappointment/expressed with dissatisfaction

Direct: I said, “But I try to avoid”.           Indirect: I expressed with dissatisfaction that I tried to avoid.

Direct: I said, “But I try to avoid”.           Indirect: But I said that I tried to avoid.

Direct: The boy said, “I have come to chop your wood. “But you are too small to chop wood,” said the woman.

Indirect: The boy said that he had come to chop her wood. With dissatisfaction, the woman told him that he was too small to chop the wood.

  1. Well……………………sub + appreciated it/with appreciation

Direct                   : I said to him, “Well, I agree”

Indirect               : I appreciated it that I agreed.

  1. So……………………that is why

Direct                   : He said to me, “I am unwell. So I shall not go to school.”

Indirect               : He told me that he was unwell and that is why he would not go to school.

  1. The phrase except speaker and listener in a reporting verb will be completely unchanged and takes place before reporting verb.

Direct                   : Turning towards me, he said to me, “Don’t shout”.

Indirect               : Turning towards me, he forbade me to shout.

a. ‘Are you brothers?’ asked the mistress of the house, turning to the dervishes. b. Looking at my hands the beggar said, ‘Madam, please give me your cardigan.’ c. ‘Why have you not learnt your lessons?’ the teacher asked the students coming to the class. d. ‘Why have you come here?’ said Mr. Kamal turning to the stranger.  e. ‘I will go to market tomorrow,’ with an air of confidence the maid said to the mistress of the house. f. ‘I have changed my decision,’ said Mitu to Sadia finding no other alternative way. g. ‘Why did you phone me?’ said Kamal to me looking at me in anger. h. ‘Follow my example,’ she said when we shook hands. i. Overhearing their whispers, the Caliph said to the dervishes, ‘Are you not of this house?’ j. ‘Perhaps that man there knows the answer,’ said the rich man, pointing to the porter. k. Inside the tent Lima said, ‘How strange it is!’ l. Returning home my father said to me, ‘Your progress is very slow. l. “Are you happy, students” said Torikul. 
  1. If there is reference of address in reported speech, indirect speech will start with addressing him/her/them as…..’’.

Direct                   : He said to them, “Friends, let us enjoy”.

Indirect               : Addressing them as friends, he proposed that they should enjoy.

Direct                   : He said, ‘Suma, do not quarrel.’

Indirect               : He forbade Suma to quarrel.

a.‘Are you hungry, brothers?’ said the wise king. b. The captain said, ‘My friends, be always ready to face our enemy.’ c. ‘Dear friends,’ the patriot said, ‘Listen to me.’ d. The teacher said to the students, ‘Dear students, you should be attentive in the class.’ e. The teacher said to the students, ‘Poor boy, you will not be able to cut a good figure in the final examination.’ f. The man said to me, ‘Sister, will you help me to perform the work tomorrow?’
  1. Reporting verb will be unchanged except said to. (replied, informed, added, stated, remarked, asserted, assured, pleaded, remarked, reported, reminded, complained, muttered, uttered)

Direct                   : He replied/muttered/uttered, “He had  done the job”.

Indirect               : He replied/muttered/uttered that he had done the job.

  1. In spite of being assertive sentence, if the symbol is question mark, then sentence will be started with being surprised and follow the rules of interrogative sentences.

Direct                   : I said to him, “You forgot who I am?”

Indirect               : Being surprised, I asked him if he had forgotten who I was.

Direct                   : He said to me “You are angry with me?”

Indirect               : Being surprised he asked me if I was angry with him.

  1. Direct : I said to him, “Ok, I will do it.”

Indirect               : I told him that it was ok and added that I would do it.

  1. If there is a tag question after reported speech……

Direct                   : He said to me, “You are going to the play ground, aren’t you?

Indirect               : He asked me if it was true that I was going to the playground.

  1. Sometimes there is found an incomplete sentence in Reported Speech 

Direct                   :  I can buy your drama book. How much will I pay you?  “Hundred taka only?” I said to him. “Everything is ok.”

Indirect               :  I told him that I could buy his drama book. I also asked him how much I would pay him. I further asked him if hundred take only would do. He replied that everything was ok.

Direct                   :  Suddenly he said to me, ‘Where are you going and what are you doing here?’ ‘Oh, nowhere and nothing.’

Indirect               :  Suddenly he asked me where I was going and what I was doing there. I replied that I was going nowhere and I was doing nothing.

  1. If there is no speaker and listener in Reported Speech 

Example: “Where are you going now?” “I am going to market” Ans. The speaker asked the listener where he was going then. The listener replied that he was going to market.

  1. Direct : He said to me, “Good bye”.                        

Indirect               : He bade me good bye.

  1. Direct : He said to me, “Good morning/evening/night”.

Indirect               : He wished me good morning/evening/night.

  1. Direct : He said to me,” Thank you very much”.                     

Indirect               : He thanked me very much.

  1. Direct : He said to me, “Congratulation”.            

Indirect               : He congratulated me.

 

 Exercises on Passage Narration

  1. “Don’t mix with bad boys,” my father said to me. “You should read attentively as your examination is knocking at the door,” he said. “No, I don’t keep any bad company. I have just asked him if he knows the date of the examination,” I replied.
  2. “Zaman, can you tell me what I am teaching?” the teacher asked.” I am sorry. I can’t follow;” replied Zaman. You can’t because you are not attentive.” the teacher said.
  3. My father looked at me with anger and said to me, “Where have you been so long and why are you wasting your time?” After a moment I said, “I went to my friend’s house to borrow an essential book. I had to wait for that.”
  4. “Why are you putting up the food in your pocket, sir?  Why don’t you eat?” said the nobleman. “I am doing the right thing. My dress deserves these rich dishes,” replied Sheikh Saadi. “I don’t understand what you mean to say, ” said the noble man.
  5. “Have you ever been to Cox’s Bazar?” asked Mobarak. “No, I have never gone there,” replied Linkon. “But I long for visiting the place.” “I had an opportunity to visit the sea beach last year,” said Mobarak. “How charming the scenery is!”
  6. He said to me, ‘‘You will stay here till I do not come back.’’ I replied, ‘‘yes, I am waiting for you here.’’ ‘‘Please come back soon.’’, I said.
  7. ‘Where are you from?’ said the teacher. ‘I am from Nepal,’ said the student. ‘How did you find Dhaka when you first arrived?’ said the teacher. ‘Well, I like it. I think the city is very beautiful,’ said the student.
  8. ‘I came here yesterday from my village,’ he said. ‘Why did you come?’ I asked. ‘My mother sent me to you with this letter.’ ‘How is your mother? I have not seen her for a long time. I hope she is quite well.’
  9. Once I asked a little girl, ‘What’s your mother’s name?’ She replied cleverly, ‘I know my mother’s name but I won’t tell you that.’ I said, ‘What a clever girl you are! May you prosper in life.’
  10. ‘Where did you go yesterday?’ said Lipi. ‘I went to Chittagong to see my mother,’ said Mina. ‘She has been suffering from high blood pressure.’ ‘Is she sound now?’ said Lipi.’ ‘No,’ said Mina.
  11. ‘I’ll pay for it,’ he said. ‘I broke it, I brought the exe down careless.’ ‘But no one hits accurately every time, Jerry. Moreover, the fault was in the wood of the handle. I’ll see the man who I have bought it from,’ I told him.
  12. I asked Nisha, ‘What’s your mother’s name?’ I know my mother’s name but I won’t tell you that. I don’t tell my mother’s name to anybody whom I don’t know’, said she. ‘What a clever girl you are!’
  13. “Why are you talking in the class?” said the teacher. “I was talking with Ali about the schedule of S.S.C examination.” replied Karim. “Don’t gossip in the class. Be attentive to your lesson” said the teacher. “Sorry, Sir.  Please forgive me for this time.” said he
  14. “Nalita, have you done your English lesson today?” asked the teacher. “Yes Sir.” she replied. “But I haven’t understood one grammatical point.” the teacher assured her saying. “Come to my room, I’ll help you understand the point.” “Thank you sir.” she smilingly said
  15. My friend said to me, “Why are you sitting alone here?” I have been looking for you. Let us go for a walk in the open field. “Leave me alone.”
  16. Teacher said to me, “Why did you not perform your homework?”  I said to him, “Sorry I was busy with my mother’s treatment.” Then he said, “From now on I expect you to be punctual” I said, “Ok, Sir.”
  17. The Teacher became very angry with the student and said, “Why have you disturbed the class in this way? I have told you before that when I am speaking you should be silent. Leave the class and do not come today”.
  18. Rashed said Tapas, “I went to the station. I had to receive my uncle there. Where did you go? I went to your house to collect a book from you.” “I am sorry. Let’s go. I shall lend you the book.”
  19. .“Have you offered your prayer today?” I said to my brother. “No, I have forgotten.” he said. “That’s bad.” I said. “We must pray everyday.” He said, “ I am sorry. I shall always say in time.” I said to him, “May Allah bless you.”
  20. ‘Mother said to Rina, “Are you going to school, now?” “Yes” Rina replied, “Yes” Arif replied. “You have to return soon because we will go for Eid shopping” said mother. “What a nice idea! Mum, you are great,” Rina said.
  21. A hawker said to me, “Do you want any newspaper? I have all types of newspaperrs. Please take one.” I said, “I want a weekly. Do you have any magazine?” He said, “Yes, I have the latest copy of The Daily Star.”
  22. “I’ve lost my tooth.” said Samira. “I’ll look ugly and horrible.” “Don’t worry,” said Mina. “Just put your tooth into a rat’s hole and a rat will give you one of its fine teeth.”
  23. “I’ve got GPA-5 in the SSC examination” said Rafiq. “Congratulation!” I said. “What do you intend to do now?” “I want to study physics, Chemistry and higher Mathematics of H.S.C at home.”  “I’ll to try to get admission in BUET after my H.S.C exam.” Rafiq replied.
  24. ‘Good morning, Asha,’ said Abir. How much preparation have you taken for the Test Examination?’ ‘A great preparation,’ said Asha. ‘I can get GPA-5’ ‘You are a very lucky girl,’ said Abir, ‘But my preparation is not very nice.’
  25. ‘But how’s my grandmother?’ Kashem asked his mother. ‘Did you take her to the hospital?’ ‘Yes, she’s at the hospital now. She hurt herself quite badly. You should visit her on your way home from school,’ his mother said.
  26. ‘What’s puppet show?’ Lima asked her father. Father said, ‘Let’s go inside and you can see for yourself.’ Inside the tent Lima said, ‘How strange! A doll is dancing and talking!’ Father said, ‘A man behind the screen is moving the doll. Do you understand who is talking?’
  27. ‘Will you come to my house tomorrow?’ I asked the boy. ‘We can discuss terms and conditions then,’ I said. ‘I shall be very happy to meet with you at your house.
  28. Returning home my father said to me, ‘Your progress is very slow. You are idling away time with them. Can’t you be more serious? Remember, if you fail in the coming examination, I will stop paying your tuition fees.’
  29. ‘Porter, you may go,’ said the mistress of the house, laughing. ‘You have gained your freedom.’ ‘By Allah,’ he replied, ‘I will not leave this house until I have heard the stories of my companions.’
  30. Shila said to Shejan, ‘Why are you late for school every day?’ ‘I can’t get up early in the morning. So I don’t have enough time to be ready for school,’ he replied. ‘How lazy you have grown!’ she said. ‘If you don’t change your habit, you’ll be a cause of sorrow to your parents.’
  31. ‘Do you know why you are sent to school?’ ‘For playing with friends, father.’ ‘No, you are sent to learn to read and write.’ ‘But I won’t read and write’, replied Jack sulkily. ‘Yes, you will.’
  32. The stranger said to me, ‘Please give me a glass of cold water. My throat has been completely dry.’ I said to him, ‘Take some rest and then you can take water.’ ‘Thanks for your wise advice,’ he said.
  33. “Will you buy my hair?” asked Della. “I buy hair,” said Madam. “Take your hat off and let us have a sight at the looks of it” “Twenty dollars,” said Madam. “Give it to me quick,” said Della.
  34. Suddenly a voice called out, ‘Good morning, gentlemen. Where are you going and what are you doing here?’ ‘Oh, nowhere and nothing.’ ‘But you look so pensive, why?’ ‘Yes, you are right. We are looking for something,’ replied the six blind men. ‘Who are you, sir?’
  35. ‘Follow my example,’ she said when we shook hands, ‘and never eat more than one thing for luncheon.’ ‘I’ll do better than that,’ I retorted, ‘I’ll eat nothing for dinner tonight.’ ‘Humorist!’ she cried gaily, jumping into a cab.
  36. ‘Have you heard the name of Aesop?’ said the teacher. ‘No, sir, who was he?’ said the students. ‘Read the lesson attentively and then you will be able to know about him. How instructive and interesting his fables are!’ the teacher said.
  37. ‘Oh, my Lord, please do not kill the child.’ said the woman. ‘Let her have him,’ said the king. ‘Now everything is clear to me.’ Pointing the woman, he said to the servant, ‘Give her the child. She is the mother of the baby.’
  38. ‘Have you heard the name of Aesop?’ asked the teacher. ‘No, Sir, who was he?’ ‘Read the lesson attentively and then you will be able to know about him.’ ‘How interesting and instructive his fables are!’ said the teacher.
  39. ‘You have cut off your hair,’ asked Jim. ‘Cut it off and sold it,’ said Della. ‘Don’t you like me just as well anyhow? I’m me, without my hair, ain’t I?’
  40. The traveler said to the peasant, ‘Can you tell me the way to the nearest Inn?’ The peasant said ‘Yes, I can. Do you want one in which you can spend the night?’ The Traveller said, ‘I don’t wish to stay there, but I only want a meal.’
  41. ‘Why are putting up the food in your pocket, Sir? Why don’t you eat?’ asked the noble man. ‘I am doing the right thing. My dress deserves these rich dishes,’ replied Sheikh Saddi. ‘I don’t understand what you mean to say.’ Said the noble man. ‘And I’m sorry.’
  42. ‘Will you buy my hair,’ asked Della. ‘I buy hair,’ said Madame. ‘Take your hat off and let’s have a sight at the looks of it.’ ‘Twenty dollars,’ said Madame. ‘Give it me quick,’ said Della.’
  43. ‘I came here yesterday from my village,’ he said. ‘Why did you come?’ I asked. ‘My mother sent me to you with this letter.’ ‘How is your mother? I have not seen her a long time. I hope she is quite well.’
  44. Once I asked a little girl, “What is your mother’s name?” “I know my mother’s name but I won’t tell you that. I don’t tell my mother’s name to anybody whom I don’t know,” She said. “What a clever girl you are!”
  45. “Could I help you, sir?” said the receptionist. The man replied, “Sure, I want to meet the Managing Director of the company.” The receptionist said, “Do you have an appointment?” “Yes, I have,” he said.
  46. “Will you come to my house tomorrow?” I said to the boy, ‘We can discuss terms and conditions then.” “I shall be very happy to meet you at your house. Thank you so much,” he replied.
  47. The stranger said to the boy, “Will you tell me the way to the nearest hotel?” “Yes, I will. Do you want a residential one in which can spend the night?” the boy said. “I don’t want to say there, but only want a meal,” the stranger replied. The boy said, “Follow me.”
  48. “Where are you going?” said the merchant. “I was coming to see you.” “What do you want?” “To earn my bread by the labor of my hands.” “Do you really work?” said the merchant. “Yes, if you have any.” Then follow me and carry a box from a shop to my house.” “I do not see how I can do that,” said the youth.
  49. A hawker said, “Will you buy any paper? I have all types of newspaper and magazines. Please take one from me.” “I buy books but now I need a weekly. Don’t you have any weekly magazine?” said Susmita.
  50. “May I come in sir?” A boy standing at the door said to him. Then without waiting for his reply the boy entered the room and said, “Sir, I have come from Palashpur with a letter from Mr. Ajit Bose?” “How is he?” He said smiling. “He is not well. He has been suffering from a serious illness for two years,” The boy said. “How sad it is! May God cure him,” He said.
  51. “I came to Dhaka this morning. I sent you a telegram before starting from home.” He said, “Did you receive it in time?” He asked. “No, I did not receive it.” I replied.
  52. Sakib said to his English teacher, “Sir, I want to improve my English. How can I do that? Can you help me?” “Don’t worry, I will help you.” said the teacher. “Thank you, sir,” said Sakib. “Give emphasis on all the four skills of language namely listening, speaking, reading and writing,” said the teacher.
  53. “I have missed my plane,” Nahiyan said to a woman, “What shall I do now?” “Go to the desk marked Enquires,” the woman said. “Flight TW 226 has left,” the man in the Enquires said. “But your ticket is for flight BA 179.”
  54. “How are you, Today?” I said to Sumon. “I am very nervous for the coming exam,” Sumon replied. “Haven’t you taken enough preparation for this?” I said to him again. “Yes, I have but I am in a fix. Let me read now,” said Sumon
  55. “Don’t mix with bad boys.” My father said to me, “You should read attentively as your examination is knocking at the door.” he said, “No, I don’t keep with any bad company. I have just asked him if he knows the date of examination.” I replied.
  56. “Will you come to my house tomorrow?” I asked the boy. “We can discuss terms and conditions then”, I said. “I shall be happy to meet you at your house. Thank you so much,” he replied. “I shall try my best to meet you.”
  57. “Good Morning, Rupa,” said Sohel. “How much preparation have you taken for HSC Examination?” “A great preparation” She replied. “I must get GPA-5” “Wow, what a lucky girl!” said Sohel. “But my preparation is not so good.”
  58. “Where did you go yesterday?” said Lipi. “I went to Chittagong to see my mother,” said Mina. “She has been suffering from high blood pressure.” Is she sound now?” said Rajon. “No,” said Mina.
  59. “Ratan, have you done your English lesson today?” asked the teacher. “Yes, Sir, I did it. But I haven’t understood some grammatical points,” replied Ratan. “Where is the problem?” said the teacher. “Let us try again.”
  60. “I’ve got GPA-5 in the SSC examination,” said Rafiq. “Congratulation!” I said. “What do you intend to do now?” “I want to study physics, Chemistry and higher Mathematics of HSC at home.”  “I’ll to try to get admission in BUET after my HSC exam.” Rafiq replied.
  61. “Shima, can you tell me what I am teaching?” the teacher asked. “I’m sorry Sir. I can’t follow,” replied Shima. “You can’t because you are attentive,” the teacher said.
  62. The teacher said to Rita, “Why are you talking in the class? You should behave yourself.” Rita said, “Sir, I am sorry. The teacher said. “Be attentive and listen to my lecture. May Allah bless you.”
  63. “Have you offered your prayer today?” I asked to my brother. “No, I have forgotten,” he said. “That’s bad,” I said. “We must pray every day.” He said, “I am sorry. I shall always say in time.” I said to him, “May Allah bless you.”
  64. “Do you know why you are sent to school?” “For playing with friends, father.” “No, you are sent to learn and write.” “But I won’t read and write,” replied Jack sulky. “Yes, you will.”
  65.             Change the following passage into indirect speech.    
    1.         The teacher said to Rita, ‘Why are you talking in the class? You should behave yourself.’ Rita said, ‘Sir, I am sorry.’ The teacher said, ‘Ok, be attentive and listen to my lecture. May Allah bless you.’

                Answer : The teacher asked Rita why she was talking in the class. He warned her that she should behave herself. With due respect Rita said that she was sorry. The teacher advised her to be attentive and listen to his lecture. He wished that Allah might bless

                her.

     

    1.         The teacher said to Kamal, ‘Why are you talking in the class? You should behave yourself.’ Kamal replied. ‘Sir, I am sorry. I am asking Hasan to lend me his pen. My pen has run out.’ The teacher said, ‘Be attentive and listen to my lecture.’

                Answer : The teacher asked Kamal why he (K) was talking in the class. He told him (K) that he should behave himself. With due respect, Kamal said that he was sorry. He added that he was asking Hasan to lend him (k) his (h) pen because his pen had run out. The teacher advised him to be attentive and listen to his lecture.

     

    1.         “Mr. Fox’s very clever” the other foxes said, “What’s he going to tell us?” Mr. Fox said, “Listen to me my friends. I’ve made an important discovery. Do you want to know about it’?”

                Answer : The other foxes said that Mr. Fox was very clever. They asked what he was going to tell them. Addressing them as his friends, he requested them to listen to him. He told them that he had made an important discovery. He asked them if they wanted to know about it.

     

    1.         ‘What do you want?’ asked she. Alfred answered. ‘I only want to come in. I am very tired. Please, let me come inside. Afterwards I will go away.’

                Answer : She asked Alfred what he wanted. Alfred answered that he only wanted to go in. He added he was very tired. He requested that he might be allowed to go inside and afterwards he would go away.

 

 Transform from indirect to direct speech

  1. The stranger asked the boy if he would tell him the way to the nearest hotel. The boy replied in the affirmative and said that he would. The boy asked him if he wanted a residential one in which he could spend the night. The stranger replied that he did not want to stay there, but he only wanted a meal. The boy told the stranger to follow him.
  2. The Grocer asked the fruit seller where his son was. The fruit seller replied that a crow had carried his son away. The grocer called the fruit seller a liar and asked him how a crow could carry away such a big boy. The fruit seller told the grocer that the crow carried his son away just the same way as mice could eat away the balance and weights.
  3. Aman exclaimed with grief to Ruma saying that he had made a terrible mistake. Ruma commented that that was not surprising as he was always making mistakes. Then she asked him what he had done. Aman replied that he had forgotten to pay his exam fee. He added that the previous day had been the last date.
  4. Ali requested Karim to give him his English Grammar Book. Karim replied that he could not give it. He added that he had to take it with him in the class. Ali told him that he would return the book before starting his class. Then Karim told him to take it. For this Ali thanked Karim.
  5. The mother asked her son if he would go to college that day.The son addressing as mother replied in the negative that their classes were suspended. Then the mother ordered her son to go to the market and bring some vegetables. The son told his mother that he might be ready and told her to give him some money.
  6. Sakib respectfully told his English teacher that he wanted to improve his English. He then asked him how he could do that. He further asked if he could help him. The teacher told him not to worry and he would help him. Sakib respectfully thanked him. The teacher advised him to give emphasis on all the four skills of language namely listening, speaking, reading and writing.
  7. Tareq told a woman that he had missed his plan. He then asked her what he should do then. The woman advised him to go to the desk marked ‘Enquiry’ The man in the Enquiry said that flight TW226 had left but his ticket was for flight BA 179.
  8. The teacher became angry with the student and asked why he had again disturbed the class in that way. He added that he had told him before that when he was speaking he should be silent. Then he ordered the student to leave the room and not to return again that day.
  9. My friend asked me why I was sitting alone there and told me that he had been looking for me. He further proposed that we should go for a walk in the open field. I told him to leave me alone.
  10. The Mayor asked the piper if he had killed the rates. The Piper replied in the affirmative that he had. Then he told the Mayor to give him the promised money. The Mayor exclaimed in wonder that it was very funny. He added that they could not give him so much money and told him to take only fifty.
  11. The old man told his sons to listen to him and added that a great treasure lay hidden in the land. He further added that he was going to leave that to them. The sons asked the old man how they would find that. The old man told his sons that they had to dig the land for that.
  12. The students told the headmaster that they would like to go on an excursion and also asked him if they could have his permission. The headmaster replied in the affirmative and said that they could arrange it after the examination was over. He also added that they should choose a historical place for that. The students respectfully thanked him.
  13. Addressing me as sir, the passer-by stopped me and asked me if I could tell him the way to the nearest inn. I replied in the affirmative and said that I could. And I told him to go straight about 80 yards and turn left. I added that he would find it. Then he thanked me.
  14. The teacher asked the boy if he thought that honesty is the best policy. The boy respectfully replied in the affirmative and said that he thought so. Then the teacher advised him to learn to be honest from his boyhood. The boy respectfully thanked him. The teacher prayed that Allah might grant him a long life.
  15. The man asked the manager respectfully if he might go in. The manager replied in the affirmative and told him to go in. He then asked the man what he wanted. The man told the manager that he wanted to open a bank account in his bank. He also asked him if he could tell him how he could open a savings account.
  16. Rifa asked me if/whether I had finished reading the book she had given me the previous day. I replied in the affirmative that I had finished reading the book. I exclaimed with joy that it was a very interesting book. I wished that I would borrow the book earlier. Then she asked me if/whether I would return her the book that day.
  17. Ahnaf asked Maruf if/whether he had ever been to Cox’s Bazar. Maruf replied in the negative that he had never been to Cox’s Bazar. He added that he desired for visiting the place. Ahnaf said that he had an opportunity to visit the sea-beach the previous year. Maruf proposed that they should go there that week.
  18. I asked the old man what he was doing. The old man replied that he was watching the boys swimming in the pond. He exclaimed with joy that they were very happy. He prayed that Allah might bless them. I told him that I might sit by him and enjoy the scene/I requested him to let me sit by him and enjoy the scene.
  19. Addressing them as friends, the shrewd king asked if they were hungry. He added that he would be their leader and take them to the granaries where the selfish rich stored the golden grains.
  20. The boy said to the teacher respectfully that he would be much obliged if he kindly lent him the book that he had praised highly in the classroom the previous day. The teacher said to the boy that he was very glad to know that he was eager to read that book. The teacher added that he was welcome to any of his books that he liked.
  1. The woman addressed her the king as her lord and told him (king) not to kill him (child). Then the king ordered his servant to let her (the woman) have him (child). Again the king said that everything was clear to him (king) then. Pointing to the woman, he again told his servant to give her the child. The king said that she was the mother of the baby

 

  1. The teacher asked his student if he had heard the name of Aesop. He (S) respectfully replied in the negative and asked him (T) who he was. The teacher advised him to read the lesson attentively and then he would be able to know about him. The teacher exclaimed that his fables are very interesting and instructive.

 

  1. Jim asked Della if she had cut off her hair. She replied that she had cut off her hair and sold it. Then she asked him if he didn’t like her just as well anyhow. She added that she was her without her hair. To get confirmation she further asked him if she was not so.

 

  1. The traveler asked the peasant if he could tell him the way to the nearest Inn. The peasant replied that he could. The peasant asked the stranger if he wanted one in which he could spend the night. The Stranger replied that he did not wish to say there but only wanted a meal. 

 

  1. The noble man respectfully asked Sheikh Saddi why he was putting up the food in his pocket and why he did not eat. Sheikh Saddi replied that he was doing the right thing and added that his dress deserved those rich dishes. The noble man told him that he did not understand what he meant to say. He further told that he was sorry.

 

  1. Della asked Madame if she (M) would buy her (D) hair. Madame replied that she (M) bought hair. Then she (M) told her (D) to take her (D) hat off and let them have a sight at the looks of the hair. After that Madame said that she (M) would give her (D) twenty dollars for her (D) hair. Della agreed and requested her (M) to give the money to her quickly.

 

  1. He told me that he had gone there the previous day from his village. I asked him why he had gone. He replied that his mother had sent him to me with that letter. I again asked him how his mother was. I told him that I had not seen her for a long time. I added that I hopped, she was quiet well.

 

  1. Once I asked a little girl what her mother’s name was. She replied that she knew her mother’s name but she would not tell me that. She also said that she did not tell her mother’s name to anybody whom she did not know. I exclaimed with wonder that she was a very clever girl.

 

  1. The receptionist addressing the man as sir asked him if he (R) could help him (M). The man replied in the affirmative and said that he wanted to meet the Managing Director of the company. The receptionist asked if he (M) had an appointment. He replied in the affirmative and said that he (M) had.

 

  1. I asked the boy if he would go to my house the following day. I added that we could discuss terms and conditions then. He replied that he would be very happy to meet me at my house. He thanked me very much.

 

  1. The stranger asked the boy if he would tell him the way to the nearest hotel. The boy replied in the affirmative and said that he would. The boy asked him if he wanted a residential one in which he could spend the night. The stranger replied that he did not want to stay there, but he only wanted a meal. The boy told the stranger to follow him.

 

  1. The Merchant asked the youth where he (y) was going. The youth replied that he (y) had been coming to see him (m). Again the merchant asked him (y) what he wanted. The youth said that he (y) wanted to earn his (y) bread by the labour of his (y) hands. The merchant again asked the boy if he (y) really wanted to work. The youth replied in the affirmative that if he (m) had any. Then the merchant ordered the youth to follow him (m) and to carry a box from a ship to his (m) house. The youth said that he (y) did not see how he (y) could do that.

 

  1. A Hawker asked Susmita if she (S) would buy any paper. He (H) also said that he (H) had all types of newspapers and magazines. Again he requested her (S) to take one from him (H). Susmita replied that she (S) bought books but then she (S) needed a weekly. She also asked him (H) if he (H) didn’t have any weekly magazine.

 

  1. A boy standing at the door, addressing him as sir asked him if he (B) might come in. Then without waiting for his (S) reply the boy entered the room and respectfully said that he (B) had come from Palashpur with a letter from Mr. Ajit Bose. He asked smiling if he had really come from Ajit Bose. He again asked how he was. The boy replied that he was not well and added that he had been suffering from a serious illness for two years. He (S) exclaimed with grief that it was very sad and prayed that God might cure him.

 

  1. He said to me that he had come to Dhaka that morning. He also said that he had sent a telegram before starting from home. He then asked me if I had received that in time. I replied in the negative and told that I had not received that.

 

  1. Sakib respectfully told his English teacher that he wanted to improve his English. He (s) then asked him how he could do that. He (s) further asked if he could help him. The teacher told him not to worry and he would help him. Sakib respectfully thanked him. The teacher advised him to give emphasis on all the four skills of language namely listening, speaking, reading and writing.

 

  1. Nahiyan told a woman that he had missed his plan. He then asked her what he should do then. The woman advised him to go to the desk marked ‘Enquiry’ The man in the Enquiry said that flight TW226 had left but his ticket was for flight BA 179.

 

  1. I asked Sumon how he (S) was that day. Sumon replied that he(S) was very nervous for the coming examination. I again asked him if he (S) had not taken enough preparation for that. Sumon again replied in the affirmative that he had but he was in a fix and requested that he might read then

 

  1. My father advised me not to mix with bad boys. Then he told me that I should read attentively as my examination was knocking at the door. I did not agree with him and said that I did not keep with any bad company. I had just asked him if he knew the date of examination.

 

  1. I asked the boy if he would go to my house the next day. Then I told him that we could discuss terms and conditions then. He replied that he would be very happy to meet me at my house. He also thanked me very much. He added that he would try his best to meet me.

 

  1. Sohel wished good morning to Rupa. Then he asked her how much preparation she had taken for the H.S.C examination. She replied that she had taken a great preparation and added that she had to get GPA -5. Sohel exclaimed with joy that she was a very lucky girl. On the other hand, /Being dissatisfaction, he said that his preparation was not so good.

 

  1. Lipi asked Mina where she (m) had gone the previous day. Mina replied that she (m) had gone to Chittagong to see her (m) Mother. Mina added that she (mo) had been suffering from high blood pressure. Lipi again asked Mina if she (mo) was sound then. Mina replied in the negative.
  2. The teacher asked Ratan if he had done his English lesson that day. Ratan replied that he had done it but he had not understood some grammatical points. The teacher again asked him where the problem was. He suggested that they should try again.
  3. Rafiq said that she had got GPA-5 in the SSC Examination. I congratulated him. I asked him what he intended to do then. He replied that he wanted to study Physics, Chemistry and Higher Mathematics’ of HSC at home. He added that he would try to get admission in BUET after his HSC exam.
  4. The teacher asked Shima if she could tell him what he was teaching. Shima replied in the negative that she could not follow. The teacher then told that she could not follow because she was not attentive.

 

  1. The teacher asked Rita why she was talking in the class and added that she should behave herself. Ratna respectfully said that she was sorry. The teacher advised her to be attentive and listen to his lecture and also wished that Allah might bless her.
  2. I asked my brother if he had offered his prayer that day. He replied in the negative and said that he had forgotten. I said that was bad. I also said that we had to pray every day. He said that he was sorry and added that he would say it in time. I wished that Allah might bless him.

 

  1. Father asked Jack if he knew why he was sent to school for playing with friends. Father replied in the negative and told him that he was sent to learn to read and write. Father asserted that he (Jack) would read and write.
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